The Index, which also gave top honors to Norway and the Netherlands (while delegating the United States to 14th place), scores the effectiveness of nations in incorporating gender equity and the empowerment of women into their country's policies.
The Democratic Republic of Congo, Yemen and Mauritania were the lowest on the Index.
Yet perhaps Mozambique's Deputy Minister of the Environment Ana Chichava delivered the most inspirational talk of the morning, detailing the success of her country in incorporating gender specific climate change resilience tools to deal with conditions which establish Mozambique as one of the world's most vulnerable countries as a result of its geography, economy and topography.
Ranked highest on the Index for the number of women delegate representatives at the 2012's CBD COP11, Chicava noted that Mozambique was the first country to establish "a national climate change and gender action plan."
With a vital agricultural economy, over half of country's residents live along the coast, supported by rain-fed crops and fishing, Mozambique is highly vulnerable to the impacts of sea level rise and extreme typhoons. Just this January, hundreds of thousands were displaced in the worst flooding since 2000. The country is one of the most vulnerable on the international climate change vulnerability monitor.
A Breakdown on the Index Findings from First-ever Environment and Gender Index Ranks 72 Countries
· Iceland is the top performer in most categories, but scored lower in performance on women in COP delegations, female managers, senior officials, and legislators; and country-reporting on the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) and the Convention to Eliminate all Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW).
· Poland ranks highest worldwide in ecosystem category, and lowest in livelihood category for OECD countries.
· Costa Rica ranked highest for governance in Latin America and Caribbean region, lowest on women in COP delegations, and lowest for country-reported activities.
· Mongolia was a top performer in Asia region, but low on women in policy-making and protection of property rights.
· Liberia scored in the top tier of access to credit, land, and property (equivalent to same legal rights as men.)
· The USA had the highest performance on percentage of women without anemia, and lower performance – equal to Greece and Bangladesh – on women in policy-making positions.
· Lebanon had the highest percentage of women in COP delegations, and low performance for women as legislators, managers, and senior officials.
· Benin ranks highest in the ecosystem category in Africa, and lowest in gender-based education and assets category worldwide.
7:24 AM PT: The current goal of the negotiations is to forge an agreement, to be signed in Paris in 2015 and to come into force by 2020, that would involve substantial reductions in greenhouse gas emissions from all the major economies, as well as commitments from poorer countries. But this meeting is just a staging point on the road to that goal – there is as yet no draft text for an agreement, no consensus on what a new deal should involve, or what legal form it should take.