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View Diary: Nevada Rancher Cliven Bundy makes a strong case for the Native Americans (33 comments)

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  •  No, you don't understand. Mr. Bundy has (7+ / 0-)

    worked the land, not just left it alone and treasured it. For generations, the Bundys have put the land to its highest use - to make a profit for the family.

    North American Indians cannot possibly make as good a case for holding the land, because no matter how long they've been residents, they've never sufficiently subscribed to the dream of looting the land for their own purposes and the hell with everybody else. The same standard applies to those gubment wimps.

    See? It's a simple case.

    At least half the future I've been expecting hasn't gotten here yet. Sigh.... (Yes, there's gender bias in my name; no, I wasn't thinking about it when I signed up. My apologies.)

    by serendipityisabitch on Sat Apr 12, 2014 at 02:56:10 PM PDT

    •  North American Indians (0+ / 0-)

      The Solutrean-Clovis connection (more formally known as the "North Atlantic Ice-Edge Corridor Hypothesis") is one theory of the peopling of the American continents that suggests that Upper Paleolithic Solutrean culture is ancestral to Clovis. This idea has its roots in the 19th century, when archaeologists such as CC Abbott postulated that the Americas had been colonized by Paleolithic Europeans. After the Radiocarbon Revolution, however, this idea fell into disuse, only to be revived in the late 1990s by archaeologists Bruce Bradley and Dennis Stanford.

      Bradley and Stanford argue that at the time of the Last Glacial Maximum, ca 25,000-15,000 radiocarbon years ago, the Iberian peninsula of Europe became a steppe-tundra, forcing Solutrean populations to the coasts. Maritime hunters then traveled northward along the ice margin up the European coast and around the North Atlantic Sea. They point out that the perennial Arctic ice at the time would have formed an ice bridge connecting Europe and North America. Ice margins have intense biological productivity, and would have provided a major food source.

      Cultural Similarities

      Bradley and Stanford further point out that there are similarities in the stone tools. Bifaces are systematically thinned with an overshot flaking method in both Solutrean and Clovis cultures. Solutrean leaf-shaped points are similar in outline and share some (but not all) Clovis construction techniques. Further, Clovis assemblages often include a cylindrical ivory shaft or point made from a mammoth tusk or the long bones of bison. Other bone tools were often included in both assemblages, such as needles and bone shaft straighteners.

      However, Eren (2013) has commented that the similarities between "controlled overshot flaking" method for bifacial stone tool manufacture are accidental products created incidentally and inconsistently as a part of biface thinning. He argues that, based on his own experimental archaeology, overshot flaking in Clovis and Solutrean assemblages is the result of both sets of flint-knappers removing overshot flakes.

      Problems with Solutrean/Clovis

      The most prominent opponent of the Solutrean connection is Lawrence Guy Straus. Straus points out that the LGM forced people out of western Europe into southern France and the Iberian peninsula by about 25,000 radiocarbon years ago. There were no people at all living north of the Loire Valley of France during the Last Glacial Maximum, and no people in the southern part of England until after about 12,500 BP. The similarities between Clovis and Solutrean cultural assemblages are far outweighed by the differences. Clovis hunters were not users of marine resources, either fish or mammal; the Solutrean hunter-gatherers used land-based hunting supplemented by littoral and riverine but not oceanic resources.

      Most essentially, the Solutreans of the Iberian peninsula lived 5,000 radiocarbon years earlier and 5,000 kilometers directly across the Atlantic from the Clovis hunter-gatherers.

      PreClovis and Solutrean

      Since the discovery of credible Preclovis sites, Bradley and Stanford now argue for a Solutrean origin of Preclovis culture. The diet of Preclovis is definitely more maritime-oriented, and the dates are closer in time to Solutrean. However, the stone technology is not the same as Clovis, and the discovery of an ivory rhinoceros horn tool at the Yana RHS site in Western Beringia has somewhat lessened the strength of the technology argument.

    •  Many native Americans also worked the land (1+ / 0-)
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      •  True. Nor were they saints, one presumes. But my (0+ / 0-)

        comment was to indict Mr. Bundy, rather than to raise any real issues of Native American culture.

        At least half the future I've been expecting hasn't gotten here yet. Sigh.... (Yes, there's gender bias in my name; no, I wasn't thinking about it when I signed up. My apologies.)

        by serendipityisabitch on Sun Apr 13, 2014 at 12:14:58 PM PDT

        [ Parent ]

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