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View Diary: Part II – Punishing Eve: Who were the Ancestors of the Christian Taliban (46 comments)

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  •  I don't think you know how (1+ / 0-)
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    anthropologists and historians define "state," and you don't specify what "states in existence for thousands of years" you're claiming were matriarchies (Sumer? Akkad? Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro? Shang China? Old Kingdom Egypt? None of these were matriarchies). The "literature" you cite is by popular writers, not specialists, and some of it is pseudoscience not much above the level of Erich von Daniken. The best spokesman for your point of view is Marija Gimbutas, but most archaeologists and historians reject her hypothesis. She falsely assumes that wherever there are votive figures for goddesses there must have been matriarchy.

    There probably was relative gender equality rather than pronounced patriarchy at such Neolithic horticultural communities as Jericho and Catal Huyuk. But these thrived between 9000-6000 BCE, they lacked the social differentiation needed for state organization, they were preliterate, pre-plow agriculture, and they had only household shrines, no temple centers suggestive of a "state" religion.

    Christianity is nasty in its patriarchalism, but it is just plain wrong to romanticize pre-Christian cultures as matriarchal, egalitarian, and free of coercion.  


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