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View Diary: Free speech under attack in Denmark: Convicted for criticizing Islam (174 comments)

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  •  Afghanistan, e.g. (1+ / 0-)
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    The constitution of Afghanistan specifies Hanafi Islam. It's sort of hedged.

    When there is no provision in the Constitution or other laws regarding ruling on an issue, the courts’ decisions shall be within the limits of this Constitution in accord with the Hanafi jurisprudence and in a way to serve justice in the best possible manner.
    The religion of the state of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan is the sacred religion of Islam.

    Followers of other religions are free to exercise their faith and perform their religious rites within the limits of the provisions of law.

    Family is a fundamental unit of society and is supported by the state.

    The state adopts necessary measures to ensure physical and psychological well being of family, especially of child and mother, upbringing of children and the elimination of traditions contrary to the principles of sacred religion of Islam.

    In Afghanistan, no law can be contrary to the beliefs and provisions of the sacred religion of Islam.
    Equality of women and men is explicitly stated.
    The citizens of Afghanistan – whether man or woman – have equal rights and duties before the law.
    •  But notice that nothing can be contrary (1+ / 0-)
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      to the sacred laws of Islam. So women can be declared equal, but it'll be illegal to outlaw child marriage, because it's permitted under sharia.

      When they say followers of other religions are free to exercise their faith, there is a whole list of restrictions under Islamic law that they don't mention. Christians are forbidden to build new churches, wear a cross in public, sing inside their own churches loudly enough that Muslims can hear, etc. Anyone who converts from Islam to Christianity is subject to the death penalty.

      •  The constitution came about (1+ / 0-)
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        Noisy Democrat

        with some pretty intense behind the scenes dealmaking. It has the tensions in it, coming from that.

        The Violence against Women Law, issued by presidential decree, outlaws child marriage. As of this spring, it is of perhaps iffy status. It's not enforced, especially in remote areas.

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