Grave violations of human rights
The United States has committed "grave violations of human rights" against prisoners in Guantanamo Bay, Afghanistan and Iraq, the Foreign Affairs Committee of the British Parliament said in a report on Friday.
--Reuters (March 25, 2005)
Plenty more below the fold. Oh--and I'll delete this (angrily) if the diary police deem it too devoid of my own commentary to merit a diary.
Tens of thousands
The USA has detained approximately 70,000 people outside United States sovereign territory since 11 September 2001. More than 10,000 are believed to remain in direct US custody, in Iraq, Afghanistan, Guantánamo, and undisclosed locations.
To date, no-one held outside the sovereign territory of the USA has been tried or convicted of any criminal offence. Four people have been charged and are awaiting trial by military commission in Guantánamo Bay.
--Amnesty International (FAQ)
Arbitrary arrest and imprisonment
A United Nations human rights monitor has accused American military forces and contractors in Afghanistan of acting above the law "by engaging in arbitrary arrests and detentions and committing abusive practices, including torture." In a report released Thursday, the Afghan police and security forces were also criticized for similar actions.
--New York Times (April 23, 2005, pay link)
(Aside: The author of that report has since been fired. As you do.)
Execution er... homicide
Twenty-seven detainees were killed in U.S. custody in Iraq and Afghanistan in suspected or confirmed homicide cases between August 2002 and November 2004, the Army said Friday in its first comprehensive accounting.
--Associated Press (March 25, 2005), see also: CID Release (PDF)
Beating and rape
U.S. military officials tell NBC News, the unreleased images, show American soldiers severely beating one Iraqi prisoner to near death; apparently, raping an Iraqi female prisoner; acting inappropriately with a dead body; and Iraqi guards apparently videotaped by U.S. soldiers raping young boys.
--MSNBC (May 10, 2004)
Burning and electic shock
Thanks to a lawsuit by the American Civil Liberties Union and other human rights groups, thousands of pages of government documents released this month have confirmed some of the painful truths about the abuse of foreign detainees by the U.S. military and the CIA.... [D]ocuments detail abuses by Marines in Iraq, including mock executions and the torture of detainees by burning and electric shock.
--Washington Post editorial (December 23, 2004)
Starvation er... 'dietary manipulation'
The list of practices approved for Iraq also included "dietary manipulation" (as distinguished from illegal "food deprivation"), "sensory deprivation" and "change of scenery down" (putting a prisoner in a worse place).
--Washington Post editorial (May 16, 2004)
Military police are investigating claims that British soldiers mutilated the bodies of Iraqi insurgents after a firefight last month near the southern Iraqi town of Majar al Kabir.
The allegations are contained in official death certificates seen by the Guardian written by Dr Adel Salid Majid, the director of the hospital in Majar al Kabir, on May 15, the day after the battle.
Seven of the certificates state that corpses handed over to hospital authorities by British troops showed signs of "mutilation" and "torture".
--The Guardian (June 21, 2004)
Family and friends
The government consultant said that there may have been a serious goal, in the beginning, behind the sexual humiliation and the posed photographs. It was thought that some prisoners would do anything--including spying on their associates--to avoid dissemination of the shameful photos to family and friends.... The idea was that they would be motivated by fear of exposure, and gather information about pending insurgency action, the consultant said. If so, it wasn't effective; the insurgency continued to grow.
--New Yorker (May 24, 2004)
Children and parents
Another soldier said in January 2004 that troops poured water and smeared mud on the detained 17-year-old son of an Iraqi general and "broke" the general by letting him watch his son shiver in the cold.
--The Times and the Associated Press (March 11, 2005)
Concealed from the world
According to statements investigators took from soldiers and officers who worked at the prison, a stream of ghost detainees began arriving in September 2003, after military intelligence officers and the CIA came to an arrangement that kept the International Committee of the Red Cross and other humanitarian organizations from knowing the detainees existed.
--Washington Post (March 24, 2005)
A group of 31 U.N. human rights investigators issued a rare joint appeal to the United States to give them access to detention centers in Iraq, Afghanistan and Guantanamo Bay, Cuba.
U.S. officials said that they are providing detainee access to representatives of the International Committee of the Red Cross and they see no need for the United Nations' rights experts to duplicate that work.
ICRC spokeswoman Amanda Williamson said, the organization has been pressing the Bush administration to provide "access to people held in undisclosed places of detention."
--Washington Post (June 26, 2004)
Beyond Bagram, Kandahar and Guantanamo Bay, the ICRC is increasingly concerned about the fate of an unknown number of people captured as part of the so-called global war on terror and held in undisclosed locations. For the ICRC, obtaining information on these detainees and access to them is an important humanitarian priority and a logical continuation of its current detention work in Afghanistan and Guantanamo Bay. Dialogue continues with the US authorities to resolve this issue.
--International Committee of the Red Cross (March, 29, 2005)
Cross-posted to Speaking as a scientist, etc.