Skip to main content

View Diary: West Africa on high alert as ebola epidemic spreads in unusual pattern, Sauda Arabia cancels visas (151 comments)

Comment Preferences

  •  First Clue: Hammer Headed Bat (0+ / 0-)

    Hypsignathus monstrosus, found in equitorial African river areas, swamps, mangroves, marshes below 1800m. Fruit bat that prefers figs, but feeds also on bananas, guavas, mangoes.

    Biggest health problem of this bat, infection by parasites. Specifically a parasitic protozoa known as Hepatocystis carpenteri which is transmitted by a blood sucking midge in the coulicoides genus, and a known vector of several diseases. The males feed on nectar, the females do too, but suck blood to ripen their fertilized eggs. They lay those eggs in places of slow moving water, damp soil, dung heaps, and are generally found in marshy swampy areas. The Hammer Headed Bat is one of three bats found in Kitum Cave that was the site of an Ebola Outbreak. The disease was found in this (and two other species of bats) spleen and liver--organs known to be attacked by the virus.

    I haven't looked up the other two bats yet.

    "It were a thousand times better for the land if all Witches, but especially the blessing Witch, might suffer death." qtd by Ehrenreich & English. For Her Own Good, Two Centuries of Expert's Advice to Women pp 40

    by GreenMother on Wed Apr 02, 2014 at 09:13:24 PM PDT

    [ Parent ]

    •  The other two bats, Epomops franqueti or (0+ / 0-)

      Epauletted Fruit Bat-- feeds on fruit, nectar and petals of certain flowers. It masticates these items, sucking the juice and spitting out the spent pulp (another potential vector made by diseased bats? in addition to guano?) Range--Ivory Coast, Sudan, Angola and Zambia in Subsaharan Forest and Equitorial Tropics. A source of Bush Meat like the Hammer Headed Bat.

      Little Collared Fruit Bat Myonycteris torquata: Range is large and over laps the ranges of these other Megabats. This one prefers moist lowland forest and savanas. This one like the Hammer Headed Bat also carries a parasite that infects the liver cells--Hepatpcystis perronae which is also transmitted by the genus Culicoides of biting midges.

      If these bats are the key, then I would be looking at insects that bite the bats and suck their blood or that infect them with parasites.

      I would be looking at the parasites and viruses carried by those biting midges in the Culicoides genus.

      Also the Hammer Head bat is preyed upon by owls and falcons--have those been tested as carriers of this virus as well?

      "It were a thousand times better for the land if all Witches, but especially the blessing Witch, might suffer death." qtd by Ehrenreich & English. For Her Own Good, Two Centuries of Expert's Advice to Women pp 40

      by GreenMother on Wed Apr 02, 2014 at 09:46:31 PM PDT

      [ Parent ]

Subscribe or Donate to support Daily Kos.

  • Recommended (151)
  • Community (59)
  • Baltimore (38)
  • Civil Rights (37)
  • Bernie Sanders (33)
  • Elections (29)
  • Culture (29)
  • Economy (28)
  • Law (25)
  • Texas (23)
  • 2016 (21)
  • Rescued (21)
  • Labor (19)
  • Environment (19)
  • Hillary Clinton (18)
  • Education (18)
  • Racism (17)
  • Politics (17)
  • Freddie Gray (17)
  • Barack Obama (16)
  • Click here for the mobile view of the site