Skip to main content

I want to share an email I sent to a very small group of friends who discuss various current events. Some are liberal, some are conservative. All are white. One lives in Florida. Trayvon Martin came up. What I said is below the jump (I've edited it slightly to correct some errors and make some small clarifications where needed).

I ask only one thing, and this is it: for a moment, put yourself in the position of a parent (of any race) who has a black male teenager/young adult for a child, and think about how you'd feel today, knowing about this incident, when your child goes out to the store. You can't just tell your child: don't do anything wrong. This kid did nothing, and was still confronted by Zimmerman, a confrontation that led to Trayvon Martin's death. There's enough evidence out there that we know that.

This unarmed young man who sought no trouble and was unlucky only to meet George Zimmerman is now dead. Nothing can bring him back. The impact this will have is going to be long lasting. Now, every black male teenager and young man in America and his parents are going to be even that more on edge every time a non-black person even approaches them in public for that every one of us is George Zimmerman, a man who didn't go out that night looking to commit a crime. Instead Zimmerman was a "regular" law abiding person who still ended up killing a kid who, from everything we've seen so far, did nothing to initiate any kind of crime and was only "standing his ground" when confronted by Zimmerman.

Zimmerman's lack of criminal intent (again, that he didn't go out that night planning to commit a crime) makes this event far more scary. Even more than was the case before, every black person will see every non-black person who approaches them as a potential threat until proven otherwise. Think about that in terms of states that have a "stand your ground" law.

I'd say it's reasonable for any young black male to feel threatened any time they are approached by any non-black male or female. Any of us, even those of us who don't have criminal intent (and remember I don't believe George Zimmerman had criminal intent before he confronted Trayvon Martin) can be a threat to any of them. Think about the effect of that on race relations. Instead of discussing politics, I'll ask you to read this below, from Pulitzer Prize winner Eugene Robinson:

Thanks,
Ian

I then included a link to Robinson's piece and the text of the article. As this post here on Dkos is subject to fair use, I'll only include some snippets of Robinson's piece, but please read it all if you can, and look at Teacherken's post on the piece as well.
How many George Zimmermans are out there cruising the streets? How many guys with chips on their shoulders and itchy fingers on the triggers of loaded handguns? How many self-imagined guardians of the peace who say the words “black male” with a sneer?

(snip)

Please tell me, what would be the innocent way to walk down the street with an iced tea and some Skittles? Hint: For black men, that’s a trick question.

(snip)

But the tragic and essential thing, for me, is the bull’s-eye that black men wear throughout their lives — and the vital imperative to never, ever, be caught on the wrong street at the wrong time.

Will my email to a small group have any effect? Who knows? What I'm trying to encourage is empathy, to encourage people to see things from a perspective that is not their own. That's not an easy thing for some people to do. It's a particularly hard thing for some non-black people to put themselves in the shoes of a black person. I would suggest it's a hard thing for people of any racial or ethnic group to do in general.

I believe that I have a responsibility to my fellow Americans who suffer the consequences of the lack of empathy on the part of other Americans--and those who suffer the most are black Americans--to try and rectify that situation. Had George Zimmerman been able, for a moment, to truly put himself in Trayvon Martin's shoes before he got out of his car to confront this young man, maybe things would have turned out differently. I can't change that. Maybe I can help some of my friends to see things differently, and maybe that will have some unforeseeable but positive impact down the road. One can hope.

8:15 AM PT: Thanks, folks, for putting this on the recommended list!

Originally posted to Ian Reifowitz on Fri Mar 23, 2012 at 07:43 AM PDT.

Also republished by Invisible People, Barriers and Bridges, Black Kos community, ClassWarfare Newsletter: WallStreet VS Working Class Global Occupy movement, and Discussing Race At Daily Kos.

EMAIL TO A FRIEND X
Your Email has been sent.
You must add at least one tag to this diary before publishing it.

Add keywords that describe this diary. Separate multiple keywords with commas.
Tagging tips - Search For Tags - Browse For Tags

?

More Tagging tips:

A tag is a way to search for this diary. If someone is searching for "Barack Obama," is this a diary they'd be trying to find?

Use a person's full name, without any title. Senator Obama may become President Obama, and Michelle Obama might run for office.

