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Much has been said about the Nazi holocaust against the Jews, and rightly so. But then there is the other Nazi holocaust against non-Jews, which hasn't gotten the same exposure.

The following shows other victims of the Nazis:

Blacks - In the German colonies in Africa, experiments were conducted on Africans taken as prisoners from the 1904 Heroro Massacre. The latter left 60,000 Africans dead. (A. Tolbert III, Our African Roots)

During WWI, the French occupied the Rhineland. African soldiers from French colonies were deployed for this mission. Their presence infuriated Germans. Some soldiers married German women. The offspring produced were labeled "Rhineland bastards." (ibid)

The Nazis set up a group called Commission Number 3 with the aim of sterilizing all mulattos in order to "protect the Aryan race." About 400 children were medically sterilized, many times without the parents knowing. (Jewish Virtual Library, "The Holocaust: Non-Jewish Victims" by Terese Pencak Schwartz)

In all, blacks were subjected to persecution, isolation, sterilization, medical experimentation, incarceration and murder.

Slavs - The Nazis wanted central and eastern Europe as Aryan territory. As a result, Slavs, soldiers and civilians, were targeted. They were one of the most widely persecuted groups of the other Nazi holocaust. The goal was extermination.

Ukrainians - About 3,000,000 Ukrainians and other non-Jews were killed in Ukraine. About 2,000,000 Ukrainians were brought to Germany for slave labor. Again, the goal was extermination. If that couldn't be attained, then expulsion, enslavement or Germanization. (Paul Robert Magocsi, "A History of Ukraine," 1996.)

Poles - The first targets for extermination. About six million Polish citizens were killed, including Jews and Roman Catholics. Hundreds of thousands of Poles were sent to Nazi prison camps.

Soviet Citizens and POWs - During the siege of Leningrad, more than 1.2 million Soviet citizens were killed. Overall civilian deaths, including Jews, estimated at 13.7 million according to a 1995 Russian Academy of Science report.

An estimated 2.8 million Soviet POWs died through starvation, exposure and summary execution [from 1941 – 1942]. This can be compared to the genocide in Rwanda as the “most concentrated mass killing in human history.”

“The total number of prisoners taken by the German armies in the USSR was in the region of 5.5 million. Of these the astounding number of 3.5 million or more had been lost by the middle of 1944 and the assumption must be that they were either deliberately killed or done to death by criminal negligence.” (Gendercide Watch, "Case Study: Soviet Prisoners-or-War.")

Romani - Deaths estimated to a high of 1,500,000. (Ian Hancock, "True Romanies and the Holocaust: A Re-evaluation and Overview," 2005.)

Homosexuals - The Nazis targeted homosexuals because they would fail in contributing to producing the "Aryan race." Hundreds of homosexual men living in occupied territories were castrated. Up to 15,000 homosexual men were imprisoned in concentration camps. ("Nazi Persecution of Homosexuals," U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum.)

Leftists - German communists were among the first people to be sent to concentration camps. The Nazis viciously opposed communism. For Hitler, communism was part of the "Jewish conspiracy." Leftists were hated by the Nazis because of being anti-racist. Summary executions were conducted against communists, socialists and anarchists.

Roman Catholics/Christians - In occupied Poland, 3,000 of the clergy were murdered. One thousand nine hundred and ninety two died in concentration camps. Up to 5,000 Jehovah's Witnesses died in concentration camps. (William Schulman, "A State of Terror: Germany 1933 - 1939." Holocaust Resource Center and Archives.) Thousands of Christian clergy were killed.

 It is long overdue to recognize the other victims of the other Nazi holocaust.

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Comment Preferences

  •  Not sure what inspired you to write this. (7+ / 0-)

    And I'm not sure why you think people aren't aware that there were many different types of victims of the Nazis.  

    "Trust me... I've been right before." ~ Tea party patriot

    by Calvino Partigiani on Sat Jun 14, 2014 at 01:37:20 PM PDT

      •  IMO, Not 100% ignorant , (9+ / 0-)

        but maybe 60, 70%.

        I myself didn't know about the Africans or this

        An estimated 2.8 million Soviet POWs died through starvation, exposure and summary execution [from 1941 – 1942].
        I knew that people in the concentration camps died through starvation, exposure and summary execution, but not about POW's.

