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View Diary: Support Jewish Resistance Against Arab Imperialism (116 comments)

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  •  also the idea that (0+ / 0-)

    Judaism began after Christianity seems odd. I assume you are referring to the writing of the Babylonian Talmud, but that was just one step among many in the evolution of modern Judaism, and the emergence of the rabbinic movement, and the writing if the Mishna, began hundreds of years earlier, in Judea.

    Gondwana has always been at war with Laurasia.

    by AaronInSanDiego on Thu Jul 17, 2014 at 08:02:20 PM PDT

    [ Parent ]

    •  Well, (0+ / 0-)
      Originally, Jewish scholarship was oral. Rabbis expounded and debated the Torah (the written Torah expressed in the Hebrew Bible) and discussed the Tanakh without the benefit of written works (other than the Biblical books themselves), though some may have made private notes (megillot setarim), for example of court decisions. However, this situation changed drastically, mainly as the result of the destruction of the Jewish commonwealth and the Second Temple in the year 70 CE and the consequent upheaval of Jewish social and legal norms. As the Rabbis were required to face a new reality—mainly Judaism without a Temple (to serve as the center of teaching and study) and Judea without at least partial autonomy—there was a flurry of legal discourse and the old system of oral scholarship could not be maintained. It is during this period that Rabbinic discourse began to be recorded in writing.[1][2] The earliest recorded oral Torah may have been of the midrashic form, in which halakhic discussion is structured as exegetical commentary on the Pentateuch. But an alternative form, organized by subject matter instead of by biblical verse, became dominant about the year 200 CE, when Rabbi Judah haNasi redacted the Mishnah (משנה).[citation needed]

      The Oral Torah was far from monolithic; rather, it varied among various schools. The most famous two were the School of Shammai and the School of Hillel. In general, all valid opinions, even the non-normative ones, were recorded in the Talmud.[citation needed]

      The oldest full manuscript of the Talmud is from 1342, known as the Munich Talmud (Cod.hebr. 95), which is available online.

      So, 200 Ce is the same as 200AD, and the oldest Talmud dates from the 1200's AD.

      So, how old is Judiasm?

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