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One of the major news items this week is Katie Holmes's impending divorce from that guy who is protecting all of humanity from the shennigans associated with the galactic dictator Xenu.    I hope that guy isn't distracted too much by any custody battles, since, um, galactic dictators are, um, bad, and we should afterall, pay attention.

I wrote recently about another overwhelming threat to humanity, the the radioactive tuna fish from Fukushima, and yesterday, while eating a fruit salad containing radioactive bananas at a party near here, I heard people worrying about the tuna fish.   They're not going to eat tuna.   Whoopeeeeeeee.

Well then...

The party was outdoors, and people remarked how hot it's been around here, where the temperatures were about 37oC (98oF).   We all sat in the shade and I ate radioactive salad, and despite this, somewhat surprisingly, I'm still alive.

This diary is about far less important news than Suri, Tom, and Katie, and the radioactive tuna fish.    Peripherally, it's about the fact that as of this writing, 72.1% of the United States is experiencing drought, according to the drought monitor tables with large areas of the United States grain belt experiencing severe drought.

Don't worry.   Be happy.   If things go well, you can buy a Tesla electric car someday.

The paper from the primary scientific literature that I will discuss today is found in the current issue of the scientific journal Environmental Science and Technology and is published by scientists at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory.  The paper is titled Review of Methane Mitigation Technologies with Application to Rapid Release of Methane from the Arctic

(Environ. Sci. Technol. 2012, 46, 6455−6469...).   It's a fun paper and it is all about how the climate forcing gas methane - which is far more potent than carbon dioxide as a climate forcing gas, and is also the main constituent of "clean" natural gas - gets into your atmosphere and, um, changes the climate, not that the climate is anywhere as near as important as Suri's upbringing among the forces fighting Xenu.

Here's some hysterical remarks from the "science types" - many of whom are probably not concerned with Xenu - written in this paper about the problem with methane.

Methane is the most important greenhouse gas (GHG) after carbon dioxide (CO2). It contributes 14% of current GHG emissions by the most common measure, and 30% of current net climate forcing.1,2 Although emissions of methane are much smaller than those of CO2 by mass, methane is far more potent GHG, even as it is shorter-lived in the atmosphere. Averaged over the (most common) 100-year time scale, methane is 25times more potent than CO2 per unit mass. Over a 20-year timescale, which is relevant to the near-term threat of crossing acclimate tipping point, methane is 72 times more potent.2Recent research suggests that methane is more potent still when accounting for its indirect effect on aerosol formation.3In addition to the warming effect of current forcing and emissions, methane plays a role in climatic feedback mechanisms that can exacerbate warming and even lead to abrupt, catastrophic climate change in the future. This risk is primarily associated with the rapid release of carbon stores in the Arctic due to warming, leading to higher atmospheric methane levels, especially in the Arctic. Warming due to higher Arctic concentrations, in turn, leads to additional methane releases in a positive feedback cycle.4−7
Whiners.

The authors - hysterics, all - give a break down carry on about other stuff that humanity doesn't care about considering the important fact that there was a radioactive tuna found recently somewhere off the coast of San Diego.   (Everyone in San Diego will die.)

They say, as if we gave a rat's ass about what happened to leftover dinosaurs and primitive rats 55 million years ago:

A major release of Arctic methane would have a devastating impact on the global climate and air quality,8 and evidence indicates it has played a role in past warming events in the paleoclimate record.7,9−11 Although the major cause remainsdisputed, Arctic methane is proposed as a driver of the Paleocene−Eocene Thermal Maximum, when global temperaturesrose by about 6 °C, triggering mass extinctions.Contributing to the risk, the climatic response to methane release is superlinear: additional emissions deplete the abundance of the OH• radical in the atmosphere, the primary methane sink, and thereby increase the lifetime of atmospheric methane. Additionally, atmospheric feedbacks with ozone, water vapor, and clouds add to the forcing from methane emissions.12,13
For the record, the OH• radical is formed by, um, radiation.

Bastards.   They seem to think radiation is um, a good thing.

They whine on and on about where methane in our planetary waste dump comes from.

Most of it comes (26%) from farts, although they're the sort of whiners who can't call a fart a fart, instead referring to farts with the euphemism "enteric fermentation."

