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Below the fold are a number of Stratfor Global Intelligence file emails that I have found in my research in the the Revolutionary People's Liberation Party-Front [DHKP-C] that is being widely blamed for the suicide bomber attack against the US embassy in Ankara, Turkey.

These documents, which have been obtained by Wikileaks are being released  as part of an investigative partnership between WikiLeaks and myself..

Document 5281679 is the most thorough report on the DHKP I've found in the Stratfor files :

Turkey - Update on the DHKP-C

Date     2009-04-30 16:42:15

Hi Tony,

I'm not sure if Emerson operates in Turkey, but in case you do, I wanted to make sure you saw this piece regarding the DHKP-C in Turkey. About this time last year, Stratfor received information that this group was planning suicide attacks against Western businesses in Turkey and had possibly infiltrated their business operations to further their goals. We don't have any indications that similar attacks were planned in the latest round of violence, though it's certainly worth noting that the group is continuing to plan suicide attacks. Please let me know if you need any additional information. Best regards, Anya

Turkey: A Failed Suicide Bombing in Ankara

April 30, 2009 | 1105 GMT Summary

An attempted suicide bombing April 29 against a former Turkish justice minister in Ankara was probably staged by a Marxist-Leninist group that has been quiet since 2006. But it appears there is still a core element of the organization that does have experience planning attacks and could train others to carry them out. The group's tradecraft, however, has proved less than effective.


Former Turkish Justice Minister Hikmet Sami Turk was the target of an attempted suicide bombing April 29 at Bilkent University in Ankara, Turkey. Turk is a member of the law faculty at the university and has taught classes there since he left office in 2002. He was entering a classroom to present a lecture when a woman posing as a student, later identified as Didem Akman, approached him wanting to ask him a question. According to Turk, he dismissed her question and heard a small explosion as he entered the classroom.

It appears that the detonator in the improvised explosive device functioned but failed to initiate the device's main charge. (Police report that Akman had one kilogram of explosives strapped to her body.) She also had a handgun that she drew, but she was overpowered by bodyguards and neutralized as a threat. Akman sustained non-life-threatening injuries, but no one else was hurt during the attack.

Another suspect, Onur Yilmaz, was arrested at a bus terminal near the university after he was seen in security footage accompanying Akman. Turkish media reported that a third suspect was being questioned in connection with the assassination attempt. According to Reuters, one of the suspects has served time in prison for being connected to the Revolutionary People's Liberation Party-Front (DHKP/C), a Marxist-Leninist group formed in Turkey in 1978.

DHKP/C's primary target set has been Western and state interests in Turkey, including businesses. The group is known to go after retired security and military personnel and to operate across Europe, including in Belgium, The Netherlands, Germany and Austria. The group started using suicide bombings as a tactic in 2001 but has been largely quiet since 2006; a government crackdown on the group over the past 10 years has neutralized its most experienced members, including bombmakers. Replacing these technicians is difficult, as bombmaking requires a level of training and technical knowledge that cannot simply be picked up on the Internet.

The tactics used in the April 29 attack match previous DHKP/C tactics, including the use of female suicide bombers. Similar operations were carried out by the group in:

* May 2003, when a female suicide bomber blew herself up in an Ankara cafe, killing only herself. * June 2004, when a female operative died en route to carrying out a suicide attack in Istanbul, killing only herself. * July 2005, when a man attempting to detonate a suicide vest in front of Turkey's Justice Ministry in Ankara was shot and killed, preventing the attack.

While its track record in suicide bombings is quite poor, the DHKP/C is suspected to be behind an Istanbul University bus bombing that killed four people and injured 21 in June 2004.

The group's tactics have typically included small-scale bombings and small-arms attacks that could easily be conducted by militants with little training or tactical expertise, and there is no reason to believe the group would stray from these methods of operation. There is also no evidence that the group has developed additional capabilities to carry out larger-scale attacks. While many DHKP/C members have been arrested over the past decade, and while there have been no attacks attributed to the group since mid-2006, it appears that there is still a core element of the organization that does have some rudimentary experience planning attacks and could train others to carry them out. Judging by the attack on April 29, the group does not appear to have an accomplished bombmaker.

