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In the course of modern political bloviation, we often allow distinctions between "big-R" and "small-r" republicans, as well as "big-D" and "small-d" democrats, to go unchallenged – it's perfectly acceptable for a Democrat to express profound reverence for the republican form of government, or for a Republican to claim that he believes in democracy.  It also works with other, less complimentary, words: when rightists refer to us as followers of Marx, they use the "small-c" version of "Communist," because the capitalized version would indicate membership in an organization that hasn't wielded much power for a very, very long time.  Accusing someone of being active in COMINTERN just isn't the flamebait it once was.

But that doesn't mean the foe isn't onto something when he appropriates the lower-case versions of ideologies in order to associate the left with a past menace – the Cold War may be two decades gone, but folks still remember that the Communists were the bad guys, and they don't put much thought into the fact that "Communist" and "communist" sound pretty much the same in their spoken form.  

Well, turnabout's fair play.  Join me, if you will, in the Cave of the Moonbat, where tonight I hope to convince the Gentle Reader that the modern crop of Republicans may not be Fascists, but they are fascist - and we have only to compare GOP domestic policies and proposals to those implemented by the real Fascists of the 1930s in order to prove it.

Better Living Through Genetic Purification

For a conservative, that old saw about learning the lessons of history is applied in only the most literal of senses – if a series of events aren't repeated in exactly the same order, and with precisely the same results, then no analogy can be drawn, no lesson learned, from earlier events.  Similarly, conservative "logic" holds that entire historical arguments are invalidated when a single fact can be shown to be non-analogous.  They're wrong, of course – just because Congress hasn't passed the "Let's All Be Nazis Act of 2011" doesn't mean we aren't sinking into a state of totalitarian fascism at a rapid and accelerating pace.

The foe miss the larger point, which is that the lessons aren't learned from specific events, but rather, from seeing the historical patterns and movements at work within, behind, and driving those events.  It's the similarities that make all the difference, not the differences that destroy the similarities.

Good example:  On March 11, 2011, the Concord (NH) Monitor reported that a Granite State Lawmaker advocates eugenics.  The article went on to quote Senator Martin Hardy (R-Barrington) as stating that

"the world is too populated" and there are "too many defective people," according to an e-mail account of the conversation by (constituent Sharon) Omand. Asked what he meant, she said Harty clarified, "You know the mentally ill, the retarded, people with physical disabilities and drug addictions - the defective people society would be better off without."


"I wish we had a Siberia so we could ship them all off to freeze to death and die and clean up the population."


"Hitler did something right, and I agree with (it)."


He later said he was kidding about Siberia, and denied making the Hitler comment, but didn't walk back the eugenics stuff.  There's more to the story, of course: Harty, a retired peddler and market vendor, is 91 years old, and once fought in Patton's army in North Africa and Italy.  He was apparently somewhat McCainlike to work with, too – one colleague said,

"In our committee . . . he is constantly confused, easily swayed, hard of hearing, and prone to offer up unrelated commentary or go off on unrelated tangents"


The thing is, Harty was in his first term!   He wasn't some old coot that people had been re-electing since the Truman Administration – he was, literally, a freshman nonagenarian.  Relish those words, because they don't appear in sequence very often.  I didn't delve too deeply into the circumstances – the local politics – that put him into office; what's important here is that enough Republicans and their Useful Idiot allies got together to elect a guy who believes in eugenics to high state office.  What's also important is that even though Harty resigned a few days later, the idea is now out there.  Sure, the first time a genetic purification of America is suggested it's by a crazy old man who quickly disappears from public view, but it doesn't take long for such ideas, properly fertilized, to go mainstream.  The same sort of talk would only have been heard on the lips of a few thousand diehard Nazis in the 1920s, too, but by 1936, the National Socialists could get away with their Racial Policy Office advertising their magazines with posters like this:


            "This genetically ill person will cost our people's community 60,000 marks over his lifetime. Citizens, that is your money. Read Neues Volk, the monthly of the racial policy office of the NSDAP."

"The Nazis Were Pagans and the Commies Were Godless!  We're Different; We're Good Christians!"

So was António de Oliveira Salazar, para-fascist dictator of Portugal from 1932 to 1968.  He was not a friend of Hitler – helped the same side in the Spanish Civil War, remained neutral in WWII – but he hated communism and tried to emulate the way Mussolini blended the corporate and national state.  Whereas both Mussolini and Hitler reached agreements with the Church (in 1929 and 1933, respectively) in exchange for silence or tacit support, Salazar effectively made Catholicism the state religion – the Church was legally "separate" from the government (Salazar exiled several parish priests – and even a bishop – for criticizing his rule), but enjoyed many special positions, especially in the area of education.  The Library of Congress CountryStudy describes his regime thus:

Salazar's state was established on the principles of traditional Roman Catholicism, with an emphasis on order, discipline, and authority. Class relations were supposed to be based on harmony rather than the Marxist concept of conflict. The family, the parish, and Christianity were said to be the foundations of the state. Salazar went considerably beyond these principles, however, and established a full-fledged dictatorship. His corporative state continued about equal blends of Roman Catholic principles and Mussolini-like fascism.


PhotobucketSalazar was not a charismatic leader a la Mussolini or Hitler, and he was not a military man like Franco.  Rather, Salazar came from his peasant background into politics through academia – he'd studied to become a priest, then took up economics.  He was a professor of political economy at the University of Coimbra before accepting the position (twice) of Finance Minister during the 1926 overthrow of the First Portuguese Republic (only in existence since 1910).  He made his moves and chose his friends wisely, and became a permanent fixture in the right-wing coalition that seized power during the chaos of the late 1920s, as military prime ministers were coming and going.  The Library of Congress makes Salazar's tenure as Finance Minister sound like Paul Ryan's best-case-slipping-into-fantasy scenario (well, except for the "improving revenue" part):

Salazar accepted the post on April 27, 1928, only after he had demanded and had been granted complete control over the expenditures of all government ministries. In his first year at the Ministry of Finance, he not only balanced the budget but achieved a surplus, the first since 1913. He accomplished this feat by centralizing financial control, improving revenue collection, and cutting public expenditures.

The same source also lets us know how Salazar was able to parlay the trust built by this success into a full-fledged dictatorship.  Change a few nouns in this passage, and one can clearly see how a combination of ruthless economic austerity, political repression, and devout, conservative Christianity can be paths to genuine totalitarian power:

From his first successful year as minister of finance, Salazar gradually came to embody the financial and political solution to the turmoil of the military dictatorship, which had not produced a clear leader. Salazar easily overshadowed military prime ministers and gradually gained the allegiance of Portugal's young intellectuals and military officers, who identified with his authoritarian, antiliberal, anticommunist view of the world. Moreover, Salazar's ascendancy was welcomed by the church, which saw in him a savior from the anticlericalism of the republicans. It was also welcomed by the upper classes of landowners, businessmen, and bankers, who were grateful for his success in stabilizing the economy after the financial crisis of the First Republic.


Salazar promulgated what he called the Estado Novo ("New State") in 1933.  Ellen W. Spaega, writing for the Penn State Press in 2008, takes a reasonable historical stance in describing whether or not the Estado Novo was "fascist," and whether or not, in the end, the distinction really matters:


I take as my starting point the historical consensus that Salazar, in the first decades of his regime, built institutions and embraced social policies that were "fascistic," if not strictly fascist. The creation of a single party (the União Nacional [National Union]), civilian paramilitary forces and youth groups (the Legião Portuguesa [Portuguese Legion] and the Mocidade Portuguesa [Portuguese Youth]), and the establishment of a political police force (the PVDE, later known as the PIDE/DGS) all point to the existence of political and ideological affinities between Salazarism and fascism. In their emphasis on patriotism and nationalism, Estado Novo cultural practices also closely resembled the practices of other fascistic or authoritarian regimes that appeared throughout Europe during the interwar period.

…and he created a political environment that sounds like exactly the sort of sty in which today's Republicans so desperately wish to wallow:

Politics in Salazar's Portugal consisted of balancing power blocs within the country--the military, business and commerce, landholders, colonial interests, and the church. All political parties were banned. The UN, officially a civic association, encouraged public apathy rather than political involvement. Its leadership was composed of a small political and commercial elite, and contacts within ruling circles were usually made on an informal, personal basis, rather than through official channels. Within the circle, it was possible to discuss and criticize policy, but no channels for expression existed outside the circle.

Library of Congress

PhotobucketOne final parallel between Salazar-type fascism and the modern Republican version: an emphasis on empire and historical exceptionalism.  In the 15th and 16th centuries, Portugal had been one of the first of the European imperial powers, and the country still claimed remnants of that golden age, most notably Guinea, Angola, and Mozambique.  Salazar elected to ignore the 1960 United Nations declaration ending colonialism, which resulted in insurgent campaigns against Portuguese rule beginning in 1961.  Portugal left her colonies with even less grace than the French did theirs – the "Colonial Wars" went on until 1974 (and looked to go on indefinitely), when the Portuguese government was overthrown in a coup, itself based in part on dissatisfaction with the wars.  At its height, the fighting was consuming 80% of Portuguese military resources (60% of the troops were Africa), and a huge share of the nation's resources and energy.  Salazar, the old arch-conservative para-fascist, was by that point was out of the picture: he suffered a debilitating stroke in 1968, and died the following year without ever awaking from a coma.

"When fascism comes to America, it will be draped in the flag and carrying a cross"  -- Sinclair Lewis

The right wing is every bit as factionalized as the left wing, but whereas the left will deal with a political issue by forming a focus group to have a dialogue and attempt to reach a consensus, the right simply holds a pissing contest to see who is the bigger alpha dog.  That's pretty much how things were working out in Austria during the time Salazar was coming to power in Portugal.