Then they have this kind of bullshit to hand out about "clean natural gas:"

The leakage of methane from natural gas systems has received attention lately, driven by the recent and projected massive growth in natural gas extraction from shale formations, or “shale gas”.29 Shale gas extraction tends to be leakier than conventional gas extraction. Based, in part, on a recent upward revision of estimated leakage rates by the U.S. EPA30 and by are cent higher estimate for the warming impact of methane,3Howarth et al.31 reached the provocative conclusion that shale gas can be more harmful to the climate than coal over its lifecycle. Wigley32 reaches the same conclusion, though largely bay different route, that is, by accounting for the cooling effect of aerosols associated with coal combustion that do not accompany natural gas combustion. The large magnitude of methane leaks from natural gas production has been disputed another studies,33−35 with Jiang et al., for example, finding that the life-cycle GHG impact of producing electricity from shale gas is20−50% lower than that from coal.33
They then claim that 22% of the methane in the planetary atmosphere comes from oil and gas operations, 11% comes from landfills, 10% comes from rice cultivation - what do they want us to do, starve? - 8% from coal mining, 6% from landfills, and 6% from other agriculture and 3% from burning clean renewable biomass and similar amounts from other crap we don't care about.

Then they talk about all kinds of stuff - it all sounds expensive - that we could do about this if we gave a rat's ass about the climate, but we don't.

Mostly I'm worried about Xenu and Suri, and whether Suri will grow up to be a "Buffy the Xenu slayer."

If you care about methane mitigation schemes - and why should you? - you can read the paper yourself.    I've got to go.   The Fourth of July is coming up and I have another party to attend.

I sure hope they're not serving tuna fish sandwiches there.

Have a great weekend and a nice holiday.

Originally posted to NNadir on Sun Jul 01, 2012 at 06:57 AM PDT.

Also republished by SciTech, Climate Hawks, and DK GreenRoots.

Poll

Which would be worse, Xenu coming back or a Paleocene−Eocene type mass extinction.

8%11 votes
7%10 votes
6%9 votes
0%0 votes
0%1 votes
2%3 votes
5%8 votes
12%17 votes
5%7 votes
2%3 votes
5%8 votes
5%7 votes
2%3 votes
5%8 votes
29%39 votes

| 134 votes | Vote | Results

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Comment Preferences

  •  Cow farts, human farts, cow enteric fermentation, (26+ / 0-)

    human enteric fermentation, leaky permafrost, leaky gas wells, leaky coal wells, suburban assholes driving to summer parties in less than moral Tesla electric cars, poor people who are not as moral as me because I have a Tesla electric car, big giant droughts, the hidden risk of the return of Xenu, other hide rates, and pure perfectly emergency mitigated troll rates all go here.

    •  Waitaminute...11% AND 6% from landfills? (2+ / 0-)
      Recommended by:
      ozsea1, kyril

      ...that's either a cumulative 17%, or a exclusionary 5%, or a shifting chaotic derivative of some unknown (but possibly radioactive, as from banana tuna) system currently at work.

      Or something.

      (Ohell, it could simply be a typo, but then what would that get us? More tuna? A crapload of bananas? Or an international Xenu fart...?)

    •  Finally someone paying attention to this... (0+ / 0-)

      You can go to lakes in the northern tier of Alaska (about 2 million of them over an acre or more) and watch methane bubbling from most of them. You can even set it on fire.

      Multiply this with the millions of lakes, hectares of permafrost in Russia, Canada and Alaska, and Scandinavia and you can see that it's over. The tipping point has been reached a long time ago. They just don't want to panic a whole lot of people with the truth.

      "Wealthy the Spirit which knows its own flight. Stealthy the Hunter who slays his own fright. Blessed is the Traveler who journeys the length of the Light."

      by CanisMaximus on Sun Jul 01, 2012 at 11:06:28 PM PDT

      [ Parent ]

  •  Nicccccce! (10+ / 0-)

    This is often what I feel like.

    I posted some poetry in a similar vein on my page and at Indigo Kalliope.  You might appreciate it.

  •  greatest source of methane?... (27+ / 0-)

    is livestock production

    http://climatecolab.org/...

    http://www.greenplanetawards.org/...

    Easiest way to reduce methane ...go vegan
    Costs nothing, is healthy and saves money too!
    A no brainer

    Macca's Meatless Monday

    by VL Baker on Sun Jul 01, 2012 at 08:18:32 AM PDT

  •  Maybe the authors of the paper (5+ / 0-)
    Recommended by:
    NNadir, palantir, burnt out, Wee Mama, bnasley

    ..ought to jump up and down on a couch while loudly and repeatedly professing their love for humanity and the planet?

    Better yet - Hire some young buxom blonde to to do so and put it on YouTube.