While one attack does not necessarily mean the group has returned from its hiatus, Western businesses should be aware of its presence, given its strongly anti-Western (particularly anti-U.S.) slant. Soft targets such as ex-government officials teaching at a university are a hallmark of the group's tradecraft. On the other hand, another hallmark of the group appears to be faulty explosive devices, which limits its effectiveness.

According to another Stratfor report produced by Senior Researcher Matthew Powers, exert from 162759, Germany is perceived to be easy on the DHKP, causing issues for Turkey:
A record number of Germans spend their vacations in Turkey, with around 5 million visitors expected this year. Turkey welcomes them with an open visa policy, whereas Turks are often confronted with difficulties in getting visas from German consulates. Stories of businessmen who send products to fairs in Munich, Hanover or Frankfurt but cannot travel because their applications are rejected or not processed in time still make the headlines in Turkish dailies. This unfortunately adds to distaste and a mistrust of Germans by the Turkish public. Coupled with this, German authorities' reluctance in effectively dealing with militants belonging to the outlawed Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK) and the Revolutionary People's Liberation Party/Front (DHKP/C) in Germany further damage these ties and fuel all sorts of conspiracy theories here in Turkey.
There was a suicide bombing in Istanbul's Taksim Square on Halloween 2010 targeting the police but the Stratfor guys thought it looked more like the PKK rather than the DHKP. Stratfor internal email 1327595:
Date     2010-10-31 13:44:25
Suicide Bombing in Istanbul
A suicide bomber detonated explosives near a police bus in Istanbul's Taksim Square at 10:35 a.m. local time Oct. 31, injuring at least 22 people, including 12 civilians and 10 police. Istanbul police chief Huseyin Capkin said a second device was found next to the dead attacker's body. Witnesses said that the attacker tried to approach the police bus in Taksim Square under the guise of asking for directions, but the explosive device he was carrying detonated a couple of meters before he reached the bus. Other witnesses said that the suicide attacker was shot dead by the police after he detonated a smaller explosive device of some kind.

Taksim Square is a crowded area in central Istanbul frequented by both locals and tourists. As such, police are constantly deployed there to prevent security threats. The hour of the attack, however, suggests that police and not civilians were the primary target of the attacker (though civilian casualties were not intentionally avoided), since Taksim Square would have been much more crowded with civilians in the afternoon and the evening. Police, and specifically police buses, have been the frequent target of attacks in Turkey by the Kurdish militant group the Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK) in recent months. Even though no militant group has claimed responsibility for the attack yet and the police chief said the investigation was ongoing, given the target and timing of the attack right before a unilateral PKK cease-fire was set to end, it is likely the work of the PKK, though other militant groups such as Revolutionary People's Liberation Party-Front (DHKP/C) that use suicide bombers cannot be ruled out.

As STRATFOR has noted, imprisoned PKK leader Abdullah Ocalan has warned that the unilateral cease-fire declared by the PKK in August and extended for another month in September could end at the end of October over the militant group's dissatisfaction with steps taken by the ruling Justice and Development Party (AKP) to meet its demands for an indefinite cease-fire. This stance was repeated by several politicians of the pro-Kurdish Peace and Democracy party (BDP). Moreover, the attack is similar to a previous attack by the PKK against a bus carrying police in June 2010, again shortly after the PKK declared that the cease-fire was over. By attacking the police on the last day of October, when the cease-fire was set to end, the PKK could be sending a blunt message to the Turkish government that the cease-fire is now over and police are among its targets in major cities in addition to military outposts in southeastern Turkey.

