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  •  WIC history (6+ / 0-)
    WIC was formally created by an amendment to section 17 of the Child Nutrition Act of 1966 on September 26, 1972.[3] The legislation (P.L. 92-433, sponsored by Senator Hubert Humphrey (D) of Minnesota) established the Special Supplemental Food Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) as a 2-year pilot program. Eligibility was limited to children up to age 4 and excluded non-breastfeeding postpartum women. By the end of 1974, WIC was operating in 45 states. On October 7, 1975, WIC was established as a permanent program (P.L. 94-105). Eligibility was extended to non-breastfeeding women (up to 6 months postpartum) and children up to 5 years of age. However, all participants must be deemed to be at nutrition risk and with inadequate income (however, what constituted inadequate income was not defined). In 1978, P.L. 95-627 defined nutrition risk and established income eligibility standards that were linked to the income standards associated with reduced price school meals. Another income standard change took place in 1989, when P.L. 101-147 established similar income eligibility for Food Stamp, Medicaid, and AFDC participation, thus lowering the WIC income standard and simplifying the application process. WIC began to promote and support breastfeeding women in the late 1980s, and in 1989 Congress mandated $8 million be used specifically for that purpose. Also in 1999, the WIC program standardized nutrition risk criteria for program eligibility and began assigning individual nutrition risk priority levels.
    The program still does not reach all those who need it.
    What Prop ortion of the Population Eligible
    for WIC Re ceives WIC?
    The proportion of the population eligible for WIC
    that actually participates in WIC has changed over
    time (see Figure 3). In 1994, 47% of those eligible
    for WIC actually participated. This proportion increased
    throughout the late 1990’s, reaching a high
    of nearly 61% in 1999. This corresponds with both
    a decrease in the number of persons eligible and
    an increase in participation during this time when
    increased funding was available to the program.
    Since 2000 the proportion of the population eligible
    that participates has held steady at about 57%.
    Within participation categories, the proportion of
    the population eligible that participates varies. The
    lowest participation rates for eligible persons are for
    children—with coverage rates ranging from 35.5%
    in 1994 to 49.2% in 1999; 45% of those eligible
    participated in 2003. Infants consistently have the
    highest coverage rates. The proportion of the eligible
    population that participates in WIC ranges
    from a low of 74.5% in 1995 to a high of 86.6% in
    1998. Close to 83% of infants eligible for WIC participated
    in 2003.
    www.fns.usda.gov/Ora/menu/.../WIC/FILES/WICEligibles.pdf

    "If we ever needed to vote we sure do need to vote now". Rev. William Barber, If you're in a coalition and you're comfortable, you know it's not a broad enough coalition" Bernice Johnson Reagon

    by Denise Oliver Velez on Sun Aug 26, 2012 at 11:47:55 AM PDT

    [ Parent ]

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