If your diary covers an election or elected official, use election tags, which are generally the state abbreviation followed by the office. CA-01 is the first district House seat. CA-Sen covers both senate races. NY-GOV covers the New York governor's race.

Tags do not compound: that is, "education reform" is a completely different tag from "education". A tag like "reform" alone is probably not meaningful.

Consider if one or more of these tags fits your diary: Civil Rights, Community, Congress, Culture, Economy, Education, Elections, Energy, Environment, Health Care, International, Labor, Law, Media, Meta, National Security, Science, Transportation, or White House. If your diary is specific to a state, consider adding the state (California, Texas, etc). Keep in mind, though, that there are many wonderful and important diaries that don't fit in any of these tags. Don't worry if yours doesn't.

You can add a private note to this diary when hotlisting it:
Are you sure you want to remove this diary from your hotlist?
Are you sure you want to remove your recommendation? You can only recommend a diary once, so you will not be able to re-recommend it afterwards.
Rescue this diary, and add a note:
Are you sure you want to remove this diary from Rescue?
Choose where to republish this diary. The diary will be added to the queue for that group. Publish it from the queue to make it appear.

You must be a member of a group to use this feature.

Add a quick update to your diary without changing the diary itself:
Are you sure you want to remove this diary?
(The diary will be removed from the site and returned to your drafts for further editing.)
(The diary will be removed.)
Are you sure you want to save these changes to the published diary?

Comment Preferences

  •  I'd like a follow up (11+ / 0-)

    Let us know how your friends react.  Here, you're preaching to the choir

    www.tapestryofbronze.com

    by chloris creator on Fri Mar 23, 2012 at 07:50:28 AM PDT

  •  Appreciate the thoughtfulness (3+ / 0-)
    Recommended by:
    Ian Reifowitz, psilocynic, sockpuppet

    These conversations are so important to have outside our particular echo chambers.  Difficult to have too, even in our own echo chambers (unless we're just repeating the echo).

    •  Thanks for that. (2+ / 0-)
      Recommended by:
      psilocynic, sockpuppet

      It's a different kind of conversation of course in here as opposed to "out there" among other friends who may not share the views of Kossacks broadly speaking.

      My forthcoming book Obama's America: A Transformative Vision of Our National Identity will be published in Summer 2012 by Potomac Books.

      by Ian Reifowitz on Fri Mar 23, 2012 at 08:13:34 AM PDT

      [ Parent ]

  •  People claiming to defend constitutional rights (5+ / 0-)

    People claiming to defend constitutional rights are the ones to abuse it the most. The constitutional right of bearing arms required responsibility in return for the priviledge. Folks defending second amendment blindly tend to focus only on the priviledge and not the responsibility

    Without judging Zimmerman as guilty and leaving it to the legal process, the whole tragic accident could have been avoided if we didnt empower people the priviledge of gun ownership and the associated trigger happiness without the associated responsibility

  •  reaction from my conservative, gun loving friends (10+ / 0-)

    They are appalled with the shooting. As family men, they are not ready to allow people who fail to take responsibility seriously prowl their neighbourhoods with trigger happy attitude

    •  That's very good to hear (4+ / 0-)

      As they should be. And I didn't mean to suggest that my conservative friends are taking the opposite approach. I don't want to go into details about what they had been saying, not all of it was terrible, but there wasn't as much empathy as I think there needs to be.

      My forthcoming book Obama's America: A Transformative Vision of Our National Identity will be published in Summer 2012 by Potomac Books.

      by Ian Reifowitz on Fri Mar 23, 2012 at 08:30:09 AM PDT

      [ Parent ]

    •  too late, they did allow this. (2+ / 0-)
      Recommended by:
      Ian Reifowitz, joe wobblie

      It didn't happen in a vacuum. They just didn't expect a huge reaction.

      Right to defend self and family has always been a defense to criminal charges but using deadly force was limited to situations where you were opposing deadly force or the risk of serious injury.

      And the standard was the "reasonable man" standard: Would a reasonable man, given all the facts shown in court, have thought he was in danger of death or serious injury. It didn't mean if you thought you had a reason.

      This law is an affirmation of a hunting license. It says to a person go out and find someone who looks scary and have at 'em.  

