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View Diary: Breaking - Supreme Court Declares Minimum Wage Constitutional (258 comments)

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  •  It would be a huge favor to all of (6+ / 0-)

    us 'uneducated in legalese' if you could adress the last blockquote, and explain (in plain english, please) what it is saying...

    for instance, this part I already know and fully understand, the italicized portion below...

    The motive and purpose of the present regulation are plainly to make effective the Congressional conception of public policy that interstate commerce should not be made the instrument of competition in the distribution of goods produced under substandard labor conditions, which competition is injurious to the commerce and to the states from and to which the commerce flows. The motive and purpose of a regulation of interstate commerce are matters for the legislative judgment upon the exercise of which the Constitution places no restriction, and over which the courts are given no control. McCray v. United States, 195 U. S. 27; Sonzinsky v. United States, 300 U. S. 506, 300 U. S. 513, and cases cited.

    ... which ends with the title of the case which the quoted text relates to. It's the last portion that I have trouble deciphering.

    is "195 U.S. 27" a case, part of the US Law Code, a description of a chapter and page in a caselaw book?

    Help, please! It would make it possible for readers (like me) who are self-educated to understand just where to go looking for the referenced data.

    •  Thanks. You are right that (9+ / 0-)

      those are citations to cases. I often delete them from quotations in decisions but have received complaints when I do.

      Both of those are citations to Supreme Court cases. In 195 US 27, the first number "195" is to the volume of the series. "US" refers to a set of books that contains Supreme Court decisions. The last number, "27" is to the page in volume 195 where the case begins. If they are quoting from that case, they usually say "at 27" which gives the page where the quotation begins.

      Lower court case are presented the same way but in different series of books. Court of Appeals cases look like this, 243 F.2d 425. The "F" refers to the Federal Reporter and it is now in its third set of books. District Court decisions appear in the Federal Supplement and citations look like this, 53 F.Supp 234.

      Laws are generally cited by their United States Code citation like this 12 U.S.C. 2254. The first number is the "Title" number and the laws are grouped in titles by subject matter. For instance, banking laws are in Title 12 and criminal laws are in Title 18.

      Regulations are codified much like laws, except in a series called the CFR, or Code of Federal Regulations. Their tile numbers match the same subjects as are contained in USC for laws.

      Hope this helps.

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