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That is right, out of all youth arrested, a disproportionate number of them Black, 78% were never charged with a crime.

So racist officers in our racist culture punish youth by dragging them away in chains and placing them in cages when in 78% of those cases those youth have committed absolutely no crime.

“Shockingly,” the report also says, more than half of those arrests did not lead to charges or further involvement by probation officials. Black kids represented 78 percent of the youths whose arrests were not “sustained” in the end, according to an analysis of information obtained by the report’s authors.

Data also showed, the report said, that 72 percent of calls from schools to the Oakland Unified School District’s own police force were requests to respond to allegations of “non-criminal conduct” by students or others. Only 28 percent of calls were requests to respond to allegations of drugs, alcohol, weapons, crimes involving property or crimes against a person.

“This raises questions about the appropriate role of police in our schools,” the report says. “Why are police being called for so many non-serious incidents, situations that may be better handled by counselors, administrators, school staff or parent volunteers?”

School to prison pipeline? Or our culture's version of disappearing those that do not conform?
On average, male youth made up 60 percent of these low-level arrests each year. Even more alarming, while Black youth comprise only 29.3 percent of the total Oakland school-aged youth population, they comprise 78.6 percent of the total arrests for low-level offenses during the seven- year period;53 an average 76.9 percent of these arrests per year.

This means that Black youth were arrested at more than two-and-a-half times their percentage in the population. “Hispanic” youth had the next highest arrest rate; while they are 38 percent of the total Oakland youth population, they constituted 14.6 percent of the total arrests. White youth, who are 13 percent of Oakland’s youth population, comprise only 3.7 percent of arrests for low-level offenses.

Based on all reported OPD arrests from 2006-2012, and compared to the 2010 US Census data, Black youth were five times more likely than Hispanic youth, almost 12 times more likely than White youth to be arrested. Taken together, Black youth were six times more likely to be arrested than any other ethnic group. This data would be troubling even if the majority of arrests were sustained. But it turns out that many of them are not.

The traumatic experience of being arrested in our culture where police verbally abuse as well as physically abuse their charges makes these numbers even more alarming.

Originally posted to Police Accountability Group on Thu Aug 29, 2013 at 08:06 AM PDT.

Also republished by Support the Dream Defenders, Prison Watch, California politics, and Black Kos community.

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Comment Preferences

  •  Rec'd, tipped and republished. (19+ / 0-)

    Thanks, Horace.

    This is happening today! Fifty years after MLK's plea that his children be judged not by the color of their skin but by the content of their character.
    Beyond outrageous.

    Maya Angelou: "Without courage, we cannot practice any other virtue with consistency. We can't be kind, true, merciful, generous, or honest."

    by JoanMar on Thu Aug 29, 2013 at 08:13:01 AM PDT

  •  Wow! And we has to scream to even get an arrest (14+ / 0-)

    On a walking murderer named zimmerman. The double standard is shocking but not surprising.

  •  The overall trend (11+ / 0-)

    for those that are interested - youth incarceration is down 40% since 1995. In California youth incarceration is down 48% since 1997.

    •  That's good news. I just wish racism was also (11+ / 0-)

      Trending downwards as well.

      •  The decline (7+ / 0-)

        in % terms is as big for African Americans as others.

        There has been a sea change in dealing with youth violence in America as it is moving away from prisons and toward rehabilitation.  

        It is a change so large I don't think people grasp it.  Fewer youth in prison will mean lower crime and fewer people in jails in the future.  With the crime rate already falling dramatically, there is a lot that has gone right in the US around crime in the last 15 years.

        •  Yes, but that is why the cops are making (11+ / 0-)

          work for themselves.

          Besides, given the belief that the victim is responsible for the interdiction, the cops can argue that their pre-emptive attacks are causing crime to drop.

          If there are no follow up charges, then they can claim that, technically, youth are not under arrest. They're merely being detained for their own good.
          The victims of false arrests are going to have to start filing complaints and having letters put in the arresting officer's files. That will mean a separate follow up visit, as well as a demand for an arrest report. If they have to file reports, they'll think harder about whether it's worth the hassle before they hit on some juvenile.
          The victims of police assaults are going to have to get over just being glad to get out of their grasp. Like the singers in Wisconsin, who aren't agreeing to deferred prosecution or even having their charges dismissed, our young people have to take a stand.