      I'm asking you to believe. Not in my ability to bring about real change in Washington ... *I'm asking you to believe in yours.* Barack Obama

      by samddobermann on Fri Mar 23, 2012 at 05:30:18 PM PDT

      [ Parent ]

  •  Thank you. (3+ / 0-)
    Recommended by:
    Ian Reifowitz, psilocynic, sockpuppet

    The issue of compassion, of the struggle to see things from other perspectives, is something I've concerned myself with for a long time (as some of the discussion I had in comments in your last diary indicates).

    It's seldom easy and never perfect, I certainly fail miserably at it myself from time to time, but if we're to have hope of making a better society it behooves us all to keep trying.

    “What’s the use of having developed a science well enough to make predictions if, in the end, all we’re willing to do is stand around and wait for them to come true?” - Sherwood Rowland

    by jrooth on Fri Mar 23, 2012 at 08:34:37 AM PDT

  •  So far in fairness to my conservative friends (4+ / 0-)

    They are as outraged as I am.  None of my deiends have expressed any support doe Zimmerman or the Sanford Police Department.  This case is so outrageous I think all people agree on the need for justice.

  •  "Stand your ground" is for whites only (7+ / 0-)

    We must never forget and continue to assert the basic reality that "Stand Your Ground" gun laws apply to white people only, and only when they are confronting black people.

    Trayvon Martin was attacked and murdered by a man who is now hiding behind the Stand Your Ground law, the presumption of that law being that any non-black person, in any encounter with a black person is the "victim" who has a right to "defend" himself.

    George Zimmerman actively went out of his way to confront Trayvon Martin who, in a just world, was entirely within his rights to "Stand His Ground" and defend himself against the assault of George Zimmerman.

    George Zimmerman disobeyed direct orders from the authorities who told him not to engage. It was he, not not Trayvon who initiated the confrontation. It was he who was armed. It was he who fired his gun into the body of an unarmed child. It was he who killed an unarmed, innocent child. It was he who had a police record of criminal behavior and assault.

    The criminal in this situation was George Zimmerman. But he is not black, so the "Stand Your Ground" law defends him and exonerates him against ANY and EVERY black person he chooses to kill.

    Had Trayvon had a gun, we would never even have heard of this case. It would have been assumed that George Zimmerman was "defending" himself. Case closed. Even if Trayvon's gun was un loaded and never drawn. No questions asked. The ONLY reason this case is being questions is that Trayvon was unarmed.

    Black people, you see, are not allowed to "Stand Their Ground." Black people are inherently dangerous. Even when they are skinny, law abiding children. Black people are always the aggressor, no matter what the circumstances, as long as the other person is white.

    Let's just tell the God's honest truth here: Stand Your Ground laws are nothing more, and were never intended to be more, than "White people can murder black people with impunity" laws. Trayvon Martin is just the first victim to get press. How many other innocent black people have been murdered by white people under these laws with no questions asked?

    George Zimmerman needs to be in jail where he belongs. The Stand Your Ground laws need to be abolished.

    •  Your anger is righteous (3+ / 0-)
      Recommended by:
      psilocynic, sockpuppet, Argyrios

      I don't think you are correct about what the lawmakers intended, beyond perhaps a small number of real hateful people (and we can't know what's in their hearts anyway), although certainly I think you're on target with the effect of the law. That's what's really important here, at least to me, and that's why we who are outraged are going to try to change that law.

      My forthcoming book Obama's America: A Transformative Vision of Our National Identity will be published in Summer 2012 by Potomac Books.

      by Ian Reifowitz on Fri Mar 23, 2012 at 08:47:56 AM PDT

      [ Parent ]

      •  What the lawmakers intended? (4+ / 0-)

        These reactionary laws and proposed regulations are all fomented and distributed in a secretive manner by ALEC, the NRA, many other such juntas, and the huge numbers of hate filled people in them.
        Their neo-fascist lackeys in state governments merely obey their orders from above.  Such type promulgation is now regulary occurring in many state governments.  They are subvering the US Government to their will, state by state, one state at a time!
        Indeed, there are rats (Koch bros., Rove, etc.) in the pantry!

        ! The swinistic greed and racial hatred of the American ruling elite is abysmal !

        by joe wobblie on Fri Mar 23, 2012 at 10:08:51 AM PDT

        [ Parent ]

        •  I stand by my assertion (3+ / 0-)

          When you read the blogs over at Red State and the other right wing cesspools, it becomes clear that the people behind these criminal laws REALLY DID INTEND that white people, who are the only people they care about, be free to "defend" themselves (read shoot to kill, and kill, and kill) against any and all people who scare them -- meaning black people -- regardless of the circumstances.

