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"Caterpillar has work plans, processes, policies and people ready to be deployed in the event of any business interruption, whether it is a tornado, fire or a strike."---Caterpillar spokesperson Rusty Dunn: April 30, 2012

Thanks for nothing, Rusty Dunn. You just equated 780 striking Caterpillar workers to a potentially disastrous tornado or fire. The strike began on May 1 with peaceful picketing by the International Association of Machinists (IAM) Lodge 851. A few days later the union called for a solidarity rally in front of the Caterpillar plant near Joliet IL.

Mr. Dunn, I was at that IAM Lodge 851 strike rally on Friday May 11. I saw a sea of a red union shirts. I heard speeches and I listened to what the striking Cat workers had to say. I walked among people who made Caterpillar a global leader in heavy construction equipment. They are builders, not wreckers. I saw anger, but not rage. I saw quiet determination, but not fury. I saw human beings who work hard and solve complex production problems everyday. They are worth every penny that Caterpillar has been paying them and more. Rusty Dunn, you owe them a heartfelt apology.

Cat Workers

Caterpillar had been paying the Joliet area  workers at rates from $13 to $28 an hour depending upon skills and years of service. The “best and final offer” from Caterpillar management would have frozen wages for the next 6 years and allowed Caterpillar to pay market rate for new hires. This means that Caterpillar can slash wages according to its definition of "market rate." This two-tier wage system divides older workers against younger workers and weakens the labor movement, its obvious intention.

But according to Lodge 851 President Tim O’Brien, the contract offer was so outrageously bad that the strike vote carried by an unprecedented 94%, “Normally in the past, they could buy some votes by making the contract better for younger workers or better for older workers. With this contract though ... everything was takeaways.” 

The workers even rejected a thinly disguised bribe of a one-time $5000 signing bonus if they would agree to Caterpillar’s demands.

The company offer allows Caterpillar to end health care for current retirees and sharply raise healthcare costs for those now working. Workers would also be subject to arbitrary scheduling so that they can never predict when they will be working. This places a great burden on workers with family responsibilities. While at the strike rally, I observed several Cat workers on their cell phones figuring out today’s complex family scheduling with its unexpected surprises and outright emergencies.

Cat Workers

Caterpillar claims its wage, work rule and benefit cuts are necessary to stay “competitive” in the global market. Yet Cat has recently gained market share in the mining industry, especially after purchasing rival Bucyrus in 2011. North American companies are placing orders to replace aging bulldozers and excavators. Caterpillar is rushing to fill an order backlog of $30 billion dollars and some companies will have to wait until 2014 to get their new heavy equipment. As a result, Cat profits posted a  record breaking 29% increase in the first quarter of 2012.

Cat CEO Doug Oberhelman has stated that "We're seeing strong global demand for most mining products and significant growth in replacement demand for products in the United States, which more than offset slowing in China and Brazil.” Oberhelman’s executive compensation rose nearly 60% in 2011, earning him $16.9 million in 2011.

Caterpillar is competing just fine.

It takes great skill to build hydraulic parts for a bulldozer or mining truck. The job also requires custom work and special modifications. This is the kind of work that the Joliet employees do on a day to day basis.

At the May 11 rally, a Cat employee who works as a blacksmith told me how he runs a hot forge to create individually built tools and parts. He is given a problem to solve, sits down, studies it, makes the drawings, builds what is needed and tests it. With a gleam in his eye, he told me,” Not even the foreman really understands what I do.” Another Cat worker told me about the razor thin tolerances of the parts he makes and the programming that goes into them. Many of these workers have been there for decades.

There is a genuine creativity and artistry that goes into crafting solutions to the problems given to a skilled machinist. It takes experience and a pride in one’s work that has been handed down for generations, going back to the first iron smiths of ancient times. 

One cannot simply walk into Caterpillar’s Joliet facility and do these kinds of jobs. As one Cat striker told me, “I wouldn’t trust anything coming out of that plant now that we’re not in there.”

According to some accounts, Caterpillar did  2 weeks worth of hasty  strike preparations, but union president Jim O’Brien still thinks,”They never thought we would walk out. ... We caught them with their pants down. The last time we had a strike at his plant was in 1985.” 

Because of the technical nature of their work and Caterpillar’s backlog of orders, the machinists do have some bargaining leverage. At the strike rally, both the mayor of Joliet and the Will County executive appeared and promised to help pressure for a fair settlement. Judging by the number of truck, car and motorcycle horns that were blowing in support of the strike as drivers passed the May 11 rally, the machinists have considerable local sympathy.

