Skip to main content

View Diary: Steel Executives Sentenced to Prison for Worker Deaths (92 comments)

Comment Preferences

  •  Sorry (8+ / 0-)

    But I knew if I put "Italy" in the title, no one would bother to look read it. However, this is still a first in Italy. No one thought it would happen there too.

    Above Grecian mantles were chiseled these words... Know Thyself... Nothing in Excess... the pop philosophy of its day.

    by ravagerofworlds2 on Sat Apr 16, 2011 at 09:00:11 AM PDT

    [ Parent ]

    •  no apologies needed (4+ / 0-)
      Recommended by:
      JVolvo, elwior, Seneca Doane, Matt Z

      I thought it was an interesting contrast in frames of reference.

      Scientific Materialism debunked here

      by wilderness voice on Sat Apr 16, 2011 at 11:20:41 AM PDT

      [ Parent ]

    •  Actually, it is a German company (9+ / 0-)

      You wrote it was an Italian company, that was merely the Italian subsidiary.  I used to live in the Ruhrgebiet near the HQ.

      And boy, does ThyssenKrupp AG have quite the history

      During the war, Krupp was allowed to take over many industries in occupied nations, including Arthur Krupp steel works in Berndorf, Austria, the Alsacian Corporation for Mechanical Construction (Elsaessische Maschinenfabrik AG, or ELMAG), Robert Rothschild's tractor factory in France, Škoda Works in Czechoslovakia, and Deutsche Schiff- und Maschinenbau AG (Deschimag) in Bremen. This activity became the basis for the charge of “plunder” at the war crimes trial of Krupp executives after the war.

      As another war crime, Krupp used slave labor, both POWs and civilians from occupied countries, and Krupp representatives were sent to concentration camps to select laborers. Treatment of Slavic and Jewish slaves was particularly harsh, since they were considered sub-human in Nazi Germany, and Jews were targeted for "extermination through labor". The number of slaves cannot be calculated due to constant fluctuation but is estimated at 100,000, at a time when the free employees of Krupp numbered 278,000. The highest number of Jewish slave laborers at any one time was about 25,000 in January 1943.

      In 1942-1943, Krupp built the Berthawerk factory (named for his mother), near the Auschwitz concentration camp, for production of artillery fuses. Jewish women were used as slave labor there, leased them from the SS for 4 Marks a head per day. Later in 1943 it was taken over by Union Werke.

      In 1942, although Russia in retreat relocated many factories to the Urals, steel factories were simply too large to move. Krupp took over production, including at the Molotov steel works near Kharkov and Kramatorsk in eastern Ukraine, and at mines supplying the iron, manganese, and chrome vital for steel production.

      The battle of Stalingrad in 1942 convinced Krupp that Germany would lose the war, and he secretly began liquidating 200 million Marks in government bonds. This allowed him to retain much of his fortune and hide it overseas.

      Beginning in 1943, Allied bombers targeted the main German industrial district in the Ruhr. Most damage at Krupp’s works was actually to the slave labor camps, and German tank production continued to increase from 1,000 to 1,800 per month. However by the end of the war, with a manpower shortage preventing repairs, the main factories were out of commission.

      "What's disgusting? Union busting!" 17.02.2011 Madison, WI

      by Jeffersonian Democrat on Sat Apr 16, 2011 at 12:34:39 PM PDT

      [ Parent ]

Subscribe or Donate to support Daily Kos.

Click here for the mobile view of the site