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View Diary: Tsunami Warning Center Relocation (5 comments)

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  •  The Crimean storm was not a hurricane (1+ / 0-)
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    environmentalist

    but an strong extratropical low,perhaps with winds as strong as a weak hurricane.

    With the means of collecting data in real time (at least over land) now well tried and tested, interest in meteorology was receiving official blessing. A catalyst for further progress was the 1854 Black Sea storm during the Crimean War. This sank a number of Allied ships, including a large French troop ship, the Henri V. The French Emperor, Louis Napoleon (Napoleon III), asked his Astronomer Royal, Le Verrier, to study the event and see if any lessons could be learned.

    Le Verrier collected a great deal of information and was able to produce weather maps of wind and pressure. These showed that the storm was a circulation of winds around a central low pressure. Moreover, this had moved as an entity on a fairly steady course over a period of days. Le Verrier made the momentous deduction that forecasting was scientifically possible - at least in principle.

    During the following few years, national weather services were created in many countries. The UK Meteorological Department of the Board of Trade (forerunner of the Meteorological Office) was the second, being pipped to the post by the Dutch.

    Captain Fitzroy, of HMS Beagle and Charles Darwin fame, was the first Secretary (Director) and was charged with “providing meteorological advice to the Royal and Merchant Navies.” Fitzroy put in hand the collection of data from ships as proposed at the 1853 conference. He co-ordinated observing networks over the British Isles, partly for climatological purposes, but also for real time use. Using the electric telegraph, he organised the collection of data from a small number of stations in the UK and, importantly, the exchange of data with other national weather services.

    This link shows a post-event weather map

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