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This is some basic information about the countries in Western Asia.

The sizes of some of the countries might surprise you, as well as the sizes of some of their economies.

The circumstances that existed in some of the countries when they became Member States of the UN is also interesting for me, and the autonomous regions and number of break-away regions are too.

The countries are listed by area, from the smallest to the largest.

Bahrain

Area: 760 sq. km (293 sq. miles)

Population: 1,234,571 (2010)

Became independent: August 15, 1971

Became a Member State of the UN: September 21, 1971

GDP 2010 USD: 22,656,000,000

Debt to GDP Ratio 2010: 32%

Estimated GDP Growth in 2011: 1.5%

Palestine

Area: 6,220 sq. km (2,401 sq. miles)
    Includes:
    - The Gaza Strip - 360 sq. km
    - The West Bank - 5,860 sq. km

Population (2010):  4,108,631
    Includes:
    - The Gaza Strip - 1,561,906
    - The West Bank - 2,546,725

Declared independence: November 15, 1988

Granted Observer Status at the UN: November 22, 1974

GDP 2009 USD: 6,763,600,000
    Includes:
    - The West Bank - 5,327,300,000 (the parts of Jerusalem annexed by Israel
    in 1967 not included)
    - The Gaza Strip - 1,436,300,000

Debt to GDP Ratio 2010: ~11% (World Bank estimate)

Estimated GDP Growth in 2010: 9.3%

Cyprus

Area: 9,251 sq. km (3,572 sq. miles)
    Includes:
    - The unrecognized Turkish-backed Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus - 3,355 sq. km
    - The United Nations Buffer Zone in Cyprus - 346 sq. km
    - The United Kingdom’s Eastern Sovereign Base Area (Dhekelia) - 131 sq. km
    - The United Kingdom’s Western Sovereign Base Area (Akrotiri) - 123 sq. km

Population: 1,149,503
    Includes:
    - The Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus - 294,906
    - The UK’s Sovereign Base Areas - 15,700 (7,700 Cypriots, 3,600 Service and UK-based
    contract personnel, and 4,400 dependents)

Became independent: August 16, 1960

Became a Member State of the UN: September 20, 1960

GDP 2010 USD: 23,174,000,000
    Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus GDP 2010 USD: 3,750,600,000

Debt to GDP Ratio 2010: 60.8%
    Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus Debt to GDP Ratio 2010: ?

Estimated GDP Growth in 2011: -0.3%
    Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus Estimated GDP Growth in 2011: ?

Lebanon

Area: 10,452 sq. km (4,036 sq. miles)

Population: 4,010,000 (IMF estimate for 2012)

French recognition of Lebanese independence under the Mandate for Syria: November 22, 1943
    French and British forces completed their withdrawal from Lebanon on December 31, 1946

Became a Member State of the UN: October 24, 1945
    While occupied by French and British forces

GDP 2010 USD: 39,236,000,000

Debt to GDP Ratio 2010: 134%

Estimated GDP Growth in 2011: 1.5%

Qatar

Area: 11,586 sq km (4,473 sq. miles)

Population: 1,760,221

Became independent: September 3, 1971

Became a Member State of the UN: September 21, 1971

GDP 2010 USD: 127,332,000,000

Debt to GDP Ratio 2010: 27%

Estimated GDP Growth in 2011: 18.7%

Kuwait

Area: 17,818 sq. km (6,879 sq. miles)

Population: 3,566,437 (2010)

Became independent: June 19, 1961

Became a Member State of the UN: May 14, 1963

GDP 2010 USD: 132,569,000,000

Debt to GDP Ratio 2010: 10.4%

Estimated GDP Growth in 2011: 5.7%

Israel

Area (1949-1967): 20,770 sq. km (8,019 sq. miles)

Population: 7,836,300

Declared independence: May 14, 1948

Became a Member State of the UN: May 11, 1949
    After signing armistice agreements with Egypt, Lebanon, and Jordan but before signing an
    armistice agreement with Syria

GDP 2010 USD: 217,445,000,000

Debt to GDP Ratio 2010: 77.4%

Estimated GDP Growth in 2011: 4.8%

Armenia

Area: 29,743 sq. km (11,484 sq. miles)
    Includes:
    - The Artsvashen exclave located in northwestern Azerbaijan and occupied
    by Azerbaijan - ~40 sq. km

Population: 3,272,200

Declared independence: August 23, 1990
    Became independent on December 26, 1991 with the dissolution of the USSR

Became a Member State of the UN: March 2, 1992
    While Armenia was backing the Armenian side in the Nagorno-Karabakh War in Azerbaijan

GDP 2010 USD: 11,665,000,000

Debt to GDP Ratio 2010: 39%

Estimated GDP Growth in 2011: 5.5%

Georgia

Area: 69,700 sq. km (26,911 sq. miles)
    Includes:
    - The Autonomous Republic of Adjara - ~2,900 sq. km
    - The unrecognized Russian-backed Republic of Abkhazia - 8,660 sq. km
    - The unrecognized Russian-backed Republic of South Ossetia - 3,900 sq. km

Population: 4,469,200

Declared independence: April 9, 1991
    Became independent on December 26, 1991 with the dissolution of the USSR

Became a Member State of the UN: July 31, 1992
    While ruled by a council which had overthrown the elected government on January 6, 1992
    While the 1991–1992 South Ossetia War was being fought

GDP 2010 USD: 11,665,000,000

Debt to GDP Ratio 2010: 39%

Estimated GDP Growth in 2011: 5.5%

The United Arab Emirates

Area: 83,600 sq. km (32,278 sq. miles)

Population: 8,300,000 (2010)

The emirates became independent: December 1, 1971
    The union was established on December 2, 1971

