This series focuses on the region from where the roots of Western Judaic and Christian civilization of today are traced: the northeastern, eastern, and southeastern region surrounding the Mediterranean from Greece, Turkey, Lebanon, Syria, Israel, Palestine, Jordan, Iraq, (western) Iran, and Egypt). A similar evolution and change happened in the (farther) East that became dominated by Islam and Hinduism.
To read the entire series posted to date, and other Zeitgeist Change Commentaries by Janet Wise, go to www.janetwise.net
Note: The term androcracy is used to describe a social system ruled through force, or threat of force by men. This term derives from Greek root words Andros or “man,” and kratos (as in democratic), or “ruled.”
PART X: PUNISHING EVE
“Therefore a wicked woman is by her nature quicker to waver in her faith, and consequently quicker to abjure the faith, which is the root of witchcraft.
And as to her other mental quality, that is, her natural will; when she hates someone whom she formerly loved, then she seethes with anger and impatience in her whole soul, just as the tides of the sea are always heaving and boiling. Many authorities allude to this cause. Ecclesiastics xxv: There is no wrath above the wrath of a woman.”
The Malleus Maleficarum: or Hammer of Witches, Part I, Question 6, Concerning Witches who Copulate with Devils; Why is it that Women are Chiefly Addicted to Evil Superstitions? (1484), by Heinrich Godfrey Kramer and Jacob Sprenger, Catholic Dominican Inquisitors
It was in the 5th century when hordes of Goths descended upon Italy and Rome was sacked (410 A.D.). With a much weakened and reduced Roman Empire, the Scots and Saxons raided Britain, the Visigoths invaded the regions south of the Danube, the Vandals became masters in Spain, the Franks made inroads in Gaul and pirates roamed the seas. Attila and his half million wild Huns overran Europe as far as the Rhine; and from the north came Theodoric crushing everything in his path and setting up a kingdom in opposition to the rule of Justinian in Constantinople. Southern Italy was ruled by Pope Gregory the First, who paid his army with revenues from the Church. The centuries of Egyptian and Greek progress of medicine (passed onto the Romans via their conquering those nations) came to a standstill.
In the 6th century a terrible plague spread all over the Western world – from 5,000 to 10,000 people died every day in Constantinople alone. Every pregnant woman died, for there was no known cure. Procopius of Caesarea (500 – 565 A.D.) a prominent Byzantine scholar tells us that male physicians fled from the cities, but that the women remained to do what they could to help the sufferers and pray with the dying. It was during this time that the Church Fathers were pondering whether women were beasts without brains and if they had a soul, and deciding in the negative. Lynn Thorndike (1882-1965) an American historian of medieval science and alchemy wrote that nothing of any value in medicine was written during the thousand years between Leo the Great, who died in A.D. 461, and Leo the Tenth, in 1521, when the Reformation was in its early years.
The Church effectively put a stop to scientific experimentation; they forbade dissections. The laws of retribution – an eye for an eye, a tooth for a tooth, and death of the physician or surgeon if he or she lost the life of the patient during an operation prevented even the best medical practitioner from using surgical measures. In addition to the deplorable lack of medical education and hygiene, and the presence of religious zeal and medical quackery promoted by the Church, more war and plagues would ravage the European continent.
Note: In addition to confiscating property and paying for absolution, paying for indulgences (paying to be excused for committing a sin) was another corrupt method of the Catholic Church in acquiring that $65 billion in assets!
Historians have lamented about how the enmity of the Church for the Arabs and Jews of southern Europe of the Middle Ages lost any progress made in art and architecture and science, since any and all was due to them – Arabs having conquered and settled in Spain. The Arab ‘Moors’ from Persia, Egypt, Syria, and North Africa under the rule of the Lombards as well as their own rulers lived peaceably in Spain and Portugal, then called Al Andalus, for four hundred years. While the rest of Europe was mostly barbarian, the Arab Muslims introduced their numerals, copied and translated manuscripts of many languages, and established public libraries, colleges and hospitals on a magnificent scale. And, of course, they were hygienic, frequenting their public baths segregated for men and women.
Among both the Arabs and the Jews, all medical midwifery was left to the women; but as well, the women were physicians on a broader scale. Among the Jews of the 12th and 13th centuries, women physicians were in great demand; the Christians had special confidence in Jewish eye doctors and surgeons, both male and female, though the Church refused to allow any Christian to employ a Jew. The wealthier did it in secret, though it was dangerous, especially for the Jew.
