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My friends, it is solidarity of labor we want.
We do not want to find fault with each other,
but to solidify our forces and say to each other:
"We must be together; our masters are joined together
and we must do the same thing."
-Mother Jones

Sunday May 28, 1905
From the Appeal to Reason: F. D. Warren Compares Roosevelt to Lincoln

Abraham Lincoln
In this week's edition of the Appeal, Fred Warren compares the treatment dished out upon the Teamsters of Chicago by President Roosevelt to the respectful consideration given to the workingmen of New York when they were granted a meeting with President Lincoln on March the 21st of 1864.

The words of President Lincoln still ring true today:

The strongest bond of human sympathy, outside the family relation, should be one uniting all working people of all nations and kindreds.
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My friends, it is solidarity of labor we want.
We do not want to find fault with each other,
but to solidify our forces and say to each other:
"We must be together; our masters are joined together
and we must do the same thing."
-Mother Jones

Saturday May 27, 1905
Chicago, Illinois - Teamsters Strike Claims Lives on Both Sides

Blockade at State and Madison Streets, Chicago Teamsters Strike, Harpers Weekly Review, June 17, 1905
Chicago Teamsters Strike
Blockade at State and Madison Streets
While Hellraisers supports the Teamsters in their strike, which was begun as a show of solidarity for Chicago's striking Garment Workers, we deplore the violence now bringing chaos to the city. Nowhere have we been able to find a call for peaceful picketing   from the leaders of the Teamsters or from the Chicago Federation of Labor. If such calls are pointed out to us, we will issue an apology.

From the Illinois Rock Island Argus of May 15, 1905:

Negro is Shot Dead.

James Jennings, 26 years old, colored, was shot dead and P. Lagrogoris, owner of a lunch wagon in front of 2517 State street, was severely beaten early yesterday. Legrogoris was taken to Mercy hospital, where it is said his condition is serious.

From the Rock Island Argus of May 17, 1905:
Boy Shot and Killed

Chicago, May 17.-The first schoolboy has fallen a victim to the violence attending the teamsters strike.

Enoch Carlson, 11 years old, a pupil in the Ward school, was shot and killed by a negro strike breaker, who was passing the child's home, 2701 Princeton avenue. The shooting occurred at 6:15 p. m. after a score of playing children had shouted derisively at the negro and a companion...

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You ought to be out raising hell. This is the fighting age. Put on your fighting clothes.
-Mother Jones

Wednesday May 26, 1915
Trinidad, Colorado - Robert Uhlich Acquitted of Murder in Death of Mack Powell

Colorado Mine Owner Instructs Judge re; grand jury investigation. Photo only. By K R Chamberlain. The Masses. November 1914.
Although we welcome the news that Brother Uhlich has been acquitted of murder in the death of Brother Mack Powell, we would point out that no acquittal can ever restore to Uhlich the many long months that he has spent in that filthy jail in Trinidad. The news accounts below state that Mack Powell was a cowboy. We will remind our readers that Brother Powell was a union miner who was working as a cowboy and was shot off his horse by mine guards when these guards attacked the Ludlow Tent Colony in October of 1913.

From the El Paso Herald of May 22, 1915:


Trinidad,Colo., May 22.-Denial that he was at Ludlow on Oct.9, the day that Mack Powell was shot and killed, and that he took any part in the battle between strikers and deputies, was made on the witness stand this morning by Robert Uhlich, on trial for his life. The testimony of the defendant, which was short, balanced the testimony to establish a complete alibi offered by a number of witnesses Friday.

From the El Paso Herald of May 24, 1915:

Trinidad, Colo., May 24.-Two and a half hours of argument this morning to be followed by four hours of argument this afternoon was to conclude the trial of Robert Uhlich, former president of the Trinidad Miners' union, on trial for his life for the murder of Mack Powell, a noncombatant, during a battle between strikers and deputies on Oct. 9, 1913.

The case will go to the jury late this afternoon.