PhotobucketLike Salazar, Englebert Dollfuss was born of non-aristocratic stock (probably; his father was never identified) in a deeply Catholic environment.  He studied in a seminary before taking up law at the University of Vienna, then moving to economics at the University of Berlin.  As a soldier in the Great War, Dollfuss served more than 3 years on the Alpine Front, distinguishing himself many times over – when one was of uncertain parentage and a peasant background, getting promoted to the rank of Senior Lieutenant in the highly stick-up-the-ass army of Franz Josef was no mean feat.  After the war, he became a bureaucrat in the Agriculture Ministry.

Weird Historical Sidenote:  While Dollfuss is noted for being vertically challenged – he was 4'11" – the same could not be said for his secretary and personal assistant, Eduard Hedvicek, would stood 6'7".

During the 1920s, Dollfuss worked his way up the pecking order, aided by his associations in the conservative Christian Social Party – in 1931, after a stint as president of the federal railroad system, he was named Minister of Agriculture and Forests.  Only a year later the Austrian President, a fellow member of the Christian Social Party, offered him the Chancellorship.  Dollfuss' response was worthy of a teabagger meme:

In May 1932 that fell, and kindly old President Wilhelm Miklas called on 39-year-old Engelbert Dollfuss to form a Government. He gave no answer, but went to his favorite church and spent the entire night in prayer. In the morning he went home, bathed, shaved, ate a steaming bowl of his favorite potato soup with whipped cream, and accepted.

AUSTRIA: Eve of Renewal, TIME, Monday, Sept. 25, 1933

Dollfuss' piousness would similarly sell real well with many modern evangelicals (even if he was a Papist):

Chancellor Dollfuss' Catholicism is studded with Calvinistic phrases. He is devoid of personal ambition, believes himself directly inspired by God. Correspondents figure that when explaining his policies he uses the phrase "according to my conscience" at least once every ten minutes. Dollfuss, incidentally, like equally devout President Alcala Zamora of Spain, is one of the few statesmen who never prepare a speech, rarely use notes, never stutter at a loss for words. His speeches, like Calvinist sermons, are "directly inspired" too.

ibid, pg 4

PhotobucketNote that Dollfuss was of the Christian Social Party – there was nothing ist about it.  His government was a coalition of the Landbund (a right-wing farmer's party); the Christian Social Party; and the parliamentary wing of the Heimwehr ("Home Guard"), an ultra-nationalist paramilitary group with roots similar to those of Germany's Freikorps, but even so, he held only a one-vote majority in parliament.  Notably, the coalition did not include the Austrian Nazi Party, as their platform called for unification with the Nazi state in Germany, and thus a surrender of Austrian sovereignty to a greater German reich – the Austrfascists were nothing if not defiantly nationalistic.  They also stood against anyone on the political left, accusing socialists of incompetent governance, godlessness, and setting the nation on a slippery slope into Stalinism.

In March, 1933, the president and both vice presidents of the National Council (the lower house of parliament) resigned in an effort to politically outflank one another.  Dollfuss accepted the resignations, then used them as a pretext when he asked President Miklas to suspend indefinitely the "unworkable" institution.  Miklas complied, and Dollfuss ordered the police to bar the doors against National Councilmen who suddenly realized they'd been too clever by half.  Democracy in Austria, only 15 years old, was dead.

Now that he could start ruling by decree (these were retroactively legitimized by a constitution promulgated by Dollfuss the next year), what sort of policies did the self-styled "Austrofascist" leader employ?  Well, that TIME article seems to have a contemporary pulse on things:

Engelbert Dollfuss took office determined that Austria's independence shall be preserved. Because Adolf Hitler is determined to end that independence, Dollfuss fights Naziism tooth & nail. Foreign Hitler haters who bury Chancellor Dollfuss with verbal roses are apt to forget that this does not mean that he disapproves of all aspects of Naziism. Firmly as any brownshirt he believes that the Jewish-Socialist Government that ran Vienna for 14 years nearly ruined city and state. He has small use for parliaments. On the other hand as a Christian he has consistently opposed feeding Austrian Nazis their own medicine, such as terrorist raids and barbed wire concentration camps for political prisoners. There will be no open anti-Semitism from any Government of which Engelbert Dollfuss is Chancellor. More subtly, his Minister of Defense, elderly General Karl Vaugoin last week issued a general order. A crucifix must be hung in every room of every military barracks, a picture of the Virgin Mary must be embroidered, painted or printed on all regimental flags, all battalion and company guidons.


Later historians would point out that while Dollfuss might not have been planning Kristallnachts, things weren't exactly easy for Austria's Jewish population under his regime.  Still, his leadership doesn't really jibe with what most of us today think of as fascist:

There was about as much anti-semitism in the Austrian republic as there had been in the Habsburg Empire - in other words, quite a lot. Dollfuss had met few Jews but at the seminary and among the peasant leaders of Lower Austria he encountered many ill-informed anti-semites. Though he was probably aware that the ejection of government officials known to be socialists was being used as a pretext to dismiss Jews who had no socialist connections at all, Dollfuss simply wasn't interested in copying Hitler's anti-semitic programme.

…he was very much a practitioner of the 'art of the possible', but contemporaries did not see him as a cynic or as a manipulator or a power addict. Dollfuss was not a magnetic, messianic would-be superman like Mussolini or Hitler. He was an altogether different type of leader: those who who knew him vouched for his being an uncommonly sweet-tempered, generous, affectionate, reasonable, forgiving, sincere and conscientious man who had made his way in life not by exceptional brains or charm but by the transparency of his devotion to his country.

History Today

Dollfuss' Catholicism forbade him from buying into Nazi racial and eugenics policies – a rare example of a right winger's core beliefs actually doing some people some good.  Devout Catholic or not, though, Austrians were going to be coming along with Dollfuss, as he informed them in a speech in September, 1933:

"The old Parliament with the old leaders, is gone, never to return. The period of Socialist misguidance is over. We will build up a Catholic German State which will be thoroughly Austrian upon a corporative basis. It will be an authoritarian State based on corporations formed on occupational lines, but we decline coordination and terrorism. At the beginning of autumn we stand on the eve of renewal of our country."

Ibid, pg 6

A Little Fascist-on-Fascist Action

Dollfuss modeled his fascism on Italy's, and sought aid from Mussolini in maintaining Austrian sovereignty – indeed, in August, 1933, Il Duce issued a guarantee of Austrian independence as a means of thwarting Hitler's ambitions and leaving Italy a nice, mountainous buffer zone between she and Germany.  The Italians also smuggled arms to and through Austria; in one incident described in the 1933 TIME article, Dollfuss turned the discovery by the British and French of 50,000 rifles and 200 machine guns that the Italians had sent to be "repaired" at an Austrian factory into a stirring, highly-publicized speech in which he called out Hitler's demands upon his country.  For his part, Dollfuss would not consider any sort of union with Germany as long as the Nazis were in power there – to him, there were fascists, and there were totalitarians.  He, Salazar, and Mussolini fit into one category; Hitler and Stalin into the other.


Dollfuss outlawed the Austrian National Socialist Party (the Austrian Nazis) and the Communist Party in late spring, 1933.  The main socialist party went underground as a barely-tolerated nonpolitical organization with a strong militia component, while the Nazis also remained armed and dangerous, especially in the mountainous western region of Tyrol.  With the potential for armed insurrection from both the left and the extreme(-er) right, Dolfuss consolidated other rightist parties, including the Heimwehr, into the Vaterländische Front ("Fatherland" or "Patriotic" Front).  Later that same year, he reached a Salazar-esque concordat with the Vatican – itself established by a concordat with Mussolini in 1929 – and survived an assassination attempt by means of a fortunately-placed snuff tin.  He also added the Jerusalem Cross to the Austrian flag.

In February, 1934, the socialists rose up in what is variously described as a "series of uncoordinated attacks" or the result of the efforts of Nazi agents provocateur - regardless, they rose up, and Dollfuss showed exactly what he thought of dissent.  Small-bore mountain howitzers were used to bombard leftist enclaves in civilian areas in the industrial outskirts of Vienna, and though only six people were killed as a result of the shelling,

…the spectacle of a right-wing politician who governed by decree employing artillery against the homes and families of left-wing workers sent a thrill of horror and excitement throughout the capitals of Europe. Dollfuss's next step was to ban all political parties in Austria except the Vaterländische Front.

History Today

The Austrian Civil War lasted for only two weeks in February, but it exposed the tenuousness of the hold the "Christian Fascist" government had upon the strife-torn country.  Seeking to re-clarify things, Dollfuss promulgated a new constitution in April, 1934, before an extraordinary session of the legislature consisting of only his own party members.  The constitution's corporatist structure had much in common with the Estado Novo of the previous year, and it was every bit as authoritarian.  The Nazis, especially, fought back through acts of sabotage and murder, but when Dollfuss opened up barbed-wire detention camps and re-instituted the death penalty, the first person to be hanged under was a socialist.

The Nazis took the hanging of a socialist to mean that Dollfuss would come after them next, so they launched a preemptive strike.  On July 25, 1934, scarcely 15 hours after the socialist was hanged, around 200 Austrian Nazis wearing military uniforms pulled up in military trucks outside the Ballhaus, the chancellery of choice of the great conservative icon Prince Metternich.  Since Austria's army had been limited by the Treaty of Versailles to a laughably-small 30,000 men, paramilitary militias were established to skirt the stipulations; many of their uniforms looked pretty similar, so the undercover Nazis stormed out of the trucks acting like they owned the place, and bullied their way past the bewildered guards, who were subsequently disarmed and detained.

While another group simultaneously captured the radio station and announced that the government had been taken over by a pro-Nazi leader who had been previously sent off as ambassador to Rome, the Nazis in the Ballhaus went methodically through the building, breaking down the thin white doors with their rifle butts and taking hostages as they searched for the Chancellor.  Finally,

ten pistol-brandishing Nazis had burst down the last white door and caught Chancellor Dollfuss at bay on the threshold of the historic Yellow Room in which met the Congress of Vienna.
Without a word to the Chancellor Nazi gunmen shot him down, first bullet in the chest, second in the neck, as he threw up his arms and fell, crying "Help!"
"Let the animal die," growled a Nazi. Others roughly picked up bleeding Dollfuss, dumped him on a divan.

