A recent study published in the International Journal of Drug Policy estimates that 50 to 80 percent of inmates in Swiss prisons use marijuana. Prison staff told researchers they found marijuana to be a relatively safe drug and that cracking down on consumption would have more negative effects than positive ones.Recent qualitative surveys taken in Switzerland by both prison inmates and guards indicate similar opinions on marijuana use. Both groups cited the effects of the herb as analgesic, calming and ameliorating the stress of the overall traumatic experience of prolonged prison life. There were, however, some negative consequences reported, including sleepiness, social isolation, and a decreased perception of danger. But overall, the majority of participants came to the conclusion that more restrictive regulation of marijuana inside the prison could increase fear, trafficking and a shift to the use of harder drugs. While prisoners estimated that up to 80 percent of prisoners use marijuana, guards reported a lower estimate at 50 percent.
Note: Even after registering @ the International Journal of Drug Policy website, the study cited above (and highlighted below) is behind a pay wall. (the cost is $31.50)
AlterNet carried the story.
The following are particular findings from the IJDP testing:
BackgroundYou'd think the U.S. government in its dubious quest to
Several studies suggest a high prevalence of cannabis use before and during imprisonment, but subjective perspectives of detainees and staff towards its use in prison are lacking. This issue was explored in the framework of an observational study addressing tobacco use in three Swiss prisons in 2009 and 2010 that involved multiple strands (quantitative and qualitative components). This article presents qualitative data on cannabis use collected in one of the settings.
We used in-depth semi-structured interviews with both detainees and staff to explore their attitudes towards cannabis in one post-trial male Swiss prison. We performed specific coding and thematic analysis for cannabis with the support of ATLAS.ti, compared detainees’ and staff's opinions, and considered the results with regard to drug policy in prison in general.
58 participants (31 male offenders, mean age 35 years, and 27 prison staff, mean age 46 years, 33% female) were interviewed.
Detainees estimated the current use of cannabis use to be as high as 80%, and staff 50%. Participants showed similar opinions on effects of cannabis use that were described both at individual and institutional levels: analgesic, calming, self-help to go through the prison experience, relieve stress, facilitate sleep, prevent violence, and social pacifier. They also mentioned negative consequences of cannabis use (sleepiness, decreased perception of danger and social isolation), and dissatisfaction regarding the ongoing ambiguous situation where cannabis is forbidden but detection in the urine was not sanctioned. However, the introduction of a more restrictive regulation induced fear of violence, increased trafficking and a shift to other drug use.
Although illegal, cannabis use is clearly involved in daily life in prison. A clearer and comprehensive policy addressing cannabis is needed, including appropriate measures tailored to individual users. To sustain a calm and safe environment in prison, means other than substance or medication use are required.
Wanna bet crime would go down?