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View Diary: Why do so many folks here use the term "Old Testament" as code for barbarism? (265 comments)

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  •  Fundamentalists love Torah? (4+ / 0-)
    Recommended by:
    Diamond Mind, sfbob, CroneWit, NJ Dem

    Not the ones I criticize! Not the conservative religious right!

    Torah teaches you that taxing the haves to support the have-nots is mandatory for the haves and an entitlement for the have-nots.  (in the literal sense of "entitlement", meaning something you're entitled to).

    Torah teaches that you may not hurt the feelings of a foreigner, for you were foreigners in Egypt.

    Torah teaches that you may favor neither the rich nor poor at court.

    Torah teaches that you may not lie or slander.

    Torah teaches that you are obligated to be guardian of the earth.

    I don't see how anybody can quote Torah and support Republicans.  You'd have to twist logic like a pretzel to do so.

    There are no scriptures against abortion.  I'm not sure what you had in mind.  The one passage about hurting a fetus makes it clear that it's not punished the same as murder (it's not an abortion, but an assault resulting in a miscarriage).  And rabbis rule that abortion is not just allowed but required if there is a threat to the mother.

    The scriptures against homosexuality are very narrow, much narrower than anything in the NT.  It's not the orientation that's forbidden, but one particular sex act only, and only for Jews.  As written, it doesn't restrict Gentiles any more than the rule against eating shrimp (an "abomination") does.  It's the NT that broadens the prohibition.

    So I don't accept that anti-gay, anti-abortion, and misogyny in general are founded in OT, much less exclusive to OT.

    •  God has different morality for Jews (0+ / 0-)

      and Christians, despite the fact they're both human?  Wow.  Weird God.

      Romney/Caligula 2012!

      by sujigu on Wed Nov 21, 2012 at 07:37:30 PM PST

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      •  I was just saying what the actual OT text says (1+ / 0-)
        Recommended by:
        CroneWit

        Not that I agree that there should be such different standards. Most Reform Jews would say that this prohibition doesn't apply to homosexuality as understood in modern times, whether for Jew or Gentile.

        But in other diaries here, I have heard it argued, for instance that circumstances can alter cases.  For instance that it was right to punish a military officer (like General Petraeus) more severely for adultery than a civilian. Now soldiers and civilians are both humans, and yet people, including several here on DailyKos, argue that there's a rational basis for there being a different morality.

        The Jewish Bible does have cases of different standards.  Priests can't marry divorcees, while non-priests can, for example.  Other cases are ceremonial or symbolic.  Jews, for example, are required to be circumcised, while (according to Jewish law), Gentiles are not.  That's because allegedly Jews are memorializing a covenant that we've agreed to be bound to and Gentiles have not.

      •  No, not a different morality (1+ / 0-)
        Recommended by:
        NJ Dem

        I'm going to give a somewhat serious answer to what was a scoffing kind of comment.  But I do so in good company.

        Judaism sees there being a single deity and a single morality (which the rabbis held could be derived from reason and common sense).  They did believe that the Jews had specific customs and obligations that were specific to themselves, but if you were of a different people, you were under no obligation to follow these specific customs.

        The core idea was summed up by the medieval genius Moshe Ben Maimon (aka Maimonides), who said that the righteous of all nations have portion in the world to come.  You don't need to be a Jew or follow Judaism to be on the side of the deity; anyone who is b'irat Shamaim -- "in awe of Heaven" -- is considered a holy person, whatever their belief system is, or whatever ethnicity they might be.

        [I]t is totally not true that Mitt Romney strapped Paul Ryan to the top of a car and drove him to Canada. Stop spreading rumors! -- Gail Collins

        by mbayrob on Wed Nov 21, 2012 at 10:47:08 PM PST

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    •  Leviticus 20:13 (0+ / 0-)

      "If a man has sexual relations with a man as one does with a woman, both of them have done what is detestable. They are to be put to death; their blood will be on their own heads."

      As I said, fundies cherry-pick Torah for their own ends. The commandment against killing is the basis for their stand against abortion. BTW, I went to biblegateway.com, a Christian site, to browse Leviticus. There was a prominent pro-Israel banner ad and petition. Check it out here. Quote:

      I am a God-fearing American, and I am publicly and officially recognizing Jerusalem -- the entire, undivided Holy City -- as the capital of Israel. This position has been a settled matter of US law since 1995, yet our government continues to refuse to follow the parameters of the Jerusalem Embassy Act.