    I want a living planet, not just a living room.

    by Anthony Page aka SecondComing on Sun Jul 01, 2012 at 08:43:22 AM PDT

  •  I give this diary (8+ / 0-)

    My Turkana fan club seal of approval.  The snark is delicious.  

    ‎"Find out just what any people will quietly submit to and you have the exact measure of the injustice and wrong which will be imposed on them." --Frederick Douglass

    by Nada Lemming on Sun Jul 01, 2012 at 09:22:59 AM PDT

  •  The "divorce of the perfect couple" (0+ / 0-)

    is getting splashed all over the front pages. Deservedly. It's much more interesting to most of us than about methane in the atmosphere.

    It's here they got the range/ and the machinery for change/ and it's here they got the spiritual thirst. --Leonard Cohen

    by karmsy on Sun Jul 01, 2012 at 09:40:16 AM PDT

  •  Comedy joke! (7+ / 0-)

    Two guys, Jeff and Joe, are camping in Alaska when they notice a grizzly bear approaching their campsite from across the valley. Jeff immediately takes off his boots and starts putting on running shoes. Joe says, what are you doing man, no way you can out-run a grizzly even with running shoes. Jeff replies, I don't have to be faster than the grizzly, Joe, I just have to be faster than you.

    Moral: Environmental conditions (like grizzly bears or global warming) never killed anyone. What does kill people is being out-competed by other people. Or at least, that appears to be how our thought processes have evolved.

  •  Love the sarcastic tone... (10+ / 0-)

    and I mean that most sincerely.

    Thanks!  Think I'll drive around and watch the corn die.  Only a matter of another week or so, I would imagine.  Damned sensitive stuff seems to require rain.  It must be French corn.

    Was a cold and dark December when the banks became cathedrals...

    by althea in il on Sun Jul 01, 2012 at 10:25:25 AM PDT

  •  Aren't there electric cars ... (2+ / 0-)
    Recommended by:
    burnt out, ozsea1

    in your nuclear powered Nirvana?

    "Who is John Galt?" A two dimensional character in a third rate novel.

    by Inventor on Sun Jul 01, 2012 at 10:34:21 AM PDT

    •  No. (3+ / 0-)
      Recommended by:
      ban nock, gzodik, terrypinder

      I am not now, and never have been a supporter of the car CULTure.

      As far as I'm concerned, the contention that the car CULTure can be made sustainable by any means is as stupid as the claim that digging up all of mongolia to leach lanthanides out with nitric acid in backyard tanks to make wind turbines for, um, electric cars, is a "green technology."

      I do not expect "nirvana," and as far as nuclear power is concerned, although it is clearly and unambiguously the best power source possible, I fully concede that fear, ignorance and superstition have made it impossible for it to do what it might have done in a wisely run world.

      Only a very, very, very sloppy and lazy reading of my position would claim that I every have spoken of nirvana.

      I made my true feelings about the potential for nuclear energy to save humanity from fear, ignorance and superstition very clear in several places.

      Here are some examples:

      Should Nuclear Energy Be A Panacea?

      That diary - the links are clearer in the Kos version - makes fun of the billionaire assholes at the Tesla electric car company who have the temerity and vaccuity to show their over prices highly subsidized pieces of shit being powered by wind farms, even though almost zero such cars are powered by anything other than gas, coal and - in the best case - nuclear power.

      I have often noted that the subsidies for these kinds of schemes - as well as the ridiculous and failed subsidies for the solar, wind and biofuels industries - have come at the expense of the usual victims of these sorts of schemes, the poor, the uneducated, the hungry and the weak.

      I have also written many times along the same lines on the question of whether nuclear power can save our bourgeois self absorbed asses - mostly off the cuff and have made it clear that it is now functionally impossible for even a spectacularly well designed system, such as been practiced for 50 years by the nuclear industry - to do very much at all.

      We're cooked, so we may as well talk about Xenu, Katie and Suri.

      I'm not the one running around like Amory Lovins drinking kirchwasser in a McMansion in Snowmass glibly claiming that some easy shit-for-brains handwaving will solve all of our problems.

      The tenor of this diary is actually a reflection of a far deeper cynicism than you may be able to comprehend.

      Anyone who fights fear, anyone who fights ignorance, anyone who fights superstition will lose and end up exhausted, at best giggling in disgust, at worst, in the deepest of deep despair or maybe a mixture thereof.

      Thanks for your kind remark, even if you have no idea about what I write, say, or think.  

      Have a nice weekend.