Another Stratfor email, of which I am only reproducing a few paragraphs here, give us a some info on the relationship between the PKK and the DHKP. This link will take you to the whole document as soon as they go live on the Wikileaks site. From Stratfor email 1492487:
PKK-affiliated news agencies confirm that many of the terrorist attacks in the last two years were led by provincial group leaders without the approval of the central PKK leadership. Intelligence services pinpoint the Dersim Group as the most radical and violent group within the PKK. This group is led by Kalkan, Bozan Tekin and Mahir Atakan. There is also the presence of foreign recruits in this group as well as former members of militant organizations such as the Revolutionary People's Liberation Party (DHKPC) and the Liberation Army of Workers and Peasants in Turkey (TIKKO)."
Click here for a list of my other Daily Kos dairies on Syria
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Comment Preferences

  •  Tip Jar (3+ / 0-)
    Recommended by:
    Lujane, offgrid, NancyWH

    Remember history, Clay Claiborne, Director Vietnam: American Holocaust - narrated by Martin Sheen

    by Clay Claiborne on Sat Feb 02, 2013 at 08:16:22 PM PST

  •  What does Stratfor have to say about the PYD (1+ / 0-)
    Recommended by:

    The situation in Syria is not as simple as you try to make it out to be. The Kurds reject both Assad and the FSA. These Kurdish fighters appear to much more disciplined than your beloved FSA.

    Published on Aug 20, 2012

    As fighting intensifies in the Syrian cities of Aleppo and Damascus, the Syrian government has withdrawn its troops from several Kurdish areas in northern Syria. Kurdish leaders there have set up their own security force and say they intend to maintain control of their areas no matter what happens in Syria's conflict. Some Kurds see this as a step toward fulfilling the dream of having their own homeland. VOA's Scott Bobb reports from Afrin, northeastern Syria.

    Published on Feb 2, 2013

    kurdish armed forces in Afrin syria

    Published on Feb 1, 2013

    •  More information on Kurds in Afrin (0+ / 0-)
      Published on Nov 26, 2012

      In Syria's civil war, a third party fights for autonomy against Syrian rebels and Assad's government troops: Syria's Kurds. Turkey's own Kurd population watches on, increasing tensions, especially for those sympathetic to the PKK, who have waged insurgencies for freedom. Margaret Warner reports.

      Syrian Kurds and rebels battle over town

      BEIRUT — Syrian rebel and Kurdish militiamen were battling Saturday for control of a northeastern Syrian town in a dramatic illustration of the deep fissures within Syria’s armed opposition.

      A Kurdish umbrella group, the Kurdish National Council, called Saturday on the rebel leadership to exert influence with its fighters to cease their attack on Ras Ayn, along Syria’s remote northeast border with Turkey.

      The Kurdish group demanded that the opposition leadership “put pressure on these armed groups to stop this criminal war, which is detrimental to the principles and objectives of the Syrian revolution.”
      The Turkish government has been engaged in a decades-long war against the autonomous-minded Kurdistan Workers Party, or PKK. Many Syrian Kurds support the PKK and its jailed leader, Abdullah Ocalan, who is serving a life term for treason in a Turkish prison. Some Syrian Kurds have even enlisted in the PKK.

      Aside from Ras  Ayn, Kurdish and Arab fighters have also clashed elsewhere in the north, notably in the city of Aleppo.

      Many Syrian Kurds view the prospect of Assad’s downfall as a chance to gain long-desired political autonomy. But some Arab rebels are hostile to Kurdish ambitions for autonomous rule, saying such a step could weaken a post-Assad Syria.

  •  Stratfor: Bad intelligence (3+ / 0-)
    Recommended by:
    Claudius Bombarnac, mickT, Annalize5
    What price bad intelligence? Some 5m internal emails from Stratfor, an Austin, Texas-based company that brands itself as a "global intelligence" provider, were recently obtained by Anonymous, the hacker collective, and are being released in batches by WikiLeaks, the whistleblowing website, starting Monday.

