The Ford Mustang has been in continuous production for 50 years. A special display at the LeMay—America’s Car Museum in Tacoma, Washington honors the creativity, innovation, and hard work of the Mustang. According to the museum display:
“Looking across 50 years and six generations it’s hard to fathom what a radical idea it was back then. With more than nine million sold, Mustang continues to captivate Americans with an enthusiasm that dates back to 1964.”
Definition of Socialism from the Socialist Party of Oklahoma:
Collective ownership and democratic management of things collectively used
and private ownership of things privately used.
``````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````` Friday May 21, 1915
From the Appeal to Reason: "Preachers Fear Landlord's Ire" by H. G. Creel
In the latest edition of the Appeal, Comrade Creel continued his series on the investigation conducted by the Commission on Industrial Relations into the conditions of tenant farmers in Texas and Oklahoma. The hearings took place this past March in Dallas under the capable guidance of Chairman Frank P. Walsh. Creel described testimony from a Socialist preacher who stated that he must "stifle" the preaching of the Bible as he understands it, or risk raising the ire of the Landlord.
Creel further reported how some of the witnesses were brought to tears by descriptions of the hardships endured by the women with small children, particularly the story of a woman struggling to care for a tiny baby as she picked cotton on her hands and knees, while dragging behind her her new-born on its improvised bed of cotton balls.
From the Appeal of May 15th:
Preachers Fear Landlord's Ire
BY H. G. CREEL
Staff Correspondent Appeal to Reason.
Herr Glessner Creel
"To land a man with plenty of force (a large family of children), who'll get up early, work late and push a mule down the rows between times is the sole philosophy of southern landlordism," declared W. T. Davis, witness before the United States industrial relations commission at Dallas.
Davis is a farmer tenant of A. [J.] Tom Padgitt, the Coleman county (Texas) landlord who says he is capable of deciding weighty questions for an entire community and who announced that he would rent no more land to Socialists. Davis is now a small land owner. He told a vastly different story than either Padgitt or his overseer, Rieves. The former tenant declared that most of the people of the community were in hearty accord with Socialism and that because of its rapid growth the landlord and overseer decided to stamp it out. He told of preachers who joined the Socialist local on Padgitt's place and related that he was the local Sunday school superintendent when he took out membership in the party. He declared that commissary prices were 50 per cent to 60 percent higher than elsewhere.
Country Preacher's Position.
The Rev. John C. Granberry followed Davis. Granberry is professor of sociology and economics at Southwestern University, Georgetown. He testified:
The country church and the country preacher are keys to the whole situation. I have been a rural preacher and I know what I'm talking about. The man who enters and remains in the rural ministry today is either a fool or a hero. The books he studies were written in a bygone age. They do not deal with present-day problems. But his Bible deals very definitely with matters of today. It teaches "The earth is the Lord's and the fullness thereof." It declares that land shall not be sold forever. It thunders against usury. It gives the preacher every encouragement to mount his pulpit and say "The Heavenly Father put oil in the earth for all of his children and you, Mr. Oil Monopolist, are only one of them."
But what's going to happen if he does that? He'll certainly lose his job. Whether he stifles himself and makes sure of a living for his family or says what his book teaches him to say and is kicked out he's either a fool or a hero. I don't know which.
Everyone knows that the passenger liner Titanic hit an iceberg in 1912 and sank. Some people also know that the Titanic's sister ship Britannic, used as a World War One hospital ship, hit a mine and sank in 1916. And a few people even know that the third ship of the group, the Olympic, was damaged in an accidental collision with the British Navy cruiser HMS Hawke in 1911. But virtually forgotten is Violet Jessop, the White Star Line stewardess who worked on all three ships, survived all three accidents, and earned the nickname "Miss Unsinkable".
It was called "the gun that won the West". It was the first really practical revolver, used by many of the most famous gunslingers and outlaws in the American West, and was such a successful design that it is still being manufactured today. It was the 1873 Colt .45 Peacemaker.
If they want to fight, let them come on.
We will call out every member of our union rather than give up.
-Teamster President Cornelius Shea
``````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````` Saturday May 20, 1905
Chicago, Illinois - School Children Enter the Teamsters' Strike, Arrested and Jailed
School children went on strike this past week in Chicago after noticing that scab coal had been delivered to their school. Fifty children were arrested for being "disorderly."
From the Rock Island Argus of May 16th:
FIFTY STRIKING CHICAGO SCHOOL CHILDREN
ARRESTED AND JAILED
Movement Grows, 1,500 Going Out
MEN STILL DETERMINED
Decline to Take Steps Looking to Peace---
Threaten to Tie Up the City.