AUSTRIA: Death for Freedom, TIME, Monday, Aug. 06, 1934

They let him lay there in agony while he bled for three hours, ignoring his pleas first for a doctor, then a priest.  Outside, the Minister of Education, Dr. Kurt Schuschnigg, organized the Heimwehr response and muzzled the press, who knew Dollfuss had been at the least gravely wounded but were persuaded to keep quiet about it.  Siege lines and barbed wire were set up around the Ballhaus and the radio station, while negotiations began between Schuschnigg (through a spokesman) and the Nazis in the chancellery.  These talks did not go well for the Nazis: they were told that they would surrender or the building would be dynatmited.

The phones in the building were still working, so the Nazis called the German minister to Austria, Dr. Kurt Rieth, and begged him to back their coup.  When he refused, they got one of the hostages to plead with Schuschnigg to call the diplomat.  When he finally showed, Rieth worked a deal with Schuschnigg whereby the Nazis would disarm surrender, then be transported to the German border.  That's what they were told, anyway: grateful for a means of surviving the failed takeover attempt, the surrendering Nazis piled into trucks – and that's where they realized they'd been screwed.  They were taken not to Germany, but jail, and several of the ringleaders were subsequently tried and hanged.

PhotobucketDollfuss' Austria had around 6.5 million inhabitants; it is estimated that 500,000 of them attended his funeral.  Far from proving the rallying moment that the Austrian Nazis thought it would be, his assassination set back their cause of unification with Germany by several years – and when it finally came, very little of it was done on their terms.  Schuschnigg took over as Chancellor and tried to steer along the course set by Dollfuss, but he increasingly realized that Austria was not going to be able to go toe-to-toe with Hitler much longer.  Italy's focus had shifted to Ethiopia, and Hungary (not a fascist state, but an anti-Hitler authoritarian one), Vienna's other ally-of-necessity, was buckling.  

In 1936, he reluctantly signed the Austro-German Agreement, which released Nazi prisoners and forced the inclusion of German-style National Socialists in Schuschnigg's cabinet.  The bullying reached a crescendo when, in early 1938, Schuschnigg was summoned to Hitler's mountaintop hideaway at Bertchesgaden, in the German Alps near the Austrian border.  There Schuschnigg was coerced into signing an ultimatum that gave Fuhrer-picked Nazis the ministry of public security – including control of the police force – and the ministry of finance, which was to begin preparing Austria for economic union with Germany.  In return, Hitler promised to publicly re-affirm Germany's commitment to Austrian sovereignty.

Proving the old adage that it's not a good idea to trust a Nazi, Hitler returned to the Reichstag and announced,

The German Reich is no longer willing to tolerate the suppression of ten million Germans across its borders…

…and all sorts of other bellicose stuff.  Schuschnigg decided to prove to the world that Austria did not want to become a province of the Third Reich by holding a plebiscite, which he slated for March 13.  He also put his fingers on the scale: while Fatherland Front members of any age were allowed to vote, members of other parties had to be at least 24.  Since the Nazi movement was primarily a young one, this had the effect of disenfranchising a huge bloc of Nazi voters.  Hitler cried foul, moved troops to the border, and demanded that the plebiscite be cancelled.  When Schuschnigg complied, Hitler next demanded his resignation, plus the installation of the one of the Nazi cabinet ministers as the next Prime Minister.  Old President Miklas had to be threatened with military intervention before getting on-board with that last one, and though he eventually did sign off, it really didn't matter: Hitler sent the troops in anyway.  Thankful to see order imposed after years of belt-tightening and government dysfunction – not to mention relentless Nazi propaganda and terror campaigns – the Austrian people turned out en masse to welcome the Germans, and within days, Germany announced the Anshcluss.


And what became of Schuschnigg, heir to Dollfuss?  He was placed under house arrest almost immeadiately, then transferred to solitary confinement in a Gestapo facility.  He spent most of the war in the concentration camps at Sachsenhausen and Dachau, but was transeferred to a camp for VIPs in Tyrol before it ended; it was there that he was liberated by American troops in 1945.  He emigrated to the US and taught political science at the University of St. Louis until 1967, when he returned to his native land.  He died in 1977.


Photo Sharing and Video Hosting at PhotobucketThe problem with understanding analogies is that one has to understand context first – and since context is almost never reduceable down to bumper-sticker size, it remains a major stumbling block to getting conservatives to understand how to learn history's lessons.  A Republican may well have seen no parallels between current events and the above three stories; let's hope we on the left are a little more astute.  Fascism came in many forms, and was applied in many ways – it didn't always wear swastikas and buy into Hitler's racism – and we'd do well to understand a little more about the lesser-known versions of fascist ideology.  You can be certain that although the Useful Idiots may not know anything about the Estado Novo, their overlords have certainly looked into historical evidence surrounding the care and feeding of a theo-fascist state.

Context also uses up a lot of cyber-ink, and alas, given my tendency to babble on, I've once again looked under fewer fascist rocks than I'd expected when I first started writing this.  We'll have to leave it to a future historiorant to look for historical analogies in Governor Scott's takeover of local governments via Emergency Financial Managers, Governor Walker's suppression of unions, and the cancerous growth of the security state since the passage of the USA PATRIOT Act…

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  •  Moonbat'sfeeding bowl (195+ / 0-)
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    Gooserock, Rimjob, Neon Vincent, Lorinda Pike, BarackStarObama, gravlax, Ray Pensador, furi kuri, KenBee, BeninSC, Hedwig, cosette, eztempo, quarkstomper, ridemybike, Pam from Calif, aoeu, jcrit, Wee Mama, One Pissed Off Liberal, coldwynn, targetdemographic, Louisiana 1976, grog, dance you monster, Horace Boothroyd III, MinistryOfTruth, Dump Terry McAuliffe, marykk, missliberties, markthshark, Azazello, bernardpliers, QuoVadis, here4tehbeer, tardis10, johanus, Garrett, pateTX, brainwave, whoknu, kathny, Free Jazz at High Noon, Tennessee Dave, codobus, Moody Loner, Duncan Idaho, newdem1960, Grannus, frisco, Deward Hastings, mollyd, Mike Taylor, Kimberley, Xapulin, dougymi, Radiowalla, NYFM, Joieau, begone, eigenlambda, Pithy Cherub, Trix, Observerinvancouver, old wobbly, chrississippi, terabytes, Tomtech, keikekaze, Cassiodorus, bronte17, Sychotic1, maybeeso in michigan, dsteffen, JonBarleycorn, GenXangster, wader, buddabelly, Moderation, CarbonFiberBoy, lineatus, mrkvica, trueblueliberal, RainyDay, ShadowRunning, bsmechanic, IndieGuy, Tildor, DanC, badger, Alumbrados, side pocket, Youffraita, FWIW, LaFeminista, basquebob, LHB, nonnie9999, Black Max, voracious, Lefty Coaster, Mary Mike, DBunn, aliasalias, rasbobbo, pico, G2geek, cumberland sibyl, BalanceSeeker, auroreden, Villanova Rhodes, Goobergunch, HiKa, sailmaker, golem, PhilK, blueoasis, envwq, Jeffersonian Democrat, rimstalker, Shes a Riot, Joe Johnson, radarlady, Burned, Obama Amabo, FrY10cK, fugwb, MBNYC, semiot, sngmama, Oh Mary Oh, BlueDragon, terrypinder, Knarfc, seabos84, Ahianne, kafkananda, Philoguy, run around, copymark, flowerfarmer, angry marmot, CA Nana, Notreadytobenice, vets74, DontTaseMeBro, kpbuick, Scruffy Looking Nerf Herder, roses, ChemBob, toys, IreGyre, psnyder, Ice Blue, erratic, a gilas girl, undercovercalico, jfromga, TracieLynn, Shockwave, efrenzy, Avila, chidmf, Hillbilly Dem, Matt Z, yaque, dmhlt 66, PBen, bozepravde15, JTinDC, happy camper, MKinTN, itsbenj, gatorcog, Vtdblue, annieli, Brooke In Seattle, gloriana, RFK Lives, TexH, Tchrldy, Geenius at Wrok, reginahny, JekyllnHyde, paul2port, trumpeter, millwood, Clive all hat no horse Rodeo, billlaurelMD, enhydra lutris, jnhobbs, Nonpartisan, TheMomCat, Larsstephens, Patric Juillet

    A little more from that fascinating TIME article on the rise of Dollfuss – it may not contain a lot of spot-on analogies, but taken together, they remind us of how much it sucks to have Nazis for neighbors:

    The speeches given by different Nazi spokesmen every evening are particularly annoying to Austrian officials because they know that almost every Austrian farmer listens to them. They come on at 9 p. m. immediately after an excellent, accurate and extremely useful weather forecast for all Southern Germany and Austria. Bottles filled with Nazi leaflets no longer came down the Danube (TIME, Sept. 18), but Austrian Nazis have discovered a new game. With a nail, hammer and patience it is possible to change the geometric design on Austrian five and two groschen copper pieces to a swastika. The Treasury announced that these mutilated coins would not be accepted as legal tender. Most amusing was the Battle of the Bands. On the frontier near Innsbruck stands a great mountain, the Zugspitze. Up the Bavarian side clambered a sweating, puffing Nazi brass band. Up the other side went the band of Vienna's favorite Deutschmeister regiment. Near the summit both bands proceeded to frighten eagles from their eyries by blaring Nazi and Austrian patriotic songs, simultaneously.

    TIME, Monday, Sept. 25, 1933

  •  No mention of Godwin's Law? (27+ / 0-)

    That's OK.  It doesn't apply when you're talking about actual fascists.

    Seriously, good work and thank you for detailing the lesser known players in right-wing ultranationalist populist authoritarianism in Europe.