      •  I actually made the pilgrimage to Lovins' Snowmass (1+ / 0-)
        Recommended by:
        NNadir

        RMI, just to stop by and take a look. At the time (1990) demand side management was the conservation of choice for utilities to make money from less.

        The theory that nature is permanently in balance has been largely discredited

        by ban nock on Sun Jul 01, 2012 at 08:53:50 PM PDT

        [ Parent ]

  •  Three cheers for the radio active tuna who (6+ / 0-)

    may be responsible for saving the lives of more tuna than anything before.

    In St. Louis the only weather related concerns are that the ball game doesn't get rained out............Who  needs rain when you have astro turf anyway?

    Great ......and sad..... diary on American attitudes regarding

    climate change.

    Just give me some truth. John Lennon--- OWS------Too Big To Fail

    by burnt out on Sun Jul 01, 2012 at 10:37:06 AM PDT

  •  Emergency Mitigation? (11+ / 0-)

    I don't see any emergency mitigation measures mentioned here.

    Zero emissions is what we need plus atmospheric cleansing, preferably using ecological design mechanisms rather than the mechanistic geoengineering plans presently being promoted.  There's a lot that could be done, even rather painlessly, if we just have the imagination to recognize those possibilities.

    Too bad we like pie fights and inconsequentialities instead.

    Solar is civil defense. Video of my small scale solar experiments at solarray.

    by gmoke on Sun Jul 01, 2012 at 10:55:56 AM PDT

    •  Mitigation... (2+ / 0-)
      Recommended by:
      boophus, gzodik

      It is called STOP BURNING CARBONACEOUS STUFF FOR ENERGY.  

      Simple.

      You're welcome.

      PS: a nuclear electric economy is the way to do it.  Proven, safe, scalable to provide everyone on the planet all energy necessary for a decent standard of living all while possessing the smallest possible impact on the environment per unit energy delivered.  If we recycle in fast reactors or use thorium-U233 thermal spectrum molten-salt breeders it can also be sustainable for thousands, perhaps hundreds of thousands of years.

      The intrinsic nature of Power is such that those who seek it most are least qualified to wield it.

      by mojo workin on Sun Jul 01, 2012 at 11:40:51 AM PDT

      [ Parent ]

      •  Thanks (3+ / 0-)
        Recommended by:
        Calamity Jean, John Crapper, Joieau

        If we stop all carbon fuels right now, the very instant you're reading this, we still have climate problems due to all the greenhouse gases we've already put into the atmosphere.  Changing our energy supply is not enough.  We have to do something about removing those greenhouse gases from the atmosphere as well.

        100% nuclear, even if it were possible, is not enough.  Furthermore, changing energy regimens historically takes 30-50 years.  I don't call that an emergency response.

        Watching CSPAN2 on Friday, October 6, 2006, I heard a VP from Westinghouse, Edward Cummins, say that it will take nine to ten years to license and build new nuclear power plants in the USA and thus, if we have to reduce our carbon emissions within the next ten years in order to avoid climate change, nuclear power will be little or no help at all.  Nearly six years on, I'd say that Mr Cummins, whose job it was to push nuclear power as hard as possible, was right.  Nuclear power will be negligible in terms of reducing climate change for the foreseeable future, especially in the wake of Fukushima.

        Solar is civil defense. Video of my small scale solar experiments at solarray.

        by gmoke on Sun Jul 01, 2012 at 02:03:28 PM PDT

        [ Parent ]

        •  Mr. Cummings of course, is referring to countries (0+ / 0-)

          where fear, superstition and ignorance prevail.

          If the same safety standards that apply to nuclear power plants applied to coal plants in terms of risk to humanity, there would be zero coal plants on the planet.

          Maybe you know zero history - given my reading of your stuff that certainly seems possible - but a prominent North American nation built 104 nuclear plants in a twenty year period that have operated for more than 40 years in some cases without a single loss of life.

          You could look it up.

          A prominent European nation completely phased out coal in less than a twenty year period using nuclear energy.

          So what are you here to say?   That was has already occurred is impossible?

          The anti-nuke mentality is that of arsonists complaining about fires.

          The reason it takes so long to build reactors in the United States is not a technical problem; it is a problem with a set of people who are, again, motivated by fear, ignorance and superstition.

          China can build reactors in less than 4 years; India can do it; Japan has done it.

          Why, then, do you claim that it is impossible in the United States, where, in fact, this was routinely done in the 1950's and 1960's?

