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Anders Behring Breivik described himself as a conservative Christian and he thought Cultural Marxists=multiculturalists=Islamization of Europe. This  racist right-wing conspiracy theory is tied to the Islamophobic "Demographic Winter" thesis.

The concepts within cultural conservatism are a confluence of traditionalist claims from Europe and the United States. Major US groups send representatives to Europe, and there is a general meet up at the conferences of The World Congress of Families. See background here:  "Exporting 'Traditional Values': The World Congress of Families."

Speakers at the WCF warned of a Demographic Winter at the WCF meeting in Poland in 2007. See for example, John D. Mueller, "A Family-Friendly Fiscal Policy to Weather "Demographic Winter.'" Left unstated but clearly understood, is that it is White people who face a "Demographic Winter" as the population of Muslims, Arabs, and other "non-White" people increases in nations. Breivik mentioned the

According to Breivik:

There must be more focus on multicultural doctrines (multiculturalism = kulturmarxisme) as it is this ideology that allows the political mechanisms that result in continued Islamization (Islamic demographic warfare). People must learn what multiculturalism...doctrines do with Europe:
Systematic breakdown:

   European Christianity
   European tradition
   European Cultures
   European (a national) identity
   Sovereign States

Of course, it is known that kulturmarxistene and humanities in Europe think they are going to reform Islam but they will fail like all before them have done. We, for our part, the cultural conservatives and anti-Marxist liberal, must focus on the basic problem - multiculturalism (kulturmarxisme) and how to combat this...

A major theorist promoting the conspiracy theory of "Cultural Marxism" is William Lind. Lind addressed the right-wing group Accuracy in Academia in February 2000. See also: What is Cultural Marxism? by William S. Lind.

Apocalyptic Christian Belief and Islamophobia

Among right-wing Christians who fear Muslims there are some that see Islam as the false religion of the Antichrist in the End Times in their idiosyncratic reading of Biblical prophecy.  

This apocalyptic view is widespread in some areas.  For example a poll found that 15% of Republicans in New Jersey though President Barack Obama might be the "Antichrist" who is Satan's chief henchman in the End Times.  Another 14% were convinced Obama was the Antichrist.

As Robert C. Fuller observed in his classic Naming the Antichrist: The History of an American Obsession, the candidates for the starring roles vary over time in fundamentalist eschatological analysis. Some see Islam as the religion of the False Prophet, the theological sidekick to the Antichrist. After the terror attacks on 9/11/2001 there was an increase in the demonization of Muslims in some Christian evangelical circles, especially those in which apocalyptic conspiracy theories flourish.

For example, Hal Lindsey joined in the Islam-bashing in 2002 with The Everlasting Hatred: The Roots of Jihad. Speculation in conspiracy circles that Obama is secretly a Muslim, perhaps born in Kenya, add fuel to this bigoted fire.  

Paul S. Boyer, author of When Time Shall Be No More: Prophecy Belief in Modern American Culture, suggests that religious views about Biblical prophecy in the United States have “always had an enormous, if indirect and underrecognized, role [in] shaping public policy.” If the message of apocalyptic demonization is not clear, try reading one of the novels by Tim LaHaye and Jerry B. Jenkins in their Left Behind series of Christian apocalyptic novels which have sold more than 70 million copies.  

Gershom Gorenberg blasts the authors because they:  

"promote conspiracy theories; they demonize proponents of arms control, ecumenicalism, abortion rights and everyone else disliked by the Christian right; and they justify assassination as a political tool. Their anti-Jewishness is exceeded by their anti-Catholicism. Most basically, they reject the very idea of open, democratic debate. In the world of Left Behind, there exists a single truth, based on a purportedly literal reading of Scripture; anyone who disagrees with that truth is deceived or evil.”  

The main villain of the Left Behind series of books, Gorenberg notes, is “Nicolae Carpathia, the man who turned the United Nations into a one-world government with himself as dictator,” on behalf of Satan. In fact, Carpathia is the dreaded Antichrist. According to Gorenberg:  
Perhaps the most striking scene in the Left Behind series is the climax of book six, The Assassins [when] Carpathia is speaking at a mass rally in Jerusalem. Out in the crowd is [underground Christian resistance leader] Rayford Steele, armed with a high-tech handgun. He prays for God’s guidance, and finds himself firing what appears to be a fatal shot at Carpathia. Intentionally or not, this is an eerie rewrite of Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin’s assassination at a Tel Aviv peace rally in 1995—but the authors are on the side of the fanatic killer.”

All of these conspiracy theories and more swirl through the Tea Party movement and beyond. LaHaye, before his novels, wrote a series of books popular in the Christian Right in which he laid out the master plan of the conspiracy of liberal secular humanists. Big government and collectivism was part of the sinister plan.