    "The party of ideas has become the party of Beavis and Butthead." ~ Paul Krugman.

    by Neon Vincent on Sun Jun 19, 2011 at 06:36:41 PM PDT

  •  "They're Here Already... YOU'RE NEXT!" (23+ / 0-)

    What I've always found interesting about political analogies of these types is that if you go far enough to either side of the spectrum, the fringe basically becomes indistinguishable from the other side it claims to despise.

    'Invasion of the Body Snatchers' is a classic sci-fi/horror film of the 1950s, and one of the archetypal alien invasion stories. However, the original film comes out of the "Red Scare" era, and one of the more interesting things about it is the Pod People can be interpreted either as a representation of Communist infiltration or an indictment of McCarthyism. In a way, the movie sort of proves that both are actually the same thing.

  •  Thank you! This message needs to get out so (15+ / 0-)

    people understand what we're dealing with.  You did so masterfully.  I will save this diary for reference when I address this issue.

    My take on what I call Neo-Fascism is covered in these diaries:

    The Canary in the Coal Mine - Take Action,The Danger is Imminent

    Is it fear? What explains the apathy? Help me understand..

    Chronicles of The Nascent American Plutocracy - Tuesday, June 14th, 2011

    It's Official: A Corporatist Police State

    •  "Getting the message out" isn't going to work. (1+ / 0-)
      Recommended by:

      When I was a child (1950s/60s), many people were warning of the dangers of the right-wing and pointing out its fascist-like tendencies. And that same line of attack has been going on my entire life. Comparing conservatives to fascists and Nazis is nothing new. And in fact, it keeps being repeated because it's a rather straightforward historical analogy.

      But there's a problem with using this line: it never had any traction with the public, has no traction with the public and, so far s I can see, will have no traction with the public. Most of the public figure it's just mudslinging originating from the Left, and they don't buy into it.

      Far better to attack the Right based on concrete and immediate reasons that all can see: ruinous trickle-down voodoo economics, the desire to end our social safety net, enthrallment to corporate interests, social conservatism and Christian fundamentalism injected into public policy, etc etc etc

      I believe that in every country the people themselves are more peaceably and liberally inclined than their governments. -- Franklin D. Roosevelt

      by Blue Knight on Mon Jun 20, 2011 at 07:16:18 AM PDT

      [ Parent ]

      •  But not the removal of constitutional rights, (0+ / 0-)

        such as habeas corpus, right to confront one's accuser, right against self-incrimination, etc.

        I could go on, but you get the idea. The public really either doesn't care, or doesn't notice. And yet this is one of the strongest similarities to any totalitarian regime in any time and place.

  •  yo... moonbat... (11+ / 0-)

    i love your history lessons!

    thank you x million :)

    Toleration is the greatest gift of the mind; it requires the same effort of the brain that it takes to balance oneself on a bicycle. -Helen Keller

    by ridemybike on Sun Jun 19, 2011 at 06:54:31 PM PDT

  •  I find the parallels stunning, (16+ / 0-)

    chilling even. I agree that Dolfuss is an interesting character but, for me, Salazar is the more intriguing political figure. Perhaps because of the blending of the corporate state and the church. It harkens back to the period in time when the church was the state, or vice versa.

    I am also intrigued by the ability of an intellectual to usurp the generals in a power struggle. That seems to fit a particular historical niche, especially with Franco next door.

    "when the going gets weird, the weird turn pro"

    by gravlax on Sun Jun 19, 2011 at 06:54:31 PM PDT

    •  I dunno, but in both cases, (17+ / 0-)

      they controlled the pursestrings prior to being begged to take on the Prime Ministership - and the fact that both were regarded as competent or better in their bureaucratic roles can't be discounted.  Salazar supported Franco during the Spanish Civil War, but he was in a weird place with it: he wanted to support a Catholic Fascist movement next door, but he really didn't like Hitler.  I'm not sure, but I imagine Portugal's role might have been (even) larger had Germany not been intervening in a big way.

      The main take-away: Beware of right-wing economics professors!  :)

      •  excellent takeaway, (11+ / 0-)

        btw, I should have proofed my comment better. I don't think that I very eloquently stated what I was thinking. The sentences got jumbled around and the comment didn't make as much sense as I wanted it to. I may have been still affected by the eugenics issue raised earlier in the diary. I would be considered one of the unfit by that comment.

        As to why I might find Salazar more interesting, my own affinities run more toward the Iberian Peninsula than to Central Europe. A large portion of my knowledge of Europe comes from culinary traditions. My personal tastes run more towards the Spanish and Portuguese cuisines than the "meat and potatoes" fare of Germany and Austria.

        Maybe its a love for the way they use pork. It is my understanding that the Iberian culinary traditions emphasized pork as a reaction to the presence of the Moors. Sort of a culinary loyalty oath, if you will.

        I share your feeling that Portugal might have played a larger role in Spain were it not for the German presence. I always sort of wondered why they didn't. Salazar not really liking Hitler would tend to explain that.

        Anyway, thank you for the diary. I learned a lot from it. Hotlisted so that I can continue to digest it.

        "when the going gets weird, the weird turn pro"

        by gravlax on Sun Jun 19, 2011 at 07:52:20 PM PDT

        [ Parent ]

        •  'preciate that - thanks! (9+ / 0-)

          I'd never heard that about the Iberian pork preference, but it makes sense.  I was in Spain a couple of years ago, and man, they can sure cure a ham!

          My favorite European cuisine is from the Italian Dolomites and the Tyrol.  The courses mix Italian and Austrian/German traditions, so you'll get a plate of antipasti followed by a cold wurst salad, then a pasta dish followed by a jagerschnitzel...the casual, hearty decadence of it all is almost too much to handle.

          Sorry about the jarring first act - the story pissed me off so much that I'd already finished that section before I realized where the rest of this diary was going.  

        •  LOL ! (1+ / 0-)
          Recommended by:

          For you... "A large portion of my knowledge of Europe comes from culinary traditions."

          As do we all.....

          Angry White Males + Crooks + Personality Disorder psychos + KKKwannabes + "Unborn Child" church folk =EQ= The Republicans

          by vets74 on Mon Jun 20, 2011 at 06:35:11 AM PDT

          [ Parent ]

          •  glad you got a kick out of that (1+ / 0-)
            Recommended by:

            but what I actually meant was that my study of European history focused on tracing culture through cuisine. I have studied European history, just a much older version.

            "when the going gets weird, the weird turn pro"

            by gravlax on Mon Jun 20, 2011 at 09:09:12 AM PDT

            [ Parent ]

  •  Bravo & Thanks UM (6+ / 0-)

    It is a terrible thing to see and have no vision. ~ Helen Keller

    by Pam from Calif on Sun Jun 19, 2011 at 06:57:35 PM PDT

  •  weren't the Spanish fascists (17+ / 0-)

    largely Catholics?

    Italian facists?

    The Nazis did not try to stamp out religion like Lenin and Stalin tried to.  The Nazis used religion for their own purposes.

    •  Fascism is "Spiritual" Communism Is Atheist (9+ / 0-)

      You can browse my diaries for the last several years.

      Fascism is focused on "blood" and "spirit" and racial purity. It frequently coexists with religion (usually Catholicism). Croatian Fascists were very catholic.

      Communism is pseudoscientific economics (minus any math)  and believes in a philosophical inevitability (dielectic materialism). It is not explicitly racist.

       "Spiritual" versus "Materialism" puts them at opposite ends of the philosophical spectrum.

      It's all so clear to me now. I'm the keeper of the cheese. And you're the lemon merchant. Get it? And he knows it.

      by bernardpliers on Sun Jun 19, 2011 at 07:14:22 PM PDT

      [ Parent ]

      •  Bullshit. (2+ / 0-)
        Recommended by:
        newdem1960, vets74

        Marxian economics is widely practiced, and not always by Marxists.  You may want to read an economics journal that isn't published in the US or Western Europe.

        "It is not explicitly racist."  --Tell us, then, how it is implicitly racist, as you suggest but don't actually say.  

        "The attack on the truth by war begins long before war starts and continues long after a war ends." -Julian Assange

        by Pierro Sraffa on Sun Jun 19, 2011 at 07:28:34 PM PDT

        [ Parent ]

        •  Marx Was What We Would Now Call A "Futurist" (4+ / 0-)

          Not to argue apples and oranges - I'm talking Marx vs Hitler and the  movements' philosophical roots.   And Marx was not in any sense an economist.

          It's all so clear to me now. I'm the keeper of the cheese. And you're the lemon merchant. Get it? And he knows it.

          by bernardpliers on Sun Jun 19, 2011 at 07:50:19 PM PDT

          [ Parent ]

          •  Well, political economy surely includes Marx. (2+ / 0-)
            Recommended by:
            Pierro Sraffa, bernardpliers

            The graphs and charts and stochastic calculus guys not so much.

            Angry White Males + Crooks + Personality Disorder psychos + KKKwannabes + "Unborn Child" church folk =EQ= The Republicans

            by vets74 on Mon Jun 20, 2011 at 06:40:20 AM PDT

            [ Parent ]

          •  Marx is most certainly an economist, among (1+ / 0-)
            Recommended by:

            other things, unless you are also willing to posit that Ricardo and Smith were not economists, as they too used the labor theory of value.  Or maybe you think only neoclassically trained economists are, in fact, economists - in other words, Keynes is out, as are Sraffa and a host of other economists and great thinkers, such as Schumpeter and Veblan.  

            "The attack on the truth by war begins long before war starts and continues long after a war ends." -Julian Assange

            by Pierro Sraffa on Mon Jun 20, 2011 at 09:02:52 AM PDT

            [ Parent ]

            •  I'm Not Saying He Was A Bad Economist (0+ / 0-)

              He just was not in any sense an economist any more than he was the Pope.

              It's all so clear to me now. I'm the keeper of the cheese. And you're the lemon merchant. Get it? And he knows it.

              by bernardpliers on Mon Jun 20, 2011 at 11:03:04 AM PDT

              [ Parent ]

              •  Well, I'm not saying you are a complete jackass; (0+ / 0-)

                instead you are merely a jackass.

