The area between the Cascade Mountains and the Rocky Mountains in Washington, Oregon, Idaho, British Columbia, and Western Montana is known as the Plateau Culture area. The Cashmere Museum in Cashmere, Washington has several exhibits of American Indian artifacts collected in the Columbia River area of central Washington. Shown below are some of the artifacts in exhibit 211.
These mauls—basically hand-held hammers—have different sizes and weights and were probably used for different tasks, such as driving wedges in woodworking and striking antler butts in flaking obsidian or chalcedony for stone blades and points.
While stone clubs are often classified as “war” clubs, the Plateau Indians were a fishing people and clubs were used to kill large fish that had been netted or snared.
This stone hammer head would have been attached to a wooden handle.
Red ocher (hematite) would be ground into a powder and then mixed with binder to produce paint. This paint could then be used for decorating clothing and tools, for body and face paint, and for making pictographs.
These were used in food preparation. Nuts and seeds would be ground up to produce flour; berries, fish, and meat would be ground up to produce pemmican.
More Ancient America
Ancient America: Paleoindian stone tools in Washington's Plateau area
Ancient America: Avonlea, the early bow hunters
Ancient America: Solar Calendars
Ancient America: Columbia River Rock Art (Photo Diary)
Ancient America: Plateau smoking pipes (museum exhibits)
Ancient America: The atlatl and the bow (museum exhibit)
Ancient America: Hunting Tools in British Columbia
Ancient America: Carved Stone Figures in the Plateau (Photo Diary)