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    someone who has a disability knows what this treaty can do toward changing the perception and ultimately the treatment of those living with disabilities.  Many people with disabilities are marginalized, disregarded, abused, neglected, discriminated against and considered less than and not capable.  They are under attack by the GOP for receiving SSI and Medicaid.  They want to work, but because they may need some accomodations or extra support, they aren't hired.

    Acknowledging that people with disabilities deserve dignity and opportunities is a step in improving their lives.  Even with ADA, this country has a long way to go in providing education and opportunities for those with disabilities.  The fact that the U.S. won't even sign a treaty that is modeled after our laws is despicable.  

    If you need more information, read below.

    Article 1 - Purpose

    The purpose of the present Convention is to promote, protect and ensure the full and equal enjoyment of all human rights and fundamental freedoms by all persons with disabilities, and to promote respect for their inherent dignity.

    Persons with disabilities include those who have long-term physical, mental, intellectual or sensory impairments which in interaction with various barriers may hinder their full and effective participation in society on an equal basis with others.

    Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities

     Article 1 - Purpose
     Article 2 - Definitions
     Article 3 - General principles
     Article 4 - General obligations
     Article 5 - Equality and non-discrimination
     Article 6 - Women with disabilities
     Article 7 - Children with disabilities
     Article 8 - Awareness-raising
     Article 9 - Accessibility
     Article 10 - Right to life
     Article 11 - Situations of risk and humanitarian emergencies
     Article 12 - Equal recognition before the law
     Article 13 - Access to justice
     Article 14 - Liberty and security of person
     Article 15 - Freedom of torture or cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment
     Article 16 - Freedom from exploitation, violence and abuse
     Article 17 - Protecting the integrity of the person
     Article 18 - Liberty of movement and nationality
     Article 19 - Living independently and being included in the community
     Article 20 - Personal mobility
     Article 21 - Freedom of expression and opinion, and access to information
     Article 22 - Respect for privacy
     Article 23 - Respect for home and the family
     Article 24 - Education
     Article 25 - Health
     Article 26 - Habilitation and rehabilitation
     Article 27 - Work and employment
     Article 28 - Adequate standard of living and social protection
     Article 29 - Participation in political and public life
     Article 30 - Participation in cultural life, recreation, leisure and sport
     Article 31 - Statistics and data collection
     Article 32 - International cooperation
     Article 33 - National implementation and monitoring
     Article 34 - Committee on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities
     Article 35 - Reports by States Parties
     Article 36 - Consideration of reports
     Article 37 - Cooperation between States Parties and the Committee
     Article 38 - Relationship of the Committee with other bodies
     Article 39 - Report of the Committee
     Article 40 - Conference of States Parties
     Article 41 - Depositary
     Article 42 - Signature
     Article 43 - Consent to be bound
     Article 44 - Regional integration organizations
     Article 45 - Entry into force
     Article 46 - Reservations
     Article 47 - Amendments
     Article 48 - Denunciation
     Article 49 - Accessible format
     Article 50 - Authentic texts

    Convention and Optional Protocol Signatures and Ratifications

    Frequently Asked Questions regarding the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities

    Why is it necessary to have a Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities?

     The Convention is necessary in order to have a clear reaffirmation that the rights of persons with disabilities are human rights and to strengthen respect for these rights.  Although existing human rights conventions offer considerable potential to promote and protect the rights of persons with disabilities, it became clear that this potential was not being tapped.  Indeed, persons with disabilities continued being denied their human rights and were kept on the margins of society in all parts of the world.   This continued discrimination against persons with disabilities highlighted the need to adopt a legally binding instrument which set out the legal obligations on States to promote and protect the rights of persons with disabilities.

    Why is the Convention unique?

    The Convention is the first human rights convention of the 21st century and the first legally binding instrument with comprehensive protection of the rights of persons with disabilities.  While the Convention does not establish new human rights, it does set out with much greater clarity the obligations on States to promote, protect and ensure the rights of persons with disabilities.   Thus, the Convention not only clarifies that States should not discriminate against persons with disabilities, it also sets out the many steps that States must take to create an enabling environment so that persons with disabilities can enjoy real equality in society.  For example, the Convention requires States to take measures to ensure accessibility of the physical environment and information and communications technology.  Similarly, States have obligations in relation to raising awareness, promoting access to justice, ensuring personal mobility, and collecting disaggregated data relevant to the Convention.  In this way, the Convention goes into much greater depth than other human rights treaties in setting out the steps that States should take to prohibit discrimination and achieve equality for all.

    The Convention incorporates a social development perspective.  The Convention recognizes the importance of international cooperation and its promotion to support national implementation efforts.  An innovation in this regard concerns specific references to actions the international community could take to promote international cooperation such as:

    • ensuring that international development programmes are inclusive of and accessible to persons with disabilities;
     • facilitating and supporting capacity-building;
     • facilitating cooperation in research and access to scientific and technical knowledge;
     • providing technical and economic assistance as appropriate.

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