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View Diary: Out of disaster - triumph! Avro Lancaster 'S for Sugar' (51 comments)

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  •  The Lancaster (13+ / 0-)

    One of the most famous raids in which the Lancaster (not this one) was used was "Operation Chastise" in May 1943.

    Modified Lancasters carried the "bouncing bomb" designed by Barnes Wallace. These had to be released at a specific height (about the same as the plane's wingspan), a specific distance from the target and at a specific speed. The back-rotation caused the bomb to skip across the lakes behind the major dams serving Germany's Ruhr Valley industrial complex - like a stone skimmed on a pond. The bombs hit the dam and sank before exploding. The water focused the blast against the dam wall.

    Although there was civilian loss of life and disruption to arms production, the main result of the "Dambusters" raid was to divert resources to their rebuilding and repair from the defences on the French coast, thus leaving Normandy without its stretch "Atlantic wall".

    We will work, we will play, we will laugh, we will live. We will not waste one moment, nor sacrifice one bit of our freedom, because of fear.

    by Lib Dem FoP on Sat Dec 14, 2013 at 10:14:12 AM PST

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