          •  And they'll be working with (4+ / 0-)

            Homeland Security in the new surveillance center as well.

            They promise to protect our privacy though.

            If debt were a moral issue then, lacking morals, corporations could never be in debt.

            by AoT on Thu Aug 29, 2013 at 09:32:43 AM PDT

            [ Parent ]

          •  This Is The Faulty Logic Employed By Bloomberg and (3+ / 0-)

            Kelly to "justify" their racist stop-and-frisk policy.

            Besides, given the belief that the victim is responsible for the interdiction, the cops can argue that their pre-emptive attacks are causing crime to drop.
            On all-too-numerous occasions, both Bloomberg and Kelly cite the decreasing NYC murder rate as proof that stop-and-frisk is effective. A perfect example of Post hoc ergo propter hoc.

            They even continue with this fallacy even though stop-and-frisks are down substantially this year yet the murder rate continues to fall - the opposite of what one would expect if stop-and-frisk was a cause of the decreasing murder rate.

            I am not now, nor have I ever been, a member of the Republican Party.

            by OnlyWords on Thu Aug 29, 2013 at 09:34:01 AM PDT

            [ Parent ]

          •  I can make some guesses (7+ / 0-)

            but really you have to analyze the numbers in greater detail to reach any conclusion.  For example, the article contains no analysis of arrests versus charges over time.  If the number of arrests is constant but the number of charges are going down, it may be that the prosecutor is trying strategies other than pursuing criminal charges.

            When I was a Prosecutor we tried increasingly  to avoid charging those under 18.  Depending on the facts we might try to get someone treatment (if drugs were the issue) or get someone help and condition their participation on not filing charges.

            So there is complexity here that I can't comment on.

            •  Dollars are important because they can be (4+ / 0-)

              numbered. Same for arrests and detentions and charges. BUT the convenient equation of crime with those numbers in the system is false. Nobody tracks the disposition of those preliminary numbers with convictions in a court of law. There are good reasons for that--one of which is that guilty pleas to lesser charges or an admission of behavior that's not criminal at all (obstructing a police officer, e.g.) is undermining the very concept of the law as an instrument of justice. It's an instrument of subordination and what's really detrimental about that, in addition to treating people as less than human, is that the compliant liars and career criminals get off and people who insist on their innocence rot in prison. The innocence project is doing valuable work, but it's because capital cases accumulate a modicum of real evidence that there's even something to clear up in the record. Otherwise, laziness and sloppiness on the part of law enforcement is rampant and they intentionally pervert the system because they haven't done the work. Law enforcement can be cavalier about how they deal with citizens because they don't expect to ever have to account for their actions. Their supervisors will have their backs, reports will get lost and everyone will get along in a soup of guilty associations. The cops are associated by guilt. Everybody's guilty of something and needs supervisors to look the other way.
              They don't know the law because they are not supposed to follow the law; they're supposed to do what their supervisors direct. Doing what they are told is their ticket to absolution and advancement.

            •  One big driver of this is the move toward (4+ / 0-)

              evidence based actions in juvenile courts.  In my N. Cal county the Probation department spent a great deal of time and money analyzing the problems (and I mean a GREAT deal).  The evidence shows that for many kids being diverted out of the system, regardless of whether there was criminal activity, greatly reduced the risk of recidivism.  

              The process, for those unfamiliar with Cal juvenile procedure, is that the cases all start in Probation which has discretion in most instances to decide whether to forward to the DA for possible prosecution or not.  The amount of cases forwarded plummeted in the couple of years after the new analytical tools were instituted.  Gone were the 13 yr old girl scout who forgot her swiss army knife in her backpack, gone were the stealing of a snickers bar by a kid who had no prior contacts with the system.

              Our locked up population decreased so drastically that we were able to put a Boys and Girls club inside the Hall in the closed wing.

              There are great problems that remain, such as the ability of the DA to charge a strike case in Juvie where the defendant does not have the right to a trial, but the culling out of obvious cases has helped greatly.

