U.S. and NATO commander General David Petraues has issued his first set of guidelines to the troops in Afghanistan. Amongst them is engage the Taliban in combat, engage the population in diplomacy(tea, no sunglasses, et cetra), fight corruption,et cetra. He also revised the rules restricting airstrikes, removing some limits.
Six children died in a suicide bombing that apparently went off prematurely in the southern province of Kandahar.
An IED wounded Afghan President Hamid Karzai's top aide on tribal affairs in the eastern province of Nangahar, specifically in Jalalabad.
"Eastern Pashtunistan", also known as "Khyber Pakhtunkhwa" and formerly known as "North-West Frontier Province", remains forever changed by the massive flooding. The death toll is above 1,500.
Clashes continue between the Pakistani military and militants in the Pakistani Taliban's "second home" of Orakzai tribal agency in central-FATA. The militants have offered a stiff resistance, especially in the northern part of the tribal agency bordering Khyber agency's Tirah Valley. A Pakistani military offensive into the Tirah Valley appears likely.
U.S. Secretary of Defense Robert Gates was seen as hinting that the U.S. could launch an operation against the Haqqani network in Afghanistan and Pakistan as well. The Haqqani network is currently rear-based out of North Waziristan bordering Khost and Paktika provinces in east/south-eastern Afghanistan. During Taliban rule, Jalaluddin Haqqani ruled over Paktika, Paktia, and Khost provinces in Afghanistan.
When considering the situation in Pashtunistan, consider these maps of Afghanistan and Pakistan. It is in the Pashtun areas where the U.S. and NATO have the most problems. It's important to note that while Pashtuns make up a much larger proportion of the population of Afghanistan than they do in Pakistan, there are still more Pashtuns in Pakistan than in Afghanistan. Here is a good map and rundown of the areas that make up the main warzone.