                The Grundrisse has more insight into macroeconomics than all of neoclassical theory combined.

                BTW, you still haven't explained how Marx is implicitly racist.

                "The attack on the truth by war begins long before war starts and continues long after a war ends." -Julian Assange

                by Pierro Sraffa on Mon Jun 20, 2011 at 08:23:11 PM PDT

                [ Parent ]

        •  I don't really think "bull****" is a proper (5+ / 0-)
          Recommended by:
          gravlax, bevenro, vets74, Matt Z, yaque

          reaction to bernardpliers comment.  His tone was exceedingly civil, imo.

          With respect to the efficacy of Marxian economics, the proof is in the pudding.  

          It's interesting to see someone doing something as old-fashioned as defending Communism.  Been a while since I've come across that.

          We must, indeed, all hang together, or assuredly we shall all hang separately. B. Franklin

          by Observerinvancouver on Sun Jun 19, 2011 at 08:52:35 PM PDT

          [ Parent ]

          •  Consider Israel. (1+ / 0-)
            Recommended by:

            The big mature-industry companies are largely socialist.

            The small businesses are capitalist.

            Start-ups are encouraged.

            The government is a clean democracy, albeit dominated by the prevailing national multiple-paranoias.

            Angry White Males + Crooks + Personality Disorder psychos + KKKwannabes + "Unborn Child" church folk =EQ= The Republicans

            by vets74 on Mon Jun 20, 2011 at 06:43:42 AM PDT

            [ Parent ]

            •  Erm ... I'm not sure if you mean "consider Israel" (0+ / 0-)

              as a refutation of my comment about Marxian economics or confirmation.  Are the big mature-industry companies owned by the government?  Srsly, not snark.  I realize I know close to nothing about the Israel economy.  The rest of your points don't sound as though they support Marxism or communism.  

              We must, indeed, all hang together, or assuredly we shall all hang separately. B. Franklin

              by Observerinvancouver on Mon Jun 20, 2011 at 08:25:16 AM PDT

              [ Parent ]

              •  Israel is a mixed economy. (0+ / 0-)

                Works to beat the band. Way better than what Goldman, Sachs is inflicting on America. Way better than what has been happening here since 1981 and the Limousine Inaugural that January.

                Angry White Males + Crooks + Personality Disorder psychos + KKKwannabes + "Unborn Child" church folk =EQ= The Republicans

                by vets74 on Mon Jun 20, 2011 at 10:16:22 AM PDT

                [ Parent ]

      •  Today's American fascists only win elections -- (1+ / 0-)
        Recommended by:

        and I do mean ONLY win them -- by exploiting # 5 of my sig line...........

        Angry White Males + Crooks + Personality Disorder psychos + KKKwannabes + "Unborn Child" church folk =EQ= The Republicans

        by vets74 on Mon Jun 20, 2011 at 06:37:55 AM PDT

        [ Parent ]

      •  Belief in some sort of inevitability (1+ / 0-)
        Recommended by:

        for a non-theist materialist doctrine it still seemed to need a leap of faith that somehow the "from each" and "to each" accordingly thing was achievable... that humanity could be evolved or programmed by mutual agreement to all strive for the greater good and shed all that selfishness... a belief in things like sharing of property to an extreme that does not seem possible and the withering away of the state and even money someday. That is a non-god "pie not in the sky but on earth" belief system.

        Making life on earth as wonderful as possible... bread and roses and all that is a good thing to strive for, BUT ordaining the means of achieving it or having a fairly wide eyed acceptance of this somehow happening inevitably (or with a bit of strong arm help by specially guided citizen non-priest vanguards if one was more of a Leninist) and also wanting it to happen sooner so much that rules can be bent or broken, seems akin to holy extremists thinking that it is OK to break some eggs to bring about the rapture or convert everybody just that much sooner... Even non religious dogma taken to far ends up with quasi-faith thinking and a severe longing for the promised nirvana whatever form it takes.. a longing that can get extreme and justify all sorts of things to bring it about sooner... Those ached for "ends" can get the impatient believers to sign off on all kinds of "means" that just can't help making life more complicated for those whose lack of faith gets in the way of "heaven" whether here on earth with no deity involved or the other more traditional ethereal kind with some sort of supreme being(s) ....

        People cannot quite escape religious thought patterns regardless... even if they have no deity in the picture... Like the man said "if there wasn't a God man would have to invent one"... and our brains go one further, we often believe in things that are not real, things that we feel must be or will be but with no real logical basis for it.

        Pogo & Murphy's Law, every time. Also "Trust but verify" - St. Ronnie (hah...)

        by IreGyre on Mon Jun 20, 2011 at 07:40:56 AM PDT

        [ Parent ]

    •  The actual Fascist Party in Spain (19+ / 0-)

      was really quite small until the summer of 1936, when Franco forcibly gathered all the right-wing elements of the insurrection under the banner of the nationalist Falange movement.  The Church and its members were persecuted and robbed blind in a lot of Republican areas in the early days of the war, so Franco was able to coalesce clerical support and award himself the title of "defender of traditional Spanish values."  Once he came to power, he wasn't as religion-minded as Salazar or Dollfuss, but he was a pious and more or less intolerant Catholic.

      Mussolini was an atheist, and didn't care much for the power wielded by the Church.  He co-opted the Pope with the Lateran Treaty in 1929, which created the Vatican and declared Catholicism the state religion, but removed the Church from Italian politics.

      •  You make some fair points about Franco uniting the (8+ / 0-)

        various right wing elements of Spain, some of them national socialists. Franco, above all, was an opportunistic little weasel of a man.
        But as the grandson of a Republican who exposed the collusion the clergy of the town that he was mayor of as aiding and abetting the fascists, I believe  that you do the Republic a great disservice.
        The Church had been robbing the people of Spain blind for centuries. They had atheists shot. They aided the poor not one bit, some of whom were shot for stealing esculent acorns from the Grandees' latifundia. Acorns - because they were starving.

        I highly recommend that you read both Orwell's Homage to Catalonia and Anthony Beevor's The Spanish Civil War.

        "Superstition, idolatry, and hypocrisy have ample wages, but truth goes begging." - Luther

        by Cartoon Messiah on Sun Jun 19, 2011 at 08:01:04 PM PDT

        [ Parent ]

        •  You're absolutely right (1+ / 0-)
          Recommended by:
          Cartoon Messiah

          I'm afraid that in the course of responding to comments last night, I violated the very spirit of what the diary had been about in the first place - putting things in context.  I should have better phrased my remark about the anti-clericism on the Republican side, and I apologize for in any way disparaging the memory of what your grandfather did during the war.  Fwiw, I did once write a diary that I hope provided a more balanced view of the Republic than did the above comment: History for Kossacks: Blogging, 1936-1939

          Apologies, also, for not posting this reply until tonight - a thunderstorm knocked out my internet access (I'm part of a cobbled-together network in the mountains in Colorado) just as people started commenting last night, and it didn't get restored until today.

          •  No need for apologies UM. Just wanted to set the (1+ / 0-)
            Recommended by:
            Unitary Moonbat

            record straight. You have always struck me as a well informed individual, so I felt the need to broaden and adjust your comments regarding the Spanish Civil War.

            And my reading suggestions were made in earnest.

            "Superstition, idolatry, and hypocrisy have ample wages, but truth goes begging." - Luther

            by Cartoon Messiah on Tue Jun 21, 2011 at 09:05:17 PM PDT

            [ Parent ]

            •  'preciate that - both the kind words (0+ / 0-)

              and the correction.  

              I have read Homage to Catalonia - back when I was reading anything by Orwell; I oughta go back and re-read it, now that I know a bit more about the Spanish Civil War.  Haven't read Beevor's book, but I've got a long plane ride coming up...

              Thanks for the suggestions!  :)

          •  I just skimmed your History, and I am very (1+ / 0-)
            Recommended by:
            Unitary Moonbat

            impressed. Will definitely read the entire thing when I have time.

            Thank you very much for sharing.

            "Superstition, idolatry, and hypocrisy have ample wages, but truth goes begging." - Luther

            by Cartoon Messiah on Tue Jun 21, 2011 at 09:09:06 PM PDT

            [ Parent ]

    •  Short answer. (3+ / 0-)
      Recommended by:
      vets74, Unitary Moonbat, bluegrass50

      The Spanish, and the Italians were largely Catholics. It would have been improbable, even impossible, to stamp out Catholic religion in Spain or Italy.

      The dictatorial authorities in each of these countries allied and worked with the conservative, authoritarian, powers in their respective Christian Churchs (that goes for Germany where the most powerful Church was the conservative Lutherans). I think it was true in Poland as well. The diary covers the Austrian case. I am not sure about Hungary.

    •  Fascist governments coopted all kinds of (1+ / 0-)
      Recommended by:
      Unitary Moonbat

      religious groups: Catholic, Lutheran and Reformed. I've spoken to Lutheran pastors who remembered the horrible pressure on pastors and priests.

  •  This Is A Christian Nation (25+ / 0-)
    .................By its decision to carry out the political and moral cleansing of our public life, the Government is creating and securing the conditions for a really deep and inner religious life.... our common religious and ethical values......The national Government sees in both Christian denominations the most important factor for the maintenance of our society......And it will be concerned for the sincere cooperation between Church and State....The national Government, seeing in Christianity the unshakable foundation of the moral and ethical life of our people.........
    Adolph Hitler March 23, 1933

    Just before passage of the Enabling Act where the Nazis seized absolute power.

    I smacked down someone for saying America need more Christian politics. When I pointed out the Hitler said this, he said Hitler lied. I replied "Maybe but even if Hitler lied he came to power because of people like you. You are the Good German."

    It's all so clear to me now. I'm the keeper of the cheese. And you're the lemon merchant. Get it? And he knows it.

    by bernardpliers on Sun Jun 19, 2011 at 07:18:15 PM PDT

  •  Handy Check List (21+ / 0-)

    In his book "Liberal Fascism," Jonah Goldberg rewrote Mien Kampf, substituting "liberal" for "Jew." Actually Hitler had used "liberal" and "Jew" pretty much interchangeably, claiming liberalism was merely a disguise used by the Jewish conspiracy. lenn Beck now uses many of the themese from Nazi propaganda, against just substituting "liberal" for "Jew."