          They are a frightened little bunch of pathetically puffed up pseudo-macho racists with delusions of gender. They are so horribly afraid of anyone non-white they spend ridiculous amounts of time dreaming up scenarios that would allow them to vent their neurotic rage by shooting and killing black people. Go over to that midden of website run by Glen Beck (no link, just Google Beck Trayvon) and read about the assertion that when Trayvon was suspended from school for being late, it "might" have been because he was a thief, or a vandal, or a sexual batterer. We'll never know because the "authorities" have whitewashed the record to pretend that Trayvon wasn't a frighteningly deadly black ninja assassin out to slake his boundless lust for white women's blood and immortal souls! Or something like that.

          Seriously, those people are clinically insane and they are running the governments of too many states, Florida included.

          •  Bravissimo, Mon Capitan! (2+ / 0-)
            Recommended by:
            Ian Reifowitz, blueoasis

            I've got yore six!

            ! The swinistic greed and racial hatred of the American ruling elite is abysmal !

            by joe wobblie on Fri Mar 23, 2012 at 01:10:48 PM PDT

            [ Parent ]

            •  Like I said, I hear you. (0+ / 0-)

              Let's not argue about something we can't know with certainty. What's most important is that this law is a travesty and that the attitudes of people like Zimmerman are going to continue to get innocent people killed until they change.

              My forthcoming book Obama's America: A Transformative Vision of Our National Identity will be published in Summer 2012 by Potomac Books.

              by Ian Reifowitz on Fri Mar 23, 2012 at 01:14:58 PM PDT

              [ Parent ]

              •  What's UNCERTAIN about a maniac with a gun... (1+ / 0-)
                Recommended by:
                blueoasis

                who's definitly ordered not to do something, but then goes and murders
                an innocent child, anyway?!?    BOO!
                Your defense of a murderous psychotic vigilante is pathetic...

                ! The swinistic greed and racial hatred of the American ruling elite is abysmal !

                by joe wobblie on Sun Mar 25, 2012 at 07:39:35 AM PDT

                [ Parent ]

                •  Hide rated for personal insult (0+ / 0-)

                  I defy anyone else reading what I've written in this diary or any of these comments to characterize it as a "defense" of Zimmerman.

                  My forthcoming book Obama's America: A Transformative Vision of Our National Identity will be published in Summer 2012 by Potomac Books.

                  by Ian Reifowitz on Sun Mar 25, 2012 at 08:26:56 AM PDT

                  [ Parent ]

                  •  I'll take it back (0+ / 0-)

                    I don't want to be too itchy with a hide rate. I stand by my reply above.

                    My forthcoming book Obama's America: A Transformative Vision of Our National Identity will be published in Summer 2012 by Potomac Books.

                    by Ian Reifowitz on Sun Mar 25, 2012 at 08:33:05 AM PDT

                    [ Parent ]

                    •  Your prerogative, it matters not. (1+ / 0-)
                      Recommended by:
                      blueoasis

                      Yet, you openly claim, "Zimmerman's lack of criminal intent"!
                      The typical remark of a mediocre Public Defender.  Please, go write your book!
                          Tch, tch, academics can be so wrought up with themselves...
                          PS: I like coffee with my doughnuts, black please.

                      ! The swinistic greed and racial hatred of the American ruling elite is abysmal !

                      by joe wobblie on Sun Mar 25, 2012 at 12:05:59 PM PDT

                      [ Parent ]

  •  I need to step away from the computer now (3+ / 0-)
    Recommended by:
    psilocynic, Yasuragi, sockpuppet

    for a while. I'll be back. In the meantime, thanks for reading and commenting.

    My forthcoming book Obama's America: A Transformative Vision of Our National Identity will be published in Summer 2012 by Potomac Books.

    by Ian Reifowitz on Fri Mar 23, 2012 at 08:48:19 AM PDT

  •  I hope your email has the impact you (5+ / 0-)

    desire. Can I ask you why you think Zimmerman, having grabbed his gun to chase down Trayvon, lacked criminal intent? And how would that be argued? To my non-JD eyes it looks like anytime you grab your gun, run out of your house, track down and then confront a non-random stranger, you couldn't have anything other than criminal intent. And just believing yourself a good guy and talking to the cops on the phone, doesn't necessarily make you one. I don't think his perception of himself and the role he played should be applied. I'd really like your take on it though.