          As for the removal of carbon dioxide from the atomosphere, this is, in fact, quite possible using high temperature systems, and even the idiots in the money draining rabbit hole solar industry have published less than stupid papers on how to do it.   Because solar energy is a technical and economic failure, none of these schemes have proved possible for the solar industry, but any other industry that can bring high temperatures - in a consistent and reliable way - can in fact use this thus useless science.

          George Olah has published on this point - he being a lifelong advocate of nuclear energy as well as a Nobel Laureate - and so have hundreds, if not thousands, of other scientists of less august standing.

          You really should not deign to speak about what nuclear energy can and cannot do, since you have zero understanding of nuclear technology.

      •  Still begs the question (5+ / 0-)

        of what mitigation schemes the title refers to.

        "I was a big supporter of waterboarding" - Dick Cheney 2/14/10

        by Bob Love on Sun Jul 01, 2012 at 02:08:15 PM PDT

        [ Parent ]

  •  I don't want to buy the full text version of ... (8+ / 0-)

    the paper. I'm cheap. Could you succinctly tell us about the mitigations.


    Universe started with a Big Bang. It's big, getting bigger, and mostly dark.

    by jim in IA on Sun Jul 01, 2012 at 11:02:18 AM PDT

  •  In the listing of percentages (1+ / 0-)
    Recommended by:
    rovertheoctopus

    of where methane comes from "landfills" is listed twice. First it's listed with 11% and then again with 6%.

    Does TomKat even let Suri eat tuna? Inquiring minds and all...


    Not this mind and not this heart, I won't rot • Mumford & Sons

    by jayden on Sun Jul 01, 2012 at 11:41:15 AM PDT

  •  I've been on my best gastrointestinal behavior (1+ / 0-)
    Recommended by:
    FarWestGirl

    lately.  I used to say, "home is where the fart is."  However, I have realized the deleterious nature of methane and consequently, have begun eating fewer beans and cruciferous vegetables.  Just trying to do my bit.  

    Great diary!

  •  I would rather spend $35 on a state senate (3+ / 0-)
    Recommended by:
    Wee Mama, cassandracarolina, ozsea1

    campaign than on reading this paper.  If you have read it, perhaps you could summarize what the mitigation strategies are.

  •  Well done, sir! (3+ / 0-)
    Recommended by:
    ybruti, FarWestGirl, John Crapper

    (...and yes, I did check your profile to see if you were a sir or a ma'am :-) ).

    Tipped, rec'ced, and republished to a couple of groups.

    It's the tipping points and feedback loops that are the scariest.  We are so dangerously close to too many points of no return.

    We need so many changes and help to get there...carbon tax, feed-in tariffs, popular uprising against coal terminals in the West and pipelines though the Midwest, energy efficiency on a massive scale, and yes, less meat consumption.

    We also need to use the occasion of this ridiculous heat wave / drought to hammer home the global warming message.  That means all of us using all of our resources to spread that word.

    “Better the occasional faults of a government that lives in a spirit of charity than the consistent omissions of a government frozen in the ice of its own indifference.” -- FDR, 1936

    by SolarMom on Sun Jul 01, 2012 at 11:52:48 AM PDT

    •  Could just be weather, (0+ / 0-)

      you know. Which is quite a different subject than actual climate change. I did look at the calendar today, and sure enough, it's July 1st. Honest to goodness summer here in the northern hemisphere, where it gets up into the 90s and even triple digits for days at a time through the height of the season. Pretty much always has, just like it gets bone-chilling cold for days at a time through the height of winter. Always has...

      Hence while it's sure darned hot, it's not exactly unheard-of. Oddly enough, droughts aren't that rare either. Why, back in my parents' day there was a whole Dust Bowl thing happening in the southern midwest, it didn't rain for years and years. crops dried up, houses and town got buried in blowing dust, Okies migrated en masse to California looking for viable cropland.

      Honestly, if we're to panic and scream that every heat wave, cold snap, tornado outbreak, thunderstorm, hurricane and/or blizzard is Global Climate Change Writ Large, we just might end up shooting ourselves in the proverbial foot. People who actually live their lives in the world with enough functional memory to recall the last decade or two or three's worth of weather will simply tune it out as hyperbole (Chicken Little stuff). Is that going to be helpful?

      •  I certainly understand... (3+ / 0-)
        Recommended by:
        Joieau, John Crapper, 714day

        ...that you can't draw a direct line from each individual weather event.  I DO understand the science...it's in my line of work.

        But that doesn't mean we can't use these events to hammer home the broader message. There's a difference between making a definitive scientific statement, and using currents events to point out a larger context.

