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On This Day

In 1846, in Austin, Texas, the Republic of Texas government transferred power to the State of Texas government following Texas' annexation by the United States.

In 1861, serfdom was finally abolished in Russia.

In 1878, Thomas Edison received a patent for his phonograph.

In 1881, Kansas became the first state to prohibit all alcoholic beverages.

In 1959, an agreement was signed by Britain, Turkey and Greece granting Cyprus its independence.

In 2004, former Enron Corp. chief executive Jeffrey Skilling was charged with fraud, insider trading and other crimes in connection with the energy trader's collapse.

In 2007, New Jersey became the third state to offer civil unions to gay couples.

In 2008, the  ailing Fidel Castro resigned the Cuban presidency after nearly a half-century in power.

Born on This Day

1473 – Nicolaus Copernicus, mathematician and astronomer (d. 1543)

1717 – David Garrick, British actor (d. 1779) Possibly the first to be painted by so many artists (this one by William Hogarth, Garrick as Richard III).

 photo david-garrick-as-richard-iii.jpg

1833 – Élie Ducommun, Swiss journalist, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (d. 1906)

1843 – Adelina Patti, Italian opera singer (d. 1919)

1843 - Leonardo de Mango, Italian Orientalist painter (d. 1930)

1849 - Hans Dahl, Norwegian painter (d. 1937)

1856 - Eduardo León y Garrido, Spanish artist (d. 1949)

 photo EduardoLeonGarrido.jpg

1877 – Gabriele Münter, German painter (d. 1962)

 photo GabrieleMu3080nter.jpg

1877 - Else Berg (Elsenberg), Dutch/German painter (d. at Auschwitz in 1942)

1885 - Roberto Montenegro, Mexican painter (d. 1968)

 photo RobertoMontenegro.jpg

1897 - Hope Hampton, American actress (d. 1982)

1893 – Sir Cedric Hardwicke, British actor (d. 1964)

1895 – Louis Calhern, American actor (d. 1956) See Tipple Jar

1896 – André Breton, French poet (d. 1966)

1897 – Alma Rubens, American actress (d. 1931)

1909 - Enrico Donati, Italian born U.S. Surrealist painter and sculptor (d. 2008)

1910 – Dorothy Janis, American silent film actress (d. 2010)

1911 – Merle Oberon, Anglo-Indian actress (who tried to hide her Asian blood her entire career) (d. 1979)

 photo MerleOberon.jpg

1924 – Lee Marvin, American actor (d. 1987)

1930 – John Frankenheimer, American director (d. 2002)

1940 – Smokey Robinson, American singer

1943 – Lou Christie, American singer

1946 – Karen Silkwood, American activist (d. 1974)

1950 – Andy Powell, British musician (Wishbone Ash)

1954 – Michael Gira, American musician (Swans)

1956 – Dave Wakeling, English musician (The (English) Beat and General Public)

1956 – Peter Holsapple, American musician (The dBs and The Continental Drifters)

1963 – Seal, English singer

1965 – Jon Fishman, American musician (Phish)

1975 – Daniel Adair, Canadian Drummer  (3 Doors Down)

Died on This Day

1622 – Sir Henry Savile, English educator (b. 1549)

1622 - Frans Pourbus II, Flemish painter (b.1569)

 photo FransPourbusII.jpg

1750 - Jan-Frans van Bredael I, Flemish painter (b. 1686)

1666 - Willem van Honthorst, Dutch painter (b. 1594)

 photo WillemvanHonthorst.jpg

1878 - Charles-François Daubigny, French landscape painter (b. 1817)

1936 – Billy Mitchell, American general and military aviation pioneer (b. 1879)

1951 – André Gide, French writer, Nobel laureate (b. 1869)

1962 – Georgios Papanikolaou, Greek doctor, inventor of the Pap smear (b. 1883)

1969 – Madge Blake, American actress (b. 1899)

1972 – Lee Morgan, American jazz musician (b. 1938)

1980 – Bon Scott, Australian singer (AC/DC) (b. 1946)

1983 – Alice White, American film actress (b. 1904)

 photo Alice-White.jpg

2001 – Stanley Kramer, American director (b. 1913)

2007 – Janet Blair, American actress (b. 1921)

Today is

National Chocolate Mint Day
Temporary Insanity Day

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