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View Diary: Nun, 82, Two Other Activists at Oak Ridge Commit “Worst Ever Seen” Nuclear Security Breach (103 comments)

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  •  I appreciate the clarity... (3+ / 0-)
    Recommended by:
    aliasalias, Positronicus, Sandino

    1.) All in Oak Ridge

    2.) All ultimiately owned by the taxpayers, via the Department of Energy
         2A.) Security being the responsibility of DOE/NNSA, but subcontracted to different entities (most security-related personnel) at the separate locations, which are both on the Oak Ridge "reservation," although separate and miles apart.

    3.) All extensively utilizing outsourcing/facilities management services with Y-12 (weaponry/Defense-related) and ORNL (mostly NON-Defense Department-related aspects of nuclear development; and other technology development programs, apart from nuclear, such as supercomputing, etc.)

    Here's the Wiki on the DIFFERENCES between the two, these days.
    (It should be noted that the Manhattan Project work was done at ORNL, not at Y-12, however. And, as noted down below, after WWII, ORNL didn't really have [as] much to do with weaponry/defense-related activities, per se; whereas, Y-12 is pretty much all about weaponry now)...

    From Wikipedia: Y-12 National Security Complex (See further down below for the Wiki info on Oak Ridge National Laboraties.)

    The Y-12 National Security Complex is a United States Department of Energy National Nuclear Security Administration facility located in Oak Ridge, Tennessee, near the Oak Ridge National Laboratory. Y-12 is managed and operated under contract by B&W Y-12 (formerly called BWXT Y-12), a partnership of Babcock and Wilcox (formerly called BWXT Technologies), and Bechtel.

    Current Status:

    Today, Y-12's primary missions are to support defense needs through stockpile stewardship, assist on issues of nuclear non-proliferation, support the Naval Reactors program, and provide expertise to other federal agencies.[11] Y-12 is also responsible for the maintenance and production of all uranium parts for every nuclear weapon in the US arsenal. Y-12 is responsible for the production and maintenance of the "secondary" aspect of thermonuclear devices.

    Y-12 has a history of providing secure storage of nuclear material for both the United States and other governments. Early efforts focused on securing material from the former Soviet Union,[12] recent activities have included recovery of Highly Enriched Uranium from Chile.[13]

    Environmental clean up has been an on-going issue for the Department of Energy in Oak Ridge. The Y-12 Plant was listed as an EPA Superfund site in the 1990s for groundwater and soil contamination. Today, the Y-12 Plant is listed on the DOE's Cleanup Criteria/Decision Document Database (or C2D2 database).[14]

    An influx of funding from the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act has benefited clean-up efforts by funding demolition and decontamination of aging facilities.[15] These efforts work to further the long term reduction in the size of the Y-12 facility.[16]

    B&W Y-12 currently employs approximately 4,700 people. About 1,500 additional personnel work onsite as employees of organizations that include UT-Battelle, Science Applications International Corporation, Bechtel Jacobs, and WSI Oak Ridge (an American-controlled unit of the Wackenhut Corporation), which holds the security contract for the site.

    From Wikipedia: Oak Ridge National Laboratory:

    Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) is a multiprogram science and technology national laboratory managed for the United States Department of Energy (DOE) by UT-Battelle. ORNL is the largest science and energy national laboratory in the Department of Energy system.[1 ORNL is located in Oak Ridge, Tennessee, near Knoxville. ORNL's scientific programs focus on materials, neutron science, energy, high-performance computing, systems biology and national security.

    ORNL partners with the state of Tennessee, universities and industries to solve challenges in energy, advanced materials, manufacturing, security and physics.

    The laboratory is home to several of the world’s top supercomputers and is a leading neutron science and nuclear energy research facility that includes the Spallation Neutron Source and High Flux Isotope Reactor. ORNL hosts the Titan supercomputer; the Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences, the BioEnergy Science Center,[2] and the Consortium for Advanced Simulation of Light-Water Reactors.[3]

    Facts and Figures

    ORNL is managed by a limited liability partnership between the University of Tennessee and Battelle Memorial Institute known as UT-Battelle.

    ORNL has a staff of about 4,600 full-time staff members, including 3000 scientists and engineers.[9] The laboratory annually hosts approximately 3,000 guest researchers[10] who spend two weeks or longer in Oak Ridge; about 25 percent of these visitors[11] are from industry. ORNL receives 30,000 visitors each year, plus another 10,000 precollege students.

    ORNL funding exceeds $1.65 billion[9] annually; 80 percent of that amount comes from the Department of Energy, and 20 percent is from other federal and private customers. UT-Battelle, the laboratory's management and operating contractor, has provided more than $10 million in support of math and science education, economic development and other projects in the greater Oak Ridge region.

    The laboratory occupies about 4,470 acres (18.1 km2) of the 34,000-acre (140 km2) Oak Ridge Reservation (ORR), which it shares with the East Tennessee Technology Park, the Y-12 National Security Complex, the Oak Ridge Institute for Science and Education, and the developing Oak Ridge Science and Technology Park. 20,000 acres (81,000,000 m2) of the ORR, the Oak Ridge National Environmental Research Park, is an outdoor laboratory and a national user facility. It supports DOE-sponsored research in carbon cycling, ecosystem dynamics, global climate change, and remediation studies, as well as the research of numerous colleges, universities, and other state and federal agencies.

    ORNL’s involvement with nuclear weapons ended after the war.

    "I always thought if you worked hard enough and tried hard enough, things would work out. I was wrong." --Katharine Graham

    by bobswern on Fri Aug 03, 2012 at 12:08:17 PM PDT

    [ Parent ]

    •  Positronicus, see the "UPDATE" in the post, above. (1+ / 0-)
      Recommended by:

      Thanks again!

      "I always thought if you worked hard enough and tried hard enough, things would work out. I was wrong." --Katharine Graham

      by bobswern on Fri Aug 03, 2012 at 12:34:31 PM PDT

      [ Parent ]

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