        People are starting to notice that overall, weather patterns are starting to change a bit.  If we can't point that out and discuss to the bigger picture because we're afraid of overstepping, then civilization is surely screwed.

        “Better the occasional faults of a government that lives in a spirit of charity than the consistent omissions of a government frozen in the ice of its own indifference.” -- FDR, 1936

        by SolarMom on Sun Jul 01, 2012 at 02:17:13 PM PDT

        [ Parent ]

        •  Well, the average temps (3+ / 0-)
          Recommended by:
          SolarMom, ozsea1, gzodik

          have definitely gotten warmer where I've lived for the past 20 years. And I know people locally who remember it in the '30s and '40s. Heck, there are ample photographs at the town museum that demonstrate winters used to be a whole lot colder - they used to make ice up the Mt. Mitchell road [Graphite Mule Track] to supply much of the piedmont back in those days. You could do it now, but only for a few weeks out of the year.

          Being NC (don't let the "north" fool you, it's south), it's always gotten up to high 90s and low triple digits in summer, for days at a time. Occasionally weeks. Some years there's ample rainfall, some years it's dry as a bone. Weather fluctuates a lot over a period of years, and these days I'm often struck by how panicky people get about every little event as if it's unprecedented. It's not. Maybe our society has just become so mobile that nobody sticks around in one place long enough to notice it's hot in summer, cold in winter, and sometimes wind blows, snow falls, water freezes, etc., etc., etc.

          USDA finally changed my growing zone this year to the next warmer zone. About time, as in 20 years I've never seen it freeze in May - May 10th was the old official last freeze date.

          •  I'm NC as well... (1+ / 0-)
            Recommended by:
            Joieau

            ...but central, not mountain.  So yeah, I'm not panicking that it's hot.

            But I recognize, as you do, that there is a new normal happening.

            “Better the occasional faults of a government that lives in a spirit of charity than the consistent omissions of a government frozen in the ice of its own indifference.” -- FDR, 1936

            by SolarMom on Sun Jul 01, 2012 at 03:25:52 PM PDT

            [ Parent ]

          •  We never made it to 20 below (0+ / 0-)

            In VT this past winter. We used to have a regular stretch of daytime cold temperatures at the end of Jan/beginning of Feb that exceeded 30 below.

            This was good, because it killed overwintering ticks. We haven't hit 30 below for several years, and this year never made it to 20 below. We only hit the teens below on one night, and were rarely below zero at all. The normal overnight temperatures from Dec. to March used to be below zero more often than they were above zero.  

            Basically, the winter minimums up here have warmed 20 degrees in roughly 5 years. It's a disconcerting trend, to say the least.

            We also had virtually no snow. It used to be necessary to get plowed about once every 3 days. We only needed to be plowed once this year, and we didn't really need it then, because the storm ended up sliding south. The plow guy came early in the storm, so he wouldn't have to move too much snow in any one plowing and never had to come again - all year. This is also a trend, with the number of days when plowing is needed having shrunk every year for several years running.

            This is the place where people from Boston and NY go skiing. Or used to...

            We've had wild temps in the 90s in northern Vermont in March this year. Last year it happened in April. The year before, in May. Historically, the norm is 1 day in June, 3 in July, 1 in August.

            We've had 217 cooling degree days already this year. The norm for an entire year is 122. That's 95 cooling degree days more than normal - and we're just entering the hottest month. Last year was a warm year, with a whopping 135 cooling degree days, which was only 13 more than normal.

            The trends are getting scary.

            Getting 80s and 90s in April caused all sorts of plants to emerge and then die in subsequent frosts - twice, over the course of less than a month. Don't expect apples to be cheap this year. Ditto for maple syrup or blueberries.

            •  Source for cooling degree day data (0+ / 0-)

              http://www.nws.noaa.gov/...

              Scroll down to:

              000
              CDUS41 KBTV 020548
              CLIBTV

              CLIMATE REPORT
              NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE BURLINGTON VT
              147 AM EDT MON JUL 2 2012

              ...................................

              ...THE BURLINGTON VT CLIMATE SUMMARY FOR JULY 1 2012...