Blockade at State and Madison Streets
Chicago, May 16.-Three hundred colored strike breakers arrived in Chicago today from St. Louis. They were largely recruited from river towns. Another gang came in from Cincinnati. Nearly a score of the latter deserted when they reached here claiming they were told no strike was prevailing here. One deserter said the coaches in which they traveled were locked during the entire trip.
Over 100 of the Postal Telegraph company's messengers struck this morning. The boys occupied themselves chiefly in jeering at nonunion teamsters.
Two colored men were severely beaten in Fourteenth street today by a mob which the police dispersed by the free use of their clubs.
More Pupils Quit.
Pupils of the Fallon public school also struck when two loads of coal from the Peabody Coal company were delivered at the building. The Fallon school and the Graham school are in adjoining districts on the south side.
Youngsters Put in Jail.
The youngsters became so disorderly 50 of them were arrested and jailed. The others quickly disappeared from the streets. The strike of school children assumed larger proportions today when 1,500 pupils of the Graham school refused to enter the building. Officials say no "unfair" coal has been delivered at the school.
Looks Like Spread.
Chicago, May 16.-The possibility of a tieup in all delivery business in Chicago including funerals grew definite at a meeting today of President Shea, with W. J. Gibbons, business agent of the Cab and Livery Wagon Drivers' union and representatives of the liverymen's and undertakers' associations...
Below the fold Hellraisers offers further news on the Chicago Teamsters strike from the past week.
In October 1957, the Soviet Union launched the first satellite, Sputnik. Over the next 20 years, the Space Race saw the USSR and the USA compete in a series of space spectaculars as each tried to show off their economic and technological superiority. But during this time, there was also some excellent science being done, which got far fewer headlines. One of the most successful of these was the Viking program to study the planet Mars.
You ought to be out raising hell. This is the fighting age. Put on your fighting clothes.
``````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````` Friday May 19, 1905
Chicago, Illinois - Teamster Strike Continues With City in Turmoil
Today and tomorrow, Hellraisers presents a series of newspapers articles intended to update our readers on the progress of the Chicago Teamsters Strike now engulfing that city in turmoil. We begin today, with this article from the Chicago Daily Tribune of May 10th:
NEGROES PROTEST AGAINST RACE PREJUDICE
Stirring Speeches Made at Massmeeting Attended by
More than One Thousand Persons.
More than 1,000 negroes assembled at the Bethel African Methodist church, Thirtieth and Dearborn streets, last night and adopted resolutions read by Mrs. Ida Wells Barnett protesting against the action of the Department Store Drivers' union, which, the resolution asserted, circulated a "slanderous" letter against negro drivers, declaring them to be "loafers," not willing to work.
This charge was denounced as a willful and malicious falsehood urged against men who proved their value by risking their lives to obtain work. The resolutions also called upon the mayor to "save hard working citizens from the kind of protection which lets the rioter go free and sends the victim to the jails and hospitals."
The speakers were the Rev. A. J. Carey, pastor of the church; ex-County Commissioner Edward H. Wright, Dr. George C. Hall, Mrs. Ida Wells Barnett, and George T. Kersey.
"We deplore the fact that in this controversy between labor and capital race prejudice should have a part when there is no race issue in the strike that now holds our city in its grasp," said Mr. Carey.
"As long as the negro remains a law abiding citizen he should have the right to labor and be protected at his labor," said Mr. Wright. "This is a public right and should not be influenced one way or the other because of the color of a man's skin."
Dr. George C. Hall said: "We must be allowed to go upon the streets peacefully and not be subjected to the infamous treatment which we have received at the hands of both these agents. We are not going to ask the people to stop this; we are going to stop it ourselves."
The newspapers were hammering me,
and the priests and the ministers were hammering me,
but I am alive yet,
I am still here, hammering them.
``````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````` Tuesday May 18, 1915
Washington, D. C., - Mother Jones Wraps Up Her Testimony Before Walsh Commission
On Friday May 14th, Mother Jones appeared before the Commission on Industrial Relations to conclude her testimony. She was questioned on that day by Chairman Walsh and by Commissioner Weinstock.
She made many memorable statements on during these interrogations.
Regarding the time spent in the cold cellar cell at Walsenburg, Colorado, she said:
And so I was put in the cellar. It was cold, it was a horrible place, and they thought it would sicken me, but I concluded to stay in that cellar and fight them out. I had sewer rats that long every night to fight, and all I had was a beer bottle; I would get one rat, and another would run across the cellar at me. I fought the rats inside and out just alike.
