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View Diary: Best Creationism come-back ever? (199 comments)

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  •  Purged of its religious gloss (0+ / 0-)

    the Bible has a lot of useful textual artifacts which can as Ken Kitchen describes be useful in dating. His dating is way off but his approach has some merit.

    He compares things like the sequence of blessings and curses in covenants, the price of slaves and the mention of persons places and things which act as toponyms to indicate which civilization is in place where.

    I'm not too bothered by Moses living to 80. The 40 years of wandering in the desert seems to come from not reading carefully what the story says.

    The first seven stations of the Exodus are in Egypt and after crossing the Red Sea from Thebes port of Elim the story immediately picks up at Mount Horab at the head of the gulf of Aqaba where Moses tended Jethros flocks and is reunited with him.

    The stations then walk the metes and bounds of Edom with about a one week interval and perhaps a days walk between stations going up the brook of Egypt to Gaza, back along the kings highway to Moab and then south from the Dead Sea down the Arabah past Petra (described as a cleft in the stone) back to Elat.

    As for the dates they can be converted from Solar to Lunar dates as Jewish archaeologists sometimes prefer to do and get a 19th dynasty date or allowed to be an Egyptian solar year of 365 days in which case the story works well in the way it corresponds to Egyptian campaign literature..

    For example Jerusalem is clearly derived from URU URU Salaam KI which evidences Akkadian as the lingua franca at the time of the reference; Baal Zephon mixes a reference to a western semitic god Baal with a reference to a Greek god Zephon. Pi Ha Haroth or the mouth of Hathor (Greek Philadelphia) refers to the consort of Baal and links Egyptian Hathor to Phoenician Asherah.

    The references can be further tracked through the Periplus of the Erythrian Sea to refer to the Chain of Aphrodite, a series of coastal Red Sea Oasis which served as trading ports for Thebes and are currently being excavated to document the trade across the Red Sea going back to the time of the shipwrecked sailor written in the 12th Dynasty.

    The story of the 18th Dynasty tells of the Egyptians struggling for half a millenia against the Libyans, sea peoples, Peleset, Phoenicians and Mycenean Greek pirates and traders for control of the tin  that turned the copper trade of the Chalcolithic into the Bronze age after c 2000 BC.

    By 1500 BC both Egypt and the Hittites are making campaign after campaign against the king of Kadesh and his allies the sea peoples in Canaan.

    By the time of Ankhenaten the entire region is in turmoil and the Egyptians are having to use mercenaries to man their garrisons against the bandits and rebels.

    The Periplus of the Erythrian Sea also tells about how Kadesh, Carthage, Gades, and possibly Britain have evidences of the Phoenicians and their attempts to monopolise the tin trade with an ocean empire larger than Libya and Asia combined which reaches as far east as Afghanistan and India and as far south as Punt and Ophir and lasts from about 900 to 600 BC before the Greeks and Romans begin to give them serious competition.

    Live Free or Die --- Investigate, Incarcerate

    by rktect on Wed Apr 24, 2013 at 02:39:17 PM PDT

    [ Parent ]

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