        I think that this is a very touching diary. I'm glad David wrote it.
        I wonder if he's Jewish? David is, a very Jewish name.

        Brought To You By That Crazed Sociologist/Media Fanatic rebel ga Be The Change You Want To See In The World! Gandhi

        by rebel ga on Sat Jun 14, 2014 at 04:21:41 PM PDT

        [ Parent ]

        •  Well, there are an awful lot of non-Jews (6+ / 0-)
          Recommended by:
          Ahianne, G2geek, petral, claude, PeterHug, Rogneid

          named David, like my Catholic uncle.

          But I appreciate your comment here very much.

          FWIW, I'm a pretty good student of history, and a very bookish man, but until this diary I had not heard of the Nazi atrocities against Africans.

          Pointing that out, of course, does not diminish the evil horror of the Nazi genocide against Jews in Germany and all the territories they controlled.

          It's still very mysterious how the Germans could have turned THAT EVIL as a society for more than 10 years.  I say that as a person who is 50% German.

          Incidentally, in the 1930s the Germans overtook the English as the major ethnic stock in the United States.  Most people don't know that.  Some of my German-American uncles shot a lot of Germans in WW2.

          •  yup. my own Mom came in 1935. (4+ / 0-)

            she was 9 years old.  Her Dad, Fritz, came in 1931, found work in Depression-era NYC,  and  built Grumann warplane airframes your uncles prolly  flew,  because he knew how to work metal.  Mom worked in the canteen (too young for the factory floor),  where she met my Dad, who was a draftsman in the same plant.  Dad was some kind of Brit blend with deeper US  roots  in the Deep South,  but I know almost nothing there, as I never saw him after I was five or so.

            don't always believe what you think

            by claude on Sat Jun 14, 2014 at 07:12:52 PM PDT

            [ Parent ]

          •  some fell into more than one category. (9+ / 0-)

            Polish leftists, Russian Jews, etc., no doubt many instances where a given person fell into two or three or more categories the Nazis pegged for extermination.

            We pay particular attention to the 6 million Jews because a) the Jews as a people were uniquely singled out for the most vicious of the Nazi hatred, and because b) we recognize that, at the time, various degrees of anti-Semitism were so widespread as to be almost unremarkable, including right here at home, and because c) the world was forced to look back and see a pattern in history of pogroms against Jews, the final culmination of which was in the death camps, and the world finally, finally, vomited up the poison of anti-Semitism by deciding to right that wrong for once and for all by supporting the establishment of the state of Israel.

            But that was not by way of minimizing or forgetting the rest of the victims of The Holocaust.  As with anything else in history, the entire episode had to be given a human face, a particular individual human face that anyone could relate to.  That face was the face of the German Jewish child who might have been the kid next door, who played with your kids outside, and who, along with your own kids, were innocent of the entire adult world of politics and power struggles.  Imagining that kid dragged screaming to a torturous death, made clear and personal the abyss of evil that the world had just waded through and then overcome.

            What to do about this today, when all of the categories and numbers of humans lost to that horror can be enumerated so clearly?

            Put all the categories together and come up with a total.  15 million, 25 million, whatever it turns out to be: that's the total size of The Holocaust.  Recognize that many of them fit into more than one category of victim, and that this fact illustrates the point that nobody is safe when absolute evil rules the day.  Recognize that the unique circumstance of the Jews as the archetypal victims of The Holocaust, and as guardians of the world's memory of these events, has its basis in the reality that they were indeed the primary targeted category against whom a limitless torrent of hatred was unleashed.  

            Recognize the solidarity of all of the peoples who were subjected to the ultimate evil in human history, and the solidarity of all peoples who fight for a future in which all can flourish.  In the end the human race is one race, the human species is one species, and the history and destiny of humanity is one.  

