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On This Day

In 1755, Samuel Johnson's A Dictionary of the English Language was first published.

In 1817, Thomas Hopkins Gallaudet and Laurent Clerc founded the first U.S school for deaf students, the American School for the Deaf, in Hartford, Connecticut.

In 1865, Abraham Lincoln died after being shot by John Wilkes Booth the previous evening.

In 1892, General Electric was founded.

In 1912, a little known vessel called The Titanic sank after running into an iceberg in the North Atlantic.

In 1923, Insulin first became available to the public for the treatment of diabetes.

In 1924, Rand McNally published their first road atlas.

In 1927, the Great Louisiana Flood of (you guessed it) 1927 began.

In 1945, the Bergen-Belsen concentration camp was liberated.

In 2000, Cal Ripken Jr. of the Baltimore Orioles became the 24th major league player to reach 3,000 hits.

Born on This Day

1452 - Leonardo da Vinci, Italian Renaissance polymath (d. 1519)

 photo LeonardodaVinci.jpg

1682 - Jan van Huysum, Dutch still life painter (d. 1749)

 photo JanvanHuysum.jpg

1684 - Catherine I of Russia (d. 1727)

1712  - Jan Antoon Garemijn, Flemish painter and draftsman (d. 1799)

1741 - Charles Willson Peale, American painter, soldier and naturalist whose kids were all named after famous painters and mostly became famous painters themselves (d. 1827)

 photo CharlesWillsonPeale.jpg

1812 - Théodore Rousseau, French landscape painter (d. 1867)

 photo TheacuteodoreRousseau.jpg

1841 - Joseph E. Seagram, Canadian politician, philanthropist, and founder of the Seagram Company Ltd (d. 1919)

1859 - Abbott Fuller Graves, American impressionist painter (d. 1936)

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1860 - Edward Arthur Walton, British painter (d. 1922)

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1865 - Olga Boznanska, Polish painter (d. 1940)

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1874 - Johannes Stark, German physicist, Nobel laureate (d. 1957)

1886 - Amédée Ozenfant, French cubist painter (d. 1966)

1889 - Thomas Hart Benton, American painter (d. 1975)

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1889 - A. Philip Randolph, American activist (d. 1979)

1891 - Wallace Reid, silent film star (d. 1923)

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1894 - Nikita Khrushchev, Soviet politician, Premier of the Soviet Union (d. 1971)

1894 - Bessie Smith, American singer (d. 1937)

1904 - Arshile Gorky, Armenian artist (d. 1948)

1908 - Lita Grey, American actress (d. 1995)

1917 - Hans Conried, American actor (d. 1982)

1922 - Harold Washington, American politician (d. 1987)

1933 - Elizabeth Montgomery, American actress (d. 1995)

1938 - Claudia Cardinale, Tunisian-born Italian actress

1939 - Marty Wilde, British temporary teen idol singer and songwriter

1940 - Cristóbal Toral Ruiz, Spanish painter

1942 - Kenneth Lay, American businessman (d. 2006) (has anyone checked to see if he is still dead?)

1944 - Dave Edmunds, Welsh musician and producer (Love Sculpture and Rockpile) (featuring a very young Nick Lowe and Billy Bremner)

1947 - Woolly Wolstenholme, British musician (Barclay James Harvest)

1949 - Tonio K, American singer-songwriter

1951 - Heloise, American columnist

1955 - Dodi Al-Fayed, Egyptian film producer (d. 1997)

1959 - Emma Thompson, English actress

1965 - Linda Perry, American singer-songwriter, musician, and producer (4 Non Blondes)

1967 - Frankie Poullain, British musician (The Darkness)

1968 - Ed O'Brien, British musician and songwriter (Radiohead)

1975 - Phil Labonte, American singer and guitarist (All That Remains and Shadows Fall)

1982 - Seth Rogen, Canadian actor and writer

Died on This Day

1622 - Leandro Bassano, Italian mannerist painter (also called Leandor dal Ponte) (b. 1557)

 photo LeandroBassano.jpg

1757 - Rosalba Carriera, Venetian painter (b. 1675)

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1761 - Archibald Campbell, 3rd Duke of Argyll, Scottish politician (b. 1682)

1764 - Madame de Pompadour, official  mistress of King Louis XV of France and early fashion icon (b. 1721)

1776 - Balthasar Beschey, Flemish painter (b. 1708)

 photo Beschey_Venus-and-Adonis.jpg

1808 - Hubert Robert, French landscape painter (b. 1733)

 photo HubertRobert.jpg

1865 - Abraham Lincoln, American politician, 16th President of the United States (b. 1809)

1898 - Kepa Te Rangihiwinui, Maori military leader

1901 - Juan Manuel Blanes, Uruguayan painter (b. 1830)

1906 - Manuel Domínguez-Sánchez, Spanish painter (b. 1840)

1912 - Francis Davis Millet, American genre painter. Died on the Titanic, heroically, they say. (b. 1846)

 photo FrancisDavisMillet.jpg

1915 - Rupert Brooke, English poet (b. 1887)

1943 - Aristarkh Lentulov, Russian artist (b. 1882)

1949 - Wallace Beery, American actor (b. 1885)

1958 - Estelle Taylor, silent film star (b. 1894)

 photo EstelleTaylor.jpg

1962 - Clara Blandick, American actress (b. 1880)

1975 - Richard Conte, American actor (b. 1910)

1983 - John Engstead, American photographer (b. 1909)

1990 - Greta Garbo, Swedish actress (b. 1905) (see the tipple jar)

1998 - Pol Pot, Cambodian dictator (b. 1925)

2000 - Edward Gorey, American illustrator (b. 1925)

 photo EdwardGorey.jpg

2001 - Joey Ramone, American singer-songwriter and musician (The Ramones and Sniper) (b. 1951)

2008 - Sean Costello, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1979)

Today is

Jackie Robinson Day
Tax Day
National Glazed Spiral Ham Day
Rubber Eraser Day
Titanic Remembrance Day
Patriot's Day
Take a Wild Guess Day

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