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Last week saw three more states published and this week we have interactive state legislative district maps for Michigan, Rhode Island, Minnesota, and South Dakota. Each legislative chamber is mapped out using the presidential election results calculated by Daily Kos Elections, the legislative election results, and some info on each legislator. For maps of 11 other state legislative chambers, see the first in this series here.

Districts in solid blue were carried by Obama and are represented by a Democrat, while those in solid red were won by Mitt Romney and are held by a Republican. Lighter red districts voted for Obama and a Republican legislator, while those in lighter blue went for Romney and a Democratic legislator. All vacant seats are assigned to the party that last won them. Note that the map displays use only the two-party vote to give you a more equivalent comparison between presidential and legislative results, but the diary and Daily Kos Elections' numbers include totals for third party candidates, though the differences are minor.

Michigan State Senate

Republicans have had total control over drawing the legislative lines for two decades in a row and have used that advantage to produce very favorable districts. Twenty-one Senate districts voted for Romney while just 17 seats voted for Obama. The last Senate elections were held under the old map in 2010, but the districts have remained similar enough that we can assign each legislator to a seat. (The new Republican leaning SD-26 is the exception, and it is colored gray.) The Republicans currently hold six Obama seats, while Democrats have no Romney territory: This gives the GOP a 26 to 12 super-majority.

While Obama won Michigan 54-45 percent, the median district favored Romney 50-49, a full 10 points to the right of the state. The Republicans have controlled the Senate since the 1984 elections, and Democrats don't have much room for error if they want to take back the chamber this year.

Michigan State House of Representatives

In the lower chamber the Republican majority is far narrower at just 59 to 51, despite a Democratic popular vote win of roughly eight percent in 2012. Gerrymandering helped Team Red keep their majorities: Romney carried 57 districts while Obama won only 53. Two Democrats sit in Romney seats while four Republicans have Obama turf (one independent in Detroit functions as a Democrat).

Of all the legislative districts we've calculated nationwide, Detroit's HD-07 is Obama's single best. The president won 99 percent of the vote there, and it also has the highest percentage of black residents at 95 percent. The median districts went for Romney 50-49, 11 points to the right of the state. Democrats held a majority in the House from 2007 to 2011 and it's possible that Gov. Rick Snyder's mediocre approval rating could give them a shot at retaking it. Unlike the Senate, the House is up every two years, so Democrats may be able to finish the job in 2016 if they get close to flipping the chamber this year.

Below the fold you will find maps for Rhode Island, Minnesota, and South Dakota.

Rhode Island State Senate

Obama's 63-35 percent victory in the Ocean State was one of his best anywhere, and it enabled him to carry every single one of the 38 districts in the state Senate. Republicans hold just five of these plus an independent that caucuses with them, giving Democrats a commanding 32 to six veto-proof majority. Only four districts saw Romney even come within single digits. The median seat voted for Obama 60-37 percent, which was still five points to the right of the state despite a Democratic drawn map. This is mostly due to left-leaning voters being concentrated in heavily blue areas like Providence.

Rhode Island State House of Representatives

Although Romney managed to win two seats in the 75 seat chamber, his party is actually in a worse position in the House: Democrats hold one of them and Republicans only won five Obama seats. This gives Democrats a 69 to six veto-proof majority. The median district went for Obama 62 to 36, a narrow two percent to the right of his statewide margin.

Minnesota State Senate

Just as it has for the past four decades, divided government in Minnesota caused the courts to step in and take over redistricting. This produced some of the few non-partisan maps nationwide and several competitive seats. Thirty-eight districts voted for Obama while 29 went for Romney. There's a bit more crossover voting than in the previous two states: Five Republicans and six Democrats sit in districts that voted for the opposite party's presidential nominee. This gives the Democrats a 39 to 28 majority, more than reversing the 37 to 30 majorities the Republicans won in the 2010 red wave. The median seat voted for Obama 50-47, which makes it four points redder than the state. The Senate will next be up in 2016, so Democratic control is locked in for a while.

Minnesota State House of Representatives

State House districts are nested two a piece inside a Senate district and unfortunately the map is quite favorable to Republicans for being court-drawn. Despite winning the state 53-45, Obama won just a bare majority of 68 districts Romney carried 66. What gives the Democrats their fairly large 73 to 61 majority is crossover voting: Nine Democrats hold Romney seats while just four Republicans are in Obama districts. The median districts went for Obama by less than half a percent, placing them seven percent to the right of the state. The Republicans won a majority in the House in 2010, and it's quite possible they could retake control in 2014 or in the near future.