    Nazism has several distinctive traits:

    1) All inclusive conspiracy theories. Claiming the Jews (and liberals) are attempting to wreck the country and the world economy, and that the Jews control the "liberal press."
    2) Claiming to be the victims, the good guys, defending the white race against mongrel aggression. Jews are supposed to be the puppetmasters (George Soros, Saul Alinksy, Saul Alsinsky, and of course more Saul Alinsky.)
    3) Claiming nonwhites and liberals are planning to kill whites (Jews poisoning the well, Obama killing Grandma, FEMA camps). This is the "blood libel" of the Jews drinking Christian baby's blood.
    4) Use of intensley angry, repetitive propaganda aimed at the most gullible 10% of the population. Hoaxes are permitted and encouraged (ACORN, Climategate) and are useful for purging the movement of people that question propaganda.

    Here's a list I compiled a while ago

      Short Guide To Nazi Propaganda Talking Points

       Things The Nazi Were Against:
       Trade unions
       "Social justice"
       "The liberal press"
       "Social Democrats"
       "Civil Rights"
       Religious tolerance
       Mixed marriages
       Sex education
       Bilingual anything
       Universal education
       Art that does not glorify the state
       Darwin and teaching evolution
       Elementary teachers who don't teach nationalism
       University professors
       People who don't support the troops
       ...and of course Jews

       Things The Nazi Were For:
       Pre-emptive war
       Underming people's faith in elections and especially their faith in parliament
       Reducing history education to broad populist themes to convice white people they are the eternal victims
       A "spiritual" movement because only a spiritual movement can create ruthless, unwavering violence.
       Values education in the schools
       Reducing science education
       College students ratting out professors for lack of loyalty
       Early marriage
       High birth rate
       State control of the media, arts, and science
       Personality cults
       Making nationalism part of the school curriculum
       Worship of an idealized version of the past
       Rebellion against "weak" authority
       Blaming minorities and immigrants for everything
       Invoking destiny and being judged by history
       Claiming to do "God's will"

    It's all so clear to me now. I'm the keeper of the cheese. And you're the lemon merchant. Get it? And he knows it.

    by bernardpliers on Sun Jun 19, 2011 at 07:22:23 PM PDT

  •  US paid-protection-style healthcare = slow-motion (6+ / 0-)

    gas chambers and furnaces. They can get rid of 45,000 undesirables a year just by making sure they are denied healthcare. We’re a modern fascist state with more politically acceptable methods, but the results are the same, millions of undesirables are -executed- needlessly allowed to die through negligence, it’s just slower than the more pro-active methods of earlier fascist regimes.

    •  Easy pardner (0+ / 0-)

      Republican-style reduction in the availability of healthcare simply is not a gas-chamber, and any comparison of that sort, particularly one as direct as yours, is wrong on many levels.

      Hill? What hill? No one said there was going to be a hill . . . . Was there a sign?

      by Jersey Jon on Mon Jun 20, 2011 at 06:16:25 AM PDT

      [ Parent ]

      •  Really ??? (0+ / 0-)

        These fascists want to accelerate the forces of natural selection -- killing off the weak as quickly as possible.

        Nixon loved the idea of rationing health care.

        Kill the weak. What could be more fascist than that ?

        Angry White Males + Crooks + Personality Disorder psychos + KKKwannabes + "Unborn Child" church folk =EQ= The Republicans

        by vets74 on Mon Jun 20, 2011 at 06:50:50 AM PDT

        [ Parent ]

        •  perhaps, but it's not a gas chamber (2+ / 0-)
          Recommended by:
          bozepravde15, VigilantLiberal

          And equivalences of this sort demean the horror of that era, and undermine the credibility of the person making the equivalence.

          Hill? What hill? No one said there was going to be a hill . . . . Was there a sign?

          by Jersey Jon on Mon Jun 20, 2011 at 06:56:09 AM PDT

          [ Parent ]

          •  This system is killing people slower (0+ / 0-)

            than the gas chambers killed people.

            Big whoop.

            Angry White Males + Crooks + Personality Disorder psychos + KKKwannabes + "Unborn Child" church folk =EQ= The Republicans

            by vets74 on Mon Jun 20, 2011 at 10:13:34 AM PDT

            [ Parent ]

            •  This is the kind of comment (1+ / 0-)
              Recommended by:

              That makes DKos appear ignorant, bigoted and partisan to the point of absurdity, and rightly so.  Thankfully, no one's reading it.

              I wouldn't even know where to begin to explain the difference between the the Holocaust, or any other genocide, and the Republican position on healthcare.  If you don't see it, then I'm not sure there's much more to say.

              I'll just assume that this was simply regrettable rhetorical hyperbole.

              Hill? What hill? No one said there was going to be a hill . . . . Was there a sign?

              by Jersey Jon on Mon Jun 20, 2011 at 10:42:11 AM PDT

              [ Parent ]

              •  These fuckheads such as Paul Ryan (1+ / 0-)
                Recommended by:
                Jersey Jon

                don't give any more of a shit what happens to you than Herman Goering gave for Warsaw's Jewish housewives.

                Get over thinking that one pack of sociopaths are all that different from another pack of sociopaths.

                The tools, the opportunities are different. The hatreds, the sins, the racial hatreds, the bloody madness -- not.

                Angry White Males + Crooks + Personality Disorder psychos + KKKwannabes + "Unborn Child" church folk =EQ= The Republicans

                by vets74 on Mon Jun 20, 2011 at 11:28:56 AM PDT

                [ Parent ]

  •  You've outdone yourself, Bat! (8+ / 0-)

    I recall reading that when the Portuguese left their colonies, they took everything they possibly could, down to the light bulbs. From my time as a tourist in Portugal a couple of years ago, they seemed neither to want to claim, nor specifically disown, Salazar.

    Speaking of the Germans, I was wondering if you'd read my current library book: Europe's Last Summer?

    •  Thanks! (7+ / 0-)

      I visited Spain a couple of years ago, and found much the same reaction to Franco - the older folks don't wanna talk about it, and for the younger ones don't remember the miseries of his era.  Later saw an interview with an older Spanish journalist, talking about the nationalism that came with Spain's winning of the World Cup.  He was marveling at how the Spanish flag was enjoying a renaissance - kind of cynically muttering, "the fucking Spanish flag, you know, this symbol of Franco..."

      Haven't read the book, but I'll put it on the list.  Gotta confess, it may be a while - for some reason, I've been on this kick reading about naval warfare in the Ironclad Age, and one of the books in particular - Dreadnought - is very in-depth.

      •  If you're really into naval warfare (5+ / 0-)

        you might want to follow Dreadnought up with the same author's Castles of Steel, which takes the story through the end of WW1. Got both on my shelf--then again, I'm kind of a WW1 buff.

        Churchill (who was First Lord of the Admiralty for the first part of the war) famously commented at the time that "[Admiral Sir John] Jellicoe [commander of the Grand Fleet] was the only man on either side who could lose the war in an afternoon."

        Europe's Last Summer is also a good read (& also on my Great War shelf).

        snarcolepsy, n: a condition in which the sufferer responds to any comment with a smartass comeback.

        by Uncle Cosmo on Sun Jun 19, 2011 at 10:10:58 PM PDT

        [ Parent ]

  •  read victor klemporer (4+ / 0-)

    history does not repeat; it rhymes...

    Out of my cold dead hands

    by bluelaser2 on Sun Jun 19, 2011 at 08:09:13 PM PDT

  •  Without The Holocaust Nazis Would A National Party (11+ / 0-)

    God knows there is a big enough right wing Nazi apology industry (Pat Buchannan, Jonah Goldberg, and especially Glenn Beck).

    Without the Holocaust, they would rebranded Hitler as a guy with lots of good ideas who just went a little nuts.

    It's all so clear to me now. I'm the keeper of the cheese. And you're the lemon merchant. Get it? And he knows it.

    by bernardpliers on Sun Jun 19, 2011 at 08:15:29 PM PDT

  •  Fascism as an ideology = belief system (7+ / 0-)

    comprises at its core the following idea, I'd say:

    • national supremacy
    • an imperialist and social Darwinist perspective on relations between nations
    • primacy of the needs and aspirations of the nation as a collective over the rights of the individual
    • the "leader principle": the leader as a sort of avatar of the nation, representing its will
    • corporatism: unelected representatives of all groups of society act as a transmission system for the political decisions of the leader and the party
    • militarization of society and economy: organization of civilian life and the economy according to military models
    • elitism: an elite makes the tough decisions on behalf of the national collective and stands itself above the law

    (To this, the Nazis added race as a principle over and above that of the nation, something other brands of fascism such as Mussolini's did not share.) I'd say talk of ideological fascism is the more justified the more of these elements come together in the program of particular politicians. Now, what I see in contemporary Republicans are mostly the first two and the last one (courtesy of Leo Strauss). The rest, not so much. So I think a lot of the contemporary conservative movement - like any radical conservatism - shares some key features with fascism. But that's about it, I think.

    "Maybe there's only one revolution, since the beginning -- the good guys against the bad guys. Question is: Who are the good guys?" ("The Professionals," 1966; Bill Dolworth (Burt Lancaster) to Hans Ehrengard (Robert Ryan).

    by brainwave on Sun Jun 19, 2011 at 08:20:18 PM PDT

  •  Not that I condone fascism... (6+ / 0-)

    or any -ism for that matter. -Ism's in my opinion are not good. A person should not believe in an -ism, he should believe in himself. I quote John Lennon, "I don't believe in Beatles, I just believe in me." Good point there. After all, he was the walrus. I could be the walrus. I'd still have to bum rides off people.

    - Ferris Bueller, Day Off, 1986.