From the El Paso Herald of May 25, 1915:

Trinidad, Colo., May 25.-On the jury's first ballot, Robert Uhlich, a union leader, was acquitted Monday night of a charge of murder of Mack Powell, a cowboy, Oct. 9, 1913. Powell was killed in a fight between mine guards and strikers near Ludlow during the coal strike.

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The capitalist class is always on strike against the working class.
-Mary R Alspaugh

Tuesday May 25, 1915
From the International Socialist Review: Mary R. Alspaugh on the Colorado Miners

Refugees from Ludlow in Trinidad from International Socialist Review of June 1914, search link with
Readers of Hellraisers will recall the description by Mrs. Alspaugh, featured in the April edition of the Review, which told of the hardships endured by the former strikers in Colorado since the end of the strike. In this month's International Socialist Review, an article by Mary Alspaugh again offers a look into the strike and it's aftermath from the point of view of a class-conscious miner's wife.

Mrs. Alspaugh offers some thoughts about the over-powering forces summoned by the capitalist class to crush the miners and their families as they struggle for a decent standard of living. And she deplores the lack of class-consciousness that prevails in mining camps:

During the strike here the miners' wives and daughters organized a woman's auxiliary. A discussion came up in one of the meetings as to whether or not we should patronize a certain merchant who was accused of being "unfair." In fact, there was strong evidence that he was unfair, but one member objected to any discrimination on the ground that she did not believe in "tearing down what it had taken a lifetime to build up." A very remarkable statement, it seemed to me, to come from a "strong union woman," especially in the face of the fact that this very class of people had robbed us of all we had slaved for all our dull, drab lives, and that the very merchant in question was at that moment undermining the Socialist movement—the hope of the laboring class.
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You ought to be out raising hell. This is the fighting age. Put on your fighting clothes.
-Mother Jones

Wednesday May 24, 1905
From the Chicago Inter Ocean: Labor Editor Luke Grant on the Industrial Unionists

Father Thomas J Haggerty
Father Thomas J. Hagerty
Luke Grant, labor editor of the Inter Ocean, took on the subject of the upcoming convention of Industrial Unionist in his column this past Sunday. He had this to say about the intentions of those who favor establishing a new labor body based on industrial organization:
The whole scheme is chimerical and intended to drag the workers into the mire of politics. The new union would simply be a tail to the socialist kite; indeed, that is all that the dreamers who are advocating it hope for.
Grant took particular aim at Father Hagerty's "wheel of fortune," subjecting Hagerty's proposed chart of industrial organization to much ridicule.

The American Labor Union, one of the organizations involved in planing the upcoming convention, also found itself skewered by Grant's sharp pen.

Below the fold our readers can find those portions of Luke Grant's column which pertain to the convention of industrial unionists now scheduled to be held in Chicago on June 27th.

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He's in their dungeon, dark and grim;
He stood by us, we'll stand by him!
-Ralph Chaplin

Sunday May 23, 1915
From Solidarity: "A Visit to Joe Hill" by Elizabeth Gurley Flynn

Elizabeth Gurley Flynn, 1915, with Name
On the front page of yesterday's edition of Solidarity we find an account authored by Elizabeth Gurley Flynn of her visit with FW Joe Hill who is now buried alive in the Salt Lake County Jail. The Rebel Song writer has been convicted of murder on purely circumstantial evidence and is under sentence of death. Miss Flynn stopped over in Salt Lake City on her way to California. She was allowed a one hour visit with Hill on May 6th.

Miss Flynn describes meeting Joe Hill:

When he came to us he was guarded on all sides by deputies, he came with a smile and a cheery greeting, with the clear eyed look of one who cannot be crushed. He is tall, good looking, but naturally thin after sixteen months in a dark narrow cell, with a corridor and another row of cells between him and daylight, and nourished by the soup and bean diet of a prison.
A Prisoner of the Class War

Miss Flynn further states:

He's a true soldier in the army of labor, philosophically accepting the status of a prisoner of war and the possibility of death.
And she asks of us:
Shall we fellow workers accept it with him so lightly?
Funds for the Defense Campaign are low, and Gurley Flynn urges that donations be made and made quickly in order to save the life of Fellow Worker Joe Hill.
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You ought to be out raising hell. This is the fighting age. Put on your fighting clothes.
-Mother Jones

Saturday May 22, 1915
Washington, D. C. - Clarence Darrow Testifies Before Industrial Relations Commission

On Monday May 17th and Tuesday the 18th, Clarence Darrow came before the Commission on Industrial Relations and gave testimony regarding his many long years as a defender of the nation's labor leaders including Eugene Debs, Charles Moyer, and Big Bill Haywood.

