Salutations to all,
Friday in the Medical Field (among others) is the day of Major News and I will keep the pace until this diary sinks into the Undergrounds.
Today, as usual, I will make a Wrap-Up on Swine Flu, that is H1N1 from around the World. I will post and start to comment on Updates expected today from International and National Medical Institutions.
I will start to post comments on duly corroborated datas about anti-virals that are accessible for all budget and over the counter.
NOTA: I am not a Physician, I am just a Traditional OjibWay Medicine Men of the Iroquois Nation (North-East of North-America), your best resource for Health Care Advice still is your family doctors. My comments, altough validated by institutions are for your information only and does not constitute a Medical advice.
Due to the potential gravity of the situation, The New England Journal of Medicine (N Engl J Med or NEJM) is an English-language peer-reviewed medical journal published by the Massachusetts Medical Society. It is one of the most popular and widely-read peer-reviewed general medical journals in the world. It is also the oldest continuously published medical journal in the world., yesterday they published on their website freely accessible Medical Informations and a number of papers on the recent swine flu outbreak.
First Thing First
With those whom we wish we wont have to go see.
New England Journal of Medicine
May 7, 2009
Published at www.nejm.org May 7, 2009 (10.1056/NEJMe0903992)
H1N1 Influenza A Disease — Information for Health Professionals
Although the exact sequence of events is uncertain, by the third week of April it was established that the illness resulted from a triple recombination of human, avian, and swine influenza viruses; the virus has been found to be H1N1.
This virologic analysis allowed for the development of a polymerase-chain-reaction (PCR) test to determine whether, in any given person, illness with the protean manifestations of cough, fever, sore throat, diarrhea, and nausea could be confirmed as a case.
Armed with this critical tool, clinicians and epidemiologists are able to make case assignments to define and track the outbreak and to determine disease severity.
Health authorities from around the world formulated plans for monitoring and controlling this outbreak.
On May 7, 2009, just about a month after the first case of this new H1N1 influenza was recognized, we are publishing articles providing background information about novel recombinant forms of H1N1 influenza causing human disease in the United States and a summary of the outbreak cases reported in the United States as of May 6.
Our goal in publishing these articles is to provide clinical descriptions of patients with the condition so that health professionals can use this information in making the difficult decision about whether an individual patient has a suspected case.
This decision will depend on the presence of typical, but unfortunately variable and nonspecific, symptoms; an epidemiologic link to other known suspected or established cases (though this may become less useful as the infection becomes widespread throughout the population); and, where appropriate, a positive identification of the H1N1 virus by the PCR test (see video for the correct method of obtaining a nasal sample).
Making informed decisions in thse beginning Time is sometimes confusing and even conflicting so yes itis important IMHO opinion.
First, credible suspected cases should trigger public health measures such as contact tracing and quarantine — which will benefit the community — and consideration for treatment with neuraminidase inhibitors, which will potentially benefit the individual patient.
Obviously, if we assign suspected-case status to more people than belong in this category, we alarm the public and create hardship for many who will turn out to be influenza-negative.
If we miss suspected cases and the affected people circulate in the community, the illness will spread more rapidly.
Finding the Right Balance in Raising Awareness, in Diffusing Corroborated Informations as Humanitarians is the Challenge of Our Life.
Finding Equipoise will be difficult, but our efforts should be guided by the informations as they are diffuse in a Democratic Humanitarian Movement.
The ability to clearly define a confirmed case will also allow for a careful assessment of the associated illness and its severity.
We now have important tools with which to fight this outbreak:
a clear case definition, an aware health care system, and an informed public. We await the availability of a vaccine, which will require several months to prepare.
Although it has been just over a month since the first cases were identified, it seems unlikely that this outbreak will lead to widespread, severe illness and deaths.
However, this may be just the first wave, and we will carefully monitor this outbreak.
To help in this process,
we have established
the H1N1 Influenza Center at NEJM.org, which is open and available to all.
We have and will post original research and other articles, as well as Journal Watch summary and commentary on important articles that may appear elsewhere.
We have also posted historical pieces from our archive on the "swine flu" epidemic of the 1970s and the 1918 influenza epidemic.
The H1N1 Influenza Center
we will also have links to the most up-to-date news on the outbreak, including material from sources such as the World Health Organization and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
One highlight is an interactive map from HealthMap showing the location of confirmed and suspected cases of H1N1 influenza in the United States and around the world.
This map, which uses information from many different sources, will be updated regularly.
We hope that the H1N1 Influenza Center will be of value to health professionals as they participate in the control of this outbreak.
In addition, we will continue to follow this problem after the current outbreak subsides, since illness may recur in the Southern Hemisphere during the coming winter or again in the Northern Hemisphere when the traditional influenza season returns.