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  •  CIA: different versions for different audiences (none)
    Bob Graham (who served on the Senate Intelligence Committee and co-chaired the joint House-Senate inquiry into 9/11 intelligence failures) wrote in his book "Intelligence Matters" that the CIA in October of 2002 prepared two NIE's (National Intelligence Estimates) regarding Iraq's "weapons of mass destruction" - one classified and one unclassified.  

    According to Graham - who read both - the classified report, which was 90 pages long, contained cautions and dissenting views, "pointing out which information was thought to be credible and which was less reliable.  The NIE also included an assessment of Saddam Hussein's decision-making, concluding that Saddam had shown little desire to attack the United States and had few if any contacts with al-Queda and no particular interest in assisting Osama bin Laden."

    The CIA's declassifed report, in contrast, was 25 pages long and contained maps, graphics, photos and tables - images which soon were used in newspapers and on TV - presenting "a substantially different picture of the risks we would face were we to invade Iraq."

    Graham writes: "It was as if the unclassified version selectively put forward all the arguments in favor of invading Iraq, while leaving the concerns to the much smaller audience of people with access to the classified version.  In fact, what we were looking at wasn't an unclassified version versus a classified version:  it was two different messages, directed at two different audiences.  I was outraged.

    "...One thing I cannot tolerate is the politicization of intelligence.  Intelligence information must exist free from politics.  It cannot be sought to validate positions or opinions, nor should it be used with the intent of debunking them.  It is what it is - a resource to be used to inform decision makers, nothing more, nothing less  Dictatorships use intelligence to validate opinions.  Democracies do not."

    Quotes are from Graham's book "Intelligence Matters"

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