South Dakota State Senate

Republicans controlled redistricting in South Dakota but that wasn't necessary for them to elect a large majority in this solid red state. Romney's 58-40 statewide win gave him 30 out of 35 districts. Three Democrats and one Republican sit in seats won by the other party's presidential candidate, giving the GOP a hefty 28 to 7 super-majority. The median seat was carried by Romney 58-40 which when taking rounding into account puts it one point to the left of the state.

South Dakota State House of Representatives

The House of Representatives districts are coterminous with those of the state Senate. Most House districts elect the top two-vote getters, except for two seats that were divided into four to give Native Americans more representation. Thus two more color shades are necessary and the lightest blue indicates a Romney-won split delegation while the lightest red and Obama-voting split delegation. Obama carried 10 seats to Romney's 60: Nine Democrats sit in hostile turf along with two Republicans for a 53 to 17 Republican majority. The median seats are again the same Romney margin of 58-40 and a point more Democratic than the state.

Originally posted to Daily Kos Elections on Wed Apr 09, 2014 at 07:00 AM PDT.

Also republished by Motor City Kossacks, Michigan, My Michigan, and Daily Kos.

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Comment Preferences

  •  Awesome, I love this series (5+ / 0-)

    And thank you for doing my home state. :)

    I am a Tom Rukavina Democrat

    by OGGoldy on Wed Apr 09, 2014 at 07:18:45 AM PDT

    •  Holy crap look at all those <55% wins in MN (3+ / 0-)
      Recommended by:
      LakeSuperior, mconvente, bear83

      Quite a competitive state there.  Democrats have won a ton of close races but so did Republicans.

      I had this idea that there would be more Republicans in suburban, Obama-voting districts near the Twin Cities, but it's only one senator and two representatives.  Democrats have largely maxed out there, unless they can start winning suburban Romney districts, which is damn near impossible anywhere in the country.

      Looks like outstate (for lack of a better word, I'm not familiar with what you call the rest of the state) is where control will be decided.  A lot of Democrats still in Colin Peterson country.  Good news is, a lot of the reddest turf is held by Republicans.  Most of the vulnerable Democrats are in seats Romney only narrowly won.

      •  Yea, I have tried to convey that (4+ / 0-)
        Recommended by:
        WisJohn, jncca, peregrine kate, mconvente

        But most of the time my handwaving is met with "outstate doesn't matter in elections". I shake my head. Because that is where Democrats have their majorities built. There aren't many purple suburban districts left. Loon's is the only one up in 2014, and she will be tough to beat as a moderate (voted for SSM, among other things)

        It should also be noted that a lot of the Obama/Democratic suburban districts only went narrowly so for both, and can't be takrn for granted. Lots of seats Republican areas there that were GOP pre-06, and went that way again in 10.

        I am a Tom Rukavina Democrat

        by OGGoldy on Wed Apr 09, 2014 at 10:57:07 AM PDT

        [ Parent ]

  •  Wow (4+ / 0-)

    It's amazing that a Democrat represents the most Republican district in Rhode Island. I wonder how that happened.

    (-8.38, -4.72), CT-02 (home), ME-01 (college) "The needs of the many outweigh the needs of the few, or the one." -Spock

    by ProudNewEnglander on Wed Apr 09, 2014 at 07:34:37 AM PDT

    •  I believe that was also true if Deleware last cycl (1+ / 0-)
      Recommended by:

      I am a Tom Rukavina Democrat

      by OGGoldy on Wed Apr 09, 2014 at 07:44:32 AM PDT

      [ Parent ]

    •  Don't be fooled (1+ / 0-)
      Recommended by:

      Rhode Island has good track record of sending liberals to Washington but at home it's a different story.  We elect some of the worst Democrats to the General Assembly mostly because with the exception of a few districts a Republican has zero chance of being elected.  The solution to this?  Republicans call themselves Democrats and get elected that way.  Our new Speaker of the House, Nicholas Mattiello, (new to this position after Federal and State agents raided the home and office of our previous Speaker) distinguished himself by banishing anyone who resembled a liberal from leadership positions and even installed a tea party republican to be vice chair of the House Judiciary Committee.  By many accounts he is a republican and sounds sickeningly familiar to Washington Republicans; advocating spending cuts in the social area and tax cuts for business and the wealthy.  
      In addition, our "Democrats" instituted a host of unnecessary voter ID requirements, many are anti choice and many voted against legalizing same sex marriage (our senate voted 26-12 to approve with all 5 Republican senators supporting the bill).
      Fortunately I have the privilege of being represented by Senators Whitehouse and Reed and Congressman Cicciline but at the state level we do not have that many real Democrats, certainly not in leadership positions.