Speaking of a mass meeting held in Philadelphia before the March of the Mill Children, she declared:
I showed them children with their hands off, a sacrifice on the altar of profit, giving to this Nation maimed and useless citizens.
I spoke to the ministers, and asked them if they were not carrying out Christ's doctrine, suffer little children to come unto me, they are all that is pure and holy, and you say "Suffer the little ones to go into the slave pens, and we will grind them into profit." And that is what is done.
When asked by Commissioner Weinstock if she had respect for Law and Order, she replied:
I certainly do, but when the law jumps all over my class and there is no law for my class, and it is only for the other fellow, then I want to educate my people so as to put my people on the bench...
And she further stated:
I am always in favor of obeying the law; but if the high-class burglar breaks the law and defies it, then I say we will have a law that will defend the Nation and our people.
When asked for recommendations that the Commission could take to the U. S. Congress, one of Mother's suggestions was public ownership of the mines:
Now, I believe in taking over the mines, Mr. Weinstock. They are mineral, and no operator, no coal company on the face of the earth made that coal. It is a mineral; it belongs to the Nation; it was there down the ages, and it belongs to every generation that comes along, and no set of men should be permitted to use that which is nature's. It should be given to all of nature's children in other nations.
Note: emphasis added to above quotations.
Below the fold, Hellraisers offers excerpts from the May 14th testimony of Mother Jones.
I don't want any mercy from any court,
I don't do anything but what is my duty to do as a citizen of this nation,
and I don't ask you for mercy.
I am asking for justice, and not mercy,
and I told the judge not to have any mercy on me.
``````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````` Monday May 17, 1915
Washington, D. C. - The Testimony of Mother Jones Before the Walsh Commission
On the 13th and 14th of this month, Mother Jones came before the Commission on Industrial Relations, now in session in the nation's capital. Mother gave testimony regarding her many years of service to the American man, woman, and child of the working class. Newspaper accounts describe the tears streaming down her face as she told of the horrors of the many industrial struggles waged by the producers of the nation over the past many years.
Today's Hellraisers is pleased to offer excerpts from her testimony given on May 13th when she was questioned exclusively by Chairman Frank P. Walsh. Tomorrow we will cover her testimony from May 14th, on which day she testified regarding labor and the law.
The first species to be classified as human, designated as Homo habilis, appeared in Africa over two million years ago. While similar in many physical features to the earlier Australopithecines, Homo habilis exhibited significant behavioral changes.
I reside wherever there is a good fight against wrong-all over the country.
Wherever the workers are fighting the robbers I go there.
``````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````` Sunday May 16, 1915
Washington D. C. - Mother Jones Testifies Before Walsh Commission
Mother Jones at Ludlow
Mother Jones was called before the Commission on Industrial Relations last week and gave testimony regarding her many long years as an active participant in the struggles of working class men, women, and children to gain a better life under the present industrial system. At times she wept as she recounted the horrors of the industrial wars that she has witnessed first-hand.
Testimony of Mother Jones on May 13th
As reported by the Chicago Daily Tribune:
'MOTHER' JONES TELLS OF AID
TO 'BOYS' ON STRIKE
Industrial Board Paves Way to Hear
Her Cure for Unrest;
Haywood Again on Stand.
Washington, D. C., May 13-Tales of industrial wars from Pennsylvania to California during the last thirty-five years were recounted before the federal industrial commission today by Mrs. Mary Jones, the "Mother" Jones of scores of strikes.
"Mother" Jones told the history of her connection with industrial disturbances preliminary to her examination regarding causes and cures for unrest which will be undertaken tomorrow.
The commission today heard Prof. Frank J. Goodnow, president of Johns Hopkins University, and Harry A. Cyphers of South Bethlehem, Pa., on the treatment of labor in the courts, and concluded the examination of William D. Haywood of the Industrial Workers of the World...
"Mother" Jones on Stand.
"Mother" Jones was the next witness. When Chairman Walsh asked her residence she replied:
I reside wherever there is a good fight against wrong. I live wherever the workers are fighting the robbers.
Beginning with the Pennsylvania railroad strike at Pittsburgh in 1877, "Mother" Jones told of her efforts to help "the boys" in their various "fights." She told of leading an "army" about from mine to mine in the Pennsylvania coal strike of 1900, "Pulling out" the men at work.
She related a long story of strikes in West Virginia, Maryland, and Colorado. She described night marches with bands of strikers, battles with the militia, and of caring for strikers, killed and wounded, in strike riots.
The witness told of being carried out of Colorado by militiamen and of hurrying back on the heels of the escort that took her to the state line.
She described the horrors of industrial wars and at times tears streamed from her eyes as she told of the treatment of men, women, and children.