Became a Member State of the UN: December 9, 1971

GDP 2010 USD: 302,039,000,000

Debt to GDP Ratio 2010: 20.1%

Estimated GDP Growth in 2011: 3.3%

Azerbaijan

Area: 86,600 sq. km (33,436 sq. miles)
    Includes:
    - The Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic - 5,363 sq. km
    - The unrecognized Armenian-backed Nagorno-Karabakh Republic - 11,458 sq. km
    - The Yuxari Askipara and Asagi Askipara exclave located in northeastern Armenia and
    occupied by Armenia - ~37 sq. km
    - The Barxudarli exclave located in northeastern Armenia and occupied by Armenia - ~22 sq.
    km
    - The Karki exclave located in western Armenia and occupied by Armenia - ~19 sq. km

Population: 9,111,100

Declared independence: August 30, 1991
    Became independent on December 26, 1991 with the dissolution of the USSR

Became a Member State of the UN: March 2, 1992
    While the Nagorno-Karabakh War in western Azerbaijan was being fought

GDP 2010 USD: 43,673,000,000

Debt to GDP Ratio 2010: 10.8%

Estimated GDP Growth in 2011: 0.2%

Jordan

Area: 89,342 sq. km (34,495 sq. miles)

Population: 6,275,800

Became independent under the British Mandate for Palestine: May 25, 1946
    Gained more independence from Britain with the Anglo-Jordanian Treaty of 1948
    which was abrogated by the Anglo-Jordanian Agreement of March 1957 - British forces
    withdrew from Jordan and Jordan took control of its military the same month

Became a Member State of the UN: December 14, 1955
    While occupied by British forces and while the British controlled the Jordanian military

GDP 2010 USD: 26,447,000,000

Debt to GDP Ratio 2010: 66.8%

Estimated GDP Growth in 2011: 2.4%

Syria

Area: 185,180 sq. km (71,498 sq. miles)
    Includes:
    - Territory occupied by Israel - 1,295 sq. km
    - United Nations Disengagement Observer Force Zone - 235 sq. km

Population: 21,479,529

Became independent: April 17, 1946
    French and British forces completed their withdrawal from Syria on April 17, 1946

Became a Member State of the UN: October 24, 1945
    While occupied by French and British forces

GDP 2010 USD: 59,330,000,000

Debt to GDP Ratio 2010: 29%

Estimated GDP Growth in 2011: -2%

Oman

Area: 309,500 sq. km (119,498 sq. miles)

Population: 2,773,479

Dynasty founded: 1744

Became a Member State of the UN: October 7, 1971

GDP 2010 USD: 57,851,000,000

Debt to GDP Ratio 2010: 5.7%

Estimated GDP Growth in 2011: 4.3%

Iraq

Area: 438,317 sq. km (169,235 sq. miles)

Population: 33,330,000

Became independent: October 3, 1932
    British forces completed their withdrawal from Iraq on October 26, 1947
    The current constitution was adopted on October 15, 2005

Became a Member State of the UN: December 21, 1945
    While occupied by British forces

GDP 2010 USD: 81,100,000,000

Debt to GDP Ratio 2010: 119%

Estimated GDP Growth in 2011: 9.6%

Yemen

Area: 527,968 sq. km (203,849 sq. miles)

Population: 24,527,000

Unification of North Yemen and South Yemen: May 22, 1990

Became a Member State of the UN: September 30, 1947
    The Mutawakkilite Kingdom of Yemen (North Yemen) on September 30, 1947
    The People's Democratic Republic of Yemen (South Yemen) on December 14, 1967

GDP 2010 USD: 31,315,000,000

Debt to GDP Ratio 2010: 40.5%

Estimated GDP Growth in 2011: -2.7%

Turkey

Area: 783,562 sq. km (302,535 sq. miles)
    ~97% in Western Asia and ~3% in Eastern Europe

Population: 74,724,269

Republic established: October 29, 1923

Became a Member State of the UN: October 24, 1945

GDP 2010 USD: 735,487,000,000

Debt to GDP Ratio 2010: 42%

Estimated GDP Growth in 2011: 6.6%

Egypt

Area: 1,001,450 sq. km (386,662 sq. miles)
    ~6% in Western Asia and ~94% in Northern Africa

Population: 81,746,253

Became independent: February 28, 1922
    British forces completed their withdrawal from Egypt on December 22, 1956

Became a Member State of the UN: October 24, 1945
    While occupied by British forces

GDP 2010 USD: 218,465,000,000

Debt to GDP Ratio 2010: 73.7%

Estimated GDP Growth in 2011: 1.2%

Iran

Area: 1,648,195 sq. km (636,372 sq. miles)

Population: 77,891,220 (U.S. State Dept. estimate for 2011)

Islamic Republic established: April 1, 1979

Became a Member State of the UN: October 24, 1945
    While occupied by British and Soviet forces

GDP 2010 USD: 407,382,000,000

Debt to GDP Ratio 2010: 11.6%

Estimated GDP Growth in 2011: 2.5%

Saudi Arabia

Area: 2,149,690 sq. km (830,000 sq. miles)

Population: 27,136,977 (2010)

Kingdom established: September 23, 1932

Became a Member State of the UN: October 24, 1945

GDP 2010 USD: 448,360,000,000

Debt to GDP Ratio 2010: 9.9%

Estimated GDP Growth in 2011: 6.4%

- * - * -

Notes:

Most of the population figures are from each country’s statistics authority.

Most of the economic data are from the IMF.

Originally posted to InAntalya on Tue Mar 13, 2012 at 09:25 AM PDT.

Also republished by Western Asia and History for Kossacks.

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