"Cultural Marxism," the Hoax Conspiracy Theory

The Frankfort School developed theories of  "cultural criticism," and "The Culture Industry," but the term "Cultural Marxism" is a derogatory term developed by antisemitic conspiracy theorists.

So Breivik opposed "Cultural Marxism," the hoax conspiracy theory, but probably knew little of the actual "critical theories" of the Frankfort School, which are still used within sectors of modern sociology. See, for example, the work of Theodor Adorno and Max Horkheimer.

There are a handful of Cultural Marxist sociologists around the world who use aspects of the Frankfurt School theories, Flowing out of several strains of sociology  are sections that use Race/Gender/Class analysis and include a few Cultural Marxists. So the real Cultural Marxism is an analytical lens used primarily in academia, not a global conspiracy to destroy Western Culture..

Originally posted to cberlet on Sun Jul 24, 2011 at 07:29 AM PDT.

Also republished by July 22nd, Community Spotlight, and Street Prophets .

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Comment Preferences

  •  I haven now (12+ / 0-)

    finished reading his 1500 page manifesto, and I think with the bombing part, he did indeed act alone in the bombing and shooting. However ideas/influence/planning could have come from others.

    He creates a day by day, step by step guide for creating the bomb, body armor, and everything else. It is so well pre-planned and thought out, that it is truly horrifying. While full of wrong ideas, he is a VERY smart man.

    War crimes will be prosecuted. War criminals will be punished. And it will be no defense to say, "I was just following orders." G.W Bush

    by LieparDestin on Sun Jul 24, 2011 at 08:09:18 AM PDT

  •  A little knowledge is a dangerous thing (9+ / 0-)

    A little knowledge combined with a lot of hatred and access to weapons is a lethal combination.

    In theory, there is no difference between theory and practice; but in practice, there always is a difference. - Yogi Berra

    by blue aardvark on Sun Jul 24, 2011 at 02:28:35 PM PDT

  •  And this species has nuclear weapons, Zarg? nt (4+ / 0-)
    Recommended by:
    ActivistGuy, Black Max, houyhnhnm, mapamp
  •  Fascism and Breitvik (7+ / 0-)

    Most people don't know it but Adolf Hitler was a fundamentalist christian. For instance, he wore a belt buckle with "Gott mit uns" (God is with us) on it ( Hitler's Christianity).

    Extremist, fundamentalist christianity, anti-liberal, anti-labor, nationalist, anti-Islam racism, anti-Marxist "culture." Sound familiar?

    •  Unfortunately... (1+ / 0-)
      Recommended by:

      it does sound familiar.

    •  By the way... (2+ / 0-)
      Recommended by:
      mapamp, jeff in nyc

      I dont think Hitler was a fundamentalist christian.  The Nazi ideology was not religious in any way.

    •  Sorry, but I can't let this go (8+ / 0-)

      Hitler was a Catholic who got frustrated with Austria's "contamination", and came to worship Prussia's singleminded pursuit of power.  Prussia was ruled by Lutherans.  Its army wore belt buckles that said "Gott mit uns."  In 1914 when both Austria and Germany went to war as allies, he chose to enlist in the German army.

      He seems like a lot of pro-imperialist and racist Westerners of the time to have assumed that there was some sort of abstract God of Wrath who intended that whitey enslave the Earth in His name, as it was in fact attempting to do.  But he would throw together Old Testament cruelty, Christ-analogies, and Millenialist fantasies (1000 year reich) like a soapbox demagogue ought to.  He knew his audience was all either Catholic or Protestant, he co-opted leaders of both groups, but the Pope gave him one-stop shopping on that side.  He sold murderous anti-Communism every day of his rule as an integral part of being a good Christian and German.

      So who cares if he worshipped Odin or Satan in private?  He tempted Christians with their lust for power and the jobs stolen from murdered Jews, he was helped every step of the way by conservative establishment "Christian" leaders in the police, Army, industry, and Church, he allied with Catholic fascists from Spain to Romania and Protestant fascists in the Netherlands and Scandanavia.  He always claimed to be defending Western civilization - implicitly Christian - from Commies who were known to murder Christians.

      What's really telling - he seems to me to have grown closer to Heinrich Himmler over time.  Himmler's obsession with the Teutonic Knights, who "Christianized" Prussia under Papal edict by massacring its pagan natives in the 12th (?) Century, led to a vision of France being divided up into feudal estates owned by SS knights, with Russian serfs to do the dirty work, an analogy to what the Teutonic Knights had done.

      Himmler's SS changed the belt buckle motto to "Our Honor Is Loyalty."  As in loyalty to their warrior chief Hitler, over God.