From The Washington Herald of May 18, 1915:

Labor Attorney Asserts Laws Are
Not Equally Administered.

Clarence Darrow, WDC, 1915, walking
Clarence Darrow
in Washington, D. C.
Clarence S. Darrow, the Chicago attorney, who has been prominently identified with court proceedings involving labor leaders and the cause of unions for a quarter of a century, notably in the Debs case, the Moyer-Haywood case at Boise city, and the McNamara case at Los angeles, was another witness before the commission yesterday. He said that unquestionably the laws are not equally administered between the rich and the poor.

Debs Got Six Months in Jail.

"In the Debs case, " he said, "Debs" conviction was the first under the Sherman act and he got six months in jail. A few years Later the Standard Oil Company was convicted under the Sherman law and it got six months also-six months in which to revise its charter and methods of doing business. These are the things that the laboring man remembers and resents."

A little later he said: "Federal judges are appointed for life or good behavior. They always behave and they never die!"

Mr. Darrow denounced the kidnaping of the McNamaras from Indianapolis and the transporting of them to Los Angeles for trial, and declared that it was clearly illegal. The men could not have been extradited for a crime admittedly committed when they were not in the State; and, moreover, if put to trial they were entitled to a trial in their own homes. Moyer, Haywood, and Pettibone were kidnaped from Colorado and taken to Idaho for trial in just as outrageous manner, he said. "The Supreme Court of the United States decided that the authorities had no right to kidnap them," he said, "but that decision did the men no good. They were already in Idaho and were kept there."

[Photograph added.]

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Definition of Socialism from the Socialist Party of Oklahoma:
Collective ownership and democratic management of things collectively used
and private ownership of things privately used.

Friday May 21, 1915
From the Appeal to Reason: "Preachers Fear Landlord's Ire" by H. G. Creel

Appeal to Reason, banner, May 8, 1915
In the latest edition of the Appeal, Comrade Creel continued his series on the investigation conducted by the Commission on Industrial Relations into the conditions of tenant farmers in Texas and Oklahoma. The hearings took place this past March in Dallas under the capable guidance of Chairman Frank P. Walsh. Creel described testimony from a Socialist preacher who stated that he must "stifle" the preaching of the Bible as he understands it, or risk raising the ire of the Landlord.

Creel further reported how some of the witnesses were brought to tears by descriptions of the hardships endured by the women with small children, particularly the story of a woman struggling to care for a tiny baby as she picked cotton on her hands and knees, while dragging behind her her new-born on its improvised bed of cotton balls.

From the Appeal of May 15th:

Preachers Fear Landlord's Ire


Staff Correspondent Appeal to Reason.
Herr Glessner Creel
Herr Glessner Creel
"To land a man with plenty of force (a large family of children), who'll get up early, work late and push a mule down the rows between times is the sole philosophy of southern landlordism," declared W. T. Davis, witness before the United States industrial relations commission at Dallas.

Davis is a farmer tenant of A. [J.] Tom Padgitt, the Coleman county (Texas) landlord who says he is capable of deciding weighty questions for an entire community and who announced that he would rent no more land to Socialists. Davis is now a small land owner. He told a vastly different story than either Padgitt or his overseer, Rieves. The former tenant declared that most of the people of the community were in hearty accord with Socialism and that because of its rapid growth the landlord and overseer decided to stamp it out. He told of preachers who joined the Socialist local on Padgitt's place and related that he was the local Sunday school superintendent when he took out membership in the party. He declared that commissary prices were 50 per cent to 60 percent higher than elsewhere.

Country Preacher's Position.