    Lo que separa la civilizacion de la anarquia son solo siete comidas.

    by psilocynic on Fri Mar 23, 2012 at 09:01:42 AM PDT

    •  Intent is the key word (5+ / 0-)

      I tried to be very nuanced about this in the diary. Criminal intent would mean that Zimmerman saw Trayvon from his car and thought: I'm getting out of this car specifically in order to assault that kid. That's criminal intent as I meant it. Think of the difference between 1st degree murder and other kinds of murder. A better word might have been premeditated.

      My forthcoming book Obama's America: A Transformative Vision of Our National Identity will be published in Summer 2012 by Potomac Books.

      by Ian Reifowitz on Fri Mar 23, 2012 at 09:47:11 AM PDT

      [ Parent ]

      •  I can't help feeling there was intent. (6+ / 0-)

        In fact, I would posit (not accuse) that Zimmerman's call to the police was to cover what he was intending to do.  Everything he said was designed to justify what happened: that Martin was "acting suspicious" or that he seemed to be on drugs.  His following Martin when he was told (though not in the most emphatic terms) not to engage.  His telling the cops that Martin was "had something in his hands."  Yeah: a paper bag.

        I realize it's not the best thing to speculate on publicly, but I have some serious doubts about Zimmerman lacking malicious or violent intent.  He'd apparently proclaimed himself a member of the neighborhood watch (as far as I understand, there was no such organized effort), and as such, was looking for trouble.

        Don't get me wrong -- I think it's a terrific diary.  I would just quibble on that one point.

        There are 3.5 million people homeless in the US and 18.5 million vacant homes. What's wrong with this picture?

        OCCUPY

        by Yasuragi on Fri Mar 23, 2012 at 10:03:40 AM PDT

        [ Parent ]

        •  Thanks, Yasu, and I appreciate your positing (3+ / 0-)
          Recommended by:
          psilocynic, Yasuragi, Onomastic

          I'd need some more evidence to hang my hat on to make such a posit, but I hear where you're coming from. I can't say I rule it out, but in addition to the lack of evidence, it doesn't feel right. Also, in some ways if Zimmerman was malicious that would be more comforting to us, if he were some kind of sociopath. It's far scarier if he wasn't.

          My forthcoming book Obama's America: A Transformative Vision of Our National Identity will be published in Summer 2012 by Potomac Books.

          by Ian Reifowitz on Fri Mar 23, 2012 at 11:22:55 AM PDT

          [ Parent ]

          •  I agree that it would be... well, (2+ / 0-)
            Recommended by:
            Ian Reifowitz, Onomastic

            don't know that anything about this case would be more comforting -- but I'll go with "comfortable."

            And I don't mean to imply that he was.  I'm just responding to his tone and behavior, in as far as we can tell from the 911 call.

            Not saying I'm right, either.  Just that my hair kind of stood on end (as distinguished from catching fire) hearing his tone.

            There are 3.5 million people homeless in the US and 18.5 million vacant homes. What's wrong with this picture?

            OCCUPY

            by Yasuragi on Fri Mar 23, 2012 at 12:00:35 PM PDT

            [ Parent ]

  •  Do you think the reaction you discuss would have (2+ / 0-)
    Recommended by:
    Ian Reifowitz, Julia Grey

    been different if Zimmerman was a non-Hispanic White?

    Do you think conservative whites are critical of Zimmerman because he is Hispanic, whereas Zimmerman would would be given the benefit of the doubt if he were non-Hispanic white?

    The most important way to protect the environment is not to have more than one child.

    by nextstep on Fri Mar 23, 2012 at 12:34:24 PM PDT

    •  Good question. (2+ / 0-)
      Recommended by:
      Julia Grey, Rick B

      My gut says most of them don't know Zimmerman is Hispanic, and don't really care. This is about young black and non-young black.

      My forthcoming book Obama's America: A Transformative Vision of Our National Identity will be published in Summer 2012 by Potomac Books.

      by Ian Reifowitz on Fri Mar 23, 2012 at 01:18:48 PM PDT

      [ Parent ]

      •  Ian, sociopathic is a particular (2+ / 0-)
        Recommended by:
        joe wobblie, Rick B

        diagnosis, which I agree doesn't fit the facts that we know.