      So make what you will of this.

      •  Progressive Christians hold to (3+ / 0-)
        Recommended by:
        Shockwave, mookins, Dr Know

        the sort of ideology we saw with Dubya conservativism:  Christianity can never fail, it can only be failed.  Whenever something like this happens they immediately say "it's not Christian", despite the fact that there's plenty in the Bible and Christ's own words to justify this evil.  They dismiss the long genocidal, oppressive, and violent history of Christianity as some minority abberation, even though it's the majority reading ifigures like Augustine, Aquinas, and Luther.  This stuff doesn't come from nowhere.  I'm glad progressive Christians exist, but I wish they'd face the history of their religion and stop trying to pretend it's a fringe phenomena.

  •  Theodor Adorno, Destroyer of Western Civilization (6+ / 0-)

    Shit man. I'll bet he would have been happy just to be read.

    I mean, by people other than those prone to open fire with automatic weapons at youth camps. I don't think that is really his audience.

  •  Al Jazeera link (18+ / 0-)

    The Norwegian terrorist who murdered more than ninety innocent civilians - many of whom were teenagers - did not act alone. Or rather, he acted within a cultural and political context that legitimises his fearful and hate-infested worldview. It is now clear that Anders Behring Breivik was exposed to large amounts of right-wing propaganda. This tragedy underlines the urgency with which normal people around the world must combat fundamentalist nationalists and chauvinists wherever they may be. But it also demonstrates the extent to which reactionary bigotry has infected mainstream thought.

    Others have simply gotten old. I prefer to think I've been tempered by time.

    by Just Bob on Sun Jul 24, 2011 at 03:13:03 PM PDT

  •  Setting aside the horror of his actions (10+ / 0-)

    (and how the hell one does that, I don't begin to know), I'm most interested in his connections to American far-right extremism. We've had diaries on US far-righties defending Breivik's actions, or at least agreeing with some of his ideology; a Tea Party fatcat speaking at one of Breivik's events; and how his rhetoric is strongly echoed by American loons like Beck, Breitbart, Jeffrey Goldberg, and others.

    White supremacists, Christian Identity believers, and militia extremists have for years been trying to "soften" their image for more public acceptance. They've been far more successful than we may realize. While the movers and shakers of the white-hate movement -- Don Black, David Duke, Bo Gritz, Robert Millar, others -- have not succeeded in becoming more "media-friendly" themselves, that wasn't their course of action. They wanted to create a new crew of fresh-faced, seemingly reasonable hate merchants to stake their claim in our political and social dialogue. They've succeeded. One of their own, Michele Bachmann, is a legitimate GOP candidate for president. Others like Sarah Palin, Louis Gohmert, Joe Miller, Ron Paul, Rand Paul, Steve King, and more have openly stated their admiration for militia groups (and in Ron Paul's case, his admiration for the John Birch Society).

    The "tea party" is a direct outgrowth of this.

    As an amateur historical researcher for the History Commons, I know better than to posit a conclusion and then craft the data to support that conclusion. But the material we've contributed to the Domestic Terrorism project is definitely tending towards the indication that the 90s militia movement spawned the current "tea party" movement. Investigations by the SPLC, ADL, Right Wing Watch, David Neiwert, and a number of smaller human-rights organizations have drawn similar indications long before I and my colleagues ever got there. (And by the way, if you're a researcher interested in putting the puzzle pieces together, come on over, your help is very welcome.)

    This is no class warfare, this is class genocide. The middle and lower classes are being decimated. -- @sunshineejc

    by Black Max on Sun Jul 24, 2011 at 03:56:43 PM PDT

  •  This remains (5+ / 0-)
    Recommended by:
    mapamp, Mayfly, Garrett, bronte17, evergreen2

    the most chilling diary I've ever- read-

    "Power is a fleeting thing. One day your souls will be required of you." Bishop Peter Storey---Central Methodist Mission, Johannesburg, June 1981

    by lyvwyr101 on Sun Jul 24, 2011 at 04:08:44 PM PDT

  •  Let's just say that cultural Marxism is false (2+ / 0-)
    Recommended by:
    bronte17, mookins

    Frankfurt School critique is its own thing, and it is bounded and bordered historically. However, the revelations made by those thinkers have been picked up for their usefulness as perspectives of analysis and frameworks of understanding by virtually all social and human studies. They're found in literary studies, religious studies, historical studies, anthropology, cartography, geography, sociology, economics, and practically anything else that touches humanity.

    They do not constitute, though, any such thing as a separate or separable discipline.

    The hallucination that is "cultural Marxism" is simply the sort of portmanteau that we find in the right wing fantasist circles. They are combining terms without meaning, like "Islamofascist." They take two things already held as suspicious or bad and combine them.