              75534 4-ever or until dk5

              by NearlyNormal on Thu Aug 29, 2013 at 12:27:37 PM PDT

              [ Parent ]

              •  So is it that (2+ / 0-)
                Recommended by:
                NearlyNormal, fladem

                cases that are found to be non-sustained actually not a bad thing?  Does that mean that they are not forwarded for prosecution?  If so, then the percentage of black teens arrested for low level incidents is still an issue but the non-sustained is not.

                "You have attributed conditions to villainy that simply result from stupidity"

                by newfie on Thu Aug 29, 2013 at 12:55:48 PM PDT

                [ Parent ]

                •  Where I was a Prosecutor (3+ / 0-)
                  Recommended by:
                  newfie, NearlyNormal, Be Skeptical

                  Ohio - the increase in non-prosecutions was a GOOD thing - it represented law enforcement trying to find another answer.  

                  So the arrest record goes away when they turned 18, and they were kept out of the system.

                  •  I think the problem behind this report (3+ / 0-)
                    Recommended by:
                    NearlyNormal, fladem, Be Skeptical

                    beyond the obvious discrepancy in the racial aspect is that the emphasis is being put in the wrong place.  Arrests that do not lead to charges are better than arrests that do lead to charges. But resources geared toward positive interactions with students is far better than disciplinary ones.  UMass had a study where a comparison was made of disciplinary actions as it related to school counselor to student ratios.  Halfing the ratio lead to a significant drop in disciplinary actions.  And that study involved halving a 450:1 ratio not Not 1854:1.  

                    "You have attributed conditions to villainy that simply result from stupidity"

                    by newfie on Thu Aug 29, 2013 at 01:52:27 PM PDT

                    [ Parent ]

                •  It may or may not be a bad thing (2+ / 0-)
                  Recommended by:
                  newfie, Be Skeptical

                  there is not enough info to tell.  On one level its good no matter why they are not sustained because they don't come into the system.  If they are not being sustained because officers are arresting them without good evidence that is a problem.  If the system is weeding out those that did commit a low (and some not so low) level crime, but who fit the criteria that show likely recidivism would increase with further contact with the system and diverting them pre-sytem, then that is very much a good thing.

                  The evidence shows, and it takes some courage in both probation and court to act on this, that a kid that is at low risk to re-offend should not be brought into the system even if he fails at the diversion level.  The problem with this for those who have to make the call, is that its a statistical notion, and some will fail and will come back into the system.  If they fail spectacularly the argument will be made that he (and the system is heavily male) should have been punished earlier.  The key is that in the aggregate, we will drive down crime, by driving down recidivism and by not tracking these kids into the criminal system.

                  75534 4-ever or until dk5

                  by NearlyNormal on Thu Aug 29, 2013 at 02:02:23 PM PDT

                  [ Parent ]

              •  This comment (2+ / 0-)
                Recommended by:
                newfie, Be Skeptical

                is better than the diary.  

                I am not sure people outside the system know how much change there has been around this in the last 15 years.  

          •  This is incorrect: (5+ / 0-)
            If there are no follow up charges, then they can claim that, technically, youth are not under arrest.
            Whether one is under arrest is unrelated to whether one is later charged with a crime.  Being under arrest basically means that one is not free to leave police custody for some period of time.  An arrestee might later be released without being charged, but that doesn't mean he wasn't arrested in the first place.

            "Ça c'est une chanson que j'aurais vraiment aimé ne pas avoir écrite." -- Barbara

            by FogCityJohn on Thu Aug 29, 2013 at 10:14:09 AM PDT

            [ Parent ]

            •  And that time is very short. Arrest means to stop (1+ / 0-)
              Recommended by:
              Horace Boothroyd III

              Then there is the custodial decision.  When stopped for speeding, one is under arrest.  The outcome is usually a summons rather than a visit to the jail awaiting a bail commissioner.

              Patriotism may be the last refuge of scoundrels, but religion is assuredly the first.

              by StrayCat on Thu Aug 29, 2013 at 10:52:52 AM PDT

              [ Parent ]

            •  That an arrest is an infringement or deprivation (1+ / 0-)
              Recommended by:
              Horace Boothroyd III

              of a human right doesn't register, if only because human rights are at best implied, but not actively recognized and certainly not honored.

              Certainly a right to sustenance cannot coexist with "no free lunch."