    The most striking revelation from the latest disclosure is not simply the military-industrial complex that conspires to spy on citizens, activists and trouble-causers, but the extremely low quality of the information available to the highest bidder. Clients of the company include Dow Chemical, Lockheed Martin, Northrop Grumman and Raytheon, as well as US government agencies like the Department of Homeland Security, the Defense Intelligence Agency and the Marines.

    Analysts working on the Middle East for the company appeared to be very poorly informed, with no more experience than a semester of studying abroad, according to journalists who have studied the documents. "They used Google translate to read al-Akbar news articles," says an incredulous Jamal Ghosn, associate editor of that newspaper in Beirut, Lebanon. "This is a guaranteed way for good intelligence to be lost in translation."


    Statfor belongs to an extensive industry. In Top Secret America, a new book by Dana Priest and William Arkin of the Washington Post, the authors reveal that there are literally thousands of so-called intelligence analysts hawking equally dubious information to the federal government.

    my emphasis.
    •  Well, if you're going to have quality control, (1+ / 0-)
      Recommended by:

      I supposed it's helpful to have a base from which to measure it. The information being hawked to the governmental agencies is not necessarily being relied on, if it is even acquired.

      I appreciate learning that the Kurds are active in northern Syria. The Kurds, after all, were active in instigating the U.S. invasion of Iraq. Their interest lies in carving out an autonomous state for themselves. Many people like borders, except when they are claimed by someone else.

      Mobility = liberty

      But, many humans prefer their assets to stay put. Why build houses if not to hold what one owns?  

      We organize governments to deliver services and prevent abuse.

      by hannah on Sun Feb 03, 2013 at 02:33:44 AM PST

      [ Parent ]

      •  I'm sure that you appreciate (0+ / 0-)

        learning that the Kurds are active in northern Syria. But since there are many, many websites from which to learn this in English, it would seem like our government could learn a lot for free without having to waste taxpayers' money on bad intelligence. If they're buying it and not using or relying on it, then obviously it's yet another waste of taxpayers' money. And if you think an outfit that relies on google translate to understand articles in Arabic and employs people who qualifications are a semester abroad can possibly provide good intelligence, and that a benchmark is required to assess the goodness/badness of the intelligence, then that just does not make sense. Unqualified people will not produce good intelligence. No 'base from which to measure it' is necessary.  

        •  All the dollars belong to us, the people, (0+ / 0-)

          whose good name and credit attest to their value. Designating dollars according to used them first or last is an inappropriate classification.
          Moreover, since dollars are a figment of the imagination, something we have invented to keep track of our obligations (each dollar is a certified IOU), their number is potentially infinite. There is no reason to be concerned about running out. The only thing to be concerned about is the Congressional penchant for pretense -- that there's not enough money to do what they don't want.
          Why should the Congress engage in this pretense? Because deprivation is a sign of their influence and importance. If they were just to behave as good public servants and stewards of our common assets, they'd feel deprived of the glory they so crave.

          We organize governments to deliver services and prevent abuse.

          by hannah on Sun Feb 03, 2013 at 08:55:19 AM PST

          [ Parent ]

    •  Soon they'll just make up stories out of the blue. (2+ / 0-)
      Recommended by:
      mickT, Fire bad tree pretty

      What a dangerous joke. Appalling.

      "They used Google translate to read al-Akbar news articles," says an incredulous Jamal Ghosn, associate editor of that newspaper in Beirut, Lebanon. "This is a guaranteed way for good intelligence

      •  I think that the (1+ / 0-)
        Recommended by:
        Claudius Bombarnac

        decline of quality of understanding of the Middle East among our foreign policy makers and diplomats goes a long way to explaining why our diplomacy fails in the region and obviously private contractors like Stratfor are failing to fill that gap. I remember a few years back watching a news conference by the Chinese Ambassador to Lebanon and she had perfect Arabic and apparently had a PhD in Arabic literature. We just had Jeffery Feltman who is not only failed in most of his policy objectives in Lebanon but thinks that saying 'Shukran' (thank you) in almost unintelligible Arabic means that he can speak the language. It is appalling.

