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  •  As to these excommunications I (5+ / 0-)

    had trouble finding a nice list but I did find the first excommunication of adherents to the Church of England.

    On this day, April 27, 1570, Pope Pius V issued a bull against her. He claimed that there was no salvation outside the Roman Church and that the pope alone was successor to Peter and head of the earthly church. The ungodly had grown in power and "Elizabeth, the pretended queen of England and the servant of crime, has assisted in this."

    The pope went on to excommunicate Elizabeth. "...we do out of the fullness of our apostolic power declare the foresaid Elizabeth to be a heretic and favorer of heretics, and her adherents in the matters aforesaid to have incurred the sentence of excommunication and to be cut off from the unity of the body of Christ."

    In his fourth point, he said "And moreover (we declare) her to be deprived of her pretended title to the aforesaid crown and of all lordship, dignity and privilege whatsoever."

    He forbade all nobles, subjects and people to obey Elizabeth on pain of excommunication. This, of course, placed England's Catholics in a trying position. While most were loyal to the throne, some used the papal statement as an excuse to plot against Elizabeth for the purpose of replacing her with a Catholic. Elizabeth cracked down on these opponents with vigor. Innocent Catholics suffered alongside the guilty.

    The bull concluded with the words, "Given at St. Peter's at Rome, on 27 April 1570 of the Incarnation; in the fifth year of our pontificate.


    "The object of persecution is persecution. The object of torture is torture. The object of power is power. Now do you begin to understand me?" ~Orwell, "1984"

    by Lily O Lady on Tue Feb 05, 2013 at 10:39:54 AM PST

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    •  Similar Bulls Back in the 1380s (1+ / 0-)
      Recommended by:
      Wee Mama

      Once the Avignon Papacy got started, it wasn't long before the "Babylonian Captivity" resulted in a compete break-down in the Roman Catholic Church.  By about 1380, the 70-year long removal from Rome had resulted in multiple Popes sitting on St. Peter's Throne hurling claims of anti-Pope and anti-anti-Pope at each other with Bulls of Excommunication being promulgated on the best parchment.  It's one of the reasons that the Roman Catholic Church might or might not have had two Popes John XXIII, one of which has been declared officially null and void and the other of which the Church hierarchy wishes would be declared null and void.  I'll let readers decide which was which.

      "Love the Truth, defend the Truth, speak the Truth, and hear the Truth" - Jan Hus, d.1415 CE

      by PrahaPartizan on Tue Feb 05, 2013 at 05:11:36 PM PST

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