              CLIMATE NORMAL PERIOD 1981 TO 2010
              CLIMATE RECORD PERIOD 1884 TO 2012

              WEATHER ITEM   OBSERVED TIME   RECORD YEAR NORMAL DEPARTURE LAST
                              VALUE   (LST)  VALUE       VALUE  FROM      YEAR
                                                                NORMAL
              ..................................................................
              TEMPERATURE (F)
               YESTERDAY
                MAXIMUM         84    317 PM  96    1931  80      4       75
                MINIMUM         64   1159 PM  44    1978  59      5       61
                                                    1912
                AVERAGE         74                        70      4       68

              PRECIPITATION (IN)
                YESTERDAY        0.08          2.54 1998   0.13  -0.05     0.00
                MONTH TO DATE    0.08                      0.13  -0.05     0.00
                SINCE JUN 1      3.30                      3.82  -0.52     3.52
                SINCE JAN 1     14.38                     16.13  -1.75    27.92

              SNOWFALL (IN)
                YESTERDAY        0.0           0.0  2002   0.0    0.0      0.0
                                                    2001
                MONTH TO DATE    0.0                       0.0    0.0      0.0
                SINCE JUN 1      0.0                       0.0    0.0      0.0
                SINCE JUL 1      0.0                       0.0    0.0      0.0
                SNOW DEPTH       0

              DEGREE DAYS
               HEATING
                YESTERDAY        0                         1     -1        0
                MONTH TO DATE    0                         1     -1        0
                SINCE JUN 1     48                        74    -26       48
                SINCE JUL 1      0                         1     -1        0

               COOLING
                YESTERDAY        9                         6      3        3
                MONTH TO DATE    9                         6      3        3
                SINCE JUN 1    146                       103     43       93
                SINCE JAN 1    217                       122     95      132

      •  Hmmmmm (2+ / 0-)
        Recommended by:
        ozsea1, gzodik
        Could just be weather.
        Well, not likely.

        The question I like to ask is, in what three years was the NorthWest Passage open ( ice free enough to be navigable by non-ice reinforced ships and without ice breaker escort ) in all of recorded history ?

        Those three years [Wiki] occurred in the last five ( 2007, 2008 & 2009 ).

        Prophecy is not an exact science.

        by willy be frantic on Sun Jul 01, 2012 at 09:22:12 PM PDT

        [ Parent ]

      •  It's unsuprising to find that an opponent of... (0+ / 0-)

        ...world's largest, by far, source of climate change free energy is also in the climate change denial business.

        This is what one gets when one hears from people who despise science out of fear, ignorance, and superstition.

        Ignorance, like the sort of ignorance produced by the anti-nuke cults, kills people.

    •  But no to nuclear! n/t (2+ / 0-)
      Recommended by:
      Joieau, 714day

      If we really want to straighten out all this crap we need to really think about shit!

      by John Crapper on Sun Jul 01, 2012 at 03:44:51 PM PDT

      [ Parent ]

  •  Cultivate methanotrophs (5+ / 0-)

    i.e. methane-eating bacteria. They produce CO2 as an end-product, but that is less harmful than CH4. In combination with nitrogen-fixing bacteria and plant growth, this approach might be carbon-neutral.

  •  When I'm done with this meat body, I am sooo (2+ / 0-)
    Recommended by:
    ozsea1, Calamity Jean

    out of here. My landing platform on Venus awaits!

    Even if I knew that tomorrow the world would go to pieces, I would still plant my apple tree. -Martin Luther

    by the fan man on Sun Jul 01, 2012 at 12:09:14 PM PDT

  •  not cool, dude. make me choose between (5+ / 0-)

    King Kong and lutefisk?!?!

    totally messed up...

    seriously, though, Nero would be proud of the collective us.

    "Just because you're paranoid doesn't mean there isn't an invisible demon about to eat your face" & "Polka will never die." - H. Dresden.

    by bnasley on Sun Jul 01, 2012 at 12:29:37 PM PDT

  •  But you're missing the secret code. (7+ / 0-)

    "Tuna" and "Xenu" are both four-letter words.

    Leaving the "n" in Tuna in place, you move the "u" in Tuna to the opposite side of the "n", therebgy giving you "T-nu."

    The "a" in Tuna, displaced by the "u", takes the place of the "u", and you now have "Tanu."

    Recalling that Tuna and Xenu are both 4-letter words, you simply move 4 alphabetical spaces to the right of the "T" and "a" in Tanu, which now gives you Xenu.

    You can now see that your radioactive Tuna is really Xenu in a very clever disguise.  Be afraid.  Be very afraid.  The radioactive XenuTuna does not need to be consumed to hurt you.  It only has to sit across the room from you and stare at you while you sleep.  In the morning, you will look in the mirror and see Teh Romnee....