  •  I'm glad to see this diary. One thing that (4+ / 0-)
    Recommended by:
    gravlax, Ahianne, Matt Z, Unitary Moonbat

    has recently occurred to me as a possible problem on the distant horizon is whether or not the wingnuts can create enough of a critical mass to amend the constitution.   At the moment it seems close to preposterous but who back in late October could have imagined the complete Republican horror show going on now.  

    I hope everyone on the left, in the centre, centre-right and moderate think about this a little.  Now is the time to stomp that weed and douse it liberally with Roundup.  

    We must, indeed, all hang together, or assuredly we shall all hang separately. B. Franklin

    by Observerinvancouver on Sun Jun 19, 2011 at 09:13:22 PM PDT

  •  Interesting (5+ / 0-)

    I enjoyed this very much and am motivated to learn more about some of the interesting developments regarding fascism and the church.  The militaristic aspect of authoritarian regimes is so much more learned and understood, however, the command and use of religious institutions with fascism is a great lesson especially for our country now.

    There can be no truer principle than this-that every individual of the community at large has an equal right to the protection of government. Alexander Hamilton

    by Michelle Tiffany on Sun Jun 19, 2011 at 09:25:38 PM PDT

  •  Religious people are easy to manipulate because (6+ / 0-)

    they are programmed from an early age to believe material without the need of physical/tangible evidence to back it up.  The average church-going republican can be told that “liberals are evil” (i.e. the corporate-fascist's axiom) and it’s accepted as gospel without any further examination.
    If a manufacturer of any other consumer product (which is what organized religion of today really is) were to make un-substantiated claims about their product (i.e. rewards in the afterlife etc.), they would be forced by law to either substantiate those claims or stop making those claims (i.e. snake-oil salesmen etc.), but the framers grandfathered religion in (i.e. excluded it from legal standards such as backing claims with physical evidence etc.), so we’ll have to put up with the greed-and-ignorance game for a few more centuries (if not millennia), and the corporate-stoogism (i.e. fascism) that comes along with it.

    •  People born into large church organizations (3+ / 0-)
      Recommended by:
      Matt Z, IreGyre, Unitary Moonbat

      are essentially barinwashed from the start. Some break out and run away after seeing incomprehenisble hypocrisies. Others do so when they go to secular schools or colleges. I have to guess this is why conservative Christians (mostly Catholics?) don't like government schools or secular colleges or universities, prefering parochial schools, or no school or diversity of opinion or experience at all.

      Look at what the US military has become. A pseudo religious institution.

    •  Exhibit A: Michele Bachmann (2+ / 0-)
      Recommended by:
      bozepravde15, Unitary Moonbat

      She joined Young Life in high school, attended fundamentalist schools, and is married to a man who attended Regent University, Pat Robertson's little evangelical diploma mill.  Until she attended a non-religious law school to get her degree in tax law, she literally had never had any exposure to non-Christian higher education.  It's no wonder she's the way she is.

  •  While I myself (5+ / 0-)
    Recommended by:
    LHB, Ahianne, Notreadytobenice, Matt Z, IreGyre

    Do not think we're quite at the fascist stage for our conservative friends, it is worth noting that fascism itself is institutionally and tactically malleable. Coming up with an easy and short checklist to see if we're really being justified in calling TPers fascists, or proto-fascists is really self-defeating.

    I do have to say that insofar as you can distill fascism, it was about consensus forging, however brutal and top-down. I do not see the notion of consensus or even of one nation (a concept crucial to fascism) in the Tea Party. Give it time, though. There is the potential there. Hence why I tend to look upon tactical support of the crazier crazies on the Republican ticket as ultimately shooting oneself in the foot.

    But yes. There's no reason for complacency. I fully subscribe to Hannah Arendt's view. Seemingly decent people can do horrendous things. And most Americans are decent.

    Hm. That was kinda of a downer ending. I'm gonna have a cookie.

    •  Nazism was far from concerned with consensus; (1+ / 0-)
      Recommended by:

      in their totalitarian view, there is one right way, we have it and you need to follow it. But to get that accepted, they punch the right buttons in the public's anxiety box: inflation, unemployment, safety and security, etc.

      The "consensus" they build is hardly that; they create the inability of people who are not like them to participate in the political arena, thus leaving them in charge.

      •  The Nazis (1+ / 0-)
        Recommended by:

        Romanticized and mythologized national unity. Was the process democratic, inclusive or even properly reflective of national opinion? No, but the Nazis did manufacture a forced unanimity.

        The word consensus need not be denotatively or connotatively democratic, as history unfortunately shows.

        But yes. The Nazis did engage in systematic efforts to undermine their opponents. In that aspect, revanchist right-wing eliminationism is certainly disturbing.

        •  Yes, just as GW Bush actually had national unity (0+ / 0-)

          for a short time after 9/11, right up until someone asked him what the people could do, and he said "go shopping," he didn't really value it.

          What he, the conservatives, valued was the faux unity they forced by suppressing and hiding dissent and using demagoguery re.  national security to try to force unanimity of opinion.

  •  For what it's worth (5+ / 0-)

    (and I think this highlights another reason why the complex history has become so diluted), Orwell himself had very strong feelings about the word "fascism" (emphasis mine):

    The word Fascism has now no meaning except in so far as it signifies "something not desirable."... Since you don't know what Fascism is, how can you struggle against Fascism? One need not swallow such absurdities as this, but one ought to recognize that the present political chaos is connected with the decay of language, and that one can probably bring about some improvement by starting at the verbal end.

    I don't always agree with Orwell, but that bolded quote has stuck with me ever since I first read it.

    Saint, n. A dead sinner revised and edited. - Ambrose Bierce

    by pico on Sun Jun 19, 2011 at 11:59:58 PM PDT

  •  Context is important (2+ / 0-)
    Recommended by:
    Ahianne, Unitary Moonbat

    but I still hold a belief that it'd be tough to go full-on fascist here. We have 200 years of democratic government, Germany had barely a generation.

    But, who knows what will happen when the majority of the opposing party's candidates for President (hell, on down to dogcatcher) are outright authoritarian theocrats, and if one of them wins...

    "I don't want to live on this planet anymore" -Prof. Farnsworth

    by terrypinder on Mon Jun 20, 2011 at 05:09:36 AM PDT

    •  Civilization 3 meals away from Anarchy?... (1+ / 0-)
      Recommended by:
      Unitary Moonbat

      if that is kind of true... then Democracy could be said to be 1 collapse away from totalitarianism...
      or one good long, hard economic catastrophe... on top of an educationally weakened electorate primed with fear and generic resentments...away from some flavor of Fascism...

      that old "eternal vigilance is the price of freedom" saying... where vigilance is part education, part communication and part inclusion focused on what the true basis for a society is supposed to be. A working democracy that has all of that is less likely to be seriously imperiled by an economic mess since the society would be a bit more economically and socially balanced and aware with all voices heard and people invested in the future of their country... we don't have vigilance beyond bottom line or personal survival at this point... not a very resilient condition for a supposed democracy to be in.

      Pogo & Murphy's Law, every time. Also "Trust but verify" - St. Ronnie (hah...)

      by IreGyre on Mon Jun 20, 2011 at 09:14:34 AM PDT

      [ Parent ]

  •  When reality is "NEGATIVE" the diaper pissers (1+ / 0-)
    Recommended by:

    of the left upper middle cla$$ dilettantes actually ENABLE these lying right wing bastards.

    It makes sense that someone who IS stinking rich AND has hired protective layers of sharks and wolves can just while their day away fretting about the yacht, polo and golf.

    It makes sense that the sucks ups of the polo, yacht and golf crowd don't discuss reality, either - otherwise they won't get sucked into the club.

    It makes NO sense for those of us living in reality to spend our time using 40 syllable descriptions instead of getting to the point - WHY are liars called obfuscatingmisrepresentingdisengenuouis when they should just be called "LIARS"?

    It does make sense for those of us living in reality to NOT describe reality if we're aspiring suck ups, OR, if we don't even know that by enforcing salon dilettante happy happy speak we're protecting the polo, yacht and golf crowd from scrutiny.

    What I find amazing, at age 51, after having spent 9 years from '78 to '89 living and working in Boston, and the last 21 years living and working in Seattle -

    what I find amazing is the number of "liberals" and "progressives" who don't even know what I'm talking about, AND

    by enforcing their upper middle cla$$ Sesame Street happy happy talk on political speech -

    the number of "liberals" and "progressives" who are enabling the pigs at the top staying pigs and staying on top.

    It is kind of cool how the modern version of STFU and do what you're told, and be "positive", is just  “Render unto Caesar the things which are Caesar’s, and unto God the things that are God’s”.


    Yond Cassius has a lean and hungry look; He thinks too much: such men are dangerous

    by seabos84 on Mon Jun 20, 2011 at 05:46:17 AM PDT

  •  The fact that critiques of Fascism by (3+ / 0-)

    Gramsci, Benjamin and Adorno resonate so strongly today wrt the structures, discourse and symbolism of right-wing America suggests that 'fascism' is indeed an apt description.

    Real stupidity beats artificial intelligence every time. (Terry Pratchett)

    by angry marmot on Mon Jun 20, 2011 at 06:25:35 AM PDT

  •  Great diary, and you are absolutely right. I have (2+ / 0-)
    Recommended by:
    Unitary Moonbat, Oh Mary Oh

    heard the phrase "Fascist Five" in reference to the current
    Supreme Court (Kennedy is included).  Considering the decisions made regarding corporations it's hard to fault anyone for using the term.

    I've been privately criticized for using a Hitler quote as my sig line but I concede that the quote only makes some folks uncomfortable.  It's the bloody truth (Fox).

    "By means of shrewd lies, unremittingly repeated, it is possible to make people believe that heaven is hell -- and hell heaven. The greater the lie, the more readily it will be believed." Adolph Hitler

    by pittie70 on Mon Jun 20, 2011 at 07:09:36 AM PDT

  •  I have always hated that Lewis quote... (7+ / 0-)

    To be perfectly honest.