              And then, though many people don't want to hear this, children have no formal rights.  The U. S. Senate has refused to ratify the Convention on the Rights of the Child. Until their emancipation at age eighteen (or sooner by a judicial determination), children are the property of their parents and, like a front lawn, parents can be stripped of their property, if they don't take good care of it.
              There is much angst in some quarters over the fact that parents are not allowed to do with their children what they want, but are expected to provide for them. It's a big issue on the paternal side.

        •  Which means racism isn't declining in this respect (3+ / 0-)
          Recommended by:
          wu ming, Horace Boothroyd III, doroma

          Otherwise the percentage of black youths would be declining more.

          Which doesn't make it bad at all. It is an improvement. Fewer people in jail is better as far as I'm concerned. Especially the horrendous jails we have here in CA.

          If debt were a moral issue then, lacking morals, corporations could never be in debt.

          by AoT on Thu Aug 29, 2013 at 09:27:00 AM PDT

          [ Parent ]

        •  Where oh where will the "For Profit" (1+ / 0-)
          Recommended by:
          Horace Boothroyd III

          private prisons get their meat?

          Private prisons have to be up in arms about this. Oh the humanity!

          The pipeline of bodies for these authoritarian jerks is drying up, if less and less young men are being charged and incarcerated.
          And don't you know the shareholders in these private prisons are going to be bitching about all those black and brown young men being free from incarceration.

          Can't make their blood money when people are free and not behind bars.

          "We can either have democracy in this country or we can have great wealth concentrated in the hands of a few, but we can't have both." Louis Brandeis

          by wxorknot on Thu Aug 29, 2013 at 12:01:56 PM PDT

          [ Parent ]

  •  To break it down even further: (15+ / 0-)
    For arrests reported by the Oakland School Police Department during the last two years:
    o While Black youth made up only 30.5% of the district’s student population, they
    made up 73% of Oakland School Police Department’s 85 arrests;
    Which means that of the 85 arrests made by OSPD, 62 were black or brown students.
    Of that 62 arrests, 48 were completely innocent. In this one district 48 students just going about their businesses were arrested and thrown in cells, humiliated and more than likely roughed up and they were completely innocent.
    How can we continue to treat our children like this?

    Maya Angelou: "Without courage, we cannot practice any other virtue with consistency. We can't be kind, true, merciful, generous, or honest."

    by JoanMar on Thu Aug 29, 2013 at 08:25:19 AM PDT

  •  It's sort of the equivalent (10+ / 0-)

    of stop and frisk, no?

    He who would trade liberty for security deserves great customer service.

    by Publius2008 on Thu Aug 29, 2013 at 08:41:56 AM PDT

  •  Recently, I have taken to referring to police as (4+ / 0-)

    pigs in my private and personal conversations.

    Of course, not wishing to be arrested, I do not say so in most public forums.

    The more I hear, the more that second choice seems to be rather pointless.


    Fucking Pigs.

    That is all.

    I don't blame Christians. I blame Stupid. Which sadly is a much more popular religion these days.

    by detroitmechworks on Thu Aug 29, 2013 at 08:46:17 AM PDT

  •  Welcome to Oakland. (4+ / 0-)

    Chronic condition.

  •  One correction your title needs: It's not (9+ / 0-)

    78% that are never charged; it's 78% of those not charged are Black.  It says more than 50% are never charged.

    What is clear is that since 60% of those arrested are Black yet 78% of those arrested and not charged are Black, the percentage of Blacks who are arrested and not charged is much higher than that of other races.  I can't do the math to figure out the exact percentage that would end up being.  However, the 78% referred to is the percent of those not charged who are Black.

    •  The stats are bad enough but the (0+ / 0-)

      article was equally as bad.  Just looking at the article it was unclear what numbers meant what.  But the report was a bit clearer (or at least the part I looked at).  I think you got it wrong though. Here's what I think.

      78% of all arrested and referred (5 years) were black.
      56.6% of all arrested and referred (5 years) were found to be non-sustain.
      78% of the non-sustained were black.

      So, in my reading of the data, there is no surprise to the percentage of blacks whose cases were non-sustained since it matched the percentage of blacks in the total arrested and referred bucket.  What could be surprising is that 56.6% were non-sustained.  Or maybe not - I don't know how this is in other regions.  I would think that if you are approaching 60% of the cases being non-sustained then you are doing something seriously wrong (or lazy).

