The flying distance between Caracas and Moscow is 6,215 miles.
The range of "Chavez" A319 is 3,700 miles. (I assume it is still operational.) And this;
So they need to refuel in Europe.
The question is where. This is where the diplomacy between Europe and Latin America is happening.
My guess is that Spain and/or Portugal will authorize the refueling. The ties with the region go way back go way back. Then again I wonder about the Brazilian position.
Nicaragua is more like a plan B. Smaller country, closer to the US. But Ortega has been dealing with the US for decades. Here he is with Maduro of Venezuela on June 29 during a Petrocaribe summit in Managua. He must have the plane. Maduro moves around. This week here he is with six other Presidents in Cochabamba, Bolivia;
No croissant today.