But no one I talked to said that this would be an easy strike. It is unclear what pressure local politicians can bring upon a global corporation, even one based in nearby Peoria IL. Local sympathy is good for strike morale and can translate into food donations and neighborly assistance, but there is no evidence that the IAM is going beyond this level of community support. There were speeches at the rally about how their Caterpillar union brothers and sisters around the world meant that the strikers were not alone, although exactly what their brothers and sisters might do was left unsaid.

The workers of IAM Lodge 851 did not go on strike May 1 on a careless whim. They clearly believe they can win against a viciously anti-union company. During the the 1990’s Illinois labor “War Zone” when there were several industrial strikes unfolding at the same time, the UAW fought a bitter 17 month strike at multiple Caterpillar facilities that saw in-plant rallies, wildcats and creative publicity tactics. It ended with many UAW members giving up and crossing the picket lines until the UAW leadership ended the walkout. Labor historian Sharon Smith wrote about the aftermath in 1998:

Even a month later, although the contract was accepted by a 54 percent margin, significant sections of workers voted it down  including 71 percent of the Decatur local. Many Cat workers have lost homes and cars and suffered broken friendships and families as the sides hardened over the years. But this has only increased their determination to keep on fighting. "I go to work with anger every day. Most people do,"said Wayne Schmidt, who has worked almost 30 years at the Peoria plant. This was echoed by Mike Moats, who is just one year away from retirement but voted against the contract in February. '"I'll fight Caterpillar till the day I die. I'd love to get my job back, but I won't settle for this deal."

The same UAW locals that had fought Caterpillar in the 1990’s accepted concessionary contracts in 2012 rather than risk another confrontation. Last winter, Caterpillar locked out members of the Canadian Auto Workers union when they refused to accept  pay cuts of up to 50% at Cat subsidiary Electro-Motive. Electro-Motive had received $5 million in tax breaks that Canadian PM Stephen Harper announced from the factory floor. This was before Electro-Motive was bought by Caterpillar. The work will be moved to the Muncie plant in the right-to-work state of Indiana. The move stunned Canadians across the political spectrum.

Cat workers know the company’s history. But as Cat worker Jeff Yost explains,”You can only bend people so much until people can’t take it anymore. With the big attacks on workers, like here at Caterpillar, the 99% movement and Wisconsin, everybody is starting to see that unions might have some influence after all.”

Cat Workers

Cat workers understand that the company’s attack on them has implications beyond the plant. IAM activist Bill McCarl made this point to me when we discussed the regional impact if  Caterpillar’s offensive is successful. The smaller towns surrounding the plant like Channahon, Morris, Braidwood & even the city of Joliet will be adversely affected. Small businesses need the money that well-paid workers spend. Schools, emergency services and basic social needs depend upon their tax contribution. Mortgages need to be paid to prevent foreclosure and blight. Families will be stressed and parents will miss important family milestones because of forced overtime and arbitrary scheduling.

McCarl also pointed out that if the plant is closed, lower and middle management will also suffer as he doubts Caterpillar would transfer them.

It’s especially shameful that Caterpillar is based in Peoria IL, but has so little regard for the working people of the state. Yes, Spokesperson Rusty Dunn and CEO Doug Oberhelman, there is a destructive force reminiscent of a a fire or tornado loose inside of Caterpillar, but it’s not coming from the workers. It’s coming from Cat’s top management with its socio-pathic corporate greed. 

You need to heed the words written by one of the wisest leaders to emerge from the Prairie State, a man known throughout the world for his decency and humanity.

Labor is prior to, and independent of, capital. Capital is only the fruit of labor, and could never have existed if labor had not first existed. Labor is the superior of capital, and deserves much the higher consideration.--President Abraham Lincoln, December 3, 1861

 It’s time Caterpillar top management and stockholders showed some respect and humility before the thousands of Cat workers and their families who are the real heroes of the company.



Please send food or monetary assistance for the strikers at Caterpillar to: Local Lodge 851, 23157 S. Thomas Dillon Dr., Ste. B, Channahon, IL  60410
Union Jobs

 

Sources Consulted

Union workers at Cat plant in Joliet poised to strike by Steve Tarter

780 Caterpillar Workers Unexpectedly Go on Strike in Illinois by Mike Elk

Striking Caterpillar workers rally at Joliet plant by Bob Okun

Caterpillar workers strike; rejected signing bonus edited by Lisa Von Ahn and Gunna Dickson

Strikers blast Caterpillar greed, reject concessions by John Bechtell

Compensation for Cat's Oberhelman jumps 60% by Alejandra Cancino

Caterpillar Profits Soar, Boosts View by  Zacks Equity Research

Striking Caterpillar workers in Illinois speak on their struggle by the WSWS reporting team

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Comment Preferences

  •  Wonder if Quinn can send a negotiator or something (5+ / 0-)

    Have to admit, this worries me a bit.