  •  I just promoted this posting on (4+ / 0-)

    Enviro-Mich   (800 person internet environmental list in Michigan)

  •  very cool, thanks for this (2+ / 0-)
    Recommended by:
    Stephen Wolf, Cadillac64

    as I continue to think of adopting a district for the 2014 election since I vote and live in deep blue districts

    Warning - some snark may be above‽ (-9.50; -7.03)‽ eState4Column5©2013 "I’m not the strapping young Muslim socialist that I used to be" - Barack Obama 04/27/2013 (@eState4Column5).

    by annieli on Wed Apr 09, 2014 at 07:59:31 AM PDT

  •  Thanks for doing these. (6+ / 0-)

    I think MI has a reasonable chance of flipping the state House this cycle. It won't be easy, but I think it's doable. Senate is harder.
    We also have a good chance of winning several US House seats, especially in MI-1, MI-7, and MI-11. MI-1 isn't as red as it seems in many accounts; MI-7 has a really strong candidate; MI-11 is now represented by the guy who thinks he's Santa Claus. Maybe even MI-8, too, if we get a good candidate. It's going to be an interesting summer.

    Support Small Business: Shop Kos Katalogue If you'd like to join the Motor City Kossacks, send me a Kosmail.

    by peregrine kate on Wed Apr 09, 2014 at 08:17:14 AM PDT

  •  My sense with Michigan is that (3+ / 0-)
    Recommended by:
    memiller, Stephen Wolf, rcass

    in the State Senate, in a good cycle, Democrats should pick up: 38, 34, 20, 32, with 31 also a top target. It would cut the GOP majority down to 22-16, or 21-17.

    The state house is also pretty gerrymandered (particularly Saginaw, Flint, Macomb and Oakland). For the state house, I'd assume top targets to be: 23, 101, 108, 99, 85, 61, 24, 30, and 41. Don't know what the state of these races are though, and would to here from a well-versed locals.

    "Once, many, many years ago I thought I was wrong. Of course it turned out I had been right all along. But I was wrong to have thought I was wrong." -John Foster Dulles. My Political Compass Score: -4.00, -3.69, Proud member of DKE

    by ArkDem14 on Wed Apr 09, 2014 at 09:46:18 AM PDT

  •  The coloring of some districts is misleading (3+ / 0-)
    Recommended by:
    peregrine kate, LakeSuperior, rcass

    using this methodology -- the district I am most familiar with, MI-20 Sen, is an example. It went for Obama and is represented by a Republican legislator, but is a new district. It now consists of all of Kalamazoo County, and only Kalamazoo County -- the only Senate district in the state that exactly conforms to a county.

    When I say misleading, I mean that the new district has had the more Republican parts that went for Sen. Schuitmaker lopped off. So who the current senator is should not be given much weight. To be sure, in the disastrous year of 2010, the new Kalamazoo district did go for Schuitmaker 57%/43%. But part of that was because our candidate, former Kalamazoo mayor and state House member Bob Jones, died two weeks before the election.

    This year, with a very strong candidate (Sean McCann) on our side, and no incumbent, this race serves as a referendum on whether Kalamazoo County is a Democratic county in a non-presidential year. It should be a very close race.

    Mark E. Miller // Kalamazoo Township Trustee // MI 6th District Democratic Chair

    by memiller on Wed Apr 09, 2014 at 10:30:05 AM PDT

  •  MI state senate and house (1+ / 0-)
    Recommended by:
    Stephen Wolf

    I don't know nearly enough about these local races as I said.  I know in the Senate that I'm hearing an estimate of five pick-ups, with the Saginaw and western Wayne seat being pretty sure shots, and the Kalamazoo seat better than 50/50.  The floor is fairly high, but the ceiling is also low.  I think there is a Romney seat we're shooting for in Oakland County (whichever one Ryan Fishman is running for) that could get us up to 18 seats.  So long as we can get close to parity, the hope is that on some controversial votes we could actually have them swing our way.  As long as we get past the super-majority the election will be seen as a success.

    The state house races I know even less about, which is strange as it's the one where I'd give us a shot of taking back this cycle.

  •  My Gawd (0+ / 0-)

    That CANNOT be the state I grew up in.


    In advance of doing away with UIDs, I'm 1604. So. There. 10/15/03

    by vicki on Wed Apr 09, 2014 at 06:43:05 PM PDT

  •  Wow, I would have thought all that Ontario... (0+ / 0-)

    ....part of Michigan would have been Democratic, or New Democratic.

    It's not the side effects of the cocaine/I'm thinking that it must be love

    by Rich in PA on Thu Apr 10, 2014 at 04:07:19 AM PDT

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