        •  If you dispute any of the facts in the Stratfor (0+ / 0-)

          reports I revealed above, then lets hear them.

          All else is garbage.

          Remember history, Clay Claiborne, Director Vietnam: American Holocaust - narrated by Martin Sheen

          by Clay Claiborne on Sun Feb 03, 2013 at 06:58:49 AM PST

          [ Parent ]

          •  You didn't REVEAL anything. (2+ / 0-)
            If you dispute any of the facts in the Stratfor reports I revealed above, then lets hear them.
            Wikileaks releases the Stratfor reports, and the information in them is only rewordings of Turkish media and other reports. The information is openly available, in English and Turkish, to anyone who wants to read it.
            All else is garbage.
            Pretty much sums up the things you write.

            Lamb chop, we can quibble what to call it, but I think we can both agree it's creepy.

            by InAntalya on Sun Feb 03, 2013 at 07:54:00 AM PST

            [ Parent ]

            •  Wikileaks releases the Stratfor reports when a (0+ / 0-)

              partner finds them by searching the 5 million unreleased emails, uses them in a story and schedules them for release.

              Although, I see that once again they are running behind schedule. I don't complain, as I know they have a lot on their plate.

              My problem is that I don't actually have a story url to include with the release until I publish here, so I publish here and then submit the release to Wikileaks with url for right now. This immediately gives me the Wikileaks url to the documents so I can do the links in the article but they have been taking too long to actually publish the selected emails.

              Which can mean days of broken links in my diary.

              Still, that seems the best option if I want the diary url to appear on the wikileaks site.

              I'd ask you for suggestions but since your attitude about the GI Files is "nothing to see here", I won't bother.

              Remember history, Clay Claiborne, Director Vietnam: American Holocaust - narrated by Martin Sheen

              by Clay Claiborne on Sun Feb 03, 2013 at 01:37:39 PM PST

              [ Parent ]

  •  Informative (1+ / 0-)
    Recommended by:
    Clay Claiborne

    as always.

    "The light which puts out our sight is darkness to us." Thoreau

    by NancyWH on Sun Feb 03, 2013 at 05:13:37 AM PST

  •  FSA jihadist insurgents killing unarmed Kurds (0+ / 0-)
    Is Turkey using jihadists to fight Kurds in Syria?

    DAMASCUS - Syrian Kurds urged the opposition on Saturday to halt a siege against them by Islamist rebels, as the UN condemned the killing of dozens of children across the country over the past week.

    The Kurdish National Council, a pro-opposition umbrella group of Syrian Kurdish parties, condemned what it said was an ongoing assault "against unarmed civilians" by jihadist insurgents on the northern town of Ras al-Ain.

    It said the rebels, who came across the border from Turkey, were shelling the town indiscriminately, and called on the main opposition National Coalition and the Free Syrian Army to "pressure these militants to stop this criminal war which is detrimental to the Syrian revolution."

  •  Turkey using Syrian jihadists to attack Kurds (0+ / 0-)
    Syrian Kurds deliver letter to UK's Foreign Minister
    February 2, 2013

    LONDON,—The Syrian Kurdish representatives from both the People's Council of Western Kurdistan and Kurdish National Council in the UK delivered a letter addressed to UK's Foreign Minister on February 1, 2013 on behalf of the Kurdish Supreme Council. As well as the letter the representatives of the Syrian People's Council of Western Kurdistan and Kurdish National Council also delivered the statement about the Sere Kaniye (Ras-Alain) attacks.

    In the statement it was underlined how "The Sere Kaniye residents have managed to run their city by themselves peacefully after the agreement between the Kurdish forces, People Protection Units (YPG) and the armed groups who attacked the city two months ago. The people agreed to form a local council representing all the city's inhabitants to manage its affairs. As a result of that agreement, - the statement added - most of the Sere Kaniye residents came back to their homes. However, after the armed groups had some problems amongst themselves, they re-entered from Turkey with heavy weapons attacking civilians and shelling the city to destabilise the region and create more problems.

