The issue of 'loss and damage', which at long last mainstreamed at last year's COP18, is vying for center stage in Warsaw as COP19 participants wrestle with the problems of effectively addressing and financing the irreparable impacts of climate change, those impacts already beyond the options of mitigation or adaptation.
The World Wildlife Fund pounced yesterday on the urgent need for an international mechanism to address this problem with the publication of Tackling The Climate Reality: A Framework For Establishing An International Mechanism To Address Loss And Damage At COP19.
The report was co-authored by WWF, ActionAide and CARE.
"The experience of the Philippines with Super Typhoon Haiyan is surely evidence that we are in the throes of an impending crisis," said Sven Harmeling, climate change advocacy coordinator at CARE International. "Thousands of people died and still suffer, despite the Philippines investing a lot in disaster preparedness and adaptation. The lack of serious attention to both mitigation and adaptation is pushing the world into the third era of climate governance, where the two pillars of adaptation and mitigation are no longer sufficient to respond to the challenge of climate change."
From the report's Executive Summary:
Climate change loss and damage is resulting from insufficient mitigation efforts. If emissions continue to be pumped into the atmosphere at current levels, the long-held goal of keeping average global temperature rises to below 2°C will be exceeded. In fact, the world is currently on a pathway towards an altogether much warmer world; average global temperature rises of well over 4°C above pre-industrial levels by the end of thisAnnouncing "a new era" of climate change, where rapidly rising sea waters, desertification, the acidification of the oceans and glacial melt overwhelm the world's most vulnerable communities, the report implies a shift in focus to climate justice: poverty, lack of infrastructure and vulnerability of geographic locale cripple inadequately funded adaptation and mitigation policies and elevate the severity of the problems. The authors suggest an over reliance on flawed adaptation schemes will result in severe devastation to lives and livelihoods, ecosystems, and food and fisheries in many countries.
century are looking increasingly likely with a business-as-usual approach to mitigation.
Climate change loss and damage is also resulting from insufficient support
for adaptation. In fact, increasing frequency and severity of extreme weather events are
already providing ample evidence of how adaptation limits are being breached, overwhelming the ability of countries, people and ecosystems to cope with damage
which, in turn, undermines people’s adaptive capacity and eats away at their resilience.
The proposed international mechanism would provide global oversight and coordination of actions related to loss and damage and "enhance cooperation, oversight and coordination of action and linkages with regional and global institutions." Operationally, the mechanism would be a part of the UNFCCC's current loss and damage program while creating a new Standing Body on Loss and Damage, also under UNFCCC auspices.
Additional functions would include:
•Knowledge development and exchange.ActionAid International Coordinator Harjeet Singh says developing nations must accept their "moral duty and legal obligation" to fast track support for the most climate vulnerable nations.
•Support for the implementation of a wide range of approaches identified to address
loss and damage.
•Facilitate and catalyse the development of innovative financial measures, including
measures for rehabilitation of damage, compensation for loss, and reparations for non-economic impacts.
"We need to establish the international mechanism here in Warsaw to deal with the unprecedented challenges we are facing," he said. "The mechanism is not just about providing finance to recover from climate change impacts that cannot be adapted to. It is also about generating knowledge and finding new ways to deal with non-economic losses such as loss of biodiversity, indigenous knowledge, human mobility, cultural heritage, ancestral burial sites and so on."
With loss and damage front and center this week after the unparallelled devastation from Typhoon Haiyan (read The Brisbane Times article Typhoon Haiyan and a year of weird weather), all 48 Least Developed Countries (LDCs) yesterday engineered a strategic intervention by jointly presenting the UNFCCC Secretariat with their National Adaptation Programmes of Action (NAPAs).
True to the course, lead negotiators from industrialized nations are expected to shy away from any "formalised mechanism" to address loss and damage, focusing instead on attracting investors to navigate their way towards profit via long-term clean tech development through contributions towards $100bn annual Green Fund commitments.
The application of this 'antiquated' and seemingly unsustainable model of development was evidenced yesterday at the US Center where USAID hosted the panel "Concept to Reality: Mobilizing Private Investment for Clean Energy in Africa."
In a case study detailing a six year project to bring a 5MW biomass grid online in South Africa, CTI PFAN advisor Michale Feldner (Inspire South Africa) painting a disturbing picture of huge financial costs (primarily legal fees), delays in permit applications, difficulties in luring and holding onto investors, and the dismal ratio between project identification and actual funding and development.
Wake up, Warsaw. We don't have six years to waste.
Speaking at this year's Social Good Summit, Al Gore suggested that without a 'sea change' in political and social consciousness, "Civilization might not survive the next 100 years."
So, Get Real, Warsaw. Maybe it truly is now or never.