    1. "Culture" for the far right and the self-endangered religious right is a rejected term. They do not believe in culture itself, because the idea of cultures requires us to value each item equally, or dispassionately, where they regard these as matters of true and false, right and wrong.

    2. "Culture" is a clipping of "multi-cultural," which has taken the place, silently and completely, of "political correctness" in their minds. It is that which forbids the jokes they like to tell, the thing that prevents gay bashing, the thing that puts "Dora the Explorer" on television. While genuine conservative questions can be raised by people like Northrop Frye (The Great Code) on cultural transmissability, those serious and charitable thinkers have nothing to do with these people.

    3. "Marxism" is an omnibus boogey man. For these groups, it transcends the old charge of "communist" because it wears a prettier gown. It looks cleaner, but it goes after any recognition of a materialist dialectic or class friction or historical determinism. The groups, who, again, have "true/false" and "good/evil" on social organization, cannot have historical determinism, material determinism, or a Brechtian notion of food before morals.

    All Christians have trouble with historical determinism, but only fools do so because they want to condemn societies for difference and want to pump life into the corpse of race.

    We do not flourish, but we persist.

    by The Geogre on Sun Jul 24, 2011 at 06:23:09 PM PDT

    •  The EDL live in a fantasy of Anglo Saxon Thegns (1+ / 0-)
      Recommended by:
      The Geogre

      Aethelings, 1066  and longbows.

      It's a shame really as they are going to give a bad name to a good good thing.

      Who has the heart to bet against Harold Godwinson? Even though you know he's screwed.  

      A Catholic, Jew, Muslim and Buddhist walk into Al Aqsa Mosque. Buddhist immediately exclaims: "excuse me I appear to be in the wrong joke."

      by Salo on Sun Jul 24, 2011 at 06:49:08 PM PDT

      [ Parent ]

      •  Stephen and Mathilde were cultural marxism's fault (0+ / 0-)

        ... and didn't they call that The Anarchy?

        Actually, that chin dribbling interest in 'ethnic purity' goes back before the Nazis, and it gave rise to some of the hyperbole Romanticism that broke out across Europe. The shadow of it in the US was all that nonsense about "real American character." The Geatish Society (who invented the horned helmet for vikings that have never been found and could never have been worn: imagine sitting next to that guy on a longboat), the Golden Dawn, various Celtic movements, they all came about and then the twist into Nazi.

        If Wagner had just played tunes, the world might be a better place, you know.

        We do not flourish, but we persist.

        by The Geogre on Mon Jul 25, 2011 at 04:50:30 AM PDT

        [ Parent ]

        •  I love all that stuff From the dark ages... (2+ / 0-)
          Recommended by:
          JDsg, The Geogre

          But it's not really supposed to be a political football. Much less an organizing principle for today.

          Also, who's to say that the people back then even thought in ethnic terms that we could understand.   I wouldn't be at all surprised if there were Arabs within Viking fleets, moorish mercenaries in the English huscarls and Turks in the Norman host.

          Military skill is military skill and is probably of more value to a leader than overheated rhetoric.  

          A Catholic, Jew, Muslim and Buddhist walk into Al Aqsa Mosque. Buddhist immediately exclaims: "excuse me I appear to be in the wrong joke."

          by Salo on Mon Jul 25, 2011 at 07:02:18 AM PDT

          [ Parent ]

        •  Wagner: great music, lousy history, worse politics (0+ / 0-)

          It's a problem when people think an opera or a ring) is a call to heroic palingenetic pursuits to purify the race.  
          Always ends badly.

  •  In your final paragraph (1+ / 0-)
    Recommended by:

    you write that there are a handful of cultural Marxists that use race/gender/class analysis as if to suggest that this isn't a real issue on the left.  Why are you legitimating conservative framing by implicitly suggesting these modes of analysis are ILLEGITIMATE.  In my view the aim is not to diminish conservative worries, but to affirm the vitality and necessity of these analyses that are vital to the politics of emancipation.  These forms of critique are absolutely necessary.  Or perhaps you just don't believe in democratic equality.

    •  Hiya (0+ / 0-)

      I don't think s/he's doing that (suggesting illegitmacy). Reread the para, esp the last sentence re academia; I don't think the two of you disagree.

      Cheers & nice to see you  :)

      God bless our tinfoil hearts.

      by aitchdee on Sun Jul 24, 2011 at 07:41:18 PM PDT

      [ Parent ]

      •  Yes, aitchdee has it correct (0+ / 0-)

        I am a cultural Marxist that uses race/gender/class analysis, and a member of both sections of the American Sociological Association as an independent scholar.  Sorry that was not clear.

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