      Even more importantly, the status of Jerusalem as Israel's capital is settled by Almighty God. Thousands of years before there was a Washington DC, there was Jerusalem DC -- David's Capital. Before there was a United Nations trying to determine Jerusalem's status, there were pagan nations that attempted to conquer and destroy the Holy City.

      Scripture teaches that every nation and empire that stretched its hand against Jerusalem has crumbed to dust. God set His name in Jerusalem for the Jewish people, and that can never be revoked or changed.

      While there are many complex issues to be resolved in the Middle East, the status of Jerusalem is not subject to negotiation. I declare my support and recognition of Jerusalem as the undivided and eternal capital of Israel. I pledge to pray for Israel and leaders of this country as they carry out the responsibilities of the office in which God has placed them. May we be obedient to God's unchanging Word.

      I never liked you and I always will.

      by Ray Blake on Wed Nov 21, 2012 at 10:56:57 PM PST

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      •  There's a similar law for lighting fire on Sabbath (0+ / 0-)

        The penalty for violating the Sabbath laws, you will note, is also death.

        A lot of us have problems with the treatment of gay sex in Leviticus.  It's not clear what the section meant originally, especially since in Canaanite culture (and in early Semitic religion generally) there appears to have been a concept of ritual sex and temple prostitutes, some of whom were likely male.

        But interpretation counts for a lot, and at least by rabbinical times, it appears that none of these kinds of infractions were enforced:  there were requirements for witness that would in and of themselves that made sure that the private sex life of two men would not be a problem, unless they invited in at least two judges to join in and observe the festivities.

        Which is part of your problem here.  The document that comes down to you came into its final form well after a tradition for how to read these texts had been evolving for hundreds of years.  This includes the prophetic texts (in the sense of Hebrew nevi'ut, and not in the sense of Classical Greek prophecy), and the traditions that would become the Mishnah and later the Gemarah.  These are traditions that are largely not shared with the Christians.  Even the Prophetic writings, which are of more interest to Christians as proof-texts of Christianity-to-Come than as the stand-alone social criticism that make up a lot of those texts.
        0

        [I]t is totally not true that Mitt Romney strapped Paul Ryan to the top of a car and drove him to Canada. Stop spreading rumors! -- Gail Collins

        by mbayrob on Thu Nov 22, 2012 at 12:38:38 AM PST

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        •  Christians have no idea how these texts (0+ / 0-)

          are read and understood by Jews (among whom there are also disagreements). You should also know that I'm not a practicing Christian and have made no criticism of the "Old Testament". I don't see it as wicked or barbaric or any such thing. It is quite a bit different from the New Testament, which is understandable given the circumstances and the distance of something like 1500 years. I'm more interested in it because of the character of Yeshu the Nazarene and why he still has such a hold on people 2000 years after his death.

          I never liked you and I always will.

          by Ray Blake on Thu Nov 22, 2012 at 12:58:52 AM PST

          [ Parent ]

          •  The Gospels are quite vivid (0+ / 0-)

            I've heard people suggest that Jesus never lived and is mythical, but having read portions of the Gospels, I seriously doubt that.  You very much get the sense of a person behind the documents.  A great teacher, and definitely a character, in the good sense.

            How the human Jesus got transfigured into a Hellenistic-styled deity with Christianity's rather strange theology is a different question entirely.  But this happening in the century after his death, he bears no responsibility for that.

            [I]t is totally not true that Mitt Romney strapped Paul Ryan to the top of a car and drove him to Canada. Stop spreading rumors! -- Gail Collins

            by mbayrob on Thu Nov 22, 2012 at 01:54:57 AM PST

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            •  The Trinity is surely a tortured concept (0+ / 0-)

              which took three centuries to emerge and get codified. In order for Yeshu to become God he had to be begotten by God first. Therefore, he was the son of God from square one, not a man who became God. I know, pretty shakey. It's enough for me that he was a great prophet of a Jewish sect.

              I never liked you and I always will.

              by Ray Blake on Thu Nov 22, 2012 at 10:40:22 AM PST

              [ Parent ]

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