    Cat has already moved some operations down south to get cheap shoeless labor, and I'd hate for their footprint to get any smaller in Illinois.

    "The disturbing footage depicts piglets being drop kicked and swung by their hind legs. Sows are seen being kicked and shoved as they resist leaving their piglets."

    by Bush Bites on Tue May 15, 2012 at 05:09:20 AM PDT

  •  Caterpillar will soon be hiring like crazy........ (0+ / 0-)

    In Shanghai.

  •  From what I've heard.... they're scrambling to (5+ / 0-)

    get office people because the office people there are now on the floor.  I sit very near several purchasers and they are seeing errors coming through from the Julliet office on purchase orders/agreements.  One of the purchasers is in contact with some people up at Julliet and I heard her say that things are crazy up there.

    I'm a contract employee...... I started here in mid November.  Our users want well over 100 IMS databases converted to DB2 by the end of August.  The 3 of us dedicated programmers (all contract) and a couple of others have been busting butt and we might actually make it (by sometime next week, we'll have put around 50 in).  

    What is interesting is that another contract company contacted me a week ago.  The job would be 1.5 hours closer to home, more money per hour and actually have some benefits (sick, vacation, etc) since it would be a 1-3 year contract.  If I were to get an offer before Labor Day, there is no way on G-d's green earth that they will be able to get someone in here and up to speed to make the deadline.  They're going to have a cow.  And if I were to leave for the 'better' job, it could cost between 60 and 120 million dollars if they can't make the dead line.........  I'm wondering what they'll do to keep me here through at least Labor Day......

    •  Thanks! (2+ / 0-)
      Recommended by:
      Dirtandiron, JayRaye

      It's good to hear that things are going FUBAR in the office. I think the IAM 851 president was right. It did catch Cat by surprise. I admit to a lot of trepidation about any strike in this era, but now it's "one day longer than Cat".  I hope the International gets into full strike support mode; there has been very little info about the strike released since the first couple of days. I think they need to broaden support and make it an a real issue.

      "Don't believe everything you think."

      by BobboSphere on Tue May 15, 2012 at 07:32:18 AM PDT

      [ Parent ]

  •  Man, I wish my union (CWA) had balls like that. (3+ / 0-)
    Recommended by:
    Dirtandiron, BobboSphere, JayRaye

    We've been working without a contract since early April.  East coast Verison workers haven't had a contract since last fall.

    I can see Canada from my house. No, really, I can.

    by DuzT on Tue May 15, 2012 at 05:44:54 AM PDT

  •  Pizza? (5+ / 0-)

    My dad belonged to this union for 30 years, and worked at this plant.

    These people are striking for all of us.  When union workers prevail, workers everywhere prevail.

    So, should we send them some pizza for lunch today?  Show them some Kos love, like we did with Occupy?  I called the local, and they said that Rosati's in Channahon would probably deliver -- 815/521-1690.

    Also, people can contribute food or money for the strikers to: Local Lodge 851, 23157 S. Thomas Dillon Dr., Ste. B, Channahon, IL  60410

    Let's help them keep the faith!

  •  Great backgrounder (2+ / 0-)
    Recommended by:
    Dirtandiron, JayRaye

    Thanks for writing. I feel MUCH more informed now.

    Solidarity!

  •  Wonderful diary (3+ / 0-)
    Recommended by:
    BobboSphere, JayRaye, mrsgoo

    I just hate the way business has everyone over a barrel these days.
    Every story I hear is that when one person is fired, no one but the people already there and overworked has to step up and do the work.
    And I am appalled at half this country or more going off on those OVER PAID UNIONS.
    I always respond what Union have done for the workers, but I am usually talking to Rush bots.
    Sure wish this was on the rec list.

    OBAMA'S GUIDING PRINCIPLES: HOLD NO ONE ACCOUNTABLE. LOOK FORWARD.

    by snoopydawg on Tue May 15, 2012 at 10:00:17 AM PDT

    •  "Overpaid Unions" (3+ / 0-)
      Recommended by:
      JayRaye, snoopydawg, nchristine

      It's a serious problem among those working class people who have no understanding of the labor movement. They look for someone to take out their anger and dismay upon and pick the union family who has more of what they want.

      We've seen this in Illinois repeatedly. Unions often don't handle these divisions very well. Instead of intense community education and support of broader community issues, they ignore the phenomenon and hope it will go away.

      Not a very smart strategy in my opinion.

      "Don't believe everything you think."

      by BobboSphere on Tue May 15, 2012 at 11:25:12 AM PDT

      [ Parent ]

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