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  •  Theocracy... (9+ / 0-)

    Wiki excerpts:

    http://en.wikipedia.org/...

    Theocracy is a form of government in which a god or deity is recognized as the state's supreme civil ruler,[1] or in a higher sense, a form of government in which a state is governed by immediate divine guidance or by officials who are regarded as divinely guided.[2] In Common Greek, "theocracy" means a rule [kra′tos] by God [the.os′]. For believers, theocracy is a form of government in which divine power governs an earthly human state, either in a personal incarnation or, more often, via religious institutional representatives (i.e., a church), replacing or dominating civil government.[3] Theocratic governments enact theonomic laws.

    Theocracy should be distinguished from other secular forms of government that have a state religion, or are merely influenced by theological or moral concepts, and monarchies held "By the Grace of God".

    A theocracy may be monist in form, where the administrative hierarchy of the government is identical with the administrative hierarchy of the religion, or it may have two 'arms,' but with the state administrative hierarchy subordinate to the religious hierarchy.

    Current states with theocratic aspects

    Iran

    Iran's government is described as a "theocratic republic".[5] Iran's head of state, or Supreme Leader, is an Islamic cleric appointed for life by an elected body called Assembly of Experts.[5] The Council of Guardians, considered part of the executive branch of government, is responsible for determining if legislation is in line with Islamic law and customs (the Sharia), and can bar candidates from elections, and greenlight or ban investigations into the election process.[5]

    Holy See (Vatican City)

    Following the unification of Italy, The Holy See (commonly known as the Vatican or Vatican City) became the last surviving territory of the former Papal States.[6] In 1929, the Holy See was formally recognized as an independent state through treaties with the Italian government.[6] The head of state of the Vatican is the pope, elected by the College of Cardinals, an assembly of senior Catholic clerics.[6] A pope is elected for life, and voting is limited to cardinals under 80 years of age.[6] A secretary of state, directly responsible for international relations, is appointed by the pope.[6] The Vatican legal system is rooted in Canon Law, and subject to the dictates of the pope and changes to Canon Law made by conferences of senior clergy.[6]

    The State of Israel

    "Israel was founded to provide a national home, safe from persecution, to the Jewish people. Although Israeli law explicitly grants equal civil rights to all citizens regardless of religion, ethnicity, or other heritage, it gives preferential treatment in certain aspects to individuals who fall within the criteria mandated by the Law of Return.

    If truth is beauty, how come no one has their hair done in the library? Lily Tomlin

    by msmacgyver on Fri Jul 09, 2010 at 09:39:21 AM PDT

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