The Rev. John C. Granberry followed Davis. Granberry is professor of sociology and economics at Southwestern University, Georgetown. He testified:

The country church and the country preacher are keys to the whole situation. I have been a rural preacher and I know what I'm talking about. The man who enters and remains in the rural ministry today is either a fool or a hero. The books he studies were written in a bygone age. They do not deal with present-day problems. But his Bible deals very definitely with matters of today. It teaches "The earth is the Lord's and the fullness thereof." It declares that land shall not be sold forever. It thunders against usury. It gives the preacher every encouragement to mount his pulpit and say "The Heavenly Father put oil in the earth for all of his children and you, Mr. Oil Monopolist, are only one of them."

But what's going to happen if he does that? He'll certainly lose his job. Whether he stifles himself and makes sure of a living for his family or says what his book teaches him to say and is kicked out he's either a fool or a hero. I don't know which.

[Continued below the fold.]
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If they want to fight, let them come on.
We will call out every member of our union rather than give up.
-Teamster President Cornelius Shea

Saturday May 20, 1905
Chicago, Illinois - School Children Enter the Teamsters' Strike, Arrested and Jailed

School children went on strike this past week in Chicago after noticing that scab coal had been delivered to their school. Fifty children were arrested for being "disorderly."

From the Rock Island Argus of May 16th:


Movement Grows, 1,500 Going Out
Without Cause.
Decline to Take Steps Looking to Peace---
Threaten to Tie Up the City.

Blockade at State and Madison Streets, Chicago Teamsters Strike, Harper's Weekly Review, June 17, 1905
Blockade at State and Madison Streets
Chicago, May 16.-Three hundred colored strike breakers arrived in Chicago today from St. Louis. They were largely recruited from river towns. Another gang came in from Cincinnati. Nearly a score of the latter deserted when they reached here claiming they were told no strike was prevailing here. One deserter said the coaches in which they traveled were locked during the entire trip.
Messengers Out.

Over 100 of the Postal Telegraph company's messengers struck this morning. The boys occupied themselves chiefly in jeering at nonunion teamsters.

Two colored men were severely beaten in Fourteenth street today by a mob which the police dispersed by the free use of their clubs.

More Pupils Quit.

Pupils of the Fallon public school also struck when two loads of coal from the Peabody Coal company were delivered at the building. The Fallon school and the Graham school are in adjoining districts on the south side.

Youngsters Put in Jail.

The youngsters became so disorderly 50 of them were arrested and jailed. The others quickly disappeared from the streets. The strike of school children assumed larger proportions today when 1,500 pupils of the Graham school refused to enter the building. Officials say no "unfair" coal has been delivered at the school.

Looks Like Spread.

Chicago, May 16.-The possibility of a tieup in all delivery business in Chicago including funerals grew definite at a meeting today of President Shea, with W. J. Gibbons, business agent of the Cab and Livery Wagon Drivers' union and representatives of the liverymen's and undertakers' associations...


Photograph added.]

Below the fold Hellraisers offers further news on the Chicago Teamsters strike from the past week.
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You ought to be out raising hell. This is the fighting age. Put on your fighting clothes.
-Mother Jones

Friday May 19, 1905
Chicago, Illinois - Teamster Strike Continues With City in Turmoil

Today and tomorrow, Hellraisers presents a series of newspapers articles intended to update our readers on the progress of the Chicago Teamsters Strike now engulfing that city in turmoil. We begin today, with this article from the Chicago Daily Tribune of May 10th:


Stirring Speeches Made at Massmeeting Attended by
More than One Thousand Persons.

Ida B Wells-Barnett, Chicago, Illinois
More than 1,000 negroes assembled at the Bethel African Methodist church, Thirtieth and Dearborn streets, last night and adopted resolutions read by Mrs. Ida Wells Barnett protesting against the action of the Department Store Drivers' union, which, the resolution asserted, circulated a "slanderous" letter against negro drivers, declaring them to be "loafers," not willing to work.

This charge was denounced as a willful and malicious falsehood urged against men who proved their value by risking their lives to obtain work. The resolutions also called upon the mayor to "save hard working citizens from the kind of protection which lets the rioter go free and sends the victim to the jails and hospitals."