            We got the future back. Uh-oh.

            by G2geek on Sat Jun 14, 2014 at 07:15:39 PM PDT

            [ Parent ]

            •  Brilliant comment. I agree with every word of it. (3+ / 0-)
              Recommended by:
              G2geek, PeterHug, Calvino Partigiani
            •  There's a book onthis Bloodlands? (4+ / 0-)

              I may have a copy. Can't forget the 20 million Soviet citizens Stalin murdered in all this. Also, the massacres and pogroms picked right up again after the Nazis were defeated. See Savage Continent. Poles massacred Ukrainians and vice versa. The allies placed Croats in the hands of Serbs, knowing they would be massacred. Jews coming back to Eastern Europe were slaughtered. And of course the local communists went about killing all "collaborators" which could mean anyone. in fact, Poles and Ukrainians were killing each other before the war was even over.The issue of what constitutes the Holocaust is controversial; some believe it only includes the Jews, and not nearly as as many others were actually exterminated in the actual camps. Simon Wiesenthal came up with the 5 million figure for non Jews, because he felt the Holocaust was aimed at more than just the Jews. But he seems to have pulled the number out of thin air, according to the recent bio of him by Tom Segev.

          •  maybe you missed it in school? (1+ / 0-)
            Recommended by:
            Calvino Partigiani

            We didn't. I was in a 30% Jewish community in the 80s and we studied the Holocaust-gypsies, the disabled, gay people etc were targeted. The ones they talked about the most and planned the most for, the most systematically, were the Jews. They succeeded, if I recall correctly, in killing half of them in the world. I don't think they killed such a higher percentage of the other groups, but I could be wrong.

          •  I have a cousin named David. (1+ / 0-)
            Recommended by:

            He's not Jewish. He's Irish and German, coincidentally.

            Incidentally, in the 1930s the Germans overtook the English as the major ethnic stock in the United States.  Most people don't know that.
            That's because they were smart they saw it coming. Anyone who was there; that could get out of Germany, did.

            (When I lived in Southern NJ as a child, back in the fifties there were a lot of elderly German people who had lived in the area for decades).

            Actually, many, Germans American have been here since the 1800's. The population may have peaked in the thirties, but German Americans helped build this country.

            Some of my German-American uncles shot a lot of Germans in WW2.
            Good For Them!

            The Nazis were very good at hiding what they did and eliminating anyone they didn't like the looks of, even.

            Europe was in turmoil since WWI, the money was no good, people were literally starving and people never had any rights to speak up anywhere.

            The nazis used what is called "the velvet glove". Pretending concern for the German people, but slaughtering them and most of Europe.

            I don't know what makes people want to be evil. But there's no doubt about it. The nazis were the most horrible evil unleashed on the world since the inquisition.

            In America at the time it wasn't, all that either.

            Jews were segregated and discriminated against.

            I read how the US sent back an entire shipload of Jewish refugees to certain death in nazi germany.

            Wouldn't let them land. Our govt knew they would not be treated well if sent back, but no one cared.

            btw, I'm an immigrant Latvian Orthodox Rabbi's Great-Granddaughter. My Great-Grandparents and my Grandmother came over about 1875?

            Brought To You By That Crazed Sociologist/Media Fanatic rebel ga Be The Change You Want To See In The World! Gandhi

            by rebel ga on Sun Jun 15, 2014 at 08:28:16 PM PDT

            [ Parent ]

        •  The Soviet Union hadn't signed the Geneva (3+ / 0-)
          Recommended by:
          Rogneid, Timaeus, Calvino Partigiani

          Conventions on the treatment of POWs. So, while the Nazis largely abided by the Geneva Conventions wrt captured British and Americans, they did not do so for captured Soviet soldiers. Thus, American and British prisoners got Red Cross visits and food from home, along with adequate rations, the Russians were pretty much left to starve. In fact the sharing of rations by Brits and Americans through the wire kept many Soviet soldiers alive.
             In many cases, Russian POWs were summarily executed. In some cases, they were sent to death camps and gassed.
             BTW, the Russians had a well developed plan along with bureaucracy called the Hunger Plan. It's goal was to systematically remove food from Nazi occupied Slavic lands. Its goal was to starve 30 million people to death.

      •  Here's what's really bad about this (4+ / 0-)

        This diary was published on DKos last month, and I found it disturbing:

        The big problem I see here is, the people who actually lived through WWII and the run-up to it are dying off. Young people who don't know much about history can be deceived by this sort of fiction disguised as history, if there isn't anything with the same resources as the History Channel to tell them the real story.