    I count even the single grain of sand to be a higher life-form than the likes of Sarah Palin and her odious ilk.

    by Liberal Panzer on Sun Jul 01, 2012 at 12:35:27 PM PDT

  •  I'm Sure They Are Looking At Methanotrophs (1+ / 0-)
    Recommended by:
    atana

    There are bacteria that oxidize methane for fuel, and those enzymes would need to be expressed in a functional form perhaps in crops plants.

    There’s always free cheddar in a mousetrap, baby

    by bernardpliers on Sun Jul 01, 2012 at 04:15:53 PM PDT

    •  I was thinking more of promoting growth (0+ / 0-)

      of methanotrophs -- bioremediation by tinkering with bacterial population abundances. E.g. they seem to depend on copper as an enzyme cofactor, though the biochemistry still hasn't been worked out. Perhaps copper fertilization?
      It's worth research, but very little research is devoted to the archaea and other "obscure" bugs living in stinky places. We are just beginning to research most of what is in our own guts.

  •  Nice to read an optimistic post once in a while (0+ / 0-)

    Where's the best place to be when temps rise 6 degrees centigrade? Brooks Range?

    The theory that nature is permanently in balance has been largely discredited

    by ban nock on Sun Jul 01, 2012 at 08:57:54 PM PDT

  •  LNG comic: (1+ / 0-)
    Recommended by:
    NNadir

    The national lab I worked at introduced, with much ballyhoo, LNG-powered buses. Big, MCI coach types. At the bus garage open house I asked the manager of the program "..yes, but won't the buses continually discharge methane from the cryo storage tanks so they won't explode?" He said, "no". Upon further questioning, he said, "well they do kind of, but only once in a while in bursts".

    Constant heat rate in equals definite average methane leakage rate out. Or else if you had had a tank strong enough to contain the stuff at the pressure you would get, you probably wouldn't have gone to the trouble to liquify it in the first place.

    Moderation in most things.

    by billmosby on Mon Jul 02, 2012 at 10:58:45 AM PDT

    •  Well, I will say this for LNG buses... (1+ / 0-)
      Recommended by:
      billmosby

      ...they will run fine on DME.

      In fact there is no natural gas or LNG infrastructure that cannot be adapted to use DME.

      It also can replace diesel fuel, with the happy effect that it is the only diesel fuel that does not produce particulates, because it lacks a carbon-carbon bond.

      The atmospheric half life of DME is on the order of 5 days, and it's easily liquified, having a critical temperature of 127oC.

      I regard it as the miracle fuel, except that few people seem to believe in miracles.   (In Asia, much DME infrastructure is being built.)

      •  Also cures warts. (1+ / 0-)
        Recommended by:
        NNadir

        And not coincidentally is usable as a refrigerant. At least according to the Wikipedia article on it. Fascinating stuff, glad I finally looked it up after reading the acronym a few times. Thanks for mentioning it.

        Moderation in most things.

        by billmosby on Mon Jul 02, 2012 at 08:15:50 PM PDT

        [ Parent ]

        •  Yes, it is an excellent refrigerant, albeit... (1+ / 0-)
          Recommended by:
          billmosby

          ...a flammable one.

          Actually this property offers some interesting thermodynamic properties, use of which could allow for the removal of heat from very high temperature reactor systems.   I've thought a lot about this; mostly in the context of exotic short term storage of thermal energy for use in spinning reserve systems, something that was inspired - of all things - about reading an otherwise silly "compressed gas" storage scheme for wind turbines.

          The primary use for DME today is as a propellant in spray cans, where it has replaced CFCs.

        •  By the way, it's now somewhat dated, but I... (1+ / 0-)
          Recommended by:
          billmosby

          ...wrote a diary many years ago in this space about DME and nuclear energy.

          Banning Oil:   Dimethyl ether, Hydrogen, Nuclear Power and Motor Fuel for Cars and Trucks.

          It was before I hit my stride in this space, and before I launched into more sophisticated study of the topic, but the general tenor is unchanged, although I have learned of and thought of many more sophisticated nuclear hydrogen scheme since then, as well as a number of different sources for carbon dioxide to be hydrogenated to make DME.

  •  for such an idiot, Tom has slept with some fine (0+ / 0-)

    women.

    There's Mimi Rogers, Nicole Kidman, Penelope Cruz and Katie Holmes. Why not me, oh lord, why not me?

    German Constitution, Article 1 (1) The dignity of man is inviolable. To respect and protect it is the duty of all state authority.

    by Mark B on Tue Jul 10, 2012 at 05:38:12 PM PDT

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