        But there are a lot of people who do really bad things with what are to them the best of motives.

        This guy was a real busy body who seemed to need a sense of importance that was beyond reality. He was the called, by himself only, a watch captain but there was no group. He was reported to have called the cops about 15 times and apparently nothing ever happened. I think he wanted to make something happen.

        Having this law on the books and all the discussion about it that has been occurring — well that just takes the brakes off.  

        Yeah, I think he was looking for trouble. And this was colored by all the hate talk about how the Black President is so evil and incompetent, how he hates America, how is is ruining America, how Blacks are favored .... Then all the overt racist crap that has gotten so much worse since Obama was elected. The news that came out that by 2030 or some such time the US would be minority—majority I think has encouraged panic in those who were already bigots.

        It sounds like he attacked the kid so that he could have something to claim he was defending against. Thus the scuffle. But the cries for help made him scared and so he shot. And it sounded to me from the recordings that there were 2 shots.

        What I don't know, and am most curious about, it what happened after. Did he stand there? Hold his ground? Act proud? Look scared, appalled? Did he leave? Go home? Get back in his truck and wait?

        How long did it take the cops to get there? What did they do then? Where is Treyvan's cell phone?

        I read several reports of a case where a Black person who shot a white was not able to use this "
        get out of jail free" card but I don't know of a cite.

        This "law" is not a criminal statute. What they did is take an affirmative defense to any of the homicide charges when tried in a court of law that is older than the US. We got it from Elizabethan common law. But it never stood alone before.

        Murder is still on the books. He could and should be charged with murder or manslaughter. Then this defense comes into play. But the standard has always been the "reasonable man" standard. That is, based on this evidence (presented in court) would a reasonable man have felt that he was endangered. For the defendant to say he felt so is just one part of the evidence.

        The decision of whether it was a justified homicide is up to the trier of fact, either the jury or the judge.

        I would argue this law is unconstitutional on several grounds. It can deprive a person of life, liberty or property without due process. It makes any person judge, jury and court. If a person can get a verdict against him overturned for lack of adequate counsel, what happens when there is no counsel, or any state process at all?

        When any person can take the law in his own hands do we even have a government?

        I'm asking you to believe. Not in my ability to bring about real change in Washington ... *I'm asking you to believe in yours.* Barack Obama

        by samddobermann on Sat Mar 24, 2012 at 03:18:34 AM PDT

        [ Parent ]

        •  Birds of a feather flock together! (2+ / 0-)
          Recommended by:
          Rick B, blueoasis

            Zimmerman's lack of criminal intent???     Pish Posh!
          Zimmerman was a murderous loose cannon who hallucinated his adversary
          had his hand on a pistol in his belt!
          But then, I have no 'white conservative friends' to counsel me, only neo-fascist enemies...

          ! The swinistic greed and racial hatred of the American ruling elite is abysmal !

          by joe wobblie on Sat Mar 24, 2012 at 07:22:38 AM PDT

          [ Parent ]

  •  Zimmerman - a failed murderous wanna-bee cop (2+ / 0-)
    Recommended by:
    joe wobblie, Ian Reifowitz

    Someone needs to explain why an ignorant failed wanna-bee cop is allowed to get a firearm and roam the city streets looking for someone to shoot. He had to claim to be a "neighborhood watch" because he couldn't find a real one that allowed him to play his sick games.

    At least the screening processes put into place to keep unqualified people off the police forces worked in his case. How many people would Zimmerman have killed by now if he had been put on some real police force?

    This is what the gun lobby wants to give us all.

    Democrats stand for Liberty, Security, Support of Families and Opportunity Whiskey Tango Foxtrot - over

    by Rick B on Sat Mar 24, 2012 at 09:18:50 AM PDT

    •  Agreed. Someone needs to explain that for sure. (0+ / 0-)

      My forthcoming book Obama's America: A Transformative Vision of Our National Identity will be published in Summer 2012 by Potomac Books.

      by Ian Reifowitz on Sun Mar 25, 2012 at 08:29:34 AM PDT

      [ Parent ]

Subscribe or Donate to support Daily Kos.

Click here for the mobile view of the site