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View Diary: Ghosts of War, then and now: Artist pays homage to Nazi-occupied Amsterdam (102 comments)

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  •  technically speaking the Phillipines have enjoyed (14+ / 0-)

    very little freedom moving from a Spanish possession to a US vassal to a Japanese capture to a US client state.

    I have a couple of barong purchased on auction, one captured in 1901 and another in 1918 during the revolutions there, along with copies of the military records of the actions they were captured in.

    General Smedley Butler first began to twig onto the scam of the military/defense industry during his service in such backwaters.  His work remains a must read even today  

    •  I can tell you this, the Phillipines were a lot (13+ / 0-)

      less free after martial law was declared.  I saw opposition newspapers silenced.  I saw curfews implemented.  I saw troops in the streets with M1's or M16's, not sure which.

      I rode jeepneys and had armed secret police come in and sit next to me, showing his weapon just to let me know he was armed.

      When I was there the Huk revolution was taking place.  It was in a lot of turmoil.  The Phillipines was not as free as America, but it became far less free after Martial Law was implemented.

      Republicans are like alligators. All mouth and no ears.

      by Ohiodem1 on Sun Jan 13, 2013 at 06:47:15 PM PST

      [ Parent ]

      •  I take it you mean the 1946-1954 revolt (3+ / 0-)
        Recommended by:
        radarlady, 43north, eve

        The period of 1899-1918 saw a revolt that today is called the Philippine-American War
        McKinley's goal was to "civilize" the area but accounts of this conflict (I have copies of several military reports by the US military on military operations of the time) even by the US military showed the US was brutal and ruthless in its suppression of nationalistic aspirations.

        It would be interesting historically to see which period was ultimately the most brutal: 1899-1918 era vs the 1946-1954 era.  I can find no such comparison.

        •  No, the Huks were a maoist communist (1+ / 0-)
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          revolutionary movement that was operating in the Phillipines when I was there in 1972.  I am not aware of the 1946-54 revolt.

          I believe that some of the 7,000 islands in the PI have Muslim majorities and they have a separatist movement that is ongoing today.  I do not know if they have their roots in the Huk revolution or not.

          Republicans are like alligators. All mouth and no ears.

          by Ohiodem1 on Mon Jan 14, 2013 at 06:39:58 AM PST

          [ Parent ]

          •  I have heard both the 1899 and 1946 rebels (1+ / 0-)
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            referred to as Huks.  I am the most familiar with the 1899 revolt.  There is currently a Muslim separatist movement there but it appears there has been a more or less uninterrupted separatist movement dating either to the 1899 revolt or to the earlier revolts against the Spanish instead of three distinct and discrete movements

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