 Note: Because court records were often not accurately maintained and preserved over time, the actual number has been difficult to verify, other than it has been possible to trace the numbers well into the hundreds of thousands with other historical writings documenting the 9,000,000 figure. In Germany alone, 100,000 witch burnings have been carefully documented. There were very likely many more. At the same time, there has been a concerted effort to downplay the numbers by those either sympathetic to, or aligned with, the Church. It is interesting to note that in reading historical accounts written closer to the time in history that this heinous crime was being perpetrated onto the masses of women in Western society by the Church, that the estimated numbers were greater, with factual accounts provided, and that they have lessened in later writer’s estimations. This indicates that over time those sympathetic to the Church have lessened the numbers by methods common to those who create deceptions; scoffing the credulousness of the numbers, disguising in Church-sympathizer pseudo-studies which are biased, and simply by repeating the premise of the lie often enough that it becomes the standard-bearer of truth. No matter what the true numbers were – and this writer is inclined to believe the older historical accounts which studied it closer to the time in which the crime occurred – the victims’ crime was being women; and it invariably had to do with the loathing of her sex and sexuality.
 Kate Campbell Hurd-Mead, M.D., Women in Medicine: From the Earliest Times to the Beginning of the Nineteenth Century, 1938, p 93, quoting from Council of Nantes, Canon III, A.D. 660)
 Quoting from the Nonnes Preestes Tale: “The Poure wydwe (widow) somdel stape in age” was so stiff she could no longer dance. Her cottage was black with soot, and over-eating had never made her sick for her diet was milk and brown bread, and occasionally an egg.
 Kate Campbell Hurd-Mead, M.D., Women in Medicine: From the Earliest Times to the Beginning of the Nineteenth Century
 Ibid. p. 86
 Ibid. p. 94
 Ibid. pp. 166-169
 Note: A Crusader Order, the Knights Templar, had its beginning in Burgundy in France in A.D. 1119 to protect pilgrims on their way to the Holy Land. Their gowns bore a red cross. They were soon to become the greatest financiers among the Christians. Due to King Philip IV being so far in debt with the Templars and his desire to confiscate their wealth which was said to be enormous – booty accumulated over the two centuries – he had the leaders arrested and got Pope Clement V to order that the Templars be dissolved. Jacques de Molay (1244 – 1314) was the 23rd and last Grand Master of the Knights Templar. Philip had de Molay and many other French Templars tortured into making false confessions; when de Molay later retracted his confession, Philip had him slowly burned upon a scaffold on an island in the River Seine in Paris, in March 1314. The Templars’ torture until confession, and death by burning paved the way for the witch trials and inquisitions of the following centuries.
 Note: Muhammad (also translated as Mohammad, Mohammed, or Muhammed) was one of the descendants of Ishmael, son of Abraham and Sara’s Egyptian slave Hagar. He was born in about 570 A.D. in Mecca, in what is now Saudi Arabia. He didn’t begin preaching his revelations from God until after he was aged forty, and Islam didn’t begin spreading across Arabic nations and beyond until about the 7th century A.D. Prior to the spread of Islam, the entire region from Anatolia to India had a history much like as has been described where the earlier cultures worshipped the Goddess but then later incorporating male animistic gods as deities. Muhammad is believed by Muslims and Bahá'ís to be a messenger and prophet of the male monotheistic God, and by most Muslims as the last prophet sent by God for mankind. Muhammad is generally considered to be the founder of Islam, (a monotheistic and Abrahamic religion articulated by the Qur'an, a text considered by its adherents to be the verbatim word of God (Arabic: الله Allāh) although this is a view not shared by Muslims. Muslims consider him to be the restorer of an uncorrupted original monotheistic faith of Adam, Noah, Abraham, Moses, and Jesus, all of whom they believe to be prophets of God. Muslims believe that God is one and incomparable and the purpose of existence is to love and serve God. Muslims also believe that Islam is the complete and universal version of a primordial faith that was revealed at many times and places before, including through Abraham, Moses and Jesus. Many of their stories, including the creation story in the Garden of Eden are similar to those of Genesis in the biblical Old Testament. Christians and Jews consider Muhammad to be a false prophet. A religious war commenced when Muslim nations reclaimed much of the Levant (the region surrounding what was Canaan) from the Christians, and it has waged ever since.
 Kate Campbell Hurd-Mead, The History of Women in Medicine, pp. 170-174
 Ibid. p. 178, quoting from Ernest Langlois, Origines et Sources du Roman de la Rose, 1891.
 Ibid. pp. 181-182
 Ibid. p. 222, quoting Karl Weinhold, Die Deutschen in dem Mittelalter, 1882, vol. I, pp. 156-160, and also in quoting Lena Eckenstein, Women Under Monasticism, 1896, writing, “The author of the Holy Maidenhood in the thirteenth century called the nun the free woman, and contrasted her with the wife, who in his eyes was a slave. Later, however, in the 16th century, Erasmus said that the women of the convents were slaves as opposed to the free woman of the home, who was then well-protected and gently treated.