The speakers were the Rev. A. J. Carey, pastor of the church; ex-County Commissioner Edward H. Wright, Dr. George C. Hall, Mrs. Ida Wells Barnett, and George T. Kersey.

"We deplore the fact that in this controversy between labor and capital race prejudice should have a part when there is no race issue in the strike that now holds our city in its grasp," said Mr. Carey.

"As long as the negro remains a law abiding citizen he should have the right to labor and be protected at his labor," said Mr. Wright. "This is a public right and should not be influenced one way or the other because of the color of a man's skin."

Dr. George C. Hall said: "We must be allowed to go upon the streets peacefully and not be subjected to the infamous treatment which we have received at the hands of both these agents. We are not going to ask the people to stop this; we are going to stop it ourselves."


[Photograph added.]

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The newspapers were hammering me,
and the priests and the ministers were hammering me,
but I am alive yet,
I am still here, hammering them.
-Mother Jones

Tuesday May 18, 1915
Washington, D. C., - Mother Jones Wraps Up Her Testimony Before Walsh Commission

On Friday May 14th, Mother Jones appeared before the Commission on Industrial Relations to conclude her testimony. She was questioned on that day by Chairman Walsh and by Commissioner Weinstock.

She made many memorable statements on during these interrogations.

Regarding the time spent in the cold cellar cell at Walsenburg, Colorado, she said:

And so I was put in the cellar. It was cold, it was a horrible place, and they thought it would sicken me, but I concluded to stay in that cellar and fight them out. I had sewer rats that long every night to fight, and all I had was a beer bottle; I would get one rat, and another would run across the cellar at me. I fought the rats inside and out just alike.
Speaking of a mass meeting held in Philadelphia before the March of the Mill Children, she declared:
I showed them children with their hands off, a sacrifice on the altar of profit, giving to this Nation maimed and useless citizens.

I spoke to the ministers, and asked them if they were not carrying out Christ's doctrine, suffer little children to come unto me, they are all that is pure and holy, and you say "Suffer the little ones to go into the slave pens, and we will grind them into profit." And that is what is done.

When asked by Commissioner Weinstock if she had respect for Law and Order, she replied:
I certainly do, but when the law jumps all over my class and there is no law for my class, and it is only for the other fellow, then I want to educate my people so as to put my people on the bench...
And she further stated:
I am always in favor of obeying the law; but if the high-class burglar breaks the law and defies it, then I say we will have a law that will defend the Nation and our people.
When asked for recommendations that the Commission could take to the U. S. Congress, one of Mother's suggestions was public ownership of the mines:
Now, I believe in taking over the mines, Mr. Weinstock. They are mineral, and no operator, no coal company on the face of the earth made that coal. It is a mineral; it belongs to the Nation; it was there down the ages, and it belongs to every generation that comes along, and no set of men should be permitted to use that which is nature's. It should be given to all of nature's children in other nations.
Note: emphasis added to above quotations.

Below the fold, Hellraisers offers excerpts from the May 14th testimony of Mother Jones.

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I don't want any mercy from any court,
I don't do anything but what is my duty to do as a citizen of this nation,
and I don't ask you for mercy.
I am asking for justice, and not mercy,
and I told the judge not to have any mercy on me.
-Mother Jones

Monday May 17, 1915
Washington, D. C. - The Testimony of Mother Jones Before the Walsh Commission

Mother Jones with Strikers Children
On the 13th and 14th of this month, Mother Jones came before the Commission on Industrial Relations, now in session in the nation's capital. Mother gave testimony regarding her many years of service to the American man, woman, and child of the working class. Newspaper accounts describe the tears streaming down her face as she told of the horrors of the many industrial struggles waged by the producers of the nation over the past many years.

Today's Hellraisers is pleased to offer excerpts from her testimony given on May 13th when she was questioned exclusively by Chairman Frank P. Walsh. Tomorrow we will cover her testimony from May 14th, on which day she testified regarding labor and the law.

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