      What is surprising is:

      1. that far more blacks are arrested - 73.5%
      2. That an even higher percentage of those arrested are also referred 78%.
      (note that this is now over 7 years and not 5 which makes it hard to know if it compares well but it probably does).

      And I think the report may get into (but I don't know not having read the whole report) the harm that such activity produces on the children

      Oh and I did see where the school counselor to student ratio is 1 to 1854.  That is hideously abysmal.  There is no way in hell a school counselor can do anything but keep from drowning in such ratios.  National average is in the 450 range and ideal is about half of that.  I know city schools tend to have a much higher ratio.  There is an interesting study Umass that shows the effect of decreasing the ratio in half from the mid 500's to 1 has on disciplinary action.  It would be interesting to incorporate data on arrests of students both in school and out.

      "You have attributed conditions to villainy that simply result from stupidity"

      by newfie on Thu Aug 29, 2013 at 10:21:30 AM PDT

      [ Parent ]

      •  The article is very clear as is the report (0+ / 0-)

        Comparatively easy to digest.

        •  I actually wrote that in (0+ / 0-)

          support of your diary and the error you made that was pointed out by gusty.  The article you linked has a series of 1 to 2 sentence paragraphs that jumps around a bit and mixes stats and changes focus several times.  With that, I would find it hard to cleanly pull out the data that it is reporting on.

          But suit yourself.  The article was clear and concise and very well written.  Not sure how Horace made that mistake.

          "You have attributed conditions to villainy that simply result from stupidity"

          by newfie on Thu Aug 29, 2013 at 10:56:26 AM PDT

          [ Parent ]

          •  Well since so many others agree with my (0+ / 0-)

            Presentation and upon reading the title out loud to a third party and they too understood the meaning. Ill have to keep it as is.

            •  OKay. But (0+ / 0-)

              you should know that the real answer is "more than" 50% - or from the report: 56.6%.  That is the number of arrests that were referred to probation that was found not to be sustained.  

              Of that number, 78% were black - which happens to match the percentage of black teens in all of the low level arrests referred to probation.  

              If that second percentage was 100% then you would be accurate.  In other words, if 56.6% of all low level arrests were found non-sustained and 100% of the arrests found not to be sustained involved black teens then 78% of black teens arrested and referred to probation were found not to be sustained.

              That is why I stated above that the article you drew from was "bad" - it didn't do a good job clearly laying out the picture.

              "You have attributed conditions to villainy that simply result from stupidity"

              by newfie on Thu Aug 29, 2013 at 11:28:27 AM PDT

              [ Parent ]

            •  Quoted from the article and your diary: (2+ / 0-)
              Recommended by:
              newfie, Be Skeptical

              "Black kids represented 78 percent of the youths whose arrests were not “sustained” in the end,".

              I simply pointed out that this sentence and the title are not in accord.  Even if someone else understood the meaning of the title, that doesn't mean it was accurate.  I didn't intend to offend, but thought you might want your title to accurately reflect what the diary says.

            •  You are wrong (0+ / 0-)

              Have you read the actual report?

              FROM REPORT CARD TO CRIMINAL RECORD:  The Impact of Policing Oakland Youth

              74% of arrests were black youth
              57% of arrests were not sustained
              78% of the non-sustained arrests were among black youth.

              That does not suggests there is a much of a racial discrepancy in the likelihood of the arrests being sustained, which appears to be the point of your diary.

              •  But does show (0+ / 0-)

                that there is a likelihood that there is racial discrepancy on the original low level arrests.  

                Is it that the cops are less tolerant of the black teen that draws attention?  Is it that cops are more likely to arrest black kids regardless of whether they do something to "draw attention"?  Either way you slice it it isn't good.

                "You have attributed conditions to villainy that simply result from stupidity"

                by newfie on Thu Aug 29, 2013 at 11:45:46 AM PDT

                [ Parent ]

  •  "Round up the usual suspects" right? nt (1+ / 0-)
    Recommended by:
    Horace Boothroyd III
  •  Probably just getting them into the system (2+ / 0-)

    welcome to big brother.

