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View Diary: Why We Should Care About Richard III (315 comments)

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  •  The wounds on the buttocks (4+ / 0-)

    Clearly demonstrates that he was humiliated posthumously. Coupled with the fact that most of Henry's force was French and hated Richard it seems clear that these wounds were intended to humiliate. Also he was stripped naked and paraded on the back of a horse, not exactly the respect a fallen sovereign deserves.

    Also keep in mind that this was a large battle with large battle lines, Henrys army could not seperate as you describe because they would risk being completely enveloped by Richards forces who outnumbered them 2 to 1. This being said battle lines in medieval and ancient warfare often degenerated into several smaller melees, although the line had to be kept intact or a force could be divided into fractions and destroyed piecemeal.

    Most likely the only reason Richard was killed was because he attempted to charge Henry's position by leading his personal guard around the battle lines and engaging Henrys guard there to finish off the rebellion for good by killing Henry. Unfortunately for Richard he was likely bogged down in the mud and lost his horse, where he was eventually surrounded and killed by Henry's soldiers. (And certainly not by Henry himself, who realizing his lack of milatary experience relinquished command to one of his bannermen, who turned out to be quite capable.)

    •  Postscript clarification. (2+ / 0-)
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      CA wildwoman, Wee Mama

      Henry was outnumbered 2 to 1 initially but once Lord Stanley joined the battle against Richard III the two forces were approximately the same size, give or take 1000-2000 men in Henry's favor.

      Combined with Richard's tactical error of seperating himself from his main force, Lord Stanley's timely attack won Henry the Throne.

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