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View Diary: Dear Christians who oppose “gay marriage” because it isn't "Biblical marriage"... (118 comments)

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  •  The story begins in the time of Rim Sin c 1770 BC (0+ / 0-)

    The story of Abraham and Lot first gets interesting in Genesis 14 where we find out who, what, where, and when.

    The story you refer to is in Judges 19 in a period that comes half a millenia after the events of Genesis 14 and tells of a Levite who travels to Bethlehem to collect his unfaithful concubine and seems to be there mostly to compare the hospitality of the men of Bethlehem with the men of Gibeah who were Benjaminites. Its very similar to Genesis 19 where the men of the town want the strangers to come out to have sex with them but in Genesis 19 it results in the destruction of Sodom and in Judges 19 just the destruction of the Benjaminites.

    In Genesis 14-19 Lot lives in Sodom where he has a house and a number of women who work in the house that are restored to him and there is not yet any such thing as the state of Israel or the tribe of Benjamin. In Judges 19 its just the one unfaithful concubine or whore that is returned.

    In the Bible Canaan is considered an accursed place where absolutely nothing is legitimate according to what is considered right and proper by law abiding men and where prostitution makes Sodom and Gomorrah the Vegas of the middle bronze age.

    Every lugal or big man makes his own rules by force of arms so that comes to be the role of Abraham as regards protecting Lot and his women.

    4 At the time when Amraphel was king of Shinar,[a] Arioch king of Ellasar, Kedorlaomer king of Elam and Tidal king of Goyim, 2 these kings went to war against Bera king of Sodom, Birsha king of Gomorrah, Shinab king of Admah, Shemeber king of Zeboyim, and the king of Bela (that is, Zoar). 3 All these latter kings joined forces in the Valley of Siddim (that is, the Dead Sea Valley). 4 For twelve years they had been subject to Kedorlaomer, but in the thirteenth year they rebelled.
    Genesis 14  before translation to English, strings together fragments of mostly Akkadian rather than as was once thought Elamite roots. "Ched" is an afroasiatic suffix (Egyptian "Ked" illustrated by a boat drifting downstream) used to indicate a state of being; mar/ched, tou/ched, deta/ched etc; An omer is a common ANE measure of about a half gallon. The Akkadian root "rl" means uncircumcised and in context here means illigitimate.

    In Akkadian we have one king Amraphel in power "URU Ki" or at "this place here", rather than a second king Arioch or Aruki. Rather than "Arioch king of Ellasar" we would now have (URU Ki el asar ched o rl a omer tD Elam) all perfectly good Akkadian, most of it grammatical and an interesting comment.

        Genesis 14:1 gives a list of four names: "It was in the time of Amraphel king of Shinar, Aricoch king of Ellasar, Chedor-laomer king of Elam, and Tidal king of the Goiim..." Traditionally these have been taken as four separate kings

        As a single title for one king who has unified several states it comes out Amraphel king of Shinar (ruler of Eshnunna),(URU KI el in charge of this place here) asar ched o rl a omer Elam (illigitimately ruling by the standards of Elam) Tidal goiim (those people) have created a state and stretched the extent of their power.

    5 In the fourteenth year, Kedorlaomer and the kings allied with him went out and defeated the Rephaites in Ashteroth Karnaim, the Zuzites in Ham, the Emites in Shaveh Kiriathaim 6 and the Horites in the hill country of Seir, as far as El Paran near the desert. 7 Then they turned back and went to En Mishpat (that is, Kadesh), and they conquered the whole territory of the Amalekites, as well as the Amorites who were living in Hazezon Tamar.

    8 Then the king of Sodom, the king of Gomorrah, the king of Admah, the king of Zeboyim and the king of Bela (that is, Zoar) marched out and drew up their battle lines in the Valley of Siddim 9 against Kedorlaomer king of Elam, Tidal king of Goyim, Amraphel king of Shinar and Arioch king of Ellasar—four kings against five. 10 Now the Valley of Siddim was full of tar pits, and when the kings of Sodom and Gomorrah fled, some of the men fell into them and the rest fled to the hills. 11 The four kings seized all the goods of Sodom and Gomorrah and all their food; then they went away. 12 They also carried off Abram’s nephew Lot and his possessions, since he was living in Sodom.

    13 A man who had escaped came and reported this to Abram the Hebrew. Now Abram was living near the great trees of Mamre the Amorite, a brother of Eshkol and Aner, all of whom were allied with Abram. 14 When Abram heard that his relative had been taken captive, he called out the 318 trained men born in his household and went in pursuit as far as Dan. 15 During the night Abram divided his men to attack them and he routed them, pursuing them as far as Hobah, north of Damascus. 16 He recovered all the goods and brought back his relative Lot and his possessions, together with the women and the other people.

    I read this as Abraham correcting the illegitimate standard and enforcing the legitimate one rescuing Lot and his women from being taken into servitude in lieu of p[aying the tax on their business and saving the king of Sodom what amounts to a tithe of 10%
    17 After Abram returned from defeating Kedorlaomer and the kings allied with him, the king of Sodom came out to meet him in the Valley of Shaveh (that is, the King’s Valley).

    18 Then Melchizedek king of Salem brought out bread and wine. He was priest of God Most High, 19 and he blessed Abram, saying,

    “Blessed be Abram by God Most High,
        Creator of heaven and earth.
    20 And praise be to God Most High,
        who delivered your enemies into your hand.”

    Then Abram gave him a tenth of everything.

    21 The king of Sodom said to Abram, “Give me the people and keep the goods for yourself.”

    22 But Abram said to the king of Sodom, “With raised hand I have sworn an oath to the Lord, God Most High, Creator of heaven and earth, 23 that I will accept nothing belonging to you, not even a thread or the strap of a sandal, so that you will never be able to say, ‘I made Abram rich.’ 24 I will accept nothing but what my men have eaten and the share that belongs to the men who went with me—to Aner, Eshkol and Mamre. Let them have their share.”

    Live Free or Die --- Investigate, Incarcerate

    by rktect on Fri Apr 05, 2013 at 11:26:19 AM PDT

    [ Parent ]

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