    "Truth catches up with you in here. It's the truth that's gonna make you hurt." - Piper Chapman

    by blueoregon on Thu Aug 29, 2013 at 09:27:03 AM PDT

  •  OPD has performed great lately (3+ / 0-)

    Occupy Oakland to say the least.  And there is a movie about them?  Wonderful!

    Do we know what the ethnic composition is at OPD?

    And what sort of things constitute “non-criminal conduct”?

    Daily Kos an oasis of truth. Truth that leads to action.

    by Shockwave on Thu Aug 29, 2013 at 09:29:02 AM PDT

    •  Oscar Grant was shot by a BART PD Officer... (5+ / 0-)

      Not the Oakland PD. Different department.

      Your point still stands, though, as Oakland has paid out more cash than any city in the country to settle police misconduct claims. Despite having roughly a 20th of the population of NY, where misconduct claims are plenty common, Oakland has had to pay out more than New York. Obviously, something is wrong, and the citizens are getting screwed both ways. By the abusive cops, and then by tax funds going to pay out claims.

    •  Couldn't find any racial breakdown of OPD... (2+ / 0-)
      Recommended by:
      Shockwave, Horace Boothroyd III

      So this is totally anecdotal, but I would say that compared to the city's racial composition, officers in Oakland are over-represented by white officers (~30% of city residents), but that there are a significant number of Black and Latino officers as well. Probably not the 28% and 25% those groups make up in terms of the city population, but there are a goodly amount.

      I would also say Asian officers are probably well under-represented in terms of their population in the city (~17%), and it seems like they could use a lot more officers who speak Vietnamese. Over the past few years, there's been a continuing influx of Vietnamese immigrants and businesses coming into East Oakland, between 5th Ave and Fruitvale.

      •  90% of OPD is from outside Oakland (3+ / 0-)

        which in my eyes is about as damning as any racial make up could be.

        If debt were a moral issue then, lacking morals, corporations could never be in debt.

        by AoT on Thu Aug 29, 2013 at 11:31:44 AM PDT

        [ Parent ]

        •  Well, I think officers should be encouraged (3+ / 0-)
          Recommended by:
          AoT, Horace Boothroyd III, Shockwave

          Ideally, you'd want police officers living in the neighborhoods they work in, but absent some type of incentive, you're just not going to get get a lot of officers living in the rougher parts of town.

          So then, if a cop is living in the hills or in Rockridge or something, I am not sure that increases any community attachment or civic responsibility towards, say, the East Oakland flatlands. Just my own two cents, anyway.

          Frankly, I'd be fine with providing a small stipend to officers to live in their patrol beats. That way, even off-duty, the cop is constantly interacting with the people who live and work in the neighborhood. Along with a recruiting policy that actively seeks out people from the community, I think that would be worth considering.

  •  Sick. (2+ / 0-)
    Recommended by:
    SixSixSix, Horace Boothroyd III

    The party of Kennedy is also the party of Eastland. The party of Javits is also the party of Goldwater. Where is our party? Where is the political party that will make it unnecessary to march on Washington?

    by SouthernLiberalinMD on Thu Aug 29, 2013 at 09:30:14 AM PDT

  •  This diary is about more than racism (7+ / 0-)

    although the racism certainly is present.
    This is also an indictment about the overuse and abuse of police in our public schools.

     Of course it is somewhat of a reflection of the society in general, where police are everywhere.

    None are so hopelessly enslaved, as those who falsely believe they are free. The truth has been kept from the depth of their minds by masters who rule them with lies. -Johann von Goethe

    by gjohnsit on Thu Aug 29, 2013 at 09:43:34 AM PDT

    •  It's also a reflection of the fact that the police (3+ / 0-)

      no longer have any requirement of probably cause to arrest; they do it simply because they feel like it.

      If anyone else had a failure rate of more than 50%, I don't think they'd expect everyone to be impressed with them.

      "Yes, I'm going in for surgery tomorrow.  I'd be nervous, but my doctor's loss rate is only something over 50%, so it's good."  Don't think so.

  •  Thing that disturbs me most (4+ / 0-)

    is how ignorant people tend to be about racism in law enforcement--unless their own community is directly affected, of course.

    You get white Danville dads pontificating regularly about how residents of poor neighborhoods "won't talk to police" and this is supposedly the reason for crime. Only judgment. Only ignorance and blame. Not one iota of curiosity as to anyone else's story but their own.

    It's here they got the range/ and the machinery for change/ and it's here they got the spiritual thirst. --Leonard Cohen

    by karmsy on Thu Aug 29, 2013 at 09:51:36 AM PDT

  •  78% is crazy... (1+ / 0-)
    Recommended by:
    Horace Boothroyd III

    The only thing I can think of that might at least somewhat explain it might be the existence of some pre-trial diversion program. Maybe the kids are completing a diversion program in exchange for no charges/dropped charges?

    I don't know of anything like that, and 78% is alarming no matter what. They're either under-charging criminal offenses, or they are making unnecessary arrests or some unholy combination of both. Really shitty....

    •  Most pretrial diversion programs are entered (3+ / 0-)
      Recommended by:
      AoT, gustynpip, SixSixSix

      into after charges are filed, and the decision is usually with the prosecutors  The non charged number most probably applies to those brought to the station, booked and printed, and then let go.

      Patriotism may be the last refuge of scoundrels, but religion is assuredly the first.

      by StrayCat on Thu Aug 29, 2013 at 11:01:17 AM PDT

      [ Parent ]

    •  I highly doubt they'd be putting more Blacks (2+ / 0-)
      Recommended by:
      Horace Boothroyd III, SixSixSix

      into diversion programs than other races.  Which is what would have to be the case if that was a factor.

      Note, 60% of those arrested are Black (already many times what it should be compared to the number of Blacks).  But 78% of the cases not charged are of Blacks.  That means only 22% of others arrested are not charged.  So the majority of those arrests are at least valid enough to lead to some charge.  But the vast majority of Black arrests are not valid.  

  •  Correct the stats (2+ / 0-)
    Recommended by:
    Be Skeptical, gustynpip

    While this is a shocking report, the stats need to be corrected (the title is not accurate). It's >50% arrested and not charged. The 78% is the percentage of those not charged after being arrested who are black.

  •  All about the intimidation (3+ / 0-)
  •  Here's a complex related example of racism I know (2+ / 0-)
    Recommended by:
    StrayCat, Horace Boothroyd III

    I have a lot of experience with Ca Medical mental health services and school testing for learning disabilities and special ed services. I learnd on the job, so to speak, as a foster parent and the adoptive parent of high risk kids. I'm proactive, welcome institutionalized services and authorities, white, well off, and educated and am a warrior for the kids. I welcome the unexpected knocks on the door and get every advantage for the kids. Cops judges, lawyers, social workers, teachers, testers, administrators, psychs all are immensely helpful and vital productive resources.

    I have directly observed racial disparities in the early childhood intervention process. There are no black kids!

    After extensive psych, emotional, health and cognitive testing kids who need services are channeled into mental health counseling and special ed classrooms. Kids are literally transformed from a path to failure to motivated and productive kids with a full toolbox to handle their challenges and support systems that work across home, school, and mental health clinics and follow the child into adulthood, school to school, town to town in Ca. I can't help observing that there are lots of African American professionals in this chain but virtually no black children. Where are the black children at risk?

    I get the question on the record every different time and place - where are the black kids? I always got  the same whispered explanations that the testing - the #1 essential initiator of help, a step parents or teachers can take by simply requesting it - is highly controlled because the IQ components that are inherently part of it are prohibited for African Americans, by Ca state law. The "administrations" have very strong obstacles in the way of teachers starting the special testing (once initiated it has a strict set of steps and legal turn around times).  

    I've watched and kept track of a half a dozen African American boys and girls whose teachers knew needed help in  K, 1, & 2 grades and they were not successful in getting the process started.  These kids are now totally out of control, ADHD baked in, damaged by their sense of failure and social and health ramifications of their unchecked behaviors. IMO they've been victims of their parents (who isn't!) but more so, a school system overly intimidated by special rules set up legally for African Americans despite really heroic teachers working both the administrative and parental sides of the problems! The teachers were prevented from initiating the process, failed at encouraging the parents/grandparents/guardians to do it (each case has a "story") and so these perfectly help-able kids have gotten to the point of such severe damage that the next step is to call the police when they actually hurt someone. Ironically, the police can initiate social services which can initiate testing. But by then a known set of healing arts and sciences were withheld and little kids with little problems have become big kids with big problems.

    Maybe hearing from the Oakland teachers on this report would be fruitful.

    We know better.

    •  True in many, many places. Thanks for (2+ / 0-)
      Recommended by:
      kck, Horace Boothroyd III

      pointing this out.

      Patriotism may be the last refuge of scoundrels, but religion is assuredly the first.

      by StrayCat on Thu Aug 29, 2013 at 11:03:25 AM PDT

      [ Parent ]

      •  I focused on the problem but... (1+ / 0-)
        Recommended by:
        Horace Boothroyd III

        ...of course that's not the whole picture. I know more than few African American women, professional and well off, who have worked the system successfully for their developmentally delayed children and foster parents who're real experts at the system. I'm thinking specifically of two African American couples who've fostered so many children into adulthood and who mentored me and steered me in the right direction. The men went out of their way to take my husband under their wings to counsel him on special needs boys. But parents are always going to be the key critical success factor. The school system though is THE vital alternative channel and it needs attention. If police are in the picture it's a failure on the part of the school which must be held accountable.

    •  Wait a minute. You're saying CA law has a (1+ / 0-)
      Recommended by:

      specific prohibition against using IQ resuts for Black children but not for anyone else?  I find that very hard to believe, since the Constitution prohibits having special laws based on race.  Sounds like an excuse to not be providing them the services.  I'd have to see that law on the books to believe it for a minute.

      •  Yes, you can search out the case. (0+ / 0-)

        I had the same reaction. There is a definitive case. The problems with IQ as an evaluation instrument at all and white bias on IQ tests are pretty well established. Yet, they're useful components in the standard battery of testing for learning disabilities.

        The reaction to the case, OTOH, is wholly absurd IMO.

        The teachers have never needed administrative approval to test my kids. Yet each time I learned of a specific case of a child with evident issues left languishing without intervention it was attributed to the same administrative reluctance to do the standard test because of race combined with the fact that the parent wouldn't  make the request.

        Yes, agreed, it's bullshit, yet the kids in the special ed classes I've seen for the past 5 years are all white.

      •  I stated that incorrectly... (0+ / 0-)

        To my knowledge the court found the tests to be racially biased. Not that the court established different rules. I attribute the disparities I've witnessed to inept administrators.

        The diary is about schools involving the police which I also attribute to the schools' administrators. Race is a factor in both issues.

  •  Tipped & rec'ed nt (1+ / 0-)
    Recommended by:
    Horace Boothroyd III

    nosotros no somos estúpidos

    by a2nite on Thu Aug 29, 2013 at 12:12:25 PM PDT

  •  i remember the "blue meanies" (0+ / 0-)

    what protesters called the oaklands cops back in the glory days of the 60-70s.

    aren't most oakland cops black? maybe, before we jump to conclusions we should ask the police why the disproportionate number of black men are being detained, and ask the prosecutor's office why they aren't being prosecuted.

    i wouldn't doubt that a similar percentage of any detainees aren't prosecuted. prosecutor's resources are limited. this doesn't explain why so many black men are being detained but your conclusion doesn't satisfy me, either.

  •  This is not Martin Luther King Jr.'s dream... (1+ / 0-)
    Recommended by:
    Horace Boothroyd III

    ....this is everyone's nightmare.  Our racism is a national shame.

    I have tweeted this diary.

    Also, by now most are aware that steps are taken to make sure blacks don't find themselves in some of the most lucrative jobs in America, because jeez we can't have a bunch of wealthy blacks in America.  There are many examples of this, but the most recent one is the the Merrill Lynch/Wall Street discrimination story.  Here's a link in case you missed it:

    Failure to Publicize Acts of Hatred Only Allows Them to Fester and Metastasize.

    by BoxerDave on Thu Aug 29, 2013 at 12:48:35 PM PDT

  •  I will give you a big hint (0+ / 0-)

    The correct number in your title should be 60%.

    It's important to get these things right.

    Let me know if you need to see the math.

  •  What does this mean? (0+ / 0-)
    Data also showed, the report said, that 72 percent of calls from schools to the Oakland Unified School District’s own police force were requests to respond to allegations of “non-criminal conduct” by students or others.
    I only skimmed the report, but I didn't see anything that clarifies what these were about. What kinds of non-criminal activities are the school district's police being called for?

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