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You ought to be out raising hell. This is the fighting age. Put on your fighting clothes.
-Mother Jones

Monday February 23, 1914
From the San Francisco Chronicle: Testimony Continues in Michigan and Colorado

Five Miners Are Witnesses Against Michigan Company Before the Committee.
Involved Mathematics Confuse Congressional Investigators
of Colorado Coal strike.

Orrin N Hilton
HANCOCK (Mich.). February 21. - Charles H. Moyer's deportation likely will be the last of the striking miners' grievances presented before the Congressional Investigating Committee, with Charles H Tanner [who was deported along with President Moyer] as the only witness. A. W. Kerr of counsel for the strikers said tonight that Moyer would not appear unless the committee required his presence. No decision had been reached tonight on O. N. Hilton's renewed request for a complete inquiry of the Italian Hall disaster.

Five strikers who said they were evicted from company houses by the Winona Copper Company, were witnesses today. Attorney Hilton said he had no record of any other actual evictions, but more than 200 company tenants had received notice to move.

The witnesses testified they had been asked to go back to work and when they refused, after notice to move, their furniture was dumped into the snow. Elmer Holappa said eviction officers carried out a hot stove while his wife was baking bread.


TRINIDAD (Col,). February 21. - Three from four leaves two. This was the mathematical proposition that threw the Congressional investigation of the Colorado coal strike into confusion late today. For the House subcommittee instructed Sergeant-at-Arms Martin Jakle to interne four witnesses and hold them incommunicado, under the pains and penalties therefor provided, and after seeing the bulky form of Jakle securely planted before the door of the witness-room for several hours, suddenly discovered that it had locked up and fed an extra man.

It was Representative Evans of Montana who first made the discovery.

"I want the sergeant-at-arms to explain how many witnesses were given into his custody," Evans announced, interrupting the peaceful session.

The sergeant was produced. He explained that there were five when he got them, and that none of 'em had got away-not  honor of a former Illinois Sheriff.

"But there were only four when we ordered them into custody," said Evans.

The five witnesses were then lined up for the inspection of Giovanni Minnotti, whose story on the stand yesterday caused the order for the four men's summons. He pointed out the four who he had told the commission were held in the Delagua mine against their wishes. "I don't know dat feller," he added, pointing to the fifth.


Frank E. Gove, attorney for the Victor-American Fuel Company, then stepped into the breach. "I assume responsibility for the presence of this man," he declared. "He is the one who signed contracts for the Italian workmen who could not write. We thought he would be a valuable witness."

I have the fullest confidence in the integrity of Mr. Gove," interposed E. P. Costigan of counsel for the miners, "but I submit that it is an astounding situation when the committee's own witnesses ordered held incommunicado, are locked up in the same room with a witness for the operators."

The committee was puzzled. Finally Chairmen Foster ordered Anof Yamicolli, the mysterious fifth man, placed on the stand for immediate interrogation.

The witness was questioned sharply as to his relations with the Italian miners and the company, but would not admit that he was employed to keep the miners from leaving the mine.

San Francisco Chronicle
(San Francisco, California)
-of Feb 22, 1914

Photo: O. N. Hilton, Attorney for the Western Federation of Miners

This Land Is Your Land - Pete Seeger, Judy Collins, Arlo Guthrie, Fred Hellerman

As I went walking I saw a sign there
And on the sign it said "No Trespassing."
But on the other side it didn't say nothing,
That side was made for you and me.

               -Woody Guthrie


Originally posted to Hellraisers Journal on Sun Feb 23, 2014 at 11:00 AM PST.

Also republished by In Support of Labor and Unions, Anti-Capitalist Chat, Shamrock American Kossacks, and History for Kossacks.

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