“The EGI is the first index of its kind, bringing together measurements of gender and environmental governance; 72 countries have been rated for six different variables, with each one of its indicators,” explained Lorena Aguilar, IUCN senior gender adviser
The Index also gave top honors to Norway and the Netherlands, delegating the United States to 14th place. The Democratic Republic of Congo, Yemen and Mauritania were the lowest on the Index.
The event launched Gender Day at the UNFCCC COP19 in Warsaw.
While Dr. Seema Aror Jonsson, from the Swedish University of Agricultural Scientists, suggested suggested at Saturday's Global Landscape Forum that “it’s much easier for us to make gender an issue of poverty than to view issues of gender as one that spreads across caste and class,” the resilience of women in global efforts to adapt to climate change can not be underestimated, considering the fact that women hold up half the sky and the fact that 50% of the world's food supply is dependent of the ability of women farmers.
Mozambique's Deputy Minister of the Environment Ana Chichava detailed the success of her country in incorporating gender specific climate change resilience tools to deal with conditions which establish Mozambique as one of the world's most vulnerable countries due to its geography, economy and topography.
With a vital agricultural economy, over half of country's residents live along the coast, supported by rain-fed crops and fishing, Mozambique is highly vulnerable to the impacts of sea level rise and extreme typhoons. Just this January, hundreds of thousands were displaced in the worst flooding since 2000. The country is one of the most vulnerable on the international climate change vulnerability monitor.
United Nations Development Program's Lucy Wanjiru Njagi discusses the importance of utilizing the indigenous knowledge of women, who work in roles which afford them intimate connections with the environment in informing decisions relative to climate change.
A Breakdown on the Index Findings from First-ever Environment and Gender Index Ranks 72 Countries
· Iceland is the top performer in most categories, but scored lower in performance on women in COP delegations, female managers, senior officials, and legislators; and country-reporting on the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) and the Convention to Eliminate all Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW).
· Poland ranks highest worldwide in ecosystem category, and lowest in livelihood category for OECD countries.
· Costa Rica ranked highest for governance in Latin America and Caribbean region, lowest on women in COP delegations, and lowest for country-reported activities.
· Mongolia was a top performer in Asia region, but low on women in policy-making and protection of property rights.
· Liberia scored in the top tier of access to credit, land, and property (equivalent to same legal rights as men.)
· The USA had the highest performance on percentage of women without anemia, and lower performance – equal to Greece and Bangladesh – on women in policy-making positions.
· Lebanon had the highest percentage of women in COP delegations, and low performance for women as legislators, managers, and senior officials.
· Benin ranks highest in the ecosystem category in Africa, and lowest in gender-based education and assets category worldwide.
7:24 AM PT: The current goal of the negotiations is to forge an agreement, to be signed in Paris in 2015 and to come into force by 2020, that would involve substantial reductions in greenhouse gas emissions from all the major economies, as well as commitments from poorer countries. But this meeting is just a staging point on the road to that goal – there is as yet no draft text for an agreement, no consensus on what a new deal should involve, or what legal form it should take.
Opening the high-level segment of the negotiations today, UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon repeated his call on Heads of State to join him for a climate summit at the opening of next year’s UN General Assembly in September. He called on governments to use the meeting to “raise political momentum” and “catalyze concrete action” as we work toward a 2015 climate deal that can meet what science demands. Many of our partners and many countries see the 2014 summit as a key moment for governments to put their (first draft) climate pledges on the table, leaving time for review and further negotiations before any 2015 deadlines. Climate Commissioner Connie Hedegaard described the EU’s support for the 2014 summit in a press conference today: “People should have done their homework and have first reflections [by September 2014]… Ban Ki-moon expects people to be able to say what are they planning for after 2020.” The EU plans to push for such a timetable over the coming days, but faces opposition from developed countries like the US and major developing countries like Brazil and China, none of which are keen to offer up targets until after 2014.
The issue of loss and damage – regarding how countries should respond to climate impacts in which adaptation is difficult or impossible – also continues to divide countries. Reports from inside those closed-door negotiations going late into Tuesday night described developed and developing countries as literally sitting on opposite sides of the table. Developing countries are designing a strong response by drafting a specifically focused loss and damage mechanism; the EU, Norway and US prefer a less ambitious approach. CARE International, ActionAid and WWF held a press conference to call out the latter group for being a barrier to progress, as well as developed countries Australia, Canada and Japan for blocking progress altogether. Over 100 civil society organisations have now signed a letter calling on ministers to work constructively towards ensuring that a loss and damage mechanism is part of Warsaw’s legacy.
One of the champions of the loss and damage issue, Philippines negotiator Yeb Sano, was in the spotlight again today. Inspired by his announcement of a voluntary fast during COP19, over 600,000 people around the world joined Sano’s call for strong progress in the negotiations. Sano plans to continue his fast until COP19 delivers firm actions on finance as well as loss and damage.
- See more at: http://tcktcktck.org/...