    Those armed groups have started to attack the Kurdish neighbourhood". This has led to People Protection Units (YPG) to "defend the civilian people and their region, consequently the battle area extended. It became very clear - added the statement - that this attack was planned and intended as shown by their level of preparation. All of it came in through Turkish borders who clearly facilitated everything for this attack. While we condemn this attack and breach of the previous agreement, we are calling the Syrian coalition, Syrian opposition and the Free Army to clarify its stand toward these armed groups.

    They are dragging our region into violent war between the Kurds and opposition forces which is posing a real threat for the stability, safety and Kurdish existence in this region. This attack is causing large damage to the Syrian revolution and its goals. Therefore we are calling for the withdrawal of the armed groups out of the city and to leave it so its own people can manage it themselves".

  •  Kurdish woman commands militia to protect town (0+ / 0-)

    from the FSA who are looting and stealing.

    Kurds increasingly entangled in Syrian war [video]

    Free Syrian Army accuses Kurds of being Assad's mercenaries, which the group vehemently denies.

    Fighters belonging to the Kurdish minority in Syria are increasingly becoming caught up in the conflict.

    One group, The Kurdish Popular Protection Force, is battling the Free Syrian Army (FSA) in the town of Ras al-Ain in the north.

    The FSA is accusing the Kurds of being Assad's mercenaries.

    But the Kurds say they are only protecting their own people.

    Al Jazeera's Sue Turton reports from the border between Turkey and Syria.

  •  Excellent overview of Kurdish situation in Syria (0+ / 0-)

    This is a must read if you want an understanding of the Kurd's position, both from a historic and current perspective as well as their aspirations for the future.

    Syria: Syria’s Kurds - A Struggle Within a Struggle
    Wednesday, January 23, 2013

    As Syria’s conflict has expanded, the population in majority-Kurd areas has remained relatively insulated. Keeping a lower profile, it has been spared the brunt of regime attacks; over time, security forces withdrew to concentrate elsewhere. Kurdish groups stepped in to replace them: to stake out zones of influence, protect their respective areas, provide essential services and ensure an improved status for the community in a post-Assad Syria. Big gains could be reaped, yet cannot be taken for granted. Kurdish aspirations remain at the mercy of internal feuds, hostility with Arabs (evidenced by recent clashes) and regional rivalries over the Kurdish question. For Syria’s Kurds, long-suppressed and denied basic rights, prudence dictates overcoming internal divisions, clarifying their demands and – even at the cost of hard compromises – agreement with any successor Syrian power structure to define and enshrine their rights. And it is time for their non-Kurdish counterparts to devise a credible strategy to reassure all Syrians that the new-order vision of the state, minority rights, justice and accountability is both tolerant and inclusive.

  •  Pot calling kettle black... (0+ / 0-)
    Erdogan flays Israel over Syria raid
    Sunday, 03 February 2013

     ISTANBUL/MUNICH: Turkish Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan accused Israel yesterday of waging “state terrorism” as he condemned the air strike on Syria as an unacceptable violation of international law.

    “Those who have been treating Israel like a spoilt child should expect anything from them, at any time,” said Erdogan, a harsh critic of the Jewish state.

    “As I say time and again, Israel has a mentality of waging state terrorism. Right now, there is no telling what it might do and where it might do it,” he said.

    Erdogan was speaking after Israel’s outgoing Defence Minister Ehud Barak implicitly confirmed that it had staged Wednesday’s bombing raid which Damascus said targeted a military complex near the capital.

    “We cannot regard a violation of air space as acceptable. What Israel does is completely against international law... it is beyond condemnation,” Erdogan said.

    “I am worried that in a situation like this, any scenario can play out in the future.”

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