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Did your school serve lunches, or did you have to bring your own? If they provided lunch, was it good? If you brought your own, what did you usually bring? Did you have a bag or a lunchbox? Did you have a cool lunchbox?
How charitable are you?
Do you think of yourself as brave?
Name one thing that makes you cowardly.

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On This Day

In 1572, the infamous St. Bartholomew's Day Massacre began with the assassination of Huguenot leaders and ended with wholesale Catholic-on-Huguenot slaughter.

In 1775, King George III declared those pesky American colonies to be an a "state of open and avowed rebellion."

In 1904, inventor Harry D. Weed received a patent for his automobile tire chain, or snow chain.

In 1927, Ferdinando Nicola Sacco  and Bartolomeo Vanzetti were executed, more likely for the fact that they considered themselves anarchists than for the robbery and murder they had been charged with.

In 1946, David Lean's Brief Encounter premiered in the U.S.

In 1990, Armenia declared its independence from the Soviet Union.

In 2008, presidential candidate Barack Obama announced that Joe Biden would be his running mate.

Born on This Day

1754 – Louis XVI of France (d. 1793)

1805 – Anton von Schmerling, Austrian statesman (d. 1893)

1836 – Marie Henriette of Austria (d. 1902)

1840 - Gabriel Cornelius von Max, Czech-German painter (d. 1915)

 photo GabrielCorneliusvonMax.jpg

1846 – Alexander Milne Calder, American sculptor (d. 1923)

1852 – Arnold Toynbee, English economist and historian (d. 1883)

1861 - Joseph Edward Southall, British painter (d. 1944)

 photo JosephEdwardSouthall.jpg

1875 – Eugene Lanceray, Russian painter and sculptor (d. 1946)

 photo EugeneLanceray.jpg

1890 – Harry Frank Guggenheim, American businessman and publisher, co-founded Newsday (d. 1971)

1898 - Eve Southern, American actress (d. 1972) See Tipple Jar

1900 – Malvina Reynolds, American singer-songwriter and activist (d. 1978)

1912 – Gene Kelly, American dancer and actor (d. 1996)

1912 - Keith Vaughan, British painter (d. 1977)

 photo KeithVaughan.jpg

1922 – Jean Darling, American actress and singer

1922 – Pierre Gauvreau, Canadian painter (d. 2011)

1928 – Marian Seldes, American actress

1930 – Vera Miles, American actress

 photo VeraMiles.jpg

1932 – Mark Russell, American comedian, singer, and pianist

1933 – Pete Wilson, American politician, 36th Governor of California

1934 – Barbara Eden, American actress and singer

 photo BarbaraEden.jpg

1946 – Keith Moon, English drummer, songwriter, and producer (The Who)

1949 – Shelley Long, American actress

1949 – Rick Springfield, Australian singer-songwriter, guitarist, and actor

1961 – Dean DeLeo, American guitarist (Stone Temple Pilots, Talk Show, and Army of Anyone)

1962 – Shaun Ryder, English singer-songwriter and actor (Happy Mondays and Black Grape)

1970 – Jay Mohr, American actor and comedian

1970 – River Phoenix, American actor and singer (d. 1993)

1974 – Shifty Shellshock, American singer-songwriter and actor (Crazy Town)

1975 – Eliza Carthy, English singer-songwriter and fiddler (Blue Murder)

1978 – Julian Casablancas, American singer-songwriter (The Strokes)

1988 – Jeremy Lin, American basketball player

Died on This Day

1305 – William Wallace, Scottish knight and landowner (b. 1272)

1628 – George Villiers, 1st Duke of Buckingham, English statesman (b. 1592)

1813 – Alexander Wilson, Scottish-American poet, ornithologist, and illustrator (b. 1766)

1853 – Alexander Calder, American politician (b. 1806) (no relation to the sculptors)

1865 - Ferdinand Georg Waldmuller, Austrian painter (b. 1793)

 photo FerdinandGeorgWaldmuller.jpg

1902 - Henryk Siemiradzki, Polish Academic painter (b. 1843)

 photo HenrykSiemiradzki.jpg

1903 - Paul Joseph Constantin Gabriël, Dutch painter (b. 1828)

 photo PaulJosephConstantinGabrieumll.jpg

1926 – Rudolph Valentino, Italian-American actor (b. 1895)

1933 – Adolf Loos, influential Austrian architect, designed Villa Müller (b. 1870)

1962 – Hoot Gibson, American actor (b. 1892)

1963 – Glen Gray, American saxophonist and bandleader (Casa Loma Orchestra) (b. 1900)

1966 – Francis X. Bushman, American silent film star (b. 1883)

 photo FrancisXBushman.jpg

1989 – R. D. Laing, Scottish psychiatrist (b. 1927)

1995 – Dwayne Goettel, Canadian keyboard player (Skinny Puppy, Psyche, and Hilt) (b. 1964)

2005 – Brock Peters, American actor (b. 1927)

2006 – Maynard Ferguson, Canadian trumpeter and bandleader (Big Bop Nouveau) (b. 1928)

Today is

European Day of Remembrance for Victims of Stalinism and Nazism
International Day for the Remembrance of the Slave Trade and its Abolition
National Sponge Cake Day
Ride the Wind Day
Buttered Corn Day

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