        A few days after I read this, I read this internet newsgroup posting by professional liar Robert Wagner (he changed his surname to Wagner), who lives in the Orlando area:

        "The Nuremberg Trials violated Article 1 Section 9 of the US
        Constitution, which says, 'No Bill of Attainder or ex post facto Law shall be passed.'

        "It is illegal  to retroactively criminalize actions that were legal and outside US jurisdiction when committed."

        This is nonsense at the Sarah Palin level. It's not hard for a reasonably educated person to figure out that:

        1. The US Constitution only applies to the United States.
        2. Nuremberg is in Germany, not the US.
        3. The Nuremberg Tribunal was an international court with international judges.

        However, in this day and age, we have these TP'ers who wave the Constitution around, but have no idea what the Constitution is or what it says. They may be foolish enough to believe liars like Wagner.

        I called bullshit on Wagner on this. But what happens if the Faux News/History Channel climate continues for, say, another 20 years? There might not be so many people around that can call bullshit. The Holocaust Deniers will still be there saying things like, "you know, Göring, Streicher, and Ribbentrop weren't given fair trials, because their trials violated the US Constitution." If they're able to sneak that in, they can start saying, "well, the Holocaust is just one version of history."  

        •  At the time, some Republicans, most notably (4+ / 0-)

          Senator Robert Taft of Ohio, opposed the Nuremberg trials because of the ex post facto law aspect (and probably because they distrusted the new international system.) John F. Kennedy included Taft's stand in his book "Profiles in Courage."
             It's odd that the modern day right wing critics of Nuremberg have nothing to say about the trials of the Japanese war criminals.

          •  According to the Wiki article, at least two (2+ / 0-)
            Recommended by:
            Timaeus, Calvino Partigiani

            Supreme Court Justices also disagreed with the trials.

            Chief Justice of the United States Supreme Court Harlan Fiske Stone called the Nuremberg trials a fraud. "(Chief U.S. prosecutor) Jackson is away conducting his high-grade lynching party in Nuremberg," he wrote. "I don't mind what he does to the Nazis, but I hate to see the pretense that he is running a court and proceeding according to common law. This is a little too sanctimonious a fraud to meet my old-fashioned ideas."

            Jackson, in a letter discussing the weaknesses of the trial, in October 1945 told U.S. President Harry S. Truman that the Allies themselves "have done or are doing some of the very things we are prosecuting the Germans for. The French are so violating the Geneva Convention in the treatment of prisoners of war that our command is taking back prisoners sent to them. We are prosecuting plunder and our Allies are practising it. We say aggressive war is a crime and one of our allies asserts sovereignty over the Baltic States based on no title except conquest."

            Associate Supreme Court Justice William O. Douglas charged that the Allies were guilty of "substituting power for principle" at Nuremberg. "I thought at the time and still think that the Nuremberg trials were unprincipled," he wrote. "Law was created ex post facto to suit the passion and clamor of the time."

            Of course, Robert H Jackson (the chief US Prosecutor) was also a Supreme Court Justice, so that opinion was not held by the whole Court.
    •  Well, you wouldn't want anyone to have any special (1+ / 0-)
      Recommended by:

      pity or sympathy for Jews, right?

      Isn't that the point?

  •  You forgot.... (13+ / 0-)

    Disabilied people, phisychally and mentally.

  •  It would be best to have some links in this (8+ / 0-)


  •  Freemasons and Rosicrucians as well (12+ / 0-)

    The SS office dealing with Jehovah's Witnesses ("Bibelforscher," "Bible Researchers," in German) was also charged with persecuting Freemasons ("Freimaurer"). Many dozens of thousands of Freemasons were thought to have been executed, and Rosicrucians fewer in number, were also put in concentration camps.

  •  I found my Polish relatives in the death book (14+ / 0-)

    at Auschwitz.

    "I'm a progressive man and I like progressive people" Peter Tosh

    by Texas Lefty on Sat Jun 14, 2014 at 03:11:10 PM PDT

  •  David Starr, it's considered obligatory here that (0+ / 0-)

    a diarist should participate in his own diary.

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