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On This Day

In 1531, Henry VIII of England recognized himself as supreme head of the Church of England.

In 1752, Benjamin Franklin opened the first hospital in the United States - Pennsylvania Hospital. (Is there anything that man did not do?)

In 1790, the Quakers petitioned Congress to abolish slavery. The ancestors of Boehner and Gohmert were having none of it.

In 1861, the cowardly and reprehensible House of Representatives voted unanimously to guarantee there would be no interference with slavery in any state.

In 1916, Emma Goldman was arrested for illegally providing information on birth control. If we don't all vote this year, YOU may be arrested for the same thing in 2015.

In 1929, Italy recognized the independence and sovereignty of Vatican City.

In 1937, General Motors recognized the United Auto Workers Union, ending a sit-down strike.

In 1942,  Glenn Miller's recording of "Chattanooga Choo Choo" was the first gold record awarded.

In 1945, Franklin D. Roosevelt, Winston Churchill and Josef Stalin wrapped up a conference in Yalta, having signed a series of agreements of the organization of post-World War II Europe.

In 1953, President Dwight Eisenhower refused to commute the death sentences for Ethel and Julius Rosenberg.

In 1975, Margaret Thatcher became the first woman to head a major party in Britain when she was elected Conservative Party leader and Leader of the Opposition.

In 1990, Nelson Mandela was freed from his South African prison after 27 years in captivity.

Born on This Day

1466 – Elizabeth of York, wife of Henry VII of England (d. on her birthday in 1503)

1637 - Jacob van Oost the younger, Flemish portrait and religious painter (d. 1713)

 photo JacobvanOost.jpg

1721 - Friedrich Wilhelm Hirt, German landscape painter (d. 1772)

1746 - Luis Paret, Spanish painter (d. 1799)

1800 – Henry Fox Talbot, English photographer and inventor (d. 1877)

1802 – Lydia Maria Child, American abolitionist (d. 1880)

1833 – Melville Weston Fuller, American jurist and 8th Chief Justice of the United States (d. 1910)

1841 - Józef Brandt, Polish battle painter (d. 1915)

1847 – Thomas Alva Edison, American inventor (d. 1931)

1855 – Ellen Day Hale, American painter and printmaker (d. on her birthday in 1940)

1855 - Erik Theodor Werenskiold, Norwegian painter (d. 1938)

 photo ErikTheodorWerenskiold.jpg

1872 – Hannah Mitchell, English socialist and suffragette (d. 1956)

1872 - Christian J. Walter, U.S. painter (d. 1938)

1876 - Harold Gilman, English Camden Town Group painter (d. 1919)

1881 - Carlo Dalmazzo Carrà, Italian Futurist painter (d. 1966)

1902 – Arne Jacobsen, Danish architect and designer (d. 1971)

 photo arnejacobsen.jpg

1908 -- Josh White, musician who also recorded under the names "Pinewood Tom" and "Tippy Barton" in the 1930s.

1909 – Joseph L. Mankiewicz, American director (d. 1993)

1909 - Gustave Singier, French painter, part of the New Paris School of Lyrical Abstraction (d. 1984)

 photo GustaveSingier.jpg

1917 – Sidney Sheldon, American author (d. 2007)

1919 – Eva Gabor, Hungarian-born actress (d. 1995) See Tipple Jar

1920 – Billy Halop, American actor (d. 1976)

1925 – Virginia E. Johnson, of Masters and Johnson renown. American psychologist.

1925 – Kim Stanley, American actress (d. 2001)

1926 – Paul Bocuse, French chef

1926 – Leslie Nielsen, Canadian actor (d. 2010)

1930 – Roy De Forest, American painter (d. 2007)

1934 – Mel Carnahan, American politician and 51st Governor of Missouri (d. 2000)

1934 – Tina Louise, American actress

1934 – Mary Quant, English fashion designer

1935 – Gene Vincent, American musician (d. 1971)

1936 – Burt Reynolds, American actor

1937 – Phillip Walker, American electric blues guitarist

1938 – Simone de Oliveira, Portuguese actress

1938 – Bobby Pickett, American singer-songwriter (d. 2007)

1939 – Gerry Goffin, American lyricist

1939 – Jane Yolen, American author

1941 – Sergio Mendes, Brazilian musician

1947 – Roy Carrier, American Zydeco musician (d. 2010)

1947 – Derek Shulman, English musician (Gentle Giant)

1953 – Jeb Bush, bush league American politician and 43rd Governor of Florida

1956 – H.R., American singer (Bad Brains)

1960 – Nick Currie, Scottish musician who performs as Momus.

1962 – Tammy Baldwin, American politician

1962 – Sheryl Crow, American musician

1964 – Sarah Palin, American political punch line and half-term 9th Governor of Alaska

1969 – Jennifer Aniston, American actress

1974 – Alex Jones, conspiracy theorizing American radio host

1974 – D'Angelo, American singer

1976 – Peter Hayes, American musician (Black Rebel Motorcycle Club)

1981 – Kelly Rowland, American singer (Destiny's Child)

1982 – Natalie Dormer, English actress (Game of Thrones)

1992 – Taylor Lautner, teen idol American actor (Twilight)

Died on This Day

1650 - Rene Descartes, philosopher of "I think therefore I am" fame, stopped thinking (h/t History Orb) (b. 1596)

1688 - Cesare Gennari, Italian painter (b. 1637)

 photo CesareGennari.jpg

1830 - Johann Baptist Lampi the elder, Italian portait painter (b. 1751)

1832 - Jean-Antoine Laurent, French painter (b. 1763)

1841 - Ferdinand Johann Olivier (or von Olivier), German painter (b. 1785)

1848 - Thomas Cole, American painter (b. 1801) Founder of the Hudson River School

1862 - Elizabeth Siddal, British poet and artist and model for many of the Pre-Raphaelite paintings (b. 1829)

1868 – Léon Foucault, French astronomer (b. 1819)

1879 – Honoré Daumier, French caricaturist and painter (b. 1808)

1921 - William Blake Richmond, English painter, sculptor, and designer (b. 1842)

 photo WilliamBlakeRichmond-1.jpg

1948 – Sergei Eisenstein, Soviet film director (b. 1898)

1963 – Sylvia Plath, American writer (b. 1932)

1974 - Anna Q Nilsson, silent film actress (b. 1888)

 photo AnnaQNilsson.jpg

1976 – Lee J Cobb, American actor (b. 1911)

1982 – Eleanor Powell, American actress and dancer (b. 1912)

 photo EleanorPowell.jpg

1985 – Henry Hathaway, American actor and director (b. 1898)

1986 – Frank Herbert, American author (b. 1920)

1994 – William Conrad, American actor (b. 1920)

2006 – Jockey Shabalala, South African singer (Ladysmith Black Mambazo)(b. 1943)

2009 – Estelle Bennett, American singer (The Ronettes) (b. 1941)

2012 – Whitney Houston, American singer, actress, model and producer (b. 1963)

Today is

National Inventors' Day
Don’t Cry Over Spilled Milk Day
National Make a Friend Day
White T-Shirt Day
National Peppermint Patty Day

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