    I don't want to detract from a very good diary, but I think this is the most important part of this diary:

    The problem with understanding analogies is that one has to understand context first – and since context is almost never reduceable down to bumper-sticker size, it remains a major stumbling block to getting conservatives to understand how to learn history's lessons.  A Republican may well have seen no parallels between current events and the above three stories; let's hope we on the left are a little more astute.  Fascism came in many forms, and was applied in many ways – it didn't always wear swastikas and buy into Hitler's racism – and we'd do well to understand a little more about the lesser-known versions of fascist ideology.

    Stepping back from fascism talking about totalitarianism for moment -- and let's be honest, starting at Bamberg and culminating at the Night of the Long Knives -- Naziism became less fascist (in that ideology was little more than temporary decoration) and more totalitarian.

    Just to be clear upfront - I'm not saying I see future totalitarians (or pawns of totalitarians) - I'm just saying that far too many people think that their personal ideology shields them inviolably from such movements...  that's why I hate the Lewis quote, because that's not how fascism will come to America.   If it were to reach these shores, it may well have a stage of flag-waving and cross bearing -- it certainly did as the Nazis consolidated power in Germany -- but that won't be how it arrives.

    It will arrive just as did in Germany.  In times of significant upheaval and frustration, demagogues will till both fields -- the left and the right.

    The roots of the German Nazi party in Bavaria were certainly that of a distrustful traditionalism - the stab in the back myth, the feckless oligarchs and politicians (and yes, they were often short-handed as the "Jews", regardless of whether they were or weren't).  

    However, it was a class -- and ideology -- crossing cross-section of Germany that forced von Papen's hand.

    The roots may have been the Himmler-esque traditionalists... but sprinkle in a bit of the Goering Prussian blue blood distaste for the fall of the German Empire.... and most germane to our discussion -- let's also not forget that the Nazis might well have been relegated to a regional also-ran if not for the Goebbels and Strasser work in the more industrialized north and west.  

    The pre-Bamberg Goebbels, the Strasser brothers, and men like Ernst Rohm did come to the table with an ideology, and I think it's important that we all step back and recognize that this ideology wasn't one that (setting aside the undercurrent of anti-semitism) would be unwelcome here.  Indeed, the 25 point program would be hailed by the left -- full employment, profit-sharing, old-age pensions, etc.

    While Himmler and Goering, among others, had been plotting to eliminate Rohm for a while -- it was Rohm daring to say that if Hitler became an obstacle to the 'revolution', he might have to go, too -- that sealed his and any non-Hitler centric ideology of Nazism's fate.

    I don't raise these items to cast dispersions on progressivism or liberalism, but rather just to point out that ideology is no shield.  It doesn't protect us any more than the silly "follow the constitution" claims do for the tea party set.

    When fascism comes to America - it won't be carrying anything except anger.  It may superficially offer programs and plans - and some of its chief lieutenants may even believe in those things - but ultimately, it will be the "One Man" who will put all right in the world for the disaffected.  It will promise the shopkeeper prosperity and the working class jobs and security.  

    When it becomes necessary - just as Hitler made his bargain with the Weimar oligarchs (who grew fearful of the SA brawlers and rabble) and military (who likewise were alarmed and disgusted at the SA's vision for a "people's army") - everyone will be tossed overboard.... the workers, the shopkeepers, the priests, the atheists, and the activists.

    Many people are familiar with Martin Niemoller's famous quote -- "First they came.." -- but I think fewer are aware that this was really the story of Niemoller's life...  To wit - Niemoller was initially a strong supporter of the Nazi party before becoming an outspoken opponent in the mid-late 30s, and eventually, ending up in Dachau for 8 years.   Niemoller was no liberal, but I think we might fairly call him a man of conscience.

    When fascism comes to America, no one will be spared and none of us will recognize it as an ideological entity.

    Full Disclosure: I am an unpaid shill for every paranoid delusion that lurks under your bed - but more than willing to cash any checks sent my way

    by zonk on Mon Jun 20, 2011 at 07:28:05 AM PDT

    •  Hitler never had any intention of implementing (0+ / 0-)

      The actual socialist components of his party platform.  Those were a sop to Gregor Strasser and were largely ignored after the Nazis took power.

      •  That's my point (2+ / 0-)
        Recommended by:
        CarbonFiberBoy, Oh Mary Oh

        Hitler didn't -- but many of the early adherents to the NSDAP did.

        By the time you recognize a Hitler (or a Mussolini or whomever), it's too late.

        "Hitler" didn't arrive full-formed at a Munich beer hall, and the despised Hitler we know today wouldn't have been easily recognizable in 1920s or even early 1930s Germany.... He was the dynamo revolutionary who was going to rescue the nation from the oligarchs that were destroying it, and all sorts of Germans across all sorts of ideological lines were at least willing to let him have a go at it, even if they weren't party members.

        My only point is that we shouldn't rest so secure in the idea that our progressivism gives us immunity against totalitarianism...  Anger is anger and the successful charlatans like Hitler are "wise" enough not to limit the fields they till to left or right...  They till both.

        Full Disclosure: I am an unpaid shill for every paranoid delusion that lurks under your bed - but more than willing to cash any checks sent my way

        by zonk on Mon Jun 20, 2011 at 09:16:51 AM PDT

        [ Parent ]

  •  the historical analogies or (6+ / 0-)

    parallels in these comparisons that have always interested me are less those between the politicians of that period and ours, but between the voters and citizens of that period and ours.

    Its the reactions of the electorate and the citizenry where I see parallels that frighten me, not so much in the actions or policies of the politicians.

    Words can sometimes, in moments of grace, attain the quality of deeds. --Elie Wiesel

    by a gilas girl on Mon Jun 20, 2011 at 07:42:17 AM PDT

  •  The Falange (3+ / 0-)
    Recommended by:
    gravlax, Unitary Moonbat, Oh Mary Oh

    This is the best diary yet on the non-Nazi fascist mentality.  Closer to home, both geographically and chronologically is Latin America.  We need more attention paid to the Falange down south, because if fascism comes to America it may well not cause all the destruction of Nazis and Fascists in the 1930s and 1940s, but rather smaller scale oppressions of Brazil, Argentina and Chile.

    The parallels of Republicans-Fox News motivations and actions are much closer to those of The Falange.

  •  As always, Moonbat, a great diary with (1+ / 0-)
    Recommended by:
    Unitary Moonbat

    a spot-on analysis. I always appreciate the level of research and detailed analysis you put into your writings.

    Thank You!!!

  •  Here's the danger: (5+ / 0-)

    I spent several years in Germany 45 years ago. One of my most memorable conversations was with an older workman. He said, "Before Hitler, there was no bread in the stores. After Hitler came to power, there was bread in the stores again."

    If things get bad enough, the people will turn to those who offer them relief. Hitler was elected. That's a major scary about the current Republicans: they are trying to make things worse, much worse, and they are doing it on purpose.

    For those who want to educate themselves further, read the wiki on fascism:
    Reading that, remember the phrase "American exceptionalism." It's also useful to then review the wiki for PNAC and compare:

    For those who haven't read the 25 points published by the National Socialist German Workers Party in 1920, here are the most interesting ones. I've left out the racist ones and those relating the the Leader Principle.

    11. Abolition of unearned (work and labour) incomes. Breaking of rent-slavery.
    12. In consideration of the monstrous sacrifice in property and blood that each war demands of the people, personal enrichment through a war must be designated as a crime against the people. Therefore we demand the total confiscation of all war profits.
    13. We demand the nationalization of all (previous) associated industries (trusts).
    14. We demand a division of profits of all heavy industries.
    15. We demand an expansion on a large scale of old age welfare.
    16. We demand the creation of a healthy middle class and its conservation, immediate communalization of the great warehouses and their being leased at low cost to small firms, the utmost consideration of all small firms in contracts with the State, county or municipality.
    17. We demand a land reform suitable to our needs, provision of a law for the free expropriation of land for the purposes of public utility, abolition of taxes on land and prevention of all speculation in land.
    18. We demand struggle without consideration against those whose activity is injurious to the general interest. Common national criminals, usurers, Schieber and so forth are to be punished with death, without consideration of confession or race.
    19. We demand substitution of a German common law in place of the Roman Law serving a materialistic world-order.
    20. The state is to be responsible for a fundamental reconstruction of our whole national education program, to enable every capable and industrious German to obtain higher education and subsequently introduction into leading positions. The plans of instruction of all educational institutions are to conform with the experiences of practical life. The comprehension of the concept of the State must be striven for by the school [Staatsbuergerkunde] as early as the beginning of understanding. We demand the education at the expense of the State of outstanding intellectually gifted children of poor parents without consideration of position or profession.
    21. The State is to care for the elevating national health by protecting the mother and child, by outlawing child-labor, by the encouragement of physical fitness, by means of the legal establishment of a gymnastic and sport obligation, by the utmost support of all organizations concerned with the physical instruction of the young.
    22. We demand abolition of the mercenary troops and formation of a national army.

    Reading that last point, think Blackwater. And remember the bread. Is it any wonder that the people cheered Hitler in the streets?

    At the same time that FDR was creating the modern American state, and the Soviets were creating their version, Hitler was creating his version. Our version had a hell of a hard time defeating his version.

    Corruption is what keeps us safe and warm. Corruption is why we win. -Syriana

    by CarbonFiberBoy on Mon Jun 20, 2011 at 10:16:11 AM PDT

  •  The Republican Book of World History (see below) (3+ / 0-)
    Recommended by:
    gravlax, Tchrldy, Unitary Moonbat
    Chapter I

    In 1938 Neville Chamberlain went to Czechoslovakia and appeased Hitler.  

    The end

    (That will be $9.95 for the e-version thankyouverymuch.)

    Stop. Stand up. Make a sign. Walk around in public. Be polite and orderly and the rest takes care of itself. Want to shake up the Plutocrats? Demonstrate your attention to politics.

    by Quicklund on Mon Jun 20, 2011 at 10:24:30 AM PDT

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