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On This Day

In 1554, Lady Jane Grey, who had claimed the throne of England for nine days, was beheaded after being charged with treason.

In 1733, Georgia, the13th of the Thirteen Colonies, and the city of Savannah, were founded by one James Oglethorpe.

In 1870, women in the Utah Territory were given the right to vote.

In 1909, the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) was founded.

In 1915, the Lincoln Memorial's cornerstone was laid in Washington, D.C.

In 1946, a South Carolina policeman severely beat up African-American Army veteran Isaac Woodard, causing the loss of vision in both eyes. The incident is said to have been partial inspiration for Orson Welles' film Touch of Evil (in which Charlton Heston played a Mexican).

In 1999, Bill Clinton was acquitted of charges of perjury and obstruction of justice in his impeachment trial before the Senate.

In 2004, in defiance of existing law, San Francisco officials began performing weddings for same-sex couples.

Born on This Day

1584 – Caspar Barlaeus, Dutch polymath and Renaissance humanist, a theologian, poet, and historian (d. 1648)

1663 – Cotton Mather, New England minister (d. 1728)

1744 - David Allan, Scottish painter (d. 1796)

 photo DavidAllan.jpg

1752 – Dorothea Ackermann, German actress (d. 1821)

1775 – Louisa Adams, First Lady of the United States (1825–1829), widow of John Quincy Adams (d. 1852)

1792 - Ferdinand de Braekeleer the elder, Flemish painter (d. 1883)

 photo FerdinanddeBraekeleertheelder.jpg

1809 – Charles Darwin, English naturalist (d. 1882)

1809 – Abraham Lincoln, 16th President of the United States (1861-his death) (d. 1865)

1813 - Carlos Morel, Argentine painter (d. 1894)

1826 - Paul Seignac, French painter (d. 1904)

 photo PaulSeignac.jpg

1837 - Thomas Moran, U.S. painter whose works helped convince Congress to establish the National Park System. (d. 1926)

 photo ThomasMoran.jpg

1856 - Maurycy Gottlieb, Polish painter (d.1879)

1857 – Eugène Atget, French photographer who documented architecture and street scenes in a Paris that is no more. (d. 1927)

1870 – Marie Lloyd, English music-hall performer (d. 1922)

1872 – Oscar Stribolt, Danish actor (d. 1927)

1880 – John L. Lewis, American labor union leader (d. 1969)

1880 - Ricardo Balaca, Portuguese war painter (d. 1944)

1881 – Anna Pavlova, Russian ballerina (d. 1931)

1882 - Walter Vaes, Belgian still life painter/etcher. (d. 1958)

 photo WalterVaes.jpg

1884 – Max Beckmann, German artist (d. 1950) See Tipple Jar

1884 – Alice Roosevelt Longworth, elder daughter of Theodore Roosevelt (d. 1980)

1884 – Marie Vassilieff, Russian artist (d. 1957)

 photo MarieVassilieff.jpg

1891 - Marcel François Leprin, French painter (d. 1933)

1897 – Vola Vale, American actress (d. 1970)

1902 - Mario Mafai, Italan painter (d. 1965)

1916 – Joseph Alioto, Mayor of San Francisco (d. 1998)

1930 – Arlen Specter, American politician (d. 2012)

1933 – Costa-Gavras, Greek filmmaker

1938 – Judy Blume, American author

1939 – Ray Manzarek, American keyboardist (The Doors) (d. 2013)

1945 – Cliff DeYoung, American actor and musician (Clear Light)

1950 – Steve Hackett, English guitarist (Genesis)

1951 – Steven Parent, Manson murder victim (d. 1969)

1952 – Simon MacCorkindale, British actor (d. 2010)

1952 – Michael McDonald, American musician

1956 – Brian Robertson, Scottish musician (Thin Lizzy and Motörhead)

1958 – Grant McLennan, Australian musician (The Go-Betweens) (d. 2006)

1968 – Josh Brolin, American actor

1968 – Chynna Phillips, American singer (Wilson Phillips)

1970 – Jim Creeggan, Canadian bassist (Barenaked Ladies)

1980 – Christina Ricci, American actress

1981 – Lisa Hannigan, Irish singer

Died on This Day

1538 – Albrecht Altdorfer, German painter

1763 – Pierre de Marivaux, French writer (b. 1688)

1789 – Ethan Allen, American patriot (b. 1738)

1804 – Immanuel Kant, German philosopher (b. 1724)

1897 - Homer Dodge Martin, U.S. landscape painter (b. 1836)

1919 - Harold Gilman, English Camden Town Group painter (b. 1876)

1929 – Lillie Langtry, British singer and actress (b. 1853)

 photo LillieLangtry.jpg

1935 – Georges Auguste Escoffier, French celebrity chef (b. 1846)

1942 – Grant Wood, American painter (b.1891)

1970 – Ishman Bracey, American blues musician (b. 1901)

1976 – Sal Mineo, American actor (b. 1939)

1979 – Jean Renoir, French director (b. 1894)

1983 - Marian Nixon, American actress (b. 1904)

 photo MarianNixon.jpg

2000 – Screamin' Jay Hawkins, American musician (b. 1929)

2000 – Charles M. Schulz, American comics author (b. 1922)

2007 – Eldee Young, American jazz player (Ramsey Lewis Trio) (b. 1936)

2011 – Betty Garrett, American actress and dancer (b. 1919)

Today is

Darwin Day
National Freedom to Marry Day, unofficial (United States)
Red Hand Day (United Nations)
National Plum Pudding Day
National PB&J Day
National Lost Penny Day

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