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In a bombshell investigative report published today by the Mexican newsmagazine, Proceso, it is alleged that Federal Police orchestrated and carried out the attack on students in Iguala, Guerrero, on September 26, with the complicity and collaboration of the Army.

State documents obtained by Proceso, as well as videos and testimonies, allegedly show that the Federal Police were monitoring the students as they left Ayotzinapa for Iguala, and that they participated in the shooting of students. This sharply contradicts the official version of events put out by the government of President Enrique Peña Nieto, that federal forces did not know the attack was occurring, and that it was only local forces and drug gangs involved. This would suggest a cover-up. As Univisión writes, "“There is no way the Peña Nieto government can say they didn’t know know what was happening.”

In addition, documents obtained by Proceso allegedly show that the witness testimonies of presumed gang members used by the Attorney General in his report of the events were obtained after the use of torture:

But Hernández told HuffPost that documents she obtained from the attorney general's office show that witnesses who testified had been tortured by federal authorities or the military during interrogations completed prior to their testimonies. The documents detail telltale signs of beatings on the witnesses' bodies, Hernández said -- black eyes, marks on the neck, bruising on the ribs and signs that authorities had electrocuted one witness's testicles. One witness had a series of red dots over his body that Hernández said also likely indicated electrocution.

“The version given by the federal government, by the attorney general’s office, is based solely on testimony by presumed drug traffickers,” Hernández said. "What we found is that, in at least five cases, these testimonies were obtained using torture."

If true, this report casts great doubts on the reliability of the official account of these events and it presents further problems for the government of President Enrique Peña Nieto.
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Wed Nov 14, 2012 at 09:17 PM PST

¿Hispanic or Latino?

by Anak

This will be a short diary for those who may be confused about which term to use.

I am simply copying a comment I wrote on another diary. If this helps at all, that would be great. And I would appreciate any comments or criticisms.

You might meet some older Latino-Americans who really dislike the term "Hispanic" and may even get furious at you if you use that term. The famous author Sandra Cisneros, for example, became furious in a bookstore because the owner used that word when speaking to her.

That is because during the Civil Rights movement, Lantinos didn't like that the census decided what Latinos would be called without asking Latinos (similar to how we Asians hate the term "Oriental.") Those in the Civil Rights movement were mostly Mexican-Americans in the West, and they called themselves "Chicanos." They stressed their indigenous (Indian) roots and how the Spanish conquistadors took over their countries. So they also didn't like that "Hispanic" stresses their ties to Spain as opposed to their indigenous roots.

Well, in Latin American countries it is just not like that. On the contrary, most love their Spanish roots. They call Spain the "madre patria," the "mother country." Often they denigrate their indigenous roots. So, in the Spanish language, "hispano" is the same as "latino." No difference.

So those who came here after the Civil Rights movement, first, they don't even know what a "Chicano" is (it is an American word), and they certainly don't know that there might be anything wrong about the English word, "Hispanic." Thus, younger people and newer immigrants, when polled, say they prefer the term "Hispanic."

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Ok, governor, first, as soon as you enter the store, you need to get either a shopping cart or a shopping basket. That's where you are going to put all your purchases. Even though you are only getting a few things, it would probably be best to get the cart. Yeah, just go with the cart. Now you just need to--

Uh, no, the cart is not hard to use; you just push it with your hands. It’s not electric or anything. It’s not like a golf cart. Oh, yeah, I forgot—there are a few electric, sit-down carts. Do not use one of those! Those are used by the elderly or anyone else who might have a hard time walking around the store. Just stick with the regular carts. They sorta look like metal cages on wheels.

Ok? Ok. Now, food items are usually arranged in aisles according to what type of food they are. So, dairy products, for example, are grouped together, as is meat, etc, etc. Same with paper products. All in one aisle. Now, all you need to do is casually push your cart around the store looking for the items. Stores don’t all have the same layout. Some have the produce on the left, some have it on the right. This is normal! Do not panic at all. Just act casually, like you are taking a casual stroll in the park. Sorry, like you are taking a walk around the grounds of one of your houses. Anyway, they have signs above each aisle or section that tell you what’s there. Just look at them to guide you. Now—

No, no. The stores aren’t that large! You will do fine with those cage carts. Do not use those sit-down things! With all due respect, governor, it would look utterly ridiculous if you rode around on one of those sit-down carts. Again, the stores aren’t that large. You should be able to do it all on foot.  

Ok, now, if you have a hard time finding an item in the store, do not panic. Just ask an employee to direct you to that item. This is very normal. Do not threaten to fire them if they don't direct you to that item. They will. It's totally normal. Actually, I really should stress this: Do not threaten to fire anyone in the store for whatever reason. They will be very friendly with you and will try their best to help. Even though it is your first time in a supermarket, no one knows that. They won’t mock you or anything.  

Now, you're gonna have to pay for these items. You are aware of that, right? Ok, ok, I thought so. Anyway, when you have all the items in your cart, just proceed to the checkout area, where the cash registers are. There are various types of lines here. Go to the one that has an actual person behind the register. Make very sure that you do not go to the self check-out lines. That, that...would just be a... a total  disaster... They are very complicated. Just go to the line with an actual human there and you’re fine.  

There are various ways to pay, but you’re going to pay with cash. That is the easiest. And if the cashier asks if you would like to make a small donation to a charity or something, just tell them, “No, fuck you!” And then you are set. Just leave the store pushing the cart to your car.

Update: Thanks all for the recs! Very nice to lose my rec list virginity!

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Do you remember the Italian intelligence agent who rescued an Italian jounalist held hostage in Bagdad in early 2005? Remember how on the trip to the airport he was gunned down by US forces at a military checkpoint? And do you remember how Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi, on May 5 of 2005, vowed to the Italian Parliament that he would continue to support the ongoing investigation into his murder?

Well, now we know the truth.  

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Sun Nov 29, 2009 at 08:58 PM PST

The Swiss Vote against Religious Freedom

by Anak

Switzerland, long known for its neutrality, its direct democracy, its defense of human rights and its key role in negotiating international conflicts, for being home to the Red Cross and the WHO and other United Nations agencies, for being a model multi-lingual country at peace, has just voted against religious freedom.

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