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On This Day

In 1685, King Louis XIV of France revoked the Edict of Nantes, which had established the legal toleration the Huguenots. The persecution that followed was the catalyst for my ancestors ending up in the U.S.

In 1775, American slave and poet Phillis Wheatley was freed by the will of her owner John Wheatley. The Wheatley family had taught her to read and write, and her poems attracted much attention and many sponsors, though all the attention ceased when she was freed, and she died in poverty in 1784.

In 1851, Moby Dick by Herman Melville was first published.

In 1922, the BBC was founded.

In 1954, the first transistor radio was introduced by Texas Instruments.

In 1972, Congress overrode the veto of President Nixon to pass the Clean Water Act.

Born on This Day

1595 - Lucas van Uden, Flemish landscape painter and engraver (d. 1672)

1634 – Luca Giordano, Italian painter (d. 1705)

 photo LucaGiordano.jpg

1697 - Giovanni Antonio Canal “Canaletto”, Italian painter (d. 1768)

1785 - David Wilkie, British painter (d. 1841)

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1836 – Frederick August Otto Schwarz, American businessman, founder of FAO Schwarz (d. 1911)

1840 - Alexei Kharlamov (or Harlamoff or Harlamov), Russian painter (d. 1925)

 photo AlexeiKharlamov.jpg

1844 - Sir Luke Fildes, British painter and illustrator (d. 1927)

 photo SirLukeFildes.jpg

1858 - Charles Frederick Ulrich, U.S. painter (d. 1908)

 photo CharlesFrederickUlrich.jpg

1898 – Lotte Lenya, Austrian singer and actress (d. 1981)

1902 – Miriam Hopkins, American actress (d. 1972)

1906 – James Brooks, American painter (d. 1992)

1918 – Bobby Troup, American singer-songwriter, pianist, and actor (d. 1999)

1919 – Anita O'Day, American singer (d. 2006)

1919 – Pierre Trudeau, Canadian politician, 15th Prime Minister of Canada (d. 2000)

1920 – Melina Mercouri, Greek actress, singer, and politician (d. 1994)

1921 – Jesse Helms, American politician (d. 2008)

1923 – Jessie Mae Hemphill, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 2008)

1924 – Buddy MacMaster, Canadian singer-songwriter and fiddler

1926 – Chuck Berry, American singer-songwriter and guitarist

1926 – Klaus Kinski, German actor (d. 1991)

1927 – George C. Scott, American actor (d. 1999)

1934 – Inger Stevens, Swedish actress (d. 1970) (See Tipple Jar)

1938 – Dawn Wells, American actress

1939 – Lee Harvey Oswald, American assassin of John F. Kennedy (d. 1963)

1945 – Huell Howser, American television host (d. 2013)

1947 – Laura Nyro, American singer-songwriter and pianist (d. 1997)

1951 – Terry McMillan, American author

1951 – Nic Potter, English bass player and songwriter (Van der Graaf Generator and The Misunderstood) (d. 2013)

1955 – Vanessa Briscoe Hay, American singer-songwriter (Pylon and Supercluster)

1956 – Martina Navrátilová, Czech-American tennis player

1960 – Jean-Claude Van Damme, Belgian martial artist, actor, and director

1961 – Wynton Marsalis, American trumpet player, composer, and educator

1970 – José Padilla, American terrorist

1974 – Peter Svensson, Swedish guitarist and songwriter (The Cardigans)

1984 – Esperanza Spalding, American singer-songwriter and bassist

1987 – Zac Efron, American actor and singer

1990 – Bristol Palin, American non-entity famous for having a famous parent

Died on This Day

1417 – Pope Gregory XII (b. 1326)

1503 – Pope Pius III (b. 1439)

1669 - Abraham Willaerts, Dutch marine painter (b. 1603)

1678 – Jacob Jordaens, Flemish painter (b. 1593)

 photo Jacobjordaens.jpg

1839 - François Joseph Kinson, Flemish painter (b. 1771)

1865 – Henry John Temple, 3rd Viscount Palmerston, English politician, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (b. 1784)

1903 - John Callcott Horsley, English painter (b. 1817)

1916 - Ignacio Pinazo Camarlench, Spanish painter (b. 1849)

1918 - Koloman Moser, Austrian painter and graphic artist (b. 1868)

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1921 – Ludwig III of Bavaria (b. 1845)

1931 – Thomas Edison, American inventor, invented the light bulb (b. 1847)

1931 - Lesser Ury, German painter (b. 1861)

 photo LesserUry.jpg

1942 – Mikhail Nesterov, Russian symbolist painter (b. 1862)

 photo MikhailNesterov.jpg

1966 – Elizabeth Arden, Canadian-American businesswoman, founded Elizabeth Arden, Inc. (b. 1878)

1973 – Walt Kelly, American cartoonist (b. 1913) (Pogo)

1982 – Bess Truman, American wife of Harry S. Truman, 35th First Lady of the United States (b. 1885)

1984 – Jon-Erik Hexum, American actor (b. 1957)

1984 – Henri Michaux, French painter and poet (b. 1899)

 photo HenriMichaux.jpg

2000 – Julie London, American singer and actress (b. 1926)

2000 – Gwen Verdon, American dancer and actress (b. 1925)

2010 – Marion Brown, American saxophonist (b. 1931)

2012 – David S. Ware, American saxophonist (b. 1949)

Today is

Alaska Day
National Chocolate Cupcake Day
